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Pre-Op Knee Information Welcome! 1 2 Goals Inform the patient about what to expect…  Before Surgery  During Surgery  After Surgery 3.

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Presentation on theme: "Pre-Op Knee Information Welcome! 1 2 Goals Inform the patient about what to expect…  Before Surgery  During Surgery  After Surgery 3."— Presentation transcript:


2 Pre-Op Knee Information Welcome! 1

3 2

4 Goals Inform the patient about what to expect…  Before Surgery  During Surgery  After Surgery 3

5 Goals  Reduce anxiety  Answer questions  Help you become better-prepared 4

6 5

7 Sections Nursing Case Management Physical Therapy Occupational Therapy 6

8 Information From The Nurse About Care And Your Concerns 7

9 We Care About You!!! In an effort to personalize your care while in the hospital, please let us know of any needs ahead of time Please complete the enclosed “Care Card” and forward it to the Patient Navigator at the end of class 8

10 What To Bring  List of medications and allergies  Glasses, hearing aids, dentures  Toiletry items Toothbrush Toothpaste  Flat, supportive, non-slip walking shoes (with a backing)  Incontinence products (you may prefer a specific product not provided by hospital) 9

11 What To Bring  Night clothes/pajamas, loose clothing  Books, magazines, hobby items 10

12 While in surgery…  CHG wipes will be used to cleanse and disinfect the surgical site before surgery begins  CHG reduces bacterial growth on the body  CHG will help reduce the chance of infection following surgery 11

13 Orientation To Room Call bell TV Controls/Volume Thermostat 12

14 Equipment After Surgery 13

15 Oxygen  Used a short time  Let us know if you have sleep apnea or use oxygen or CPAP at home 14

16 IV or Intravenous Therapy  May have one or two lines  Fluids-body water, blood, antibiotics, pain medication  Will leave it in until discharge 15

17 Dressings and Drains  Large dressing initially  Drains and dressings removed 1 st or second day after surgery  Dressing will be changed 16

18 Foley Catheter To Drain Urine  Stays in no longer than 2 days  Helps to keep track of fluid balance  Good initially when not moving well  Put in after you are asleep  Does not hurt to come out 17

19 PCA - Patient Controlled Analgesia  “Pain Button”  Administer to self  Close monitoring  NO ONE IS TO PUSH THE BUTTON EXCEPT THE PATIENT!!! ***Please ask your surgeon if this is an option for you 18

20 Femoral Nerve Block/Catheter ***Some surgeons prefer not to use this***  Numbs the front part of the leg from the groin to the knee  Stays in about two days  May cause you to have a “noodle leg”  Need to wear a knee immobilizer while standing or walking 19

21 Knee Immobilizer  May wear when out of bed if you have a nerve block/catheter (dependent on your Therapist)  May also wear at night to remind you to keep the leg straight  Used for safety reasons Note: You may or may not walk with the knee immobilizer on while exercising with a Therapist. However, you should ALWAYS continue to wear it with Nursing until you are able to do a full straight leg raise (with no bend at the knee) 20

22 Cryotherapy - “Polar Care” Device **Some surgeons prefer to use ice instead of the Polar Care Device** **Some surgeons may choose not to use the Polar Care Device or ice**  For total knee patients  Sends a cold signal to the brain to help with pain management  Helps with pain and swelling  You take this home with you ( if it is ordered by your surgeon ) 21

23 CPM Machine ***Some surgeons prefer not to use this***  Continuous Passive Motion machine  May be used for total knee patients ( if ordered )  Passively bends knee while in bed 22

24 Medications  Different color and number  Always ask nurse what meds are for  “Combination medications” that you may take at home may be given as separate pills while in the hospital 23

25 Rating Pain  0 to 10 pain scale  Pain patterns Mechanical Pain Surgical Pain 24

26 Know the Zone! Our staff will make every effort to help control your pain We will automatically give you pain medication around the clock We ask that you partner with us and ask for additional pain medicine if needed Alternative pain options may be used such as cold therapy and distraction Our goal is to keep you in the 3-4 Pain Zone (or less) 25

27 Preventing Pneumonia  Incentive Spirometer Breathe in 10-12 times an hour while awake Helps to expand air sacs in lungs 26

28 Preventing Blood Clots  Medication (“Blood Thinners”)  “Calf/Foot Pumps”  Walking and Exercising 27

29 Coumadin and Lovenox ***Please check with your surgeon as to which blood thinner will be prescribed***  Will help to prevent blood clots from forming  Will need to learn how to take these medications safely  Will need to watch a video 28

30 Compression Devices  Foot or calf pumps  Help to push the blood back into circulation  Wear them when you are in bed or in the chair 29

31 Walking and Exercising  Helps to prevent blood clots from forming  Exercise in and out of bed  Ankle circles, foot pumps, tightening leg muscles 30

32 Diet  Initial diet is typically clear liquid unless otherwise designated by your physician  Diet will advance as tolerated  Constipation High fiber Increase activity Fluids  Nausea 31

33 Call for Help  Never get out of bed or chair unless you call for assistance  Call as soon as possible.  Try to ask for help when a staff member is already in the room. 32

34 Condition H (Help)  Dial 3111 and give room number  Gives family and friends a way to call a Medical Emergency team to the bedside  Call if… You notice a change in your loved one’s condition You still have serious concerns about your loved one’s condition after speaking to the healthcare team 33

35 Sleep  Dial L.O.U.D. (5683) on phone if sleep disturbed Anonymous call  TIGR TV Channels Relaxation/Meditation channels  Comfort Cart 34

36 Case Management Joan Paramore RN Case Manager (919) 954-3878 35

37 Discharge Plan Goal: To get you home safely!!! 36

38 Discharge Plan  Everyone is assigned a Case Manager who will usually meet with you the day after surgery  Average Length of Stay: 2-4 nights That means you should be ready for discharge around the 2 nd, 3 rd, or 4 th day after surgery 37

39 Discharge Please remember that once the Physician has written orders to discharge you home, there are still many things that have to be completed before you will be leaving the hospital. We want to make sure you have everything you need-prescriptions, home health or rehab arrangements, and information about your home care. Sometimes this process can take up to 4 or 5 hours. We know you’ll be eager to leave the hospital, and we want to be sure everything’s in place to ensure a smooth and safe transition. 38

40 Discharge Plan Options: Home Health You will choose agency (list provided)  RN (if on Coumadin)  Physical Therapy (2-3 times/wk)  Occupational Therapy (if ordered by Doctor) ***Your Case Manager will set up a Home Health Agency (of your choice) for you 39

41 Discharge Plan Options: Home Health Equipment ordered…  Rolling Walker  Bedside Commode  CPM (if ordered by Doctor) ***Your Case Manager will order your equipment for you from an agency of your choice 40

42 Discharge Plan Options: Short-Term Rehab If not safe to return home, Short-Term Rehab may be an option. Based on… 1. Your insurance 2. How well you progress with Therapy while in the hospital 41

43 Discharge Plan Options: Short-Term Rehab Two types of Rehab Facilities… 1.SNF: 1 to 3 hours of therapy/day Average Length of Stay: 1-2 weeks-as needed 2. Acute: 3 to 5 hours of therapy/day Average Length of Stay: 5 days 42

44 Discharge Plan Options: Outpatient Therapy  Usually set up after Home Health is completed  Rarely set up at time of discharge from hospital 43

45 Discharge Plan Transportation (depends on what is medically necessary)  Car  Wheelchair Van Not covered by insurance Cost: $55-$120  Ambulance Covered by insurance if “medically necessary” ***Your Case Manager will set up your Wheelchair Van or Ambulance for you (if needed) 44

46 If You Are Going Home… You may fill your prescriptions at our Plaza Pharmacy (Located on the First Floor of the hospital) Hours of Operation: Mon-Fri (9:00AM-4:30PM) (919) 954-3921 Use the Main Pharmacy on weekends or after 4:30PM (but make payment arrangements with Plaza Pharmacy Mon-Fri 9:00AM to 4:30PM 45

47 Physical Therapy 46

48 Treatment Sessions  Seven days/week  One or two sessions per day with the Therapist  Your therapeutic activity will also involve walking with Nursing staff  Typical treatment session Post-op Days 1, 2, and 3 47

49 Precautions Knee Replacement  Do not stay in one position for longer than an hour without standing up, walking a short distance, and straightening and bending your knee  Do not sleep or rest with a pillow or anything under your knee  Operated leg out in front while sitting or standing 48

50 Homeward Bound Gym  Stair training  Car transfer exercises 49

51 Medical Equipment  Walker Proper use  Bedside Commode Proper use 50

52 Occupational Therapy 51

53 Treatment  Demonstration of equipment ***Knee patients rarely need this equipment at discharge. The Therapist will determine your specific needs. Reacher Sock aid Bathing sponge 52

54 Helpful Tips  How to properly carry items in pockets and/or basket while driving a walker  Safety in the shower (have someone close by)  While at home prior to surgery, move low- and high-lying items to waist level (i.e. in kitchen/bathroom cupboards, refrigerator)  Make arrangements to have appropriate-sized car available for your discharge 53

55 Before Surgery… Assess your home environment and let the Therapist know the following once you are in the hospital…  Tub/Shower (location, height, grab bars)  Number of steps (outside of home and upstairs)  Height of bed 54

56 Assessment The following slides contain questions based on the Powerpoint. 55

57 Question 1 One risk of a blood thinner medication is: ___________?____________ 56

58 Answer Increased bleeding (Can also be increased bruising) 57

59 Question 2 You should call your Doctor immediately if you notice any sign of a blood clot. Name a symptom of a blood clot in your leg: _____________________ Name a symptom of a blood clot in your lung: ______________________ 58

60 Answer Leg: Pain in the back of the leg (usually in the calf, but can radiate throughout the leg) Lung: Difficulty breathing (may also have a rapid heart rate) 59

61 Question 3 True or False When standing up or sitting down, you should keep your operated leg slightly in front of your non-operated leg. 60

62 Answer True 61

63 Question 4 True or False When lying in bed, you should keep your operated knee in a straight position as much as possible. You should never place a pillow or rolled-up towel under the knee. 62

64 Answer True 63

65 Question 5 Some pain is normal and expected after surgery, but the best way to keep your pain at a manageable level is to: 1.Take pain medication when it reaches a “5” on a “0 to 10 pain scale” 2.Take pain medication only when the pain is unbearable 3.Use medication as well as other methods to control pain. For example: ice, positioning, etc. 4.Try distracting yourself from the pain by watching television for an hour or two 64

66 Answer 65 3. Use medication as well as other methods to control pain. For example: ice, positioning, etc.

67 Question 6 The best and safest way to raise the height of a chair in your home is to: 1.Stack pillows on the chair 2.Stack folded blankets on the chair 3.Place a small book under each leg of the chair 4.Place two large telephone books on the chair 66

68 Answer 2. Stack folded blankets on the chair 67

69 Question 7 One side effect of pain medication is constipation. List 3 ways to prevent it: 68

70 Answer 1.Increase fiber 2.Increase fluids 3.Increase activity You may also take a stool softener or laxative if needed. 69

71 Thank You!!! 70

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