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The Web from Gore to Obama: science and fiction Michalis Vafopoulos 04/04/2013.

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Presentation on theme: "The Web from Gore to Obama: science and fiction Michalis Vafopoulos 04/04/2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Web from Gore to Obama: science and fiction Michalis Vafopoulos 04/04/2013

2 Who’s talking? …The summit recognized the role of the Internet as a unique tool for promoting democracy and fostering economic growth. 2

3 The leaders! 3 http://www.european-council.europa.eu/home-page/highlights/g8-support-for-the-arab- spring.aspx?lang=en

4

5 The Web space is: o Everywhere o Controversial o Contradictory o Unusual o Complex o Dynamic

6 contents ① The Web today ② Digital cosmogony ③ The Web invention ④ Technology ⑤ The Web ecosystem ⑥ Web science ⑦ New values ⑧ The future of the Web

7 We knew the Web was big... >1 trillion unique URIs (deep web?) >2,5 billion users (+ mobile) Google: 300 million searches/day 72% of users >=1 social network 7 Source blog.usaseopros.com/2009/04/15/google-searches-per-day-reaches- 293-million-in-march-2009/

8 the new continent Per minute: 204 million emails Facebook: 2 million photos & 2 million profile views Youtube: 1 million views 47.000 apps are downloaded 8

9 …also in economy UK: Online advertising >television expenditure for the first time [4 billion Euros/year] (30/9/2009, BBC) US: spending on digital marketing overtook that of print for the first time in 2010 Amazon.com: 50 million daily visitors – 60 billion dollars market capitalization – 24.000 employees 9

10 Digital Cosmogony: dot-com bubble 2000 10

11 11

12 contents ① The Web today ② Digital cosmogony ③ The Web invention ④ Technology ⑤ The Web ecosystem ⑥ Web science ⑦ New values ⑧ The future of the Web

13 The Web invention 13 I.Personal story – CERN, Dertouzos, Metakides II.Global environment – Gore, Delors III.Historical moment – Knowledge overload

14 14 The technology

15 Why is so successful? Is based on architecture (HTTP, URI, HTML) which is: simple networked based on open standards extensible tolerant 15

16 Why is so successful? universal ( regardless hardware platform (iphone applications??), software platform, application software, network access, public, group, or personal scope, language and culture operating system and ability) free or cheap fun powerful 16

17 Underlying ideas Overcome deterministic software connections (“waterfall” model) Mimics the brain with “random” connections From ASCII to hypertext Resolve (some) natural language ambiguities (i.e. URI) The biggest human system with no central authority and control 17

18 contents ① The Web today ② Digital cosmogony ③ The Web invention ④ Technology ⑤ The Web ecosystem ⑥ Web science ⑦ New values ⑧ The future of the Web

19 the new ecosystem

20 Innovations in human life The surf/edit experience Low cost of communication No central authority Production outside the traditional market with no direct price, authority, corporate governance 20

21 the new ecosystem What is changing? New issues: personal and global agenda Prosumers: Self-powered production Inter-creativity: Distributed collaborative production Non market & non property production What is needed? New analysis New governance New values

22 new issues Network oligopolies – Top 10 websites in USA: 31%(2001)-75% visits (2010) – Google/Facebook under anti-trust investigation – App economy & mobile ecosystem (see Firefox OS) Web-based development – W3F action in Africa- India – Open Linked Data

23 new issues Understanding & usage of the Web – In business – In everyday life

24 New analysis: Web science before WWW after 3/18

25 New analysis: Web science a trans-disciplinary field – Web as its primary object of study – Web= techno-social artifact positive or negative? Transformative! 3/18

26 Web science envelope question what technological and other changes need to be made in order for the Web to work better for more people? 3/18

27 Two magics of Web Science 27 Web & Philosophy

28 Email 28

29 Web: the idea 29

30 Web 30

31 31 Google

32 Wiki 32

33 Blog 33

34 Semantic Web 34

35 Linked Data 35

36 Ideas for projects Add content – more examples Explain more Describe with ontology Annotate existing papers ? ? 3/18

37 Websci09 Athens: the journey begins

38 New Web governance 38 Advance the Web Connect Humanity Empower People

39 the new values New content/context in classic human values (e.g. anonymity, private space) Open {standards, data, cloud, source, access, minds} Privacy vs. accountability Transparency Net neutrality

40 The future of the Web from Al Gore – ’90s (internet highways) to Barack Obama –’10s (linked data) 40

41 other technologies HTML5 Semantic Web IPv6, Future internet, Internet of things

42 The Web is… Unique opportunity to create collaboratively (not only experts) and If we do not take it now, may not be there for a long time

43 The new utopia… It is not just information that must be free, but the knowledge of how to use it. M. Wark, the manifesto of a hacker (MIT Press)

44 The new utopia… The test of a free society is not the liberty to consume information, nor to produce it, nor even to implement its potential in private world of one's choosing. M. Wark, the manifesto of a hacker (MIT Press)

45 The new utopia… The test of a free society is the liberty for the collective transformation of the world through abstractions freely chosen and freely actualized. M. Wark, the manifesto of a hacker (MIT Press)

46 two points of view Economy, business and action.. Philosophy, ethics and thinking…

47 Thank you for this sort journey! 47

48 Sources http://www.w3.org/2007/Talks/0509- www-keynote-tbl/#(1) http://www.w3.org/2007/Talks/0509- www-keynote-tbl/#(1


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