Presentation on theme: "Michael W. Smith & Jeffrey D. Wilhelm"— Presentation transcript:
1 Michael W. Smith & Jeffrey D. Wilhelm Getting It RightMichael W. Smith&Jeffrey D. Wilhelm
2 Getting It RightFresh Approaches to Teaching Grammar, Usage, and Correctness
3 Organization Chapter 1: About the book Chapter 2: Teaching grammar Chapter 3: “Errors Matter, but Not Equally and Not as Much as We Think They Do”Peer editing
4 OrganizationChapter 4: Some common errors, and how we can correct themChapter 5: “Will it Work in the Real World?”“Embedding focused instruction in grammar in contexts in which kids get kids get repeated practice writing meaningful texts would seem to better serve everyone involved” (146).
5 Teaching Grammar Language is complex! And sometimes “paying attention to grammatical forms and rules diverts attention from structuring coherent prose” (12).
6 For instance…What is the rule for ordering adjectives of age, nationality, and number in English?
7 Put the following words in correct order: French the young girls four
8 Put the following words in correct order: French the young girls fourThe four young French girls
9 What to TeachThe term is so commonly used that teachers, texts, and tests presume that students know it.The term is essential to being able to explain an important issue of style or correctness.
10 Guiding Principle“Because we are interested in engaging kids in activities that will improve their writing, their writing is our focus. We don’t suggest having them read sentences and then underline the verbs. We don’t have them circle auxiliary verbs. We don’t do any kind of project that only involves making lists of individual verbs” (18).
11 Teaching Verbs Pantomimes Brainstorm Thesaurus Scenario Response Video ExcerptsDialogue and Inflection
12 Teaching Active and Passive Voice Using headline and sentence comparisonApplying the passive to student writingDebating school policiesCreating headlines for own writings, events in class readings
13 Correctness Is there a standard? The issue of dialects Six primary ways that nonstandard dialects of English tend to differ from Standard English
14 From Schuster (2000) Different Verb forms Also, different forms of irregular verbsDouble negatives or comparativesDifference in subject-verb agreementDifferent use of pronounsUsing an adjective form in an adverbial contextMiscellaneous words and phrases such as ain’t, anyways, this here
15 Errors Establish a hierarchy Errors that interfere with communication and understandingErrors that undermine the authority of the writerCommonality of errors
16 Errors Attention to individual issues Sheet on the inside of each student’s portfolio that indicates both class and individual goals for that semesterDual Grade Sheet
17 Peer Editing Many different worksheet examples Students give an overall grade (1-5) and explainStudents offer suggestions (and reasons for those suggestions) which the authors must accept, adapt or reject, and give their reasons
18 Teaching Text Structures ClassificationEssential to all forms of inquiry“Classification and pattern seeking are essential to good reading (seeing repeated patterns and the complex implied relationships among them” (115).
19 Example: School Activities Curricular Extracurricular Math English AlgebraCalculusEnglishAmerican LitExtracurricularSportsbasketballClubsDrama
20 Guiding Principle:“What’s critical is not the precise form the lessons would take, but rather the insights that guide the construction of the lessons. First, any lesson should be designed to give students tools for the writing they’re currently working on, not simply to give them a term to learn. Second, students should learn terms and how to use them through extended practice in their own writing, as opposed to only doing a work sheet or analyzing someone else’s writing in a textbook” (27).
21 Getting It Right Smith & Wilhelm A LOT of lesson ideasA LOT of handouts available for these lessons$14.95 on Amazon