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Getting It Right Michael W. Smith & Jeffrey D. Wilhelm.

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Presentation on theme: "Getting It Right Michael W. Smith & Jeffrey D. Wilhelm."— Presentation transcript:

1 Getting It Right Michael W. Smith & Jeffrey D. Wilhelm

2 Getting It Right Fresh Approaches to Teaching Grammar, Usage, and Correctness

3 Organization Chapter 1: About the book Chapter 1: About the book Chapter 2: Teaching grammar Chapter 2: Teaching grammar Chapter 3: Errors Matter, but Not Equally and Not as Much as We Think They Do Chapter 3: Errors Matter, but Not Equally and Not as Much as We Think They Do Peer editing Peer editing

4 Organization Chapter 4: Some common errors, and how we can correct them Chapter 4: Some common errors, and how we can correct them Chapter 5: Will it Work in the Real World? Chapter 5: Will it Work in the Real World? Embedding focused instruction in grammar in contexts in which kids get kids get repeated practice writing meaningful texts would seem to better serve everyone involved (146). Embedding focused instruction in grammar in contexts in which kids get kids get repeated practice writing meaningful texts would seem to better serve everyone involved (146).

5 Teaching Grammar Language is complex! Language is complex! And sometimes paying attention to grammatical forms and rules diverts attention from structuring coherent prose (12). And sometimes paying attention to grammatical forms and rules diverts attention from structuring coherent prose (12).

6 For instance… What is the rule for ordering adjectives of age, nationality, and number in English?

7 Put the following words in correct order: French the young girls four

8 Put the following words in correct order: French the young girls four The four young French girls

9 What to Teach The term is so commonly used that teachers, texts, and tests presume that students know it. The term is so commonly used that teachers, texts, and tests presume that students know it. The term is essential to being able to explain an important issue of style or correctness. The term is essential to being able to explain an important issue of style or correctness.

10 Guiding Principle Because we are interested in engaging kids in activities that will improve their writing, their writing is our focus. We dont suggest having them read sentences and then underline the verbs. We dont have them circle auxiliary verbs. We dont do any kind of project that only involves making lists of individual verbs (18). Because we are interested in engaging kids in activities that will improve their writing, their writing is our focus. We dont suggest having them read sentences and then underline the verbs. We dont have them circle auxiliary verbs. We dont do any kind of project that only involves making lists of individual verbs (18).

11 Teaching Verbs Pantomimes Pantomimes Brainstorm Brainstorm Thesaurus Thesaurus Scenario Response Scenario Response Video Excerpts Video Excerpts Dialogue and Inflection Dialogue and Inflection

12 Teaching Active and Passive Voice Using headline and sentence comparison Using headline and sentence comparison Applying the passive to student writing Applying the passive to student writing Debating school policies Debating school policies Creating headlines for own writings, events in class readings Creating headlines for own writings, events in class readings

13 Correctness Is there a standard? Is there a standard? The issue of dialects The issue of dialects Six primary ways that nonstandard dialects of English tend to differ from Standard English Six primary ways that nonstandard dialects of English tend to differ from Standard English

14 From Schuster (2000) 1. Different Verb forms 1. Also, different forms of irregular verbs 2. Double negatives or comparatives 3. Difference in subject-verb agreement 4. Different use of pronouns 5. Using an adjective form in an adverbial context 6. Miscellaneous words and phrases such as aint, anyways, this here

15 Errors Establish a hierarchy Establish a hierarchy Errors that interfere with communication and understanding Errors that interfere with communication and understanding Errors that undermine the authority of the writer Errors that undermine the authority of the writer Commonality of errors Commonality of errors

16 Errors Attention to individual issues Attention to individual issues Sheet on the inside of each students portfolio that indicates both class and individual goals for that semester Sheet on the inside of each students portfolio that indicates both class and individual goals for that semester Dual Grade Sheet Dual Grade Sheet

17 Peer Editing Many different worksheet examples Many different worksheet examples Students give an overall grade (1-5) and explain Students give an overall grade (1-5) and explain Students offer suggestions (and reasons for those suggestions) which the authors must accept, adapt or reject, and give their reasons Students offer suggestions (and reasons for those suggestions) which the authors must accept, adapt or reject, and give their reasons

18 Teaching Text Structures Classification Classification Essential to all forms of inquiry Essential to all forms of inquiry Classification and pattern seeking are essential to good reading (seeing repeated patterns and the complex implied relationships among them (115). Classification and pattern seeking are essential to good reading (seeing repeated patterns and the complex implied relationships among them (115).

19 Example: School Activities 1. Curricular 1. Math 1. Algebra 2. Calculus 2. English 1. American Lit 2. Extracurricular 1. Sports 1. basketball 2. Clubs 1. Drama

20 Guiding Principle: Whats critical is not the precise form the lessons would take, but rather the insights that guide the construction of the lessons. First, any lesson should be designed to give students tools for the writing theyre currently working on, not simply to give them a term to learn. Second, students should learn terms and how to use them through extended practice in their own writing, as opposed to only doing a work sheet or analyzing someone elses writing in a textbook (27). Whats critical is not the precise form the lessons would take, but rather the insights that guide the construction of the lessons. First, any lesson should be designed to give students tools for the writing theyre currently working on, not simply to give them a term to learn. Second, students should learn terms and how to use them through extended practice in their own writing, as opposed to only doing a work sheet or analyzing someone elses writing in a textbook (27).

21 Getting It Right Smith & Wilhelm A LOT of lesson ideas A LOT of lesson ideas A LOT of handouts available for these lessons A LOT of handouts available for these lessons $14.95 on Amazon $14.95 on Amazon


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