Presentation on theme: "The Campbell River WUP Process. Roderick Haig-Brown “What we need and must somehow find in this last part of the twentieth century is a land and water."— Presentation transcript:
The Campbell River WUP Process
Roderick Haig-Brown “What we need and must somehow find in this last part of the twentieth century is a land and water ethic perhaps better, an ethic of land, air and water. It is perfectly possible to have settlement, industrial development and reasonable exploitation of primary resources without condemning our children to generations of poverty and deprivation because we have ruined the land that should support them” Nominated in 2005 as one of the all time "Greatest Canadians", Roderick Haig- Brown was a pioneer in the environmentalist movement.
Campbell River Tyee Club In the summer of 1924, a few fishermen gathered in the Willows Hotel in Campbell River and decided to organize a club somewhat along the lines of the famous Tuna Club of Catalina Island. The purpose was to standardize the sport of salmon fishing in B.C
Instream Flow Presumptive Standards (%mad) (zero deviations from standards suggest no HADD will occur) Biological or Physical RequirementPercent MeanDuration per Annual DischargeAnnum Short-term Biological Maintenance10days Juvenile summer-fall rearing20months Over-wintering20months Riffle Optimization20months Incubation20months Kokanee spawning20days-weeks Smolt Emigration50weeks Gamefish Passage at Partial Barriers50 to 100days Large Fish Spawning/Migration148*MAD^-0.36days-weeks Off-channel Connectivity/Riparian Function100weeks Channel Geomorphology/Sediment Flushing>4001 to 2 days
Campbell River Weighted Usable Area Curves: Reach 2 Rearers Flow (cms) WUA (sq m) CH FryCO Fry ST FryST Parr
Lower Campbell River The loss of gravel recruitment and in-river spawning habitat in Campbell River is directly linked to construction and operation of John Hart Dam. After 50 years of operation, additional spawning habitat was lost and the current Chinook spawning capacity is now only 33% of the historic or target capacity of 4000 adults.
Instream Gravel Placement
Salmon River Diversion
Upper Quinsam River
Quinsam River Cascades
Heber River Diversion
Campbell R Elk Falls Canyon
Post WUP Agreement -what worked Improved working relationships between B.C. Hydro, DFO, MOE, Recreation Groups and Community Interest Groups (increased level of trust) The Campbell WUP is a living adaptive process that is re-examined every 5 years Interest groups walked away feeling that their situation had improved Minimizing the PM s helped simplify analyses and clarify keys concerns
Post WUP Agreement-want didn’t work WUP was very time consuming for technical staff Operational issues are still a problem e.g. outages, Overwhelmed by the number of PM interaction between plants, reservoirs and rivers In contrast to the Campbell, the Cheakamus WUP spent more time with data collection but did not get a resolution likely because there was a poor understanding of the PMs Didn’t ensure what is proposed and agreed on can be accomplished by the equipment and operators
WUP Monitoring Issues Poor Baseline- ability to measure productivity vs. flow (often require 10+ years of data to establish baseline) Often a difficulty even measuring a 25% change in fish productivity Flow studies may be limited to quantifying production under a single flow regime