Presentation on theme: "Light I.Electromagnetic Radiation EM Radiation EM Spectrum Types of EM Radiation."— Presentation transcript:
Light I.Electromagnetic Radiation EM Radiation EM Spectrum Types of EM Radiation
A. EM Radiation Electromagnetic Radiation transverse waves produced by the motion of electrically charged particles does not require a medium speed in a vacuum = 300,000 km/s electric and magnetic components are perpendicular
A. EM Radiation Photons tiny, particle-like bundles of radiation absorbed and released by electrons energy increases with wave frequency
B. EM Spectrum long low f low energy short high f high energy
C. Types of EM Radiation Radiowaves lowest energy EM radiation
C. Types of EM Radiation Radiowaves FM - frequency modulation AM - amplitude modulation Microwaves penetrate food and vibrate water & fat molecules to produce thermal energy
C. Types of EM Radiation Infrared Radiation (IR) slightly lower energy than visible light can raise the thermal energy of objects thermogram - image made by detecting IR radiation
C. Types of EM Radiation Visible Light small part of the spectrum we can see ROY G. BIV - colors in order of increasing energy ROYG.BIV redorangeyellowgreenblueindigoviolet
C. Types of EM Radiation Ultraviolet Radiation (UV) slightly higher energy than visible light Types: UVA - tanning, wrinkles UVB - sunburn, cancer UVC - most harmful, sterilization
C. Types of EM Radiation Ultraviolet Radiation (UV) Ozone layer depletion = UV exposure!
C. Types of EM Radiation X rays higher energy than UV can penetrate soft tissue, but not bones Used to be used to size shoes before harmful affects were known.
C. Types of EM Radiation Gamma rays highest energy EM radiation emitted by radioactive atoms used to kill cancerous cells Radiation treatment using radioactive cobalt-60.
CHECK UNDERSTANDING 11. A light wave is an electromagnetic wave that has both an electric and magnetic component associated with it. Electromagnetic waves are often distinguished from mechanical waves. The distinction is based on the fact that electromagnetic waves ______. aa. can travel through materials and mechanical waves cannot bb. come in a range of frequencies and mechanical waves exist with only certain frequencies cc. can travel through a region void of matter and mechanical waves cannot dd. electromagnetic waves cannot transport energy and mechanical waves can transport energy ee. electromagnetic waves have an infinite speed and mechanical waves have a finite speed
Check Understanding a. Which region of the electromagnetic spectrum has the highest frequency? b. Which region of the electromagnetic spectrum has the longest wavelength? c. Which region of the electromagnetic spectrum will travel with the fastest speed? GAMMA RAY RADIO WAVE All waves have the same speed which depends on the medium
Check Understanding a. Which color of the visible light spectrum has the greatest frequency? b. Which color of the visible light spectrum has the greatest wavelength? VIOLET RED
Light II. Light and Color Light and Matter Seeing Colors Mixing Colors
A. Light and Matter Opaque absorbs or reflects all light Transparent allows light to pass through completely Translucent allows some light to pass through
B. Seeing Colors White light contains all visible colors - ROY G. BIV In white light, an object… reflects the color you see absorbs all other colors REFLECTS ALL COLORS ABSORBS ALL COLORS
B. Seeing Colors The retina contains… Rods - dim light, black & white Cones - color red - absorb red & yellow green - absorb yellow & green blue - absorb blue & violet Stimulates red & green cones Stimulates all cones Video: How Cones and Rods Work
B. Seeing Colors Color Blindness one or more sets of cones does not function properly Test for red-green color blindness.
C. Mixing Colors Primary light colors red, green, blue additive colors combine to form white light View Java Applet on primary light colors.Java Applet on primary light colors EX: computer RGBs
C. Mixing Colors Filter transparent material that absorbs all light colors except the filter color View Java Applet on filters.Java Applet on filters
C. Mixing Colors Pigment colored material that absorbs and reflects different colors Primary pigment colors cyan, magenta, yellow subtractive colors combine to form black EX: color ink cartridges
C. Mixing Colors LightPigment When mixing pigments, the color of the mixture is the color of light that both pigments reflect.
Bill Nye Explains Color Bill Nye Explains Color