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 2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of the EN 81-1/2 Pierre Bianchini.

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Presentation on theme: " 2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of the EN 81-1/2 Pierre Bianchini."— Presentation transcript:

1  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of the EN 81-1/2 Pierre Bianchini

2  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of EN81-1/2 History of EN 81-1/ First edition of EN81-1 Traction lifts 1985: Second edition of EN 81-1 Traction lifts 1987: First edition of EN 81-2 Hydraulic lifts 1997: Lift Directive 95/16/EC published 1998: Third edition of EN 81-1 and EN 81-2 (adopted by all countries) 2004: A2 - Machinery and pulley spaces (MRL) 2004: CEN/TS Interpretations to EN 81-1/2 2005: A1 – PESSRAL 2006: Lift Directive 95/16/EC amended by new Machinery Directive 2006/42/E 2008: A3 - Alignment to new Machinery Directive Revision of EN 81-1/2 is running – Public Enquiry in 2009

3  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of EN81-1/2 Background Resolutions taken by CEN/TC 10 for Revision of EN 81-1 and 2 005/1997 considering the evolution of the technology and the need to apply the methodology developed in EN 414 and EN /1998 … examination of the technical Comments of the last Public Enquiry and the consideration of the proposals (agreed upon points) of ISO/TR part 1 and 2 015/2006 Optimized structure of the EN81 family of Standards: CEN/TR approved

4  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Revision of EN81-1/2 Main Drivers  Experience of the users  Interpretations  Amendments (A1, A2 and future A3)  Requirements, comments and input from non-European partners and users oQuestions and answers by correspondence oWorkshops and Technical Exchange sessions  Standardization guides  Rules of drafting of safety standards  Environmental Aspects  Needs for disabled persons  Child safety

5  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Revision of EN81-1/2 Main Drivers  ISO GESR’s & GSP’s  Ensuring addressing all the requirements of ISO GESR’s  Considering GSP’s  Safety related legal requirements  New Technologies and State-of-the-art  PESSRAL  Permanent Evolution of state or the art for safety, for example oLevelling accuracy oUnintended car movement

6  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of EN81-1/2 Aspects to be considered when reviewing Lift Directive 95/16/EC and Guide Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC Annex I (ESR) Other relevant Directives Risk assessment methodology acc. to ISO Global Essential Safety Requirements (ISO/TS ) and Parameters (ISO/TS ) for lifts Experience gained with EN81 Structure according to CEN Guide 414 New Structure of the EN81 family of Standards CEN/TR81-10 Environmental aspects New technology should be taken into consideration (state of the art) Reconsider building related issues

7  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of EN81-1/2 Lift Directive and Guide to consider: Lift Directive 95/16/EC (amended by Machinery Directive issued 2006) Guide to Lift Directive 95/16/EC (issued 2007) Relevant Interpretations of Lift Directive

8  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of EN81-1/2 Directives others than these for Lift and Machinery: EMC Directive 2004/108/EC -> covered in EN and EN Pressure Equipment Directive 97/23/EC -> will be excluded from the scope Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC -> does not apply, but ESR’s to be consider Environmental “Directives” -> to be completed according the CEN Guide 4

9  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of EN81-1/2 ISO Standards Global Essential Safety Requirements GESR ISO/TS Global Safety Parameters GSP ISO/TS > Harmonize parameters of EN81-1/2 with ISO/TS Comparison of Lift Standard ISO/TR and ISO/TR > Consider agreed upon points from ISO/TR and -2

10  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of EN81-1/2 Experience gained with EN 81 Reconsider CEN-Interpretations Reconsider technical comments made during last enquiry phase Reconsider technical pending Items listed e.g. in WG1 minutes Reconsider building related issues Reconsider Inputs from Notified Body Coordination meetings (NB-L) Inputs from other CEN/TC 10/WG’s

11  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Revision of EN81-1/2 Overview EN81-1 EN81-1/A1 EN81-1/A2 EN81-1/A3 Revision Process EN81-20 EN81-50 Users’ Requirements, Comments & Input New Technologies & State-of-the-art Interpretations Standardization Guides ISO GESR’s & GSP’s Legal Requirements EN81-2 EN81-2/A1 EN81-2/A2 EN81-2/A3

12  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Revision of EN81-1/2 Main outcome (2/3)  Clauses are supported by “formal” Risk Assessment  Format is harmonised with current CEN & ISO standards  Clauses are consolidated  Redundancies are removed  Grouping solutions that are typically common to all drives  Consolidating examinations, calculations and tests for lift components used in any type of lift  Text is formulated clearly to avoid future interpretations  New requirements of State-of-the-art are incorporated  Overall user friendliness is improved  Easier to be used by different functions in the profession, such as designers, test laboratories, inspectors, etc.  Maintenance of the standards is simplified and improved

13  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of EN81-1/2 New Structure of the EN81 family: CEN/TR EN 81-1 and EN 81-2 will merged and divided in following new parts: EN Passenger and goods passenger lifts Contains requirements for complete passenger or goods passenger lift installations independent from the driving system. Taking over the general design requirements from EN 81-1/2:1998 and its amendments EN Examinations, calculations and tests of lift components Contains description of the examinations, calculations and tests of lift components used in any type of lift (passenger-, goods passenger-, goods only lift, etc.)

14  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Revision of EN81-1/2 Main outcome (3/3) 61 Technical File & Instruction for Use Goods only Lifts EN 81-6x Documentation for Lifts 60 Technical File & Instruction for Use Special Lifts for Persons & Goods 68 Remote Monitoring EN 81-5x Evaluations 50 Examinations, Calculations & Tests of Lift Components 51 Type Examination of Lifts 58 Landing Door Fire Test EN 81-4x Special Lifts for Transport of Persons & Goods 40 Stairlifts & Inclined Lifting Platforms 41 Vertical Lifting Platforms 43 Lifts for Access to Workplaces 71 Vandal Resistant Lifts EN 81-7x Particular Applications Persons & Goods 70 Accessibility for Persons with Impaired Mobility 72 Firefighters Lifts 76 Use of Lifts for the Evacuation of Disabled 73 Behavior of Lifts in the Event of Fire 77 Lifts Subject to Seismic Conditions 81 Modernization of Lifts EN 81-8x Existing Lifts 80 Improvement of Safety of Existing Lifts 82 Accessibility Improvement of Existing Lifts 83 Vandal resistance Improvement of Existing Lifts EN 81-3x Lifts for Transport of Goods only 30 Service Lifts 31 Accessible Goods- only Lifts EN 81-2x Lifts for Transport of Persons & Goods 20 Passenger & Goods/Passenger Lifts 21 Passenger Lifts in Existing Buildings 22 Passenger Lifts, Inclined 28 Remote Alarm for Passenger & Goods/Passenger Lifts EN 81-1x Basics & Interpretations 10 System of EN81 Series of Standards 11 Interpretations 12 Procedures for risk Assessment (ISO/TS is being applied today) EN 81 Family of Standards Traction Hydraulic Etc. Legend: Standard published Standard in development Proposed new Standard by the revision of EN 81-1 & 2 Possible future development

15  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of EN81-1/2 Approval procedure Procedure according CEN-BOSS: Development of EN and EN Public Enquiry at the same time Review of Drafts based on comments received Formal Vote at the same time Update of all other “linked EN81 Standard” at a suitable time Publication in O.J. of EC - All related parts at the same time

16  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of EN81-1/2 Task-Force Members (Project Management) Walter Schmid ChairmanSchindler Esfandiar GharibaanCEN TC10 Chairman Pierre BianchiniKONE Christian de Mas LatrieOtis Frank TegelLiftintituut Luciano FalettoELCA Gerhard SchiffnerThyssen Derek SmithOtis Gaël Chollet-Meirieu SecretaryAFNOR

17  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of EN81-1/2 – AH‘s & Task-Force AdHoc Group/TF TaskChairmanRemarks 1EC DirectivesW. Schmid 2Door safety incl. glassP. Bianchini 3Traction calculationP. Bianchini 4Risk assessmentD. SmithProcedure 6Electrical questionsV.M. Vainio 7Guide rail calculationW. Schmid 8Mech. Safety devicesG. Schiffner 10Hydraulic questionsL. Faletto 11New EN81-SeriesCh. De Mas LatrieWork finalized 13Headroom & pitG. Varisco 14Mech. building interfacesW. Schmid 15DocumentationA. Marschall 16TestF. Tegel 17External questionsP. Bianchini TF-EN 81Items not addressed by AHsW. Schmid

18  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Revision of EN81-1/2 Timetable Approval Preparation Compile the Technical Requirements Risk Assessment Editorial Work Publication

19  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Main Safety clauses EN 81-1/2 under review General issues Align requirements/parameters to ISO/TS and ISO/TS Consider agreed upon points from ISO/TR and -2 Reconsider Inputs from Notified Body Coordination meetings (NB-L) 0.3 Assumptions Reassess definition of forces/impact - Static force of 300 N - Dynamic forces/impact 1000 N

20  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Main Safety clauses EN 81-1/2 under review 1 Scope Add indications to other lift Standards (for information) EN Alarm EN Fire Test on landing doors EN Accessibility to lifts of person and person with disability EN Vandal resistant lifts EN Fire fighters lift EN Behaviour of lift in case of fire Add technical limitations: max rated speed, max rated load, maximum travel height 3 Definitions Add new definitions for clear understanding the Standard: e.g. for Safety circuit

21  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Main Safety clauses EN 81-1/2 under review 5 Lift well Reassess requirements for glass applied for the well (strength) Strength of the pit floor (force generated by buffers) Protection in the well to improve safety for workers (e.g. access to pit, separation screens, headroom and pit, lighting of the well). 6 Machinery and pulley spaces Mechanical strength, floor surface Access to working places (e.g. doors, trap doors, ladders, stairs) Working areas Lighting and socket outlets

22  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Main Safety clauses EN 81-1/2 under review 7 Landing doors Mechanical strength of door panel Power operated doors (e.g. closing force, kinetic energy, reopening) Door protection device (contact less) Testing using pendulum shock test Check requirements if glass is applied Combine requirements with car doors, when adequate

23  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Car, counterweight and balancing weight Mechanical strength of doors (in line with landing doors), walls, apron etc Available car area, rated load, number of passengers Emergency trap doors and emergency doors Lighting in car Balustrade on car roof Main Safety clauses EN 81-1/2 under review

24  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Suspension, compensation and overspeed protection Reference new Standard EN Stranded ropes for lifts and wedge type sockets (e.g. according to EN or EN ) Reconsider limits of us of anti-rebound device Safety gear (maximum retardation, tripping mechanism) Overspeed governor (consider system aspects also, e.g. response time) 10 Buffers Buffers with linear characteristics (clarify limit of application to 1 m/s) Main Safety clauses EN 81-1/2 under review

25  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Lift machine Consider state of the art design (minimum 2 set of active brake parts) Emergency operation (reassess requirements for manually and electrically operation) 13 Electric installations and appliances Check/take into account actually new Standards, e.g.: - EN "Electric equipment of industrial machines – General requirements“ - EN "Flexible cables for lifts” - IEC “Protection for safety - Protection against electric shock” Main Safety clauses EN 81-1/2 under review

26  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Protection against electric faults ; controls ; priorities Consider to align ISO PESSRAL Eliminate requirements regarding various types of machines and the docking operations witch are not anymore state of the art Add new functions (temporary active) to improve safe maintenance/inspection/ repair (e.g. prevent to open the door, “by passing device” for landing door safety contact) Reassess stopping devices Eliminate contradiction to new EN regarding alarm Main Safety clauses EN 81-1/2 under review

27  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Notices, markings and operating instructions Update requirements for plates, instructions where necessary 16 Examinations - Tests - Register - Maintenance Restructure chapter and complete it regarding special tools, log book etc. Annexes Annex D Test, update/align according to new requirements Annex F Safety components - Tests procedures for verification of conformity to be justified – Unintended car movement Annex G Prove of guide rail – e.g. consider dead weight of guide rail line Small justification of other Annexes Main Safety clauses EN 81-1/2 under review

28  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of EN81-1/2 Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC (1) Following 4 points will be covered by Amendment 3 1) New border line Machinery Directive – Lift Directive Lifts with rated speed ≤ 0.15 m/s excluded 2) Consider relevant new ESR’s The fixing system of guards, which have to be removed during maintenance and inspection, remains attached to the guard or to the equipment, when the guard is removed. 3) Car stopping/levelling accuracy - the stopping accuracy of the car shall be ± 10 mm; - a levelling accuracy of ± 20 mm shall be maintained.

29  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Revision of EN81-1/2 Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC (2) 4) Unintended car movement with open doors Electric traction lifts shall be provided with a means to stop unintended car movement away from the landing with the landing door not in the locked position and the car door not in the closed position: Car movement not more than 1.20 m Not more than 200 mm under car apron Not less than 1.00 opening to exit the car Max. deceleration 1gn If machine brake is used: Placed at (near) traction sheave Self monitoring of operation

30  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, 2008 Structure of the EN81 Series of Standards EN 81-10

31  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Structure of the EN81 Series of Standards Basic Principles  EN81 represents a series of standards in 8 different categories  1: Basics & Interpretations  2: Lifts for Transport of Persons & Goods  3: Lifts for Transport of Goods only  4: Special Lifts for Transport of Persons & Goods  5: Evaluations  6: Documentation for Lifts  7: Particular Applications Persons & Goods  8: Existing Lifts  Each category represents number of standards  Identification of the each standards is defined as:  EN81+ category + designated number in the category  Example: EN (Fire-fighters lifts)

32  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Structure of the EN81 Series of Standards Overview today 61 Technical File & Instruction for Use Goods only Lifts EN 81-6x Documentation for Lifts 60 Technical File & Instruction for Use Special Lifts for Persons & Goods 68 Remote Monitoring EN 81-5x Evaluations 51 Type Examination of Lifts 58 Landing Door Fire Test EN 81-4x Special Lifts for Transport of Persons & Goods 40 Stairlifts & Inclined Lifting Platforms 41 Vertical Lifting Platforms 43 Lifts for Access to Workplaces 71 Vandal Resistant Lifts EN 81-7x Particular Applications Persons & Goods 70 Accessibility for Persons with Impaired Mobility 72 Firefighters Lifts 76 Use of Lifts for the Evacuation of Disabled 73 Behavior of Lifts in the Event of Fire 77 Lifts Subject to Seismic Conditions 81 Modernization of Lifts EN 81-8x Existing Lifts 80 Improvement of Safety of Existing Lifts 82 Accessibility Improvement of Existing Lifts 83 Vandal resistance Improvement of Existing Lifts EN 81-3x Lifts for Transport of Goods only 30 Service Lifts 31 Accessible Goods- only Lifts EN 81-2x Lifts for Transport of Persons & Goods 1 Passenger & Goods/Passenger Lifts-Electric 21 Passenger Lifts in Existing Buildings 22 Passenger Lifts, Inclined 28 Remote Alarm for Passenger & Goods/Passenger Lifts EN 81-1x Basics & Interpretations 10 System of EN81 Series of Standards 12 Procedures for risk Assessment (ISO/TS is being applied today) EN 81 Family of Standards 29 Interpretations 2 Passenger & Goods/Passenger Lifts-Hydraulic Legend: Standard published Standard in development Standards under revision Possible future development

33  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Structure of the EN81 Series of Standards Rationale  Groups a number of dedicated stand alone standards  Deal with all type of lift drives  Avoid redundancy in requirements  Address all type of interested parties  Users could easily identify the safety standards related to lifts  Simplify standardisation work

34  2005 CEN – all rights reserved EMF-ETUI Conference September 25, Structure of the EN81 Series of Standards Overview future 61 Technical File & Instruction for Use Goods only Lifts EN 81-6x Documentation for Lifts 60 Technical File & Instruction for Use Special Lifts for Persons & Goods 68 Remote Monitoring EN 81-5x Evaluations 50 Examinations, Calculations & Tests of Lift Components 51 Type Examination of Lifts 58 Landing Door Fire Test EN 81-4x Special Lifts for Transport of Persons & Goods 40 Stairlifts & Inclined Lifting Platforms 41 Vertical Lifting Platforms 43 Lifts for Access to Workplaces 71 Vandal Resistant Lifts EN 81-7x Particular Applications Persons & Goods 70 Accessibility for Persons with Impaired Mobility 72 Firefighters Lifts 76 Use of Lifts for the Evacuation of Disabled 73 Behavior of Lifts in the Event of Fire 77 Lifts Subject to Seismic Conditions 81 Modernization of Lifts EN 81-8x Existing Lifts 80 Improvement of Safety of Existing Lifts 82 Accessibility Improvement of Existing Lifts 83 Vandal resistance Improvement of Existing Lifts EN 81-3x Lifts for Transport of Goods only 30 Service Lifts 31 Accessible Goods- only Lifts EN 81-2x Lifts for Transport of Persons & Goods 20 Passenger & Goods/Passenger Lifts 21 Passenger Lifts in Existing Buildings 22 Passenger Lifts, Inclined 28 Remote Alarm for Passenger & Goods/Passenger Lifts EN 81-1x Basics & Interpretations 10 System of EN81 Series of Standards 11 Interpretations 12 Procedures for risk Assessment (ISO/TS is being applied today) EN 81 Family of Standards Traction Hydraulic Etc. Legend: Standard published Standard in development Proposed new Standard by the revision of EN 81-1 & 2 Possible future development


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