Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P."— Presentation transcript:

1 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P

2 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P

3 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P

4 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P

5 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P On Safari in the Mara

6 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Five engineers in the Mara

7 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask questions, find solutions that benefit people.

8 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Ethics City

9 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Where is Ethics City? Hosted by ENG 4A03 - Engineering & Social Responsibility Instructor: Joel Hilchey

10 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Story and some examples...

11 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P A Litmus Test for Making Ethical Decisions at Work By: Abdullah Telmesani, PhD While evaluating tenders from various suppliers, John noticed how close the bids were in terms of prices and quality. During this period of evaluation, John met a friend who informed him indirectly that one of the suppliers was willing to pay for a personal trip for him and his family if he overlooked one of the conditions that this supplier did not satisfy. John faced a dilemma in making a decision to award the contract to the supplier related to his friend. Overlooking the condition of this supplier would not affect his company negatively, and no one would even notice it. In trying to arrive at a decision, John followed the two-level-Ethical-Toolkit- test as follows:

12 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P 1- The Internal Test: In this test, John checked his gut feeling about awarding the contract to this company. Doing that, he realized that he felt uncomfortable about it; however, knowing that awarding the contract to this company would not affect his company negatively, made him feel more comfortable about awarding the contract to that specific supplier. In order to arrive at the right decision, John followed the second step of the test. 2- The Disclosure Test: In applying this step of the test, John looked at whether he would feel good about letting his colleagues, his family, and others know about the basis for awarding the contract to this supplier. Thinking about that made it very clear to him that awarding the contract to this supplier would not be ethical, since he would not be comfortable with letting others know about the real basis for awarding this contract to this supplier. The above Tool-Kit can be used by employees and employers at all levels. It can also be a useful guide, or exercise, for board members and executive committees in clarifying the ethical bases for executive choices.

13 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Elections Gas Plant Senators Garment factories Nazi burial Obama Care African presidents Elliot Lake Lance Armstrong Census objector Baden-PowellBaden-Powell Scout LawScout Law Dilbert Patrick Deane M Meed Ward Malala China - pollution CBC – Cheating Engineering 1 Test Centre PEO Blue Pages PEO Blue Pages 1 PEO Blue Pages 2 PEO Code of Ethics PEO Misconduct SNC Lavalin update 2014 Feb 27

14 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P How do you find Ethics City?

15 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P You will need an internal compass

16 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

17 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P For Engineers on their Path on their Path to the Profession to the Profession

18 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Ethics is important & basic... Conflicts of Interest Contradictions See web site notes...

19 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Treasury Board of Canada Derived from the Greek word “ethos”, which means “way of living”, ethics is a branch of philosophy that is concerned with human conduct, more specifically the behaviour of individuals in society. Ethics examines the rational justification for our moral judgments; it studies what is morally right or wrong, just or unjust.

20 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P

21 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Definitions help Also – Your personal concepts of success, happiness, values, goals... Who you are, Why you exist Many things shape your personal ethics Life like a series of semi-transparent screens

22 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Your family, friends, colleagues, associations, and community also shape your ethical being. My Mom said.... Others set examples for you... Not just tolerance – but understanding and acceptance Be informed, aware, involved in your society & community so you can make a difference.

23 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Ethics, also known as moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that addresses questions about morality — that is, concepts such as: good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime.

24 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Ethics plays a role in every part of our world and lives... History & Literature & Movies & News Family, relationships, friends, colleagues, Religion ++ Business & Government Military – weapons, war crimes Laws, Legislation, Human Rights ++ Health & Safety – drugs, alcohol, health care ++ Aboriginals Education & Professions Engineering – PEO in particular and more... Medicine, Law, Sports, Police, Accounting, others Students – tests, assignments, labs, cycle Society – cheat on taxes, pay cash Humanitarianism - World Health – United Nations

25 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

26 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Canadian engineers care about ethics...

27 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P The Iron Ring The Iron Ring is a symbol that distinctly identifies engineers in Canada. It is important to understand that not every obligated engineer in Canada has a professional engineering licence, and not every professional engineer has an Iron Ring on his/her little finger.

28 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P The Iron Ring is a Canadian engineering tradition. It was started by seven past- presidents of the Engineering Institute of Canada in The Ring is given as part of “The Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer". The Ring is worn on the little finger of the working hand.

29 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

30 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P http :// Quebec Bridge Disasters The Iron Ring Ethical Aspects of the Collapse cases

31 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

32 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P The Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer is the ceremony where Iron Rings are given to engineers who choose to obligate themselves to the highest professionalism and humility of their profession. The ritual ceremonies are strictly private affairs. No publicity is allowed. Only obligated engineers are invited to attend, as well as engineers that are being obligated.

33 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P.

34 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Get Rich Cheating https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tqc-WSkUQZ8 Get Rich Cheating by Dan Ariely TEDx East 00:17 to 01:35 Life is Hard01:46 to 2:55

35 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Getting Caught

36 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Some additional definitions (mostly from Wikipedia and other Internet sources.) Truth Ethics Fair Goodwill Beneficial Ethicist Praxis

37 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Truth is most often used to mean in accord with fact or reality, or fidelity to an original or to a standard or ideal. The opposite of truth is falsehood, which, correspondingly, can also take on a logical, factual, or ethical meaning. Many human activities depend upon the concept, which is assumed rather than a subject of discussion, including science, law, and everyday life.

38 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Ethics, also known as moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. The term comes from the Greek word ethos, which means "character". In philosophy, ethics studies the moral behavior in humans, and how one should act.

39 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. fair - free from bias, dishonesty, or injustice: a fair decision; a fair judge goodwill - friendly, helpful, or cooperative feelings or attitude friendship - a relationship between two or more people who hold mutual affection for each other beneficial - producing or promoting a favorable result; advantageous

40 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. ethicist a person who specializes in or writes on ethics or who is devoted to ethical principles ethicist From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia An ethicist is one whose judgment on ethics and ethical codes has come to be trusted by a specific community, and (importantly) is expressed in some way that makes it possible for others to mimic or approximate that judgement.

41 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. praxis - performance or application of skill; the practical side and application of something such as a professional skill, as opposed to its theory

42 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Ethics and Morality https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p1Gd5r2hxBQ Short Lectures on Ethics (1) by David R. Keller Ethics & Morality00:00 to 02:22

43 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Your moral compass

44 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

45 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Defining Ethics requires using the tools of Reason and Rationality – 4 criteria: 1.Comprehensive 2.Coherent 3.Consistent 4.Adequate https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c_CyeecP3AM Short Lectures on Ethics (2) by David R. Keller Comprehensive00:00 to 02:58 Coherent, Consistent03:50 to 05:01 Adequate05:56 to 06:24

46 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. USA Constitution - Second Amendment There are several versions of the text of the Second Amendment, each with slight capitalization and punctuation differences, found in the official documents surrounding the adoption of the Bill of Rights. One version was passed by the Congress, while another is found in the copies distributed to the States and then ratified by them. As passed by the Congress: A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. As ratified by the States and authenticated by Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of State: A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. The Second Amendment is the only amendment to the Constitution which states a purpose.

47 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask questions Find solutions That benefit people. What about world peace? Do engineers embrace peace? And other global issues? What difference do you make now?

48 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Professional ethics … doctors, lawyers, teachers, nurses, engineers and others all have codes of ethics. A book to consider… There is no such thing as ‘business’ ethics by John C. Maxwell What people want: 1 – to be valued 2 – to be appreciated 3 – to be trusted 4 – to be respected 5 – to be understood 6 – not to be taken advantage of

49 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. “It is difficult to say what truth is, but sometimes it is so easy to recognize a falsehood.” Albert Einstein

50 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Am I Right? How to live ethically. by Arthur Dobrin Ethics Training Isn't Useful When Taught By Lawyers Law should reflect ethics, not the other way round. Published on December 18, 2012 by Arthur Dobrin, D.S.W. in Am I Right?Arthur Dobrin, D.S.W.Am I Right? In the wake of the General David Petraeus scandal, the Pentagon has reviewed its ethics training and recommends that training should start earlier and continued to be reinforced through an officer’s career. In all likelihood, the Pentagon’s legal counsel will lead the training, as it usually does.General David Petraeus And therein lies a problem. Lawyers aren’t very good as ethics teachers. (And this has nothing to do with the many lawyer jokes that just popped into your head.) The problem is that ethics isn’t the same as the law, but ethics regulations and ethics training often conflate the two. Making matters worse, when ethics and law are bundled together, legal considerations almost always trump ethical decisions. Better to be unethical and not be sued than be ethical and open yourself to liability.conflate

51 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Dilbert Ethics – insightful comics 00:00 to 01:13

52 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. The Firm 00:00 to 01:49

53 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P The following is an example from the American Society of Civil Engineers: 1.Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health and welfare of the public and shall strive to comply with the principles of sustainable development in the performance of their professional duties. 2. Engineers shall perform services only in areas of their competence. 3. Engineers shall issue public statements only in an objective and truthful manner. 4.Engineers shall act in professional matters for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustees, and shall avoid conflicts of interest. 5. Engineers shall build their professional reputation on the merit of their services and shall not compete unfairly with others. 6.Engineers shall act in such a manner as to uphold and enhance the honor, integrity, and dignity of the engineering profession and shall act with zero- tolerance for bribery, fraud, and corruption. 7. Engineers shall continue their professional development throughout their careers, and shall provide opportunities for the professional development of those engineers under their supervision.

54 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

55 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. The Object of Rotary LINKLINK The Object of Rotary is to encourage and foster the ideal of service as a basis of worthy enterprise and, in particular, to encourage and foster: FIRST. The development of acquaintance as an opportunity for service; SECOND. High ethical standards in business and professions; the recognition of the worthiness of all useful occupations; and the dignifying of each Rotarian's occupation as an opportunity to serve society; THIRD. The application of the ideal of service in each Rotarian's personal, business, and community life; FOURTH. The advancement of international understanding, goodwill, and peace through a world fellowship of business and professional persons united in the ideal of service.

56 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. The Rotary Four-Way Test The test, which has been translated into more than 100 languages, asks the following questions: Of the things we think, say or do 1.Is it the TRUTH? 2.Is it FAIR to all concerned? 3.Will it build GOODWILL & BETTER FRIENDSHIPS? 4. Will it be BENEFICIAL to all concerned?

57 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P What is Ethics? Developed by Manuel Velasquez, Claire Andre, Thomas Shanks, S.J., and Michael J. Meyer Some years ago, sociologist Raymond Baumhart asked business people, "What does ethics mean to you?" Among their replies were the following: "Ethics has to do with what my feelings tell me is right or wrong." "Ethics has to do with my religious beliefs." "Being ethical is doing what the law requires." "Ethics consists of the standards of behavior our society accepts." "I don't know what the word means." These replies might be typical of our own. The meaning of "ethics" is hard to pin down, and the views many people have about ethics are shaky. Like Baumhart's first respondent, many people tend to equate ethics with their feelings. But being ethical is clearly not a matter of following one's feelings. A person following his or her feelings may recoil from doing what is right. In fact, feelings frequently deviate from what is ethical.

58 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Nor should one identify ethics with religion. Most religions, of course, advocate high ethical standards. Yet if ethics were confined to religion, then ethics would apply only to religious people. But ethics applies as much to the behavior of the atheist as to that of the devout religious person. Religion can set high ethical standards and can provide intense motivations for ethical behavior. Ethics, however, cannot be confined to religion nor is it the same as religion. Being ethical is also not the same as following the law. The law often incorporates ethical standards to which most citizens subscribe. But laws, like feelings, can deviate from what is ethical. Our own pre-Civil War slavery laws and the old apartheid laws of present-day South Africa are grotesquely obvious examples of laws that deviate from what is ethical. Finally, being ethical is not the same as doing "whatever society accepts." In any society, most people accept standards that are, in fact, ethical. But standards of behavior in society can deviate from what is ethical. An entire society can become ethically corrupt. Nazi Germany is a good example of a morally corrupt society.

59 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Moreover, if being ethical were doing "whatever society accepts," then to find out what is ethical, one would have to find out what society accepts. To decide what I should think about abortion, for example, I would have to take a survey of American society and then conform my beliefs to whatever society accepts. But no one ever tries to decide an ethical issue by doing a survey. Further, the lack of social consensus on many issues makes it impossible to equate ethics with whatever society accepts. Some people accept abortion but many others do not. If being ethical were doing whatever society accepts, one would have to find an agreement on issues which does not, in fact, exist. What, then, is ethics? Ethics is two things. First, ethics refers to well- founded standards of right and wrong that prescribe what humans ought to do, usually in terms of rights, obligations, benefits to society, fairness, or specific virtues. Ethics, for example, refers to those standards that impose the reasonable obligations to refrain from rape, stealing, murder, assault, slander, and fraud. Ethical standards also include those that enjoin virtues of honesty, compassion, and loyalty. And, ethical standards include standards relating to rights, such as the right to life, the right to freedom from injury, and the right to privacy.

60 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Such standards are adequate standards of ethics because they are supported by consistent and well-founded reasons. Secondly, ethics refers to the study and development of one's ethical standards. As mentioned above, feelings, laws, and social norms can deviate from what is ethical. So it is necessary to constantly examine one's standards to ensure that they are reasonable and well-founded. Ethics also means, then, the continuous effort of studying our own moral beliefs and our moral conduct, and striving to ensure that we, and the institutions we help to shape, live up to standards that are reasonable and solidly-based. This article appeared originally in Issues in Ethics IIE V1 N1 (Fall 1987) Revised 2010

61 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

62 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

63 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

64 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

65 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Never Seldom Sometimes Often Always Personal Ethics Scale

66 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P EthicsTest 1. aa 2. bb

67 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

68 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P EthicsTest 1. aa 2. bb

69 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

70 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Shell – Comply – Local laws, Shell code of conduct Intervene – expected to watch for, and take action Respect – all people, environment, society (inclusive, diversity, equality) Anti-bribery seminar – annual for all employees Shell Aviation Life Saving Rules for employees & contractors Code of Conduct Book Fighting Corrupt Practices Bribery and Corruption Dealing with Government Officials Gifts and Hospitality Conflicts of Interest Insider Dealing Money Laundering Political Activity and Payments

71 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Seven-step guide to ethical decision-making (Davis 1999) https://www.e-education.psu.edu/emsc302/node/170 1) State problem. For example, "there's something about this decision that makes me uncomfortable" or "do I have a conflict of interest?". 2) Check facts. Many problems disappear upon closer examination of situation, while others change radically. 3) Identify relevant factors. For example, persons involved, laws, professional code, other practical constraints ( e.g. under $200). 4) Develop list of options. Be imaginative, try to avoid "dilemma"; not "yes" or" no" but whom to go to, what to say. 5) Test options. Use such tests as the following: harm test: Does this option do less harm than alternatives? publicity test: Would I want my choice of this option published in the newspaper? defensibility test: Could I defend choice of option before congressional committee or committee of peers? reversibility test: Would I still think choice of this option good if I were adversely affected by it? colleague test: What do my colleagues say when I describe my problem and suggest this option is my solution? professional test: What might my profession's governing body for ethics committee say about this option? organization test: What does the company's ethics officer or legal counsel say about this? 6) Make a choice based on steps ) Review steps 1-6. What could you do to make it less likely that you would have to make such a decision again?

72 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. John faced a dilemma in making a decision to award the contract to the supplier related to his friend. Overlooking the condition of this supplier would not affect his company negatively, and no one would even notice it. In trying to arrive at a decision, John followed the two-level-Ethical-Toolkit-test as follows: 1- The Internal Test: In this test, John checked his gut feeling about awarding the contract to this company. Doing that, he realized that he felt uncomfortable about it; however, knowing that awarding the contract to this company would not affect his company negatively, made him feel more comfortable about awarding the contract to that specific supplier. In order to arrive at the right decision, John followed the second step of the test. 2- The Disclosure Test: In applying this step of the test, John looked at whether he would feel good about letting his colleagues, his family, and others know about the basis for awarding the contract to this supplier. Thinking about that made it very clear to him that awarding the contract to this supplier would not be ethical, since he would not be comfortable with letting others know about the real basis for awarding this contract to this supplier.

73 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. The Ethical Decision Making Test Sometimes the line between what is ethical and what is not becomes slightly blurred. While there are certainly enough unethical managers and leaders in the world’s workplace, there is no reason for you to be amongst their masses. Sadly, sometimes it is difficult to determine if what you are feeling is unethical or simply complicated. There is, fortunately, a simple test you can apply to yourself, as outlined by the UK Institute of Business Ethics, to determine if the decision you are about to make is truly ethical. You must simply ask yourself the following three questions: 1.Would I be proud to share my decision with the public at large (excluding no one)? 2. Are an aspects of my decision potentially harmful and, if so, are they avoidable? 3. Would everyone involved, even far reaching stakeholders, consider my decision to be fair? If you can’t answer these questions honestly (with YES answers) then you need to seriously take a step back and reconsider the actions you’re about to take. If you’re having trouble, go and find a neutral party (someone who doesn’t feel obligated to you in any way) and ask for impartial advice. As a good leader it’ll be your job, when faced with an unethical decision, to find the ethical solution. Thanks again, Sean McPheat, Managing Director

74 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Ethical Decision-Making Tools An Ethical Decision-Making Model (Source: Josephson Institute of Ethics. “Five Steps of Principled Reasoning.” 1999.) TWELVE QUESTIONS TOWARD ETHICAL DECISION-MAKING [These 12 questions for examining the ethics of a decision were adapted from the steps formulated by Harvard Business School Professor Laura Nash in her Harvard Business Review article, "Ethics without the Sermon" (1981)] 1. Have you defined the problem accurately? 2. How would you define the problem if you stood on the other side of the fence? 3. How did this situation occur in the first place? 4. To whom and to what do you give your loyalty as a person and as a member of the organization? 5. What is your intention in making this decision? 6. How does this intention compare with the probable results? 7. Whom could your decision injure? 8. Can you discuss the problem with the affected parties before you make your decision? 9. Are you confident that your position will be as valid over a long period of time as it seems now? 10. Could you disclose without qualm your decision or action to your boss, the head of your organization, your colleagues, your family, the person you most admire, or society as a whole? 11. What is the symbolic potential of your action if understood? If misunderstood? 12. Are there circumstances when you would allow exceptions to your stand? What are they?

75 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P businessweek-business-news-stock-market-and-financial-advice There are other differences between ethics and the law. Laws change over time. Laws vary from state to state. Most significantly, political and economic interests, and not the interests of the people, often determine which laws get passed and what is in those laws. Ethical standards, however, transcend time, place, and the whims of politics. From the Pages of History Slavery was perfectly legal until the 13th Amendment to the Constitution abolished it in Children were allowed to work in mines, glass factories, and textile and other industries instead of going to school until the Fair Labor Standards Act was passed in Women didn't have the right to vote until (1917 in Canada) On Dec. 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Ala., Rosa Parks broke the law when she refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. How is it possible that a practice that was legal in the past is now against the law? Is it the case that slavery, for example, used to be ethical, but now it isn't? Of course not. Ethics hasn't changed. The law just took awhile to become aligned with what is right.

76 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Although business as an institution has been getting a bad rap in the mainstream media for the wrongful conduct committed at Enron, Adelphia, WorldCom, Tyco (TYC), and other companies, let's not forget those organizations that took the high road, went beyond what the law required of them, and ultimately reaped many rewards. For example, in 1982, seven people in the Chicago area died of cyanide poisoning after unwittingly consuming tainted Tylenol capsules. Within a matter of days, Johnson & Johnson (JNJ) responded aggressively by withdrawing all 31 million bottles of the drug (with a retail value of over $100 million), creating a new, triple-sealed package, and offering consumers deep discounts. For any law, we can and should ask: Is it right? Is it fair? Is it just? The ultimate standards for deciding what we ought to do are ethical, not legal, ones. As the Intervention example shows, sometimes we are not legally obligated to do what we ought to do. Our history of failing to recognize the inherent dignity of women, children, and African-Americans shows that the law sometimes gets it all wrong. And the Tylenol case suggests that companies that value doing the right thing rather than what is merely legally required of them may not only endure, but prevail. As this column has endeavored to show over and over, the reason to do the right thing is simply because it is the right thing to do. Businesses that take ethics seriously, however, often find themselves winning over consumers and a skeptical media alike.

77 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P EthicsTest 1. aa 2. bb

78 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Never Seldom Sometimes Often Always Personal Ethics Scale

79 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Ask yourself: Do I understand the issues?

80 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Ask yourself: Is this/that ethical? “Legal” doesn’t always equal “Ethical”

81 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Ask yourself: Is this/that legal and ethical?

82 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Ask yourself: Does this/that pass the ethics test?

83 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

84 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P “Whoever is careless with the truth in small matters cannot be trusted with important matters.” Albert Einstein

85 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P The ‘boss’ says... The rules are... The guidebook shows... Religion tells us... It’s always been that way... My family and friends say... The media tells us... The police, military, government say and do... The label says and the ingredients are... Hollywood and entertainers lead us... The advertisements show... The statistics and research indicate... It’s okay – everyone does it... Who are you?

86 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Charbonneau Commission SNC-Lavalin

87 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P How do you know? Guidelines Create a self-test Engineers without Borders MacEngineer Engineering competitions PEO chapters Brian Baetz Dilbert

88 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Case Studies Professional Ethics Conflict of Interest Safety vs Cost Licensing Process

89 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Profession A group of individuals that is self-selected and self-disciplined and who hold themselves out to the public as possessing a special skill that is derived from training & education and who are prepared to exercise that skill in the interest of others. There is a 'Duty of Care’

90 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P What is a Professional Engineer? The practice of professional engineering is defined in Section 1 of the Professional Engineers Act and is comprised of three tests. Professional engineering is: * any act of planning, designing, composing, evaluating, advising, reporting, directing or supervising (or the managing of any such act); * that requires the application of engineering principles; and * concerns the safeguarding of life, health, property, economic interests, the public welfare or the environment. If what you do meets all three tests, you are practising professional engineering and must be licensed by the association.

91 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Like medical and legal professionals, professional engineers are licensed to be accountable to the public for their work. Their duty is to safeguard life, health, property, economic interests, the public welfare or the environment where engineering is concerned. Professional engineers subscribe to a strict code of ethics and practice standards. The practice of the profession is regulated by Professional Engineers Ontario.

92 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P In Canada, the title "professional engineer" is restricted by law. In Ontario, only those individuals who have demonstrated that they possess the necessary qualifications and have been licensed by PEO can use the title, which is often abbreviated as "P. Eng.“

93 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Ring... optional obligation taken upon completion of an engineering degree program. P. Eng.... legal requirement to practice as an 'engineer‘... a professional with responsibilities to.... public, employer, clients, colleagues, others.

94 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P PEO is self-regulating – therefore the strength is in membership like & unlike government... - make things better by voting -government – everyone can vote. -PEO – only members can vote So join and make a difference...

95 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Society & People have expectations (whether they know it or not) for engineers. Examples: - manufacturing and products – from appliances to clothing to foods to credit cards - safety – travel & transportation – vehicles, roads, runways, rail lines - technologies – communications, computers, - health – CT scanners - entertainment – music, sports equipment & facilities, special effects

96 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Regulation 77: Code of Ethics 1. Practitioner has a duty to [the public, his employer, his clients, & other members of his profession] to act at all times with i. fairness & loyalty ii. fidelity to public needs iii. devotion to honour & integrity iv. knowledge v. competence 2. Practitioner shall i. regard his duty to the public welfare as paramount ii. endeavour to enhance the public regard for engineering and discourage untrue statements iii. not express unfounded opinions iv. display his licence 3. Be a professional & faithful agent; avoid/disclose conflicts of interest. Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

97 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P 4. Disclose conflicts of interest 5. Disclose moonlighting to both parties and don’t let it conflict with your existing work. 6. Cooperate with other professionals 7. Shall i. Be courteous to other practitioners, ii. Not review a fellow current employee practitioner’s work without his knowledge iii. Not maliciously injure reputation/business of another practitioner iv. Not try to gain advantage by paying/accepting commissions for securing work v. Uphold adequate compensation for eng work, provide opportunity for professional development & advancement, & interchange engineering information & experience. 8. Maintain honour & integrity of profession; expose before proper tribunals unprofessional/dishonest/unethical conduct of any other practitioner. Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

98 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. News and events...

99 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Ethics City

100 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Most people try to be ‘ethical’... Here are some public examples – What do you think?

101 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

102 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

103 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

104 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

105 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

106 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

107 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

108 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

109 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

110 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

111 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

112 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

113 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

114 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

115 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

116 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

117 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

118 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

119 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

120 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

121 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

122 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P McMaster University: Forward Forward with IntegrityIntegrity October 2013 update: forward-with-integrity/

123 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

124 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

125 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

126 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

127 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

128 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

129 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

130 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

131 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

132 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P PEO Process to get a licence Safety vs Costs

133 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements - Overview Overview of the process for licensing: 1. Follow the steps, outlines, guidelines 2. Get a coach, advocate, mentor 3. KEEP RECORDS WITH NOTES, NAMES, DATES 4. Talk with friends 5. Establish a network for support Overview of the process for licensing: 1. Follow the steps, outlines, guidelines 2. Get a coach, advocate, mentor 3. KEEP RECORDS WITH NOTES, NAMES, DATES 4. Talk with friends 5. Establish a network for support

134 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements - Canada Engineers Canada is the national organization of the 12 provincial and territorial associations that regulate the practice of engineering in Canada and license the country's more than 160,000 professional engineers. Canada

135 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements - Ontario PEO: Role & Function - a self-regulating body for Professional Engineers - to regulate and set standards - for the province of Ontario -To serve and protect the public interest [ Public safety and welfare ] [ Public safety and welfare ] - through Admissions (the right to practice), Discipline and Enforcement PEO

136 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements - Definition Practice of Professional Engineering Any act of designing, composing, evaluating, advising, reporting, directing or supervising; wherein the safeguarding of life, health, property or the public welfare is concerned; that requires the application of engineering principles (does not include practicing as a natural scientist).

137 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements - Licensing Licensing Licensing Requirements Licensing Acceptable engineering education Acceptable engineering education Professional Practice ExaminationProfessional Practice Examination Good characterGood character ReferencesReferences 48 months engineering experience48 months engineering experience 12 months of acceptable engineering experience in Canada12 months of acceptable engineering experience in Canada

138 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements - Steps Licensing Steps Process

139 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements - note In order to submit an application form and begin the licensing process you only need to meet PEO’s minimum education requirements. All other licensing requirements can be met after you submit an application All other licensing requirements can be met after you submit an application

140 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements – Education notes Applicants should be comfortable and confident with the application and process. 1. Spend time on the PEO web site examining their documents to determine exactly what is required of you

141 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements – Education notes 2. Be proactive with respect to academic and experience requirements: (a) carefully document all components yourself (b) avoid simply turning over your files & allowing someone else to decide what you learned and experienced

142 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements - PPE Professional Practice Exam (PPE) A 3-hour, closed-book exam on ethics, professional practice, engineering law and liability, written after Education Requirements are met. Applicants may seek additional resources on the internet using their preferred search engine using: professional practice exam professional practice exam PEO PPE PEO PPE PPE ExPS

143 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements - Experience Experience Requirements The 5 Required Elements are: Application of theory Practical experience Management of engineering Communication skills Social implications of engineering Guide

144 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements - Experience Pre-Graduation Experience Pre-Grad

145 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements – Experience notes Experience Records should: 1. Detail your engineering work 2. Describe your projects and roles you played 3. Indicate the nature of the problems solved, the designs performed, factors considered 4. Specifically identify the engineering you did 5. Use ‘first person’ … “I” instead of “we” and “I calculated” instead of “It was calculated” 6. Use ‘action’ verbs... such as “designed”, “analyzed”, “presented”, “controlled”

146 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements – Experience notes Experience Records – at any stage of your career - should be totally prepared... Don't leave anything to PEO that you can do yourself - have it all covered You want their responses to be 'yes' or 'maybe'..... not 'no'

147 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements – Experience notes Talk with your employer, supervisor, manager, colleagues, associates on a regular basis Document all of your work with special attention to your roles & contributions

148 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements – Experience notes Carefully check the 5 required elements and your work related to them regularly – at least every 3 months Create a summary of everything you have done in these 5 areas – and discuss with a supervisory P. Eng. and have him/her sign it Application of theory Practical experience Management of engineering Communication skills Social implications of engineering

149 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements – Experience notes Note dates, names, places, projects, details, evaluations, etc. Ask your P. Eng. supervisor for letters of reference (write the outline yourself noting your strengths and accomplishments) on a regular basis – these could coincide with reviews, evaluations and other work determined events (e.g. the successful completion of a team or individual project)

150 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Membership Requirements - notes Develop your own set of Experience records - using the Experience Guide - using the EIT checklist - using samples as guidelines such as those on the “Path2PEng” web site created by Bob Loree in 2008 for the Hamilton-Burlington Chapter and others Path2PEng

151 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Canadian Trained Perspective Graduate from accredited programs. Usually with key ‘engineering’ courses taught by professional engineers. Usually with a full course, or equivalent, in Engineering Ethics and/or Engineers in Society

152 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Canadian Trained Perspective Likely have some workplace experiences in work terms, co-op placements or Internships Probably have developed a network of contacts for employment Should have a realistic view of the profession and its related opportunities Should have a realistic view of the profession and its related opportunities

153 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Canadian Trained Perspective A relatively small number choose to apply for a licence – the Iron Ring seems to be fairly satisfying and sufficient Usually have an education debt to pay, want value for their dollar and will wait to see if a licence is ‘worth it’

154 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Canadian Trained Perspective Many have additional career options – related to the diverse choices of degree programs … such as Bio Engineering, Management, Society, minor programs Many combine their engineering knowledge and skills with other interests such as music, writing, sports, business, recreation, family businesses, entrepreneurial endeavours

155 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Canadian Trained Perspective They are willing to take their time and also, generally apathetic toward licensing

156 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Suggestions for your Path to P. Eng. are: 1 – how/where to look for employment 2 – resumes/cover letters 3 – education opportunities 4 – market trends, developing contacts 5 – volunteer, network, business card 6 – organizations, events 6 – organizations, events Canadian Trained Perspective

157 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P EIT Perspective 1. The EIT program endeavours to help candidates ensure that they are obtaining acceptable experience 2. The EIT program does not place people in work situations 3. Engineering Interns have the opportunity to participate in Chapter activities 4. You don't have to enrol in the EIT program on your Path to P. Eng. 4. You don't have to enrol in the EIT program on your Path to P. Eng.

158 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P EIT Perspective Benefits (from the PEO web site): Benefits (from the PEO web site): 1. Provides you with an annual review of your engineering experience 2. Demonstrates to employers that you are serious about being licensed as a Professional Engineer 3. Entitles you to receive the Association's official publications - Engineering Dimensions 4. Allows you to join a chapter and attend chapter meetings 4. Allows you to join a chapter and attend chapter meetings

159 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P EIT Perspective Disadvantages: Check value for extra EIT fees – may vary with your background May have a time limit imposed to write the PPE exam

160 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P What does Bob Loree think about this? A Guideline for EngineersOntario (a name we should use instead of PEO) A platform for action in Ontario. Learn about these at:

161 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask questions, find solutions that benefit people. Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

162 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P In society Engineers are valued members of citizen committees and groups --- problem solving skills, analytical strengths, factual reports. The Public trusts you. Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Ethics City

163 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Enjoy life and commit to be ethical with high standards. Take ownership and have pride in the Profession. Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

164 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Become a Professional Engineer – make a difference! Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people.

165 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P For Engineers on their Path on their Path to the Profession to the Profession Path2PEng Overview Experience Records bobloree.ca bobloree.ca BobLoree.com

166 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P ExPS Bob Loree’s Examination Preparation Services ExPS PPE Exam Coupon use 1 of these Codes: PEOCEC2013 or NPPECEC2013 off PEO Regular Package off NPPE National Package conditions apply 15 % PPE Exam Coupon use 1 of these Codes: PEOCEC2013 or NPPECEC2013 You - Send me a message when you are ready to write the PPE Me - Will give you a coupon code for a discount.

167 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P When you are ready to write your PPE exam please contact Bob Loree at

168 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Ask yourself … Does it pass the sniff test? What will sustain you? What reminders do you have? Your ring Your moral compass Your ethics self-test Where are you?

169 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P RingCompass Test

170 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Your Moral Compass

171 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineers ask question, find solutions that benefit people. Ethics City

172 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P Engineering 1 Test Centre -Purpose -Rooms -Procedures -Staffing -Evaluation -Features

173 Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P More areas for discussion -Redsuits -APEGA -Blue Pages -‘Cash’ deals -Rob Ford -International operations


Download ppt "Soar with Science McMaster Engineering: Ethics, PPE Exam, ExPS TM P."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google