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Overview of Extractive Industries in Asia Pacific Maryati Abdullah National Coordinator, Publish What You Pay Indonesia Steering committee member of Open.

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Presentation on theme: "Overview of Extractive Industries in Asia Pacific Maryati Abdullah National Coordinator, Publish What You Pay Indonesia Steering committee member of Open."— Presentation transcript:

1 Overview of Extractive Industries in Asia Pacific Maryati Abdullah National Coordinator, Publish What You Pay Indonesia Steering committee member of Open Government Partnership (OGP) Presented at the Workshop on ‘Reversing the Resources Curse’, held by Ford Foundation. Ghana, Accra August 25 th – 30 th, 2013

2 Primary Energy World Consumption in1992, 2002 and 2012 Percentage Statistical Review of World Energy, BP 2013

3 Distribution of Proved Oil Reserves in1992, 2002 and 2012 Percentage Statistical Review of World Energy, BP 2013

4 Oil Production/Consumption by region Million barrels daily Production by region Consumption by region Statistical Review of World Energy, BP 2013

5 Total Oil Supply in Asia & Oceania 2008 – 2012 thousand Barrels per Day Processed from US Energy Information & Administration, accessed in August 23th, 2013

6 Major Oil Trade Movement 2012 Trade flows worldwide (million tones) Statistical Review of World Energy, BP 2013

7 Crude Oil Price 1861 – 2012 US Dollars per barrel, world events Statistical Review of World Energy, BP 2013

8 Distribution of Proved Gas Reserves in1992, 2002 and 2012 Percentage Statistical Review of World Energy, BP 2013

9 Gas Production/Consumption by region Billion cubic metres Production by regionConsumption by region Statistical Review of World Energy, BP 2013

10 Production of Marketed Natural Gas in Asia & Oceania, Billion Cubic Feet Processed from US Energy Information & Administration, accessed in August 25th, 2013

11 Major Gas Trade Movement 2012 Trade flows worldwide (million tonnes) Statistical Review of World Energy, BP 2013

12 Oil&Gas Comsumption per capita 2012 Gas in Tonnes oil equivalentOil in Tonnes Statistical Review of World Energy, BP 2013

13 Distribution of Proved Coal Reserves in1992, 2002 and 2012 Percentage Statistical Review of World Energy, BP 2013

14 Coal Production/Comsumption by Region Million tones oil equivalent Production by regionConsumption by region Statistical Review of World Energy, BP 2013

15 Asia Leads Growth in Global Coal Production Since 1980  Link for ½ minutes video Processed from US Energy Information & Administration, accessed in August 25th, 2013

16 Total Primary Coal Production in Asia & Oceania 2008 – 2012 thousand short tons Processed from US Energy Information & Administration, accessed in August 25th, 2013

17 Timber Trade Flow Tropical Timber Top Production and Export Sources : accessed in August 25 th, 2013

18 Major Trade Flow of Palm Oil WWF Report 2012, Accessed from August 25 th, 2013

19 Key Issued & Good Governance in Extractive Industries

20  Social & Human Right Issues  Indigenous people right (and FPIC requirement)  Militarization on EI operation security  Land grabbing & right to livelihood of community  Violation & social conflict  Gender & Child right  Environment, Land & Spatial Issues  Trans-boundary haze, Over-lapping Concession & spatial transparency  Deforestation & Biodiversity loss (such us sumatra tiger habitat, elephant, etc)  palm oil in the peat land (making Indonesia among the top emitter of Green Gas Houses)  Pollution, and emergency contingency plan implementation in EI areas  Economic & Good Governance Issues  Potential loss of revenue, tax illicit, EITI and contract transparency  Revenue sharing, peak production & revenue windfall  Development plan, poverty alleviation and sustainable spending  Economic sustainability, social corporate responsibility and local content issue  Natural resources/ Sovereight wealth funds  Bribery & money laundering issues on anticorruption  Regulatory framework, and institutionalization of EI governance Key Issues on Extractive Industries

21 Decision to extract/not to extract Awarding of contracts/ licenses Fiscal Terms Extraction prosess Trading of commodities Tax and revenue collection Development project/polici es Revenue Mngt and allocation I 87% II 43% III 18% IV 56% V 12% VI 56% VII 56% VIII 56% Revenue Watch Institute, 2009 Concentration of NGO Work Along the EI Value Chain in 10 Asia Pacific Countries

22 Resources Governance Index Average Country Scored by Region and Average Resources Governance Index, RWI 2013

23 Resources Governance Index East Asia and Pacific Index Score and Ranking Resources Governance Index, RWI 2013

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