Presentation on theme: "A synthesis of approaches to assess and value ecosystem services in the EU in the context of TEEB Vilm, 23 May 2013 Strahil Christov European Commission,"— Presentation transcript:
1A synthesis of approaches to assess and value ecosystem services in the EU in the context of TEEB Vilm, 23 May 2013Strahil Christov European Commission, DG Environment, Unit B2 (Biodiversity)
2Contents Brief overview of EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 TEEB in the context of the StrategyStudy ObjectivesWork DescriptionTask 1 - Review of existing InitiativesTask 2 - Analysis and synthesis of approachesTask 3 - Develop common conceptual frameworkTask 4 – Recommendations
3TEEB in the EU 2020 Biodiversity strategy Rationale behind biodiversity strategy6 Sub-targets with some specific measures related to TEEBTarget 2 and related measuresCross-cutting issues:FinancingInvolvement of the private sectorBy 2020, ecosystem services are maintained and enhanced by establishing Green Infrastructure and restoring at least 15% of degraded ecosystems.MS with assistance of Commission, will map and assess state of Es/ES by 2014, value such services and integrate in Accounting and Reporting Systems by 2020Green Infrastructure Strategy by 2012 to encourage investments in GI (and RPF)No Net Loss initiative by 2015 (through compensation and offsetting schemes)Main message is that the study is about delivering on the 2nd part of Action 5.In this context we have also launched a WG on MAES to address the first part of the action and a set of 6 pilots one of which is on Natural Capital Accounting and links to the contract. Here the aim is to provide guidance to MS on how to conduct valuation and how to integrate these values into accounting systems.Most important message is that TEEB has shaped the whole EU Biodiversity Strategy.Comments on above points- Rationale behind the biodiversity strategy is inspired by TEEB: what are the benefits from biodiversity, who does it benefit/values, what are the drivers of biodiversity loss, and what measures can be taken to address them (see Impact Assessment).- That lead to the definition of 6 targets, first two one protection and enhancement of biodiversity within protected areas (target 1) and of ecosystem services in the wider landscape (target 2), also focusing on the main drivers of biodiversity loss (agriculture and forestry (target 3) , fisheries (target4), IAS (target 5), and the last one is global dimension (target 6).- Within these targets some measures are directly related to TEEB – notably target 2. The relevant measures in Target 2 are; 1) MS to map and assess state of ecosystems and their services by 2014, assess their economic value and promote the integration of these values into accounting and reporting systems at EU and national level by 2020, 2) The Commission will develop a Green Infrastructure Strategy by 2012 and work on incentives to encourage investments in GI, 3) Initiative of No net loss of ecosystems and their services (through compensation and offsetting schemes) by 2015.- TEEB recommendations are also reflected in cross-cutting issues, e.g. financing issues: diversify financing sources including through innovative financing mechanims and market-based mechanisms; generally looking to more involvement from the private sector.
4Main objectivesSynthesize and evaluate recent and on-going initiatives and assess the scope for integrating these for accounting and reporting at EU levelFormulate steps for ES assessment and valuation into a coherent framework that can be applied by Member StatesAssess different approaches for up-scaling and combining ES values into an EU level assessment
5Task 1: Review of Initiatives using standard format FieldName of InitiativeInstitutionsContact PersonWebsiteEstablished inSteps in Assessment ProcessApproaches UsedData sourcesBiomesCategorisation of ESCoverage of ESScale of AnalysisScale of AggregationKey strengthsKey limitationsScreening of reports, proceedings from workshops/meetings and websitesIn addition, phone/ contacts with contact persons in 15 EU MS about national initiativesTwo web-based surveys with experts and stakeholders- Among TEEB conference participants Leipzig March (n=31)- Among TEEB practitioners and experts (n=18)
6Task 2: Analysis and synthesis of approaches Focus on each step in the ES assessment-valuation-accounting/ reporting processIdentify best practices/data requirements/conditions for successNOT ONE SINGLE STANDARD APPROACH !AssessmentValuationAccounting/reportingMost efforts on Mapping, some on mapping and valuation together. Very few on accounting and valuation.
7Task 3: Develop common framework Develop a common practical framework and guidance for ES valuation and accounting at MS levelDraw on existing initiatives and outcomes of Tasks 1 and 2Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services (MAES) working groupUK National Ecosystem Assessment (UK NEA)European Environment Agency (EEA) Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services (CICES)System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA) Experimental Ecosystem AccountsChallenges:Existing initiatives difficult to coherently combineMissing links between steps in assessment processScaling up of ES values
8Conceptual frameworkConsistent with MAES framework and CICES classificationAdapted from Bateman et al. (2011), Mace al. (2011) and UK NEA (2011)
10Task 4: Conclusions and Recommendations No single standard "TEEB" approach on valuation (see graph)Different definition of economic value Es/ESMost efforts on mapping ES, limited in valuation and accountingReal and hypothetical adjustments (controversial in SNA!), actual and potential ES(stock/flow), Spatial scale and variability in ES valuesChoices to be made by MS when applying conceptual frameworkCrucial to establish links between biophysical provision of ES and their economic valuesWhen integrating in national accounts, important to maintain coherence with SNA based on guidance developed by statistical officesCareful, stepwise integration via satellite accounts seems most promising way in order to keep core SNA intact. Full integration requires close collaboration between statistical officesFurther integration and implementation of CICES, MAES, SEEA is neededStep forward is to launch MS initiatives, allow them to mature through monitoring and refining based on empirical experiences (MAES Pilots)CICES – Common International Classification of Ecosystem ServicesMAES – Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their ServicesSEEA - System of Environmental Economic Accounting
11Thank you for your attention Key document linksEU Valuation Study -MAES documents -
12Work descriptionTask 1: Collect information on relevant initiatives at MS, EU & other levelsTask 2: Analysis and synthesis of different approachesTask 3: Propose a common framework and draft recommendationsTask 4: Finalize recommendations
13Number of initiatives addressing each step in the assessment process Task 2: Analysis and synthesis of approachesNumber of initiatives addressing each step in the assessment process
14Identified research priorities TEEB conference survey 1) Development common framework2) Improvement economic valuation methods3) Improved insight trade-offs biodiversity & ecosystem services4) Improved accounting practices (national and business)5) Translation research results into practical policy actionOther:creation of public awarenesscreation of economic incentivesmore focus on managed ecosystemsmore focus on cultural services in urban areas
15Key challenges identified in expert survey ValuationReconciling different valuation methodsLack of reliable large scale valuation studies for key ESLack of methods linking non-monetary and monetary valuationSpatially insensitive valuation methodsUncertainty precision of valuesAccountingExisting valuation data often not available for well-defined ESLack of agreed UN guidance (no proper standards)Satellite accounts or full integration in core system of NA?Differences in scales economics and ecosystemsTheoretical adjustments probably impossible with real data
16EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 2050 Vision2020 headline target6 Targets:A Framework for Action for the next decade6 mutually supportive and inter-dependent targets broken down into a package of actions;-Protecting and restoring biodiversity and associated ecosystem services (targets 1 and 2)-Enhancing the positive contribution of agriculture and forestry and reducing key pressures (fisheries, IAS) on EU biodiversity (targets 3, 4 and 5)-Stepping up EU’s contribution to global biodiversity (target 6)1Fully implement nature legislation2Maintain & restore ecosystems & services3Increase contribution of agri. & forest. to biodiversity4Achieve Maximum sustainable yield5CombatInvasive AlienSpecies6Help avert global biodiversitylossActions / Monitoring