Presentation on theme: "Army Electronic Warfare Way Ahead"— Presentation transcript:
1 Army Electronic Warfare Way Ahead EW Planning & Management ToolsDefensive Electronic AttackMulti-Function Electronic WarfareLTC James RossProduct Manager Prophet
2 Who We Are Project Manager Electronic Warfare PM EW Staff PM – COL Rod MentzerDPM – Michael RyanPM EW StaffTech MgmtReadiness MgmtBusiness MgmtOperationsProduct Director Tactical Data Terminals (Space)PD – LTC Craig BesawDPD – Daryl GorffProduct Manager PROPHETPdM – LTC James RossDPdM – Dan TartagliaProduct Manager CREWPdM – LTC Bruce RybaDPdM – Ken EvansProduct Manager Information WarfarePdM – LTC Marty HagenstonDPdM – Matthew MaierAcknowledgedSpecial Access ProgramProphet Spiral 1Prophet EnhancedProphet ControlTUAV SIGINT Payload (FY12)Wolfhound*Duke V2 / V3MMBJ 2.1 *CVRJ 2.1 *QRD *Fixed Site *AcknowledgedSpecial Access ProgramTactical, forward deployed , mobile space control platformEAC Information Warfare SystemsCounter RCIED Force ProtectionPlatformsPersonnelFacilitiesGround Based SIGINTMobileDismountedManpack* Quick Reaction Capability (QRC)
3 Evolution of Army CREW Systems Legacy CREW Systems De-FieldedCurrent Fielded SystemsWarlock-Red/Green ComboJun 2005Warlock-ICEInitial Fielding to USMCOct 2004QRDOct 2009Duke V2Mar 2007MMBJ 2.1Feb 2008THOR IIIJan 2010Universal Test Set (UTS)Oct 2011Warlock-MMBJMar 2005200320042005200620072008200920102011FirstWarlock FieldingWarlock-GreenApr 2003Warlock-LXApr 2005EWO ToolkitsJun 2010Warlock-RedApr 2004Warlock-DukeFeb 2006Warlock-SSVJAssumed SSVJ from the REFNov 2004Fielded Dec 2004CVRJFeb 2008Duke V3Mar 2009105LX / 119L AntennasDec 2010Warlock-BlueOct 2005Fixed SiteOct 2010CREW TODAYOperation New Dawn – defield assets in Iraq by FY13OEF – “Pure Fleet” with Duke V3s ~ 20,000 systemsReset/Store/Maintain – TBD residual Qty of Dukes and CVRJsDuke Tech Insertion (DTI) – Maintain relevancy and mitigate obsolescence
4 Expanding EW Target Set EW is More than Just CREW!Potential BCT Targets of InterestFused Projectiles (Rocket, Artillery, mortars)MortarsSurveillance RadarsMissilesRPGManpads /MANPAD C2IADS/IADS C2Mediamilitary and commercial C2 communications ( Military C2, Cellular, and wirelessmmW / UWB FusesC2 CommsNetworked CommsHPMADAISR SensorsElectronic components of vehicle, equipment, and infrastructureRCIEDWireless NetworksInfrastructureIf we accept the USSTRATCOM Statement in the banner then it follows that there are a wide variety and significant number of targets that EA can engage for Force Application or Protection.Fire DirectingRCIEDGround & Air Data LinksDeep and buried targetsFire FindersPersonnel“Every enemy weapons system or article of equipment that transmits, receives or is susceptible to EM energy is a potential EW target.”USSTRATCOM Operational Concept for EW, 29 June 20064
5 Integrated Electronic Warfare System Multi-Function EW (MFEW)Defensive EA (DEA)EW Planning & Management Tools (EWPMT)Attack and ExploitPersonnel, Platforms and SystemsProtect Personnel, Platforms and Systems.Plan, Coordinate and Integrate EW ActivitiesA Family of Systems designed to provide Electronic Warfare capabilities to the Army and Joint Force Commander. The IEWS is developed along three lines of effort: Multi-Function EW (MFEW), EW Planning & Management (EWPMT), and Defensive Electronic Attack (DEA). Building blocks of IEWS will be modular, scalable and interoperable to allow tailored responses to a variety of threats and scenarios.5
6 Program/System Characteristics DescriptionProvides integrated and coordinated Electronic Attack (EA), Electronic Protection (EP) and Electronic Warfare Support (ES) capabilities to select units (e.g., Brigade Combat Teams)Gives commanders the ability to leverage and synergize both organic and external EW resources via networked and interoperable planning and battle management capabilitiesDevelops modular, scalable capabilities along three lines of effort: EWPMT, MFEW and DEAIEWS ConceptCharacteristicsBenefits to the WarfighterIncreases a commander’s ability to shape and control the EMS to his advantageReduces the risk of “frequency fratricide” through enhanced situational awareness and system compatibilityEnhances Joint coordination through a networked planning and battle management capabilityReduces Army dependency on high demand low density Joint EW systems (e.g., Prowler, Growler, Compass Call)Addresses a portion of 13 of 29 Army EW CBA Gaps and of 17 of 34 Joint EW CBA Gaps are addressedProvides networked capabilities to plan, manage and execute EW operations within a highly complex operational environmentGives organic air and ground EA capabilities to select unitsEnhances the Army’s ability to protect personnel, equipment and facilities against EMS based threats
7 Incremental Capability Strategy NumberMulti-Function EW (MFEW)EW Planning & Management Tools (EWPMT)Defensive Electronic Attack (DEA)1(FY12-17)Electronic Protection and Electronic Warfare Support inherent in all three capabilities.Offensive capabilitiesGround FoS (Mounted/ Dismounted / Fixed)AirPlanning ToolsBattle Management ToolsPersonnelPlatformFixed Site (Combined with MFEW-Fixed)Acquisition Program Responsibility Assigned to PEO IEWS by AAE on 7 Jan 2011Key Assumptions, Constraints and Dependencies: Prioritized EW gaps; consider integrated capabilitiesFieldable capabilities within 3-5 yearsSelect threat priorities (tiered approach)ARFORGEN 1 Corps/4 Division/15 BCTs/ 70,000 Enabling UnitsLeverage Army’s CREW investmentAffordability rigor:Requirements baseline informed by cost driversEstablished unit cost targets refined by subsequent AoAs
8 Multi-Function EW (MFEW) Attack and ExploitPersonnel, Platforms and SystemsMulti-Function EW (MFEW)DescriptionOffensive EA organic to the BCTFamily of Systems (FoS) that provides decisive non kinetic attack capability to deliver scalable non-lethal effectsOffensive EW operations in support of Full Spectrum Operations.Addresses 4 Army EW CBA gaps and 8 Joint EW CBA GapsCharacteristicsInitial Distribution EstimateAttacks threat military/commercial commsDetect/locate/identify/deny enemy use of spectrumFoS with variants:MFEW-GND Mounted, Dismounted, and Fixed SiteMFEW-AIR on unmanned platformNetworked for dynamic retasking /cooperative EARapidly reprogrammableMFEW-GND: Qty 74 per variant2 per IBCT; 2 per HBCT; 3 per SBCT; 3 per ACR; 4 per MI BN in BfSB; 6 per Special Forces Group; 2 per Ranger BattalionMFEW-AIR: Qty 34 (x 3 payloads/system) on GreyWolf UAV or other designated platform2 per BCTTraining: Qty Estimate6 MFEW-GND / 4 MFEW-AIR for TRADOC2 each AIR/GND variant for USASOC
9 EW Planning & Management Tools DescriptionEW Planning & Management Tools (EWPMT)EW Planning – tools to coordinate, manage, and deconflict unit EW activities; produces EW orders and estimates, local EME SA/visualization to employ EW assetsEW Battle Management – offensive EW targeting, dynamically task and reprogram EW assets; synchronize EW spectrum operations; support EOB development ; and conduct EW battle damage assessmentEffects cell within Mission CommandPlan, Coordinate and Integrate EW ActivitiesAddresses 11 Army EW CBA gaps and 12 Joint EW CBA GapsCharacteristicsInitial Distribution EstimateSoftware applications and tools; relies on existing hardwareNetworks Army IEWS and Joint EW systemsIntegrates with existing databases: fires, intelligence support, and spectrum managementOperates at the Secret (non-collateral) level through SIPRNET comms and network interfacesOne set of tools per each BN and higher HQs authorized a 29 Series Soldier
10 Defensive Electronic Attack Protect Personnel, Platforms and SystemsDefensive EA (DEA)DescriptionForce protection to ground forces operating in convoys, dismounted units, and fixed locationsIntegrated with EWPMT for exploitation and analysis of Electromagnetic Environment (EME)RCIED and potentially non-RCIED threatsAddresses 2 Army EW CBA gaps and 5 Joint EW CBA GapsCharacteristicsInitial Distribution EstimateProtects against global RCIED threatThree variants: Mounted/Dismounted/Fixed SiteFixed site co-located w/MFEW-GND FIXEDPost-mission & limited real-time data analysisDynamic allocation of EA/ES resources within convoyNetworked within convoy and to EWPMTBlue Force comms compatibilityEmitter mapping for convoy SADEA-Mounted: IAW CREW distribution1 per vehicleDEA-Fixed: combined with MFEW-Fixed for offensive/defensive EA capability2 per BN HQs; 4 per BDE HQs, 6 per DIV HQsDEA-Dismounted: Qty 13801 per HQs CO, 1 per PLTTraining: Qty Estimate10 DEA-Mounted; 2 DEA-Fixed; and 10 DEA- Dismounted systems for TRADOC.
11 Electronic Support Prophet (SIGINT) DescriptionThe BCT and BfSB dedicated, all weather, 24/7 tactical Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) and Electronic Warfare (EW) system; and is an integral part of expeditionary Army full spectrum operationsEnhanced ground-based capability to detect, identify, precision locate, and exploit enemy communications from Mobile At-the-Halt (ATH), Stationary Fixed Site, and Manpacked configurationsProphet Control – technical steerage, SIGINT analysis, and actionable intelligence until DCGS-A migration strategy and MI Rebalance final decision implementedWithout WB/BLOSWith WB/BLOSAN/MLQ-40 (v) AN/MLQ-40(v)5QRC - Panther XM-1229[AN/MLQ–44 (V)1]Prophet Electronic Support 1/1+Prophet ControlT-LITE*Data Analysis, Central AN/MSW-24CommunicationCentral AN/TSQ-248Prophet ControlPORProphet Enhanced*TROJAN-Lightweight Integrated Telecommunications EquipmentCharacteristicsBenefits/CapabilitiesSupports the Warfighter in New Dawn, Enduring Freedom, and other worldwide missionsProphet currently exploiting signals internals for intelligence and immediate combat information in support of Counter Insurgency/Irregular Warfare operationsPrecision geolocation supports High Value Target/High Value Individual (HVT/HVI) targetingSupports the Integrated Sensor Coverage Area (ISCA): Persistent Area Assessment, Situational Development, and Mission OverwatchProvides combat information and actionable intelligence in support of force protection and maneuver operationsScalable, flexible, and open architecture; Technology Insertion (TI) to counter dynamic threatHigh-speed Wideband Beyond Line-Of-Sight (BLOS) data communications provide NSAnet/Global SIGINT Enterprise access at point of collect that enables processing, collaboration, and dissemination of intelligenceCollaborative audio and data file-sharing via the Real Time Regional Gateway (RTRG)Up-armored and environmental controls improve sustainability and survivabilityLinked to ARFORGEN reflecting the G8 Equipping Strategy
12 Why POR (RCON)?Investment based on Lessons Learned, constant change of vehicle for mobile ops, and opportunity to provide additional capability with lifecycle cost savingsDesigned to better enable Technical Insertion/P3ILow coupling between modules; modular, scalable, open architecture allows insertion of new capability packages without impacting existing modulesReduced complexity/SWaP, improved usability, increased reliability/maintainability80% less power, 40% less weight, 63% less volume, 43% less cablingSupports Multi-INT vehicle integrationHookup is simplified using visual cable and chassis markers; easier access to LRUsUse of common components reduces training costsImproved modularity/flexibility to support multiple simultaneous missionsMission -Tailorable – take only necessary equipment for specific missionDismount & Man-pack; Dismount & Mobile; Mobile & Man-packFunctional capabilities fully contained in independent modulesSATCOM, Sensor, and Network/Server functions are independentTransit cases/modules powered independentlyEnables mobile (without A-kit) operations on various military platformsEnables a non-vehicle specific solution and simultaneous ops with significant reductions in integration time, integration design cost and per system integration costs
13 Prophet Network Convergence WG Goal: Migrate Prophet from TROJAN transport architecture into the Common Army Tactical Architecture (WIN-T)Requirements: Due to Prophet’s unique mission, Prophet sensor and control nodes require low latency connectivity directly to NSA via NSANet, as well as access to JWICS, plus help desk and NETOPS supportWG has met three times (Aug and Oct 10, Jan 11) to refine requirements for Prophet, e.g., Number of Nodes, Bandwidth by Enclave, Latency ConstraintsATH requirements are now threshold; OTM requirements moved to objectivePM WIN-T and TCM N&S COA development has identified a proposed way-ahead that leverages WIN-T Incr 1 Modems at NSC-T and RHN’s as notional architecture.Notional Architecture addresses QoS for Prophet Sensors as part of a Mesh Sub-Net that assures at minimum 512Kbs threshold requirementWay Ahead for 2011:Conduct “Face to Face” meeting with major stakeholdersIdentify resources needed (funding, equipment, SATCOM bandwidth and NSANet/JWICS connectivity) and coordinate schedule and draft test planConduct Proof of Concept in CONUS using the NSC-T as a SATCOM PoP with direct connectivity to the TNCCs or GISA.