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Army Electronic Warfare Way Ahead

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Presentation on theme: "Army Electronic Warfare Way Ahead"— Presentation transcript:

1 Army Electronic Warfare Way Ahead
EW Planning & Management Tools Defensive Electronic Attack Multi-Function Electronic Warfare LTC James Ross Product Manager Prophet

2 Who We Are Project Manager Electronic Warfare PM EW Staff
PM – COL Rod Mentzer DPM – Michael Ryan PM EW Staff Tech Mgmt Readiness Mgmt Business Mgmt Operations Product Director Tactical Data Terminals (Space) PD – LTC Craig Besaw DPD – Daryl Gorff Product Manager PROPHET PdM – LTC James Ross DPdM – Dan Tartaglia Product Manager CREW PdM – LTC Bruce Ryba DPdM – Ken Evans Product Manager Information Warfare PdM – LTC Marty Hagenston DPdM – Matthew Maier Acknowledged Special Access Program Prophet Spiral 1 Prophet Enhanced Prophet Control TUAV SIGINT Payload (FY12) Wolfhound* Duke V2 / V3 MMBJ 2.1 * CVRJ 2.1 * QRD * Fixed Site * Acknowledged Special Access Program Tactical, forward deployed , mobile space control platform EAC Information Warfare Systems Counter RCIED Force Protection Platforms Personnel Facilities Ground Based SIGINT Mobile Dismounted Manpack * Quick Reaction Capability (QRC)

3 Evolution of Army CREW Systems
Legacy CREW Systems De-Fielded Current Fielded Systems Warlock-Red/Green Combo Jun 2005 Warlock-ICE Initial Fielding to USMC Oct 2004 QRD Oct 2009 Duke V2 Mar 2007 MMBJ 2.1 Feb 2008 THOR III Jan 2010 Universal Test Set (UTS) Oct 2011 Warlock-MMBJ Mar 2005 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 First Warlock Fielding Warlock-Green Apr 2003 Warlock-LX Apr 2005 EWO Toolkits Jun 2010 Warlock-Red Apr 2004 Warlock-Duke Feb 2006 Warlock-SSVJ Assumed SSVJ from the REF Nov 2004 Fielded Dec 2004 CVRJ Feb 2008 Duke V3 Mar 2009 105LX / 119L Antennas Dec 2010 Warlock-Blue Oct 2005 Fixed Site Oct 2010 CREW TODAY Operation New Dawn – defield assets in Iraq by FY13 OEF – “Pure Fleet” with Duke V3s ~ 20,000 systems Reset/Store/Maintain – TBD residual Qty of Dukes and CVRJs Duke Tech Insertion (DTI) – Maintain relevancy and mitigate obsolescence

4 Expanding EW Target Set
EW is More than Just CREW! Potential BCT Targets of Interest Fused Projectiles (Rocket, Artillery, mortars) Mortars Surveillance Radars Missiles RPG Manpads /MANPAD C2 IADS/IADS C2 Media military and commercial C2 communications ( Military C2, Cellular, and wireless mmW / UWB Fuses C2 Comms Networked Comms HPM ADA ISR Sensors Electronic components of vehicle, equipment, and infrastructure RCIED Wireless Networks Infrastructure If we accept the USSTRATCOM Statement in the banner then it follows that there are a wide variety and significant number of targets that EA can engage for Force Application or Protection. Fire Directing RCIED Ground & Air Data Links Deep and buried targets Fire Finders Personnel “Every enemy weapons system or article of equipment that transmits, receives or is susceptible to EM energy is a potential EW target.” USSTRATCOM Operational Concept for EW, 29 June 2006 4

5 Integrated Electronic Warfare System
Multi-Function EW (MFEW) Defensive EA (DEA) EW Planning & Management Tools (EWPMT) Attack and Exploit Personnel, Platforms and Systems Protect Personnel, Platforms and Systems . Plan, Coordinate and Integrate EW Activities A Family of Systems designed to provide Electronic Warfare capabilities to the Army and Joint Force Commander. The IEWS is developed along three lines of effort: Multi-Function EW (MFEW), EW Planning & Management (EWPMT), and Defensive Electronic Attack (DEA). Building blocks of IEWS will be modular, scalable and interoperable to allow tailored responses to a variety of threats and scenarios. 5

6 Program/System Characteristics
Description Provides integrated and coordinated Electronic Attack (EA), Electronic Protection (EP) and Electronic Warfare Support (ES) capabilities to select units (e.g., Brigade Combat Teams) Gives commanders the ability to leverage and synergize both organic and external EW resources via networked and interoperable planning and battle management capabilities Develops modular, scalable capabilities along three lines of effort: EWPMT, MFEW and DEA IEWS Concept Characteristics Benefits to the Warfighter Increases a commander’s ability to shape and control the EMS to his advantage Reduces the risk of “frequency fratricide” through enhanced situational awareness and system compatibility Enhances Joint coordination through a networked planning and battle management capability Reduces Army dependency on high demand low density Joint EW systems (e.g., Prowler, Growler, Compass Call) Addresses a portion of 13 of 29 Army EW CBA Gaps and of 17 of 34 Joint EW CBA Gaps are addressed Provides networked capabilities to plan, manage and execute EW operations within a highly complex operational environment Gives organic air and ground EA capabilities to select units Enhances the Army’s ability to protect personnel, equipment and facilities against EMS based threats

7 Incremental Capability Strategy
Number Multi-Function EW (MFEW) EW Planning & Management Tools (EWPMT) Defensive Electronic Attack (DEA) 1 (FY12-17) Electronic Protection and Electronic Warfare Support inherent in all three capabilities. Offensive capabilities Ground FoS (Mounted/ Dismounted / Fixed) Air Planning Tools Battle Management Tools Personnel Platform Fixed Site (Combined with MFEW-Fixed) Acquisition Program Responsibility Assigned to PEO IEWS by AAE on 7 Jan 2011 Key Assumptions, Constraints and Dependencies:  Prioritized EW gaps; consider integrated capabilities Fieldable capabilities within 3-5 years Select threat priorities (tiered approach) ARFORGEN 1 Corps/4 Division/15 BCTs/ 70,000 Enabling Units Leverage Army’s CREW investment Affordability rigor: Requirements baseline informed by cost drivers Established unit cost targets refined by subsequent AoAs

8 Multi-Function EW (MFEW)
Attack and Exploit Personnel, Platforms and Systems Multi-Function EW (MFEW) Description Offensive EA organic to the BCT Family of Systems (FoS) that provides decisive non kinetic attack capability to deliver scalable non-lethal effects Offensive EW operations in support of Full Spectrum Operations. Addresses 4 Army EW CBA gaps and 8 Joint EW CBA Gaps Characteristics Initial Distribution Estimate Attacks threat military/commercial comms Detect/locate/identify/deny enemy use of spectrum FoS with variants: MFEW-GND Mounted, Dismounted, and Fixed Site MFEW-AIR on unmanned platform Networked for dynamic retasking /cooperative EA Rapidly reprogrammable MFEW-GND: Qty 74 per variant 2 per IBCT; 2 per HBCT; 3 per SBCT; 3 per ACR; 4 per MI BN in BfSB; 6 per Special Forces Group; 2 per Ranger Battalion MFEW-AIR: Qty 34 (x 3 payloads/system) on GreyWolf UAV or other designated platform 2 per BCT Training: Qty Estimate 6 MFEW-GND / 4 MFEW-AIR for TRADOC 2 each AIR/GND variant for USASOC

9 EW Planning & Management Tools
Description EW Planning & Management Tools (EWPMT) EW Planning – tools to coordinate, manage, and deconflict unit EW activities; produces EW orders and estimates, local EME SA/visualization to employ EW assets EW Battle Management – offensive EW targeting, dynamically task and reprogram EW assets; synchronize EW spectrum operations; support EOB development ; and conduct EW battle damage assessment Effects cell within Mission Command Plan, Coordinate and Integrate EW Activities Addresses 11 Army EW CBA gaps and 12 Joint EW CBA Gaps Characteristics Initial Distribution Estimate Software applications and tools; relies on existing hardware Networks Army IEWS and Joint EW systems Integrates with existing databases: fires, intelligence support, and spectrum management Operates at the Secret (non-collateral) level through SIPRNET comms and network interfaces One set of tools per each BN and higher HQs authorized a 29 Series Soldier

10 Defensive Electronic Attack
Protect Personnel, Platforms and Systems Defensive EA (DEA) Description Force protection to ground forces operating in convoys, dismounted units, and fixed locations Integrated with EWPMT for exploitation and analysis of Electromagnetic Environment (EME) RCIED and potentially non-RCIED threats Addresses 2 Army EW CBA gaps and 5 Joint EW CBA Gaps Characteristics Initial Distribution Estimate Protects against global RCIED threat Three variants: Mounted/Dismounted/Fixed Site Fixed site co-located w/MFEW-GND FIXED Post-mission & limited real-time data analysis Dynamic allocation of EA/ES resources within convoy Networked within convoy and to EWPMT Blue Force comms compatibility Emitter mapping for convoy SA DEA-Mounted: IAW CREW distribution 1 per vehicle DEA-Fixed: combined with MFEW-Fixed for offensive/defensive EA capability 2 per BN HQs; 4 per BDE HQs, 6 per DIV HQs DEA-Dismounted: Qty 1380 1 per HQs CO, 1 per PLT Training: Qty Estimate 10 DEA-Mounted; 2 DEA-Fixed; and 10 DEA- Dismounted systems for TRADOC.

11 Electronic Support Prophet (SIGINT)
Description The BCT and BfSB dedicated, all weather, 24/7 tactical Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) and Electronic Warfare (EW) system; and is an integral part of expeditionary Army full spectrum operations Enhanced ground-based capability to detect, identify, precision locate, and exploit enemy communications from Mobile At-the-Halt (ATH), Stationary Fixed Site, and Manpacked configurations Prophet Control – technical steerage, SIGINT analysis, and actionable intelligence until DCGS-A migration strategy and MI Rebalance final decision implemented Without WB/BLOS With WB/BLOS AN/MLQ-40 (v) AN/MLQ-40(v)5 QRC - Panther XM-1229 [AN/MLQ–44 (V)1] Prophet Electronic Support 1/1+ Prophet Control T-LITE* Data Analysis, Central AN/MSW-24 Communication Central AN/TSQ-248 Prophet Control POR Prophet Enhanced *TROJAN-Lightweight Integrated Telecommunications Equipment Characteristics Benefits/Capabilities Supports the Warfighter in New Dawn, Enduring Freedom, and other worldwide missions Prophet currently exploiting signals internals for intelligence and immediate combat information in support of Counter Insurgency/Irregular Warfare operations Precision geolocation supports High Value Target/High Value Individual (HVT/HVI) targeting Supports the Integrated Sensor Coverage Area (ISCA): Persistent Area Assessment, Situational Development, and Mission Overwatch Provides combat information and actionable intelligence in support of force protection and maneuver operations Scalable, flexible, and open architecture; Technology Insertion (TI) to counter dynamic threat High-speed Wideband Beyond Line-Of-Sight (BLOS) data communications provide NSAnet/Global SIGINT Enterprise access at point of collect that enables processing, collaboration, and dissemination of intelligence Collaborative audio and data file-sharing via the Real Time Regional Gateway (RTRG) Up-armored and environmental controls improve sustainability and survivability Linked to ARFORGEN reflecting the G8 Equipping Strategy

12 Why POR (RCON)? Investment based on Lessons Learned, constant change of vehicle for mobile ops, and opportunity to provide additional capability with lifecycle cost savings Designed to better enable Technical Insertion/P3I Low coupling between modules; modular, scalable, open architecture allows insertion of new capability packages without impacting existing modules Reduced complexity/SWaP, improved usability, increased reliability/maintainability 80% less power, 40% less weight, 63% less volume, 43% less cabling Supports Multi-INT vehicle integration Hookup is simplified using visual cable and chassis markers; easier access to LRUs Use of common components reduces training costs Improved modularity/flexibility to support multiple simultaneous missions Mission -Tailorable – take only necessary equipment for specific mission Dismount & Man-pack; Dismount & Mobile; Mobile & Man-pack Functional capabilities fully contained in independent modules SATCOM, Sensor, and Network/Server functions are independent Transit cases/modules powered independently Enables mobile (without A-kit) operations on various military platforms Enables a non-vehicle specific solution and simultaneous ops with significant reductions in integration time, integration design cost and per system integration costs

13 Prophet Network Convergence WG
Goal: Migrate Prophet from TROJAN transport architecture into the Common Army Tactical Architecture (WIN-T) Requirements: Due to Prophet’s unique mission, Prophet sensor and control nodes require low latency connectivity directly to NSA via NSANet, as well as access to JWICS, plus help desk and NETOPS support WG has met three times (Aug and Oct 10, Jan 11) to refine requirements for Prophet, e.g., Number of Nodes, Bandwidth by Enclave, Latency Constraints ATH requirements are now threshold; OTM requirements moved to objective PM WIN-T and TCM N&S COA development has identified a proposed way-ahead that leverages WIN-T Incr 1 Modems at NSC-T and RHN’s as notional architecture. Notional Architecture addresses QoS for Prophet Sensors as part of a Mesh Sub-Net that assures at minimum 512Kbs threshold requirement Way Ahead for 2011: Conduct “Face to Face” meeting with major stakeholders Identify resources needed (funding, equipment, SATCOM bandwidth and NSANet/JWICS connectivity) and coordinate schedule and draft test plan Conduct Proof of Concept in CONUS using the NSC-T as a SATCOM PoP with direct connectivity to the TNCCs or GISA.


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