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UAV’s: Planes of the New Millennium Cdt. Jonathan Kim UCI UCI October 18, 2003.

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Presentation on theme: "UAV’s: Planes of the New Millennium Cdt. Jonathan Kim UCI UCI October 18, 2003."— Presentation transcript:

1 UAV’s: Planes of the New Millennium Cdt. Jonathan Kim UCI UCI October 18, 2003

2 Contents Introduction / History Introduction / History Purpose Purpose Advantages vs. Disadvantages Advantages vs. Disadvantages The Predator The Predator Conclusion Conclusion

3 Introduction What is a UAV? What is a UAV? –Unmanned Air Vehicle ( designed for observation ) Remote-controlled aircraft (by pre-programmed computers) Remote-controlled aircraft (by pre-programmed computers) Used by all branches of military Used by all branches of military –Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle ( designed for attacking enemy targets) Fully Operational System Fully Operational System –Aircraft –Ground Control System (GCS) –Satellite Link (communication) –50+ personnel for continuous 24-hour operations First returnable and reusable UAV was flown on September 1932 First returnable and reusable UAV was flown on September 1932 –Britain’s “Fairey Queen”; as a target drone for military’s anti-aircraft weapons

4 Used for reconnaissance, intelligence, surveillance Used for reconnaissance, intelligence, surveillance –Can attain a speed of Mach-4 –Long extended aerial coverage Some 50 universities, companies, and government organizations involved Some 50 universities, companies, and government organizations involved –Over 155 different designs US Military alone operates more than 510 UAV’s today US Military alone operates more than 510 UAV’s today

5 Purpose ( WHY? ) AF needed a more cost-effective way to utilize their Hellfire missiles AF needed a more cost-effective way to utilize their Hellfire missiles –Cost for manned aircraft was expensive Without pilots, it opened up more options Without pilots, it opened up more options –More capabilities Technology: Lighter, faster, etc. Technology: Lighter, faster, etc. –Requirements for pilots not needed Inexpensive Inexpensive

6 Advantages vs. Disadvantages Advantages Advantages Light-weight Light-weight –2,500 lbs compared to an F-16 (27,000 lbs) Inexpensive Inexpensive –50% less for production –50% less to maintain and operate –Up to $14 mill. While manned aircraft costs up to $500 mill Unmanned – no life at risk Unmanned – no life at risk Can fly for 20 hours Can fly for 20 hours Fuel-efficient Fuel-efficient –Allows them to stay in the air for 20 hours Disadvantages Disadvantages Maneuverability Maneuverability Environmental restrictions to flight Environmental restrictions to flight

7 Types of UAV’s

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11 The Predator

12 Primary Function Primary Function –Surveillance, Intelligence, Reconnaissance Engine Engine –4-cylinder; 81hp Weight Weight –1,130 lbs Deployed: Deployed: –First flew in 1994 –Operations over Bosnia Over 600 missions for NATO, UN, US Over 600 missions for NATO, UN, US –Operation Iraqi Freedom Equipped with: Equipped with: –Color nose camera (generally used for flight control) –Infrared camera for low light/night –Synthetic aperture radar for looking through smoke, clouds, or haze

13 Conclusion Introduction Introduction –UVA’s have proven to be a major advancement in air power Does not put pilots lives at risk Does not put pilots lives at risk More capable than manned aircraft More capable than manned aircraft Inexpensive Inexpensive Why were UAV’s wanted/used? Why were UAV’s wanted/used? What are some of the advantages and disadvantages? What are some of the advantages and disadvantages? What is the Predator? What is the Predator?

14 QUESTIONS?


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