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CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Raise hand  Wait quietly as you continue to work BELL-RINGER MOVEMENT Acceptable reasons:  Sharpen pencil  Hand.

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Presentation on theme: "CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Raise hand  Wait quietly as you continue to work BELL-RINGER MOVEMENT Acceptable reasons:  Sharpen pencil  Hand."— Presentation transcript:

1 CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Raise hand  Wait quietly as you continue to work BELL-RINGER MOVEMENT Acceptable reasons:  Sharpen pencil  Hand in/pick up materials PARTICIPATION  Writing BR in composition book  Being quiet  Staying in seat  Having homework ready to be checked

2 Bell-Ringer (complete in your composition book) 1.Decide if each of the 6 questions on the bottom of your handout are testable or not. 2.If not testable, rewrite the question to make it testable. 3.You will have 7 minutes to complete this task.

3 Monday Sept 12, 2011 OBJECTIVES: Identify testable questions from non-testable questions Write a testable question AGENDA Review Scientific Process Review 4 step process for writing your own testable question HOMEWORK Using the 4 step process write 3 more testable questions for the pillbug experiment

4 CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Raise hand  Wait quietly TEACHER INSTRUCTION MOVEMENT Any leaving of seat must have permission. PARTICIPATION  Answering when called  Writing/taking notes  Raising hand with something to say  SLANT

5 Scientific Process Where are we? 1.Select topic 2.Gather background information about topic 3.Write questions/select a testable question

6 CONVERSATION  Level 2 = SOFT  Only with partner about work assigned HELP  Red cup = emergency question  Yellow cup = can wait question  Blue cup = no question  Continue working while you wait PAIR SHARE MOVEMENT Acceptable reasons:  Sharpen pencil  Hand in/pick up materials  Restroom (only with pass) PARTICIPATION  Looking at your paper  Writing/doing what task requires  Staying in seat  Working cooperatively with partner

7 Pair Share Directions 1.With your table partner, discuss if each of the 6 questions on the bottom of your handout are testable or not. Compare your answers. 2.You have 3 minutes to complete this task.

8 CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Raise hand  Wait quietly TEACHER INSTRUCTION MOVEMENT Any leaving of seat must have permission. PARTICIPATION  Answering when called  Writing/taking notes  Raising hand with something to say  SLANT

9 Testable or Not? 1.How is bug blood different from human blood? 2.Yes!

10 Testable or Not? 2. Why do your fingers wrinkle after you take a bath? What wrinkles your fingers faster, salt or freshwater? How long does it take your fingers to wrinkle in water?

11 Testable or Not? 3. Is rock music better than hip hop music? How many people at Kenwood prefer rock music over hip hop? What effect does the genre of music have on your ability to concentrate?

12 Testable or Not? 4. Why does bright light cause someone to sneeze? Does bright light cause some people to sneeze? Does the intensity of light cause some people to sneeze?

13 Testable or Not? 5. Do smells affect people’s moods?

14 Testable or Not? 6. Is vegetarianism better than eating meat? What is the effect of a meat vs. vegetable diet on your blood pressure?

15 Now that you have identified testable from non-testable questions, the next step is……

16 How do I write my own testable question? Ask your 4 questions. (The 4 Step Process)

17 1. What materials are readily available to conduct an experiment on pillbugs? Scales Thermometers Beakers pH paper Colored paper Water Vinegar Heat lamps Graduated cylinders

18 2. How do pillbugs act? Roll up in ball Drink from anus Hide under rocks Eat their own poop Breathe through gills Crawl Shed their skin Carry eggs in brood pouch Turn blue when sick

19 3. How can you change the set of materials in #1 to affect the action in #2? Water Temp Quantity Foreign substance pH Light Temperature Amount (intensity) Direction color Beaker Size Contents Clean Paper Type Color material Size texture

20 4. How can you measure the response of the pillbug to the changes in #3? Time them Measure their length How fast they role up How fast they crawl Measure their shape/size

21 Let’s write our testable question… Format: How does (pick a change in #3) affect (pick an action in #2)? Example: How does the type of paper affect the speed of the pillbug?

22 Homework Write 3 more testable pillbug questions using the 4 step process on looseleaf.

23 CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Raise hand  Wait quietly as you continue to work BELL-RINGER MOVEMENT Acceptable reasons:  Sharpen pencil  Hand in/pick up materials PARTICIPATION  Writing BR in composition book  Being quiet  Staying in seat  Having homework ready to be checked

24 Bell-ringer – Choose one of the 3 testable questions you wrote for homework about pillbugs – Write that question that you are interested in testing on the little strip of paper – Go through the “testable question” checklist to determine if your question is testable

25 Tuesday Sept 13, 2011 OBJECTIVES: Develop a testable question for the pill bug lab Determine the features of a hypothesis Determine the features of a well written procedure AGENDA: Testable question for pill bug lab Review how to write a hypothesis Review how to write a procedure HOMEWORK: Write a procedure on how to make a peanut butter and jelly sandwich

26 CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Raise hand  Wait quietly TEACHER INSTRUCTION MOVEMENT Any leaving of seat must have permission. PARTICIPATION  Answering when called  Writing/taking notes  Raising hand with something to say  SLANT

27 The Process of Scientific Inquiry Choose a testable question to answer Predict the answer (Hypothesis) Get to know your topic better Topic Selection

28 Writing a hypothesis "If _____[I do this] _____, then _____[this ]_____ will happen, because… A educated guess about what is going to happen It’s an educated guess because you have already completed your background research Keep the variables in mind. The dependant and independent variables should be clearly stated Make sure your hypothesis is "testable.“ A hypothesis explains why you anticipate the outcome you have stated Dependent variable (what you are measuring) Independent Variable (what you are changing)

29 Example of hypothesis "If a plant receives fertilizer, then it will grow to be bigger than a plant that does not receive fertilizer. This is likely to happen because… What are the independent and dependant variables? Independent variable = Dependent variable =

30 Re-write this into a hypothesis Ladybugs are a good natural pesticide for treating aphid infected plants. Hypothesis: If I treat the plants with ladybugs, then the number of aphids will decrease because ladybugs are good natural pesticides.

31 Let’s practice writing a hypothesis to our testable question!

32 CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Red cup = emergency question  Yellow cup = can wait question  Blue cup = no question  Continue working while you wait  Ask 3 before me INDEPENDENT WORK MOVEMENT Acceptable reasons:  Sharpen pencil  Hand in/pick up materials  Restroom (only with pass) PARTICIPATION  Looking at work  Writing or doing what task requires  Staying in seat

33 Directions for Independent Work Write a hypothesis under the testable question you chose for the bell-ringer on the small strip of paper You have 3 minutes to complete this task.

34 CONVERSATION  Up to level 3  Only about assignment  Only with your group members HELP  Red cup = emergency question  Yellow cup = can wait question  Blue cup = no question  Continue working while you wait  Ask 3 before me GROUP WORK MOVEMENT Acceptable reasons:  Sharpen pencil  Hand in/pick up materials  Restroom (only with pass) PARTICIPATION  Looking at paper  Writing or doing what task requires  Talking only with group about assignment  Staying with group until finished

35 Group Work Directions In groups of 3, 1.Select one of the questions & hypotheses you wrote on the slip of paper Would you consider it to be a “testable question”? Why or why not? 2.Turn that question into a testable question and write it on a sheet of looseleaf with all your names 3.Explain how that question qualifies as a testable question 4.Turn your group’s testable question and hypothesis in to me for review. 5.You have 5 minutes to complete this task.

36 CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Raise hand  Wait quietly TEACHER INSTRUCTION MOVEMENT Any leaving of seat must have permission. PARTICIPATION  Answering when called  Writing/taking notes  Raising hand with something to say  SLANT

37 The Process of Scientific Inquiry Choose a testable question to answer Predict the answer (Hypothesis) Develop a way to answer the question (Procedure) Get to know your topic better Topic Selection

38 Writing Procedures 1. Should be very specific, telling the person exactly what to do. (The reader should be able to complete the experiment by reading your directions). 2. Steps should be written in complete sentences and numbered in sequential order. 3. Should be written in the 2 nd person as if you are talking to the reader.

39 Summary How would identify the dependant and independent variable in an experiment? Homework Write a procedure for making a peanut butter and jelly sandwhich

40 CONVERSATION Level 2 = soft HELP  Raise hand  Wait quietly as you continue to work BELL-RINGER MOVEMENT None PARTICIPATION Following directions Working with partner on task assigned Staying on task

41 Bell-ringer (with your table partner, 5 minutes) Read your partner’s procedure for making a PB & J sandwich and do EXACTLY what they say, pretend like you are making the sandwich. When finished, answer this question in your composition book: Did you find it easy or difficult to follow your partner’s directions? Explain why.

42 Wednesday September 14, 2011 OBJECTIVES: Learn the features of a well-written procedure Write a detailed procedure for your experiment AGENDA: discuss BR Review features of a procedure Begin writing procedure HOMEWORK: Finish writing procedure for pillbug experiment

43 Let’s try out some of your peanut butter and jelly procedures!

44 CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Raise hand  Wait quietly TEACHER INSTRUCTION MOVEMENT Any leaving of seat must have permission. PARTICIPATION  Answering when called  Writing/taking notes  Raising hand with something to say  SLANT

45 Writing Procedures 1. Should be very specific, telling the person exactly what to do. (The reader should be able to complete the experiment by reading your directions). 2. Steps should be written in complete sentences and numbered in sequential order. 3. Should be written in the 2 nd person as if you are talking to the reader.

46 Let’s begin writing a procedure for your pill bug experiment!

47 CONVERSATION  Up to level 3  Only about assignment  Only with your group members HELP  Red cup = emergency question  Yellow cup = can wait question  Blue cup = no question  Continue working while you wait  Ask 3 before me GROUP WORK MOVEMENT Acceptable reasons:  Sharpen pencil  Hand in/pick up materials  Restroom (only with pass) PARTICIPATION  Looking at paper  Writing or doing what task requires  Talking only with group about assignment  Staying with group until finished

48 Group Directions (20 minutes) 1.Make revisions to your TESTABLE QUESTION and HYPOTHESIS if needed. 2.In your composition books, work with your other group members to write a detailed step by step PROCEDURE for your pill bug experiment. Be sure to list the MATERIALS you need. 3.When you are finished, show your MATERIALS & PROCEDURE to your teacher for approval. 4.You need APPROVAL before conducting your experiment. 5.Hand your teacher a half sheet of paper with all your names and the MATERIALS you need.

49 CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Raise hand  Wait quietly as you continue to work SUMMARY MOVEMENT Acceptable reasons:  Sharpen pencil  Hand in/pick up materials PARTICIPATION  Writing summary quietly  Staying in seat until bell rings

50 SUMMARY (half sheet of paper) What are key things to keep in mind when writing procedures for an experiment? HOMEWORK: Finish writing the procedure for your pillbug lab. Make revisions to your procedure if needed.

51 Thursday Sept 15, 2011 OBJECTIVES: Conduct experiment and collect data following a set of procedures AGENDA Set up data table Review lab expectations Get into groups Conduct experiment/record data Clean up summary

52 The Process of Scientific Inquiry Choose a specific question to answer Predict the answer (Hypothesis) Develop a way to answer the question (Procedure) Run the experiment and record data Get to know your topic better Topic Selection

53 What kind of data should you collect? Quantitative Data: This includes numbers and units. Examples: 3 cm, 30 seconds, 2 minutes, 2 grams, 100 ml Qualitative Data: This includes your observations. Examples: brown color, slow movement, no movement,

54 How should I record my data? (in data chart in composition book) X (Independent Variable) (Quantitative Data ) Y (Dependent variable) (Quantitative Data ) (Qualitative Data) OBSERVATIONS Title:

55 Writing a hypothesis "If _____[I do this] _____, then _____[this ]_____ will happen, because… A educated guess about what is going to happen It’s an educated guess because you have already completed your background research Keep the variables in mind. The dependant and independent variables should be clearly stated Make sure your hypothesis is "testable.“ A hypothesis explains why you anticipate the outcome you have stated Dependent variable (what you are measuring) Independent Variable (what you are changing)

56 CONVERSATION  Up to level 3  Only about assignment  Only with your group members HELP  Red cup = emergency question  Yellow cup = can wait question  Blue cup = no question  Continue working while you wait  Ask 3 before me GROUP WORK MOVEMENT Acceptable reasons:  Sharpen pencil  Hand in/pick up materials  Restroom (only with pass) PARTICIPATION  Looking at paper  Writing or doing what task requires  Talking only with group about assignment  Staying with group until finished Failure to follow rules and procedures will result in immediate dismissal from the lab

57 Live Organism Treatment Pill bugs are living creatures – treat them with care. – Do not touch them with your hands, use a q-tip or paint brush to redirect their path. Pillbugs need to be used for future classes today! – Do NOT pick them up – transfer with index card. Failure to follow rules will result in immediate dismissal from the lab

58 CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Raise hand  Wait quietly as you continue to work SUMMARY MOVEMENT Acceptable reasons:  Sharpen pencil  Hand in/pick up materials PARTICIPATION  Writing summary quietly  Staying in seat until bell rings

59 SUMMARY (on half sheet of paper) 1. Was your hypothesis proven or disproven during today’s lab? 2. What data did you collect that proves or disproves your hypothesis?

60 CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Raise hand  Wait quietly as you continue to work BELL-RINGER MOVEMENT Acceptable reasons:  Sharpen pencil  Hand in/pick up materials PARTICIPATION  Writing BR in composition book  Being quiet  Staying in seat  Having homework ready to be checked

61 Bell-Ringer Look at the data you collected for your pillbug lab. Write an answer to the question below based on the data. Was your hypothesis proven or disproven. Explain why?

62 Friday September 16, 2011 OBJECTIVES: Present your data in graph form Form a conclusion based on your data Review how to write a lab report AGENDA: 1.Lab Reports 2.Graphing 3.Writing Conclusions HOMEWORK: Type lab report for the pill bug lab Everyone in group must turn in their own lab report

63 CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Raise hand  Wait quietly TEACHER INSTRUCTION MOVEMENT Any leaving of seat must have permission. PARTICIPATION  Answering when called  Writing/taking notes  Raising hand with something to say  SLANT

64 Presenting your Research (copy into composition book) Homework (Due Monday) Type a lab report (times new roman, 12 pt font) based on the pill bug lab. Lab reports must include the following sections: Title Testable question (done) Hypothesis (done) Materials (done) Procedure (done) Data Table (done) Graph Results Conclusion

65 The Process of Scientific Inquiry (Copy in your composition book) Choose a specific question to answer Predict the answer (Hypothesis) Develop a way to answer the question Run the experiment and record data Analyze the data and form a conclusion Get to know your topic better Topic Selection

66 How do I graph my data? (copy into composition book) Independent Variable: Cause (What did you change?) Dependent Variable: Effect (what did you measure?) Independent Variable: X-axis Dependent Variable: Y-axis Title:

67 How to Write Conclusions based on Evidence Was your hypothesis supported? How do you know if your experiment supported your hypothesis? What errors did you encounter? What more can/should be done to further confirm your initial hypothesis? State whether or not the data supports the hypothesis. Specifically explain how the data either supports or rejects your hypothesis – I should see numbers here Explain any possible errors that may have affected your results Suggest some ways/methods to improve this investigation to get more accurate results.

68 CONVERSATION Level 0 = silence HELP  Red cup = emergency question  Yellow cup = can wait question  Blue cup = no question  Continue working while you wait  Ask 3 before me INDEPENDENT WORK MOVEMENT Acceptable reasons:  Sharpen pencil  Hand in/pick up materials  Restroom (only with pass) PARTICIPATION  Looking at work  Writing or doing what task requires  Staying in seat

69 Independent Work Directions On the sheet of graph paper, make a graph of your data from the pill bug lab. Follow the graph in your notes. Begin writing your Results & Conclusion sections on looseleaf. Be sure to answer all Conclusion questions. Everyone in group must turn in their own typed report on Monday.


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