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Christianity Unit Sections 1 &2: Universality & Origins of Christianity.

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Presentation on theme: "Christianity Unit Sections 1 &2: Universality & Origins of Christianity."— Presentation transcript:

1 Christianity Unit Sections 1 &2: Universality & Origins of Christianity

2 Jesus  Christianity developed through the teachings of Jesus.  “ Go Teach all nations the word of God”  Jewish people were meant to spread the word of God.

3 Origins  Christianity began in Palestine (Israel)  Paul was able to spread this religion throughout the Roman Empire as he travelled teaching of Jesus.  Today this spread has reached 33% of the worlds population.

4 Changes in Traditions  Churches haven’t changed much in traditions and beliefs over the years.  If you attended a Christian church 500 years ago you would understand what is going on.

5 Fundamental Belief System  All Christian denominations stick to the belief of being “men for others” –Action: Work for the community ex. “feed the hungry, heal the sick” –Prayer/worship: Center of Christian life is praying and thanking God for all he has given for you and asking him to forgive your sins.

6 Origins of Christianity  Originally written down by the Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) –These Gospels show how Jesus Christ brought a New Law to compliment the Old Law. –They also explain how Jesus is the Messiah and Son of God for the Jewish people.

7 Messiah  According to the Old Testament: –The Messiah would overthrow rulers and return the Jewish people to Israel. –He would either be a great teacher, military leader, or suffering servant. –So in Matthew, Jesus is presented as a leader who descended from Abraham and can lead a great Jewish nation.

8 Stories of Jesus  No evidence of Jesus’ existence has been historically recovered.  Generally accepted that he did live. –This asks you to be what? –The Gospels developed from stories that were told and eventually written down.

9 Jesus’ Birth  Around 6 B.C Augustus Caesar ordered a census be taken in all of Rome.  Return to your home town for this (Joseph returns to Bethlehem)  No room at the inn – head to a stable.


11 King Herod  Felt threatened by this new “King of the Jews”  Ordered the murder of all children under 2 in Bethlehem  Herod died shortly after and Joseph returned to Nazareth.

12 Jesus’ Childhood  Little is known about Jesus as a boy.  It is assumed Joseph taught him carpentry and Jewish traditions.  Only incident is at age 12 when he met with rabbis in the Temple of Jerusalem.

13 John the Baptist

14 Jesus & John  John preached of Jesus & baptized people a the River Jordan.  Jesus was baptized by John and then went into the wilderness for 40 days after.  John was soon arrested by Herod Antipas and Jesus took over his teachings.

15 Baptism  John began baptizing people around 26 or 27 A.D.  Mystical power exists in flowing water and can wash away sins.  Need to be baptized because of the coming of the Messiah.

16 Jesus’ Teaching Methods  Preach to the common people of Israel  He taught: –On the streets –In the countryside –By the sea –Wherever he found people to hear his message

17 Jesus’ Message  Central message was the Kingdom of Heaven.  Prepare people for the coming of the kingdom of God & Last Judgment.  People are sinful, take up a new life of obedience in fellowship – Establish God’s Kingdom on Earth.

18 Jesus Vs. Judaism  Jesus – True devotion to Will of God. Not just religious law.  He drew from Judaic tradition for the message of love and forgiveness.  Jesus – preach an emphasis on love as opposed to law.

19 Jesus Vs. Judaism  He did not think that he was overthrowing Judaic Law.  “I came not to destroy the Law of Moses but to fulfill it.” (Matt. 5. 17.)  He has now grown into a Jewish leader with a huge Jewish following.

20 The History of Christianity  Birth of the church – 40 days after Jesus’ resurrection from the dead  Matthew tells of the disciples’ feeling lost and deserted by Jesus – but they remembered him saying: “I am with you always, to the close of the age”

21 Acts 2. 2-4  Read from the Catholic Youth Bible

22 Missionaries  The apostles have now gained courage and began to fulfill the final directive of their risen and ascended Lord.  Two missionaries, Peter & Paul made the long trek to Rome to preach Christianity.

23 Caesar Nero  Peter & Paul killed by Nero in approximately 64 AD  Began 300 years of Christian persecution.  According to Romans – Christianity is illegal and many died for their faith.

24 Emperor Constantine  Christianity begins to gain some ground.  Between the years 280-337 Emperor Constantine is the first Christian Emperor of Rome.  By 380 Christianity is the accepted religion of Rome.

25 The Fall of Rome  Rome falls apart in approximately 530 AD.  A great Benedictine monastery begins however called Monte Cassino.  With no Rome it means the barbarians and legal accomplishments have failed.

26 Monte Cassino  Thanks to this monastery – Christianity and Roman laws and literacy were able to live on  Monks here studied the Bible and early Roman writings.  Eventually Christian cathedrals, schools monasteries and more were able to develop and grow.

27 Monestaries  These are independent, self- supporting communities of monks.  These monks are dedicated to prayer, work, and study.  Monastic life – withdraw from worldly affairs to devote themselves completely to religion.  Monks & Nuns are to live perfectly Christian life.

28 Monks & Monasteries  These monasteries were in rural areas outside of cities  All of this is taking part in the Middle Ages in Europe. (600-1100 AD)

29 Religious Movements  These are movements that occur in the 12 th & 13 th Centuries.  Franciscans & Dominicans

30 Growth of Cities  In the Middle Ages cities began to grow in Europe.  Because of this new religious groups were needed in urban life.  Both Franciscans and Dominicans developed in these cities  Franciscans – Founded by St. Francis  Dominicans – Founded by Saint Dominic

31 Franciscans and Dominicans  Monks that worked in the cities to fight poverty, developed universities and educate the masses through Christian teachers.  Thomas Aquinas and Albert the Great famous Dominicans

32 Gregory I  United the church so that it didn’t fall into smaller groups.  He is the first monk to become Pope.  Lived in Rome and started the Roman papacy.

33 Protestant Reformation  As the Catholic church has been formed for years a few issues begin to arise.  Is the church gaining too much power?

34 Major Questions  Should those with spiritual power also hold political power?  Does God save man without man’s efforts?  Is grace something in man that makes him worthy of eternal life?

35 Martin Luther  These questions and many more were raised by Martin Luther  Augustinian monk that nailed the ‘Ninety-five Theses’ to the door of the Wittenberg Cathedral in 1517.

36 So what are the ninety-five thesis?

37 His challenge  This sets up a challenge against the Roman Catholic church.  Should not be compromised with political powers  Too much dependence on human work’s instead of trusting in Christ.

38 Divisions  Luther believes there are divisions between  Political & Spiritual  Natural & Supernatural  Human & Divine The Roman Catholic church has crossed these divisions.

39 Sale of Indulgences  People could claim heavenly rewards in exchange for money.  According to Luther, faith in Jesus Christ alone saves you.

40 Ultimate Message  Luther: “Religion should always be criticizing a dependence on worldly things and earthly power.”  All of these ideas and issues caused major fights across Europe.

41 Episcopalians  Name given to those that follow Anglican.  Often seen as churches with red doors.  Red represents Christ’s blood shed for sinners

42 Origins from Church of England  Has a combination of Protestant & Catholic elements  Puritans and many others came to America to start reform movements.  Revolutionary War almost ended Anglican work in America.

43 Protestant Episcopal Church`  In USA this is what the Anglican Church turns into.  Developed their own bishops, prayer books and services

44 Beliefs  Book of Common Prayer  This includes Nicene and Apostles’ Creed  Eucharist – Don’t believe it is body and blood – but requires more special ceremony as it holds supernatural powers.  Must attend church services  However, Bible readings personally outside of church are extremely important.

45 Baptists  Second largest group of Christians in the United States.  How do you figure out who’s a Christian – Profess your faith and then seal it with baptism  Founded by Roger Williams – churches ought to be composed of those people who’ve made a conscious choice to be included.  Members are present based on their own free will.

46 Baptists in America  Southern Baptist Convention – largest movement  Baptists exist as individual communities and congregations.

47 Born Again  Only adults not infants can be baptized.  Born again – intense spiritual experience in which a person comes to terms with sin and asks for forgiveness.

48 Baptist Beliefs Cont.  Some Baptists believe that Jesus died only for a ‘selected’ group of people  Others believe that he died for everyone.  Unrefined preachers fill their pulpits rather than seminary-trained professionals.  Sermons are delivered directly from the Bible.

49 Mormons  Sacred Texts: The Bible, Book of Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants  Founder: Joseph Smith Jr.  Christian religion made in the USA.  Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- Day Saints.  Joseph Smith in the 1830s spoke with an angel named Moroni.

50 Book of Mormon  Moroni told him all churches were corrupt and gave him a book to translate to English.  This book includes Gospel of Matthew, quotes from Malachi & Isaiah, & The Lord’s Prayer  Features the saga of the Nephites – ancient North American race

51 Book of Mormon.  Jesus appeared to them and gave them instructions to create a true church on American soil.  Moroni was the only survivor (son of their leader Mormon)  He buried their book in the hills of New York where Joseph Smith found it.

52 Joseph Smith

53 Beliefs  Tobacco, Alcohol & caffeine are unacceptable.  Anyone can become a God.  Father, Son & Holy Spirit are separate Gods.  Sealing – meaning you and your family are always connect even when you die.  Communion is just a memory – use water instead of wine.

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