2 If a student driver commits a traffic offense while taking the 6 hours behind the wheel requirement, responsibility will lie with both the DRIVER and the INSTRUCTOR.If your driver license is lost or stolen, you should notify your local POLICE.Report a change of address within ONE week(s).A name change must be reported within TWO week(s).If you sell your car, you should turn your license plates into a MOTOR VEHICLE facility and ask for a RECEIPT.
3 When you move into New Jersey, you should title and register your vehicle within SIXTY (60) days of moving.You should have your car inspected once every TWO (2) years. All vehicles manufactured in 2000 or later have an initial FOUR-YEAR inspection cycle then they must be inspected once every TWO (2) years.Every vehicle registered in New Jersey must be covered by LIABILITY, PIP (PERSONAL INJURY PROTECTION) and UNINSURED MOTORIST insurance.Three items you must have with you when driving include your LICENSE, REGISTRATION and INSURANCE.The first conviction penalty for a 21 year old driving while under the influence of alcohol or drugs is a $250 to $400 fine, loss of license for THREE (3) months, a possible imprisonment for up to THIRTY (30) days and TWELVE (12) to FOURTY-EIGHT (48) hours in an IDRC.
4 The penalty for driving after your license has been suspended due to an alcohol or drug conviction is a fine of $500, a possible NINETY (90) day jail sentence and an additional loss of license of ONE (1) to TWO (2) years.Possessing or displaying an altered or counterfeited license is punishable by LICENSE SUSPENSION, FINE and JAIL TIME.When you drive a motor vehicle, you automatically agree to take a BREATH TEST for a suspected drinking and driving offense. This is the IMPLIED CONSENT law.If you refuse to take a breath test, you are subject to an MVC insurance surcharge of $1000 a year for THREE (3) years. Failure to pay this surcharge will result in an indefinite driver license SUSPENSION until the fee is paid.If it is your first offense you are presumed to have a .10% BAC or higher and the penalty is a loss of driving privileges for between SEVEN (7) MONTHS and ONE (1) YEAR to run concurrently or consecutively based upon a JUDGE’S ORDER.
5 If you lose your license for drunk driving, you cannot drive until the period of SUSPENSION ends and your LICENSE is RESTORED.A HABITUAL OFFENDER is a person that has had their license suspended three times within THREE (3) YEARS.New Jersey allows up to THREE (3) points to be subtracted from your driving record if you have no moving violations for ONE (1) YEAR.A POLICE/TRAFFIC OFFICER can override a traffic light.When traffic signals are hung vertically, the RED light is on the TOP, the YELLOW is in the MIDDLE and the GREEN is third in line.
6 An AMBER or yellow light means STOP before entering the INTERSECTION unless the vehicle is CLOSE to the INTERSECTION that it cannot be STOPPED SAFELY.A GREEN arrow means PROCEED as shown by the ARROW.A flashing RED light means STOP, go only WHEN SAFE.A triangular shaped sign is a YIELD. An eight sided sign is a STOP.A diamond shaped sign is a WARNING sign.
7 A pentagon shaped sign is a SCHOOL sign. A railroad crossing sign is a YELLOW and BLACK circle.Yellow lines down the center of the road SEPERATE traffic flow going in OPPOSITE directions.A single, solid WHITE line across a road at an intersection means STOP within FIVE (5) feet of the line for a STOP sign or TRAFFIC LIGHT.When the pavement is marked with two centerlines, one solid and one broken, PASSING is permitted on the side with the BROKEN line.
8 Double SOLID lines in the center of a two-way road means traffic should not CROSS from either side. If a passenger in the front seat of a car, who is 17 years of age, is caught not wearing a seatbelt, the DRIVER is held responsible. Over the age of 18, the PASSENGER is held responsible.Passengers that are TWELVE (12) YEARS old and younger should always ride in the REAR seat of any passenger vehicle.New Jersey requires the DRIVER and all FRONT SEAT passengers to wear seat belts.Additionally, passengers under EIGHT (8) years of age who weigh more than 80 POUNDS and all passengers who are at least eight (8) years of age but less than 18 years of age must wear SEAT BELTS whenever they sit in a motor vehicle.
9 Passengers under EIGHT (8) years of age who weigh less than 80 lbs Passengers under EIGHT (8) years of age who weigh less than 80 lbs. must be secured in a child passenger restraint system or booster seat in the rear seat of the vehicle.If there is no rear seat, the child passenger restraint system or booster seat may be used in the front seat. However, never place a rear-facing INFANT seat in the front seat of a vehicle that has a front passenger-side air bag, unless the vehicle’s passenger-side air bag can be DISABLED.Using both a safety belt and a shoulder strap is important because they KEEP PASSENGERS FROM BEING THROWN, PREVENT PASSENGERS FROM HITTING THE DASHBOARD OR WINDSHEILD and KEEP PASSENGERS FROM SLIDING DURING STOPS AND TURNS.Pushing the BRAKE PEDAL down too hard is a common mistake a new driver makes.Name the following signals: a – LEFT b – STOP c – RIGHT
10 When driving in reverse, steer in the direction you want the REAR of the car to go. Turning the WHEEL to the right steers the REAR of the car to the right.Turning the wheel to the LEFT steers the car to the left.To back your car in a straight line, you should turn your HEAD and BODY to the RIGHT until you can see clearly through the REAR/BACK window. You should also make sure that your LEFT hand is at the 12 O’CLOCK position on the steering wheel while you are backing the car up.When parking downhill, turn your wheels TOWARD the CURB and when parking uphill, turn your wheels AWAY from the CURB.
11 The speed limit in a SCHOOL zone, RESIDENTIAL area and a BUSINESS district is TWENTY-FIVE (25) mph, unless otherwise posted.New Jersey law requires you keep to the right except when PASSING, DRIVING ON A ONE WAY STREET and UNLESS IMPRACTICAL TO TRAVEL ON THAT SIDE OF THE ROAD.Crossing center lines on a two-way roadway for passing is legal when the BROKEN/DASHED LINE is on your side.In most cases, you pass on the left. You may pass on the RIGHT when the driver ahead is making a LEFT turn and there is room to PASS.You should always YIELD to emergency vehicles, pedestrians and other vehicles already in the INTERSECTION.
12 When approaching an uncontrolled intersection, you should REDUCE SPEED and be ready to STOP. As a general rule, the driver on the LEFT should YIELD to the driver on the RIGHT.When it is legal to turn right on red, you must make a FULL STOP and check TRAFFIC.To make a right turn, you should get in the RIGHT lane.When making a left turn, you should get into the lane NEAREST to the CENTER of the ROADWAY.When making a left turn from a two-way road onto a four lane highway, the proper way to turn is to APPROACH THE TURN AS CLOSE TO THE CENTER LINE, MAKE TURN BEFORE CENTER OF INTERSECTION and TURN INTO THE LEFT LANE OF THE ROAD.
13 If you are approaching a school bus when it shows a flashing red light, you must STOP at least TWENTY-FIVE (25) FEET from the bus.When a school bus has stopped at a school to pick up or let off children, you may pass at a speed of no more than TEN (10) mph.You must YIELD to emergency vehicles when you hear a SIREN or see flashing RED or BLUE lights. Drive over to the RIGHT and STOP.Headlights should be used between ONE HALF hour after SUNSET to ONE HALF hour before SUNRISE and in BAD WEATHER or when visibility is less than 500 feet (poor visibility).High beam lights are used for OPEN COUNTRY driving.
14 You may not park within FIFTY (50) feet of a stop sign, TWENTY-FIVE (25) feet of a crosswalk at an intersection and TEN (10) feet of a fire hydrant.You can reduce your chances of being involved in an accident by using the standard prevention formula of be ALERT, be PREPARED and ACT in time.It is good practice to keep a SPACE cushion to give you time to REACT.The best way to talk to other drivers is to use your HORN and LIGHTS.In city driving, a good habit is to practice good JUDGEMENT, look TWELVE (12) seconds ahead and REDUCE speed.
15 You should use signals when CHANGING lanes, when TURNING and when SLOWING down. If you miss your exit on an expressway, you should DRIVE to the NEXT exit.To avoid highway hypnosis, it is a good practice to avoid LOOKING AT ANY ONE THING for more than a FEW SECONDS.If your car breaks down on the road, the first thing you should do is PULL OFF the road.When driving around a CURVE, your vehicle will tend to keep going STRAIGHT. The best way to take a curve is SLOW DOWN before entering the curve.
16 When a driver behind you is passing you, it is a good idea to SLOW DOWN to make it easier to be passed.To maintain a proper SPACE CUSHION, you should stay at least TWO (2) seconds behind the vehicle in front of you.The two-second rule refers to FOLLOWING DISTANCE.Road surfaces are the most slippery during THE FIRST FEW MINUTES OF RAINFALL.If you drive through water puddles, test your brakes by PUMPING them. This will also help DRY them out.
17 As car speed increases on a wet road, the tires start to ride on a thin film of WATER. This is called HYDROPLANING. When this happens, you should SLOW DOWN.At night, you should be able to stop within the range of your HEADLIGHTS.Safe driving skills affected by alcohol are ALERTNESS, JUDGEMENT and REACTION TIME.The best way to reduce your chances of having an alcohol-related accident is not to DRIVE after DRINKING.After two to four drinks, alcohol impairs your REACTION TIME, JUDGEMENT, COORDINATION and BALANCE.
18 Driving while under the influence of alcohol means your SENSES or JUDGEMENT are impaired by alcohol. The first signs of alcohol impairment are usually TALKATIVENESS, increased SELF CONFIDENCE and lessened JUDGEMENT.BAC in the body is determined by four factors: QUANTITY, TIME, BODY WEIGHT and AMOUNT OF FOOD EATEN.With a BAC of .05% your chances of getting into an accident DOUBLE. At .10% the risk increases to SIX (6) times as great and at .15% the risks are TWENTY-FIVE (25) times as great.By law you are presumed to be under the INFLUENCE when your BAC is .08%.
19 If you are under 21 and drive with as little as If you are under 21 and drive with as little as .01% BAC you are subject to a THIRTY (30) to NINETY (90) day license SUSPENSION, community service for FIFTEEN (15) to THIRTY (30) days, and participation in a INTOXICATED DRIVER RESOURCE CENTER.A 12oz bottle of beer has as much alcohol in it as 5oz of TABLE WINE, and 1 1/2 oz of 86 proof of WHISKEY.Four 12oz bottles of beer are EQUAL in alcohol content to FOUR (4) 1 ½ oz of WHISKEY.Studies show that, the greatest number of people arrested for drunk driving have been drinking BEER.TIME and only TIME can sober you up.
20 How many drinks will raise your BAC above legal limits depends on your BODY WEIGHT, TIME and AMOUNT OF ALCOHOL.If a person gets drunk in your home and has a motor vehicle accident after leaving your home, you could become involved in a LAWSUIT.Some factors that will increase your chances of having an accident even if you only had 1 or 2 drinks are MOOD, DRIVING EXPERIENCE and your use of MEDICATION OR DRUGS.Some drugs that can have a great effect on driving are COLD PILLS, TRANQUILIZERS and PRESCRIPTION DRUGS.Your emotions can have a great effect on your driving. If you are ANGRY or EXCITED you should give yourself TIME to COOL OFF.
21 If a collision looks possible, chose to hit something that will GIVE rather than something hard. If you go into a skid, you should take your FOOT off the GAS and turn in the DIRECTION the rear of the car is skidding.If you run off the pavement you should SLOW DOWN and turn back onto the pavement SLOWLY.If your brakes fail, you should SHIFT to a LOWER gear and PUMP the brakes.If you have a blowout, you should GRIP the WHEEL firmly, keep the car going STRAIGHT, slow down and then PULL off the road.
22 OTHER POINTS TO REMEMBER… Under GDL law a person is required to attend Probationary Driving School for accumulation of 4 or more points from 2 violations or a DUI.You must stop 15 ft from a railroad or 25 ft from a school bus when flashing lights are present.It takes 25% more distance for a truck to stop in bad weather.When your license is returned to you after suspension for point or after completing a driver improvement program you will be on probation for 1 year.Failure to STOP at a crosswalk for pedestrians = $500 fine, 25 days in jail, 6 mo license suspension, 2 points and community service.$100 fine for violating any of the GDL restrictions.
23 NO ZONE – tractor trailers blind spot NO ZONE – tractor trailers blind spot. They have limited visibility, require longer stopping distances and room to maneuver.Fines DOUBLE in a work zone or safe corridor.Red GDL decals must be displayed on each license plate.Operating a vehicle on public or private property to avoid a traffic signal is 2 points.What is a DEPENDANT???Even if you do not have a permit or license - If you are convicted of Graffiti, Pulling a False Alarm or Buying Alcohol underage your driving privileges can be postponed or suspended.GOOD LUCK!!!!!