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Nomenclature ( Compounds: Formulas & Names) Dr. Ron Rusay © Copyright 2010 R.J. Rusay.

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Presentation on theme: "Nomenclature ( Compounds: Formulas & Names) Dr. Ron Rusay © Copyright 2010 R.J. Rusay."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nomenclature ( Compounds: Formulas & Names) Dr. Ron Rusay © Copyright 2010 R.J. Rusay

2 Chemical Formulas and Naming Molecular Formula: Elements’ Symbols = atoms Subscripts = relative numbers of atoms How are compounds named? CaCl 2 CCl 4 NaOH (NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 C 20 H 26 N 2 O (Ibogaine)

3 Nomenclature Nomenclature: the naming of compounds Governed by the IUPAC: International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry International rules are updated periodically General schemes and examples follow:

4

5 Naming Compounds Name cation first, then anion Monatomic cation = name of the element Ca 2+ = calcium ion Anion = root + -ide Cl  = chlorine Binary Ionic Compounds: For example; CaCl 2 ide CaCl 2 = calcium chloride

6 Common Monatomic Cations and Anions

7 Common Cations and Anions

8 QUESTION

9 Naming Compounds (continued) metal forms more than one cation: Pb 2+ or possibly Pb 4+ ? Ambiguous? option 1) use Roman numeral in name If Pb 2+ is the cation; eg. PbCl 2 : PbCl 2 = lead (II) chloride or 2) use name (latinized) + suffix: -ous (lower) or -ic (higher) Binary Ionic Compounds (Type II): PlumbumPlumbous

10 Common Type II Cations

11 Naming Compounds (continued) Compounds formed between two nonmetals First element in the formula is named first. It is the more electropositive. Second element is named as if it were an anion. Use prefixes to count the # of atoms. Do not normally use mono as a prefix.- P 2 O 5 = diphosphorus pentoxide Binary compounds (Type III):

12 QUESTION

13 Prefixes & The Number of Atoms

14 Predict the correct name of the compound represented in the box. A) Nitrogen oxideB) Oxygen nitride C) Dinitrogen monoxide D) Nitrogen dioxide QUESTION

15 Compounds with more than two different elements Polyatomic ions: [oxygen as the third atom]

16 QUESTION Which of the following provides the correct name for Ca(H 2 PO 4 ) 2 ? A.Calcium dihydrogen phosphate B.Calcium (II) hydrogen phosphate C.Calcium di-dihydrogen phosphate D.Calcium (II) dihydrogen phosphate

17 QUESTION Of the following, which provides the most acceptable name for Fe 2 (C 2 O 4 ) 3 ? A.Iron (II) oxalate B.Iron (II) oxalate (III) C.Iron (III) trioxalate D.Iron (III) oxalate

18 Naming Acids [Compounds with electropositive Hydrogen atom(s)]

19 QUESTION Hypochlorous acid is related to the anion found in common household bleach. Which of the following is that common anion? A.ClO 4 – B.ClO 3 – C.ClO 2 – D.ClO –

20 Names from Formulas Name the following SO 2 CaBr 2 Zn(NO 3 ) 2 PCl 5 ( NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 FeO HI (aq) HBrO NaClO 4

21 Names from Formulas Solutions: Sulfur dioxideCalcium bromide Zinc nitrate Phosphorus pentachlorideAmmonium sulfate Iron(II) oxide Hydroiodic acidHypobromous acid Sodium perchlorate

22 Formulas from Names Provide formulas for the following Sulfur trioxide Magnesium chloride Lead (IV) sulfate Diphosphorus pentasulfide Ammonium phosphate Iron (III) oxide Hydrobromic acid Chloric acid Sodium chlorite

23 Formulas from Names Solutions: SO 3 MgCl 2 Pb(SO 4 ) 2 P 2 S 5 ( NH 4 ) 3 PO 4 Fe 2 O 3 HBr HClO 3 NaClO 2


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