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Nomenclature (Compounds: Formulas & Names)

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Presentation on theme: "Nomenclature (Compounds: Formulas & Names)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Nomenclature (Compounds: Formulas & Names)
Dr. Ron Rusay © Copyright 2010 R.J. Rusay

2 Chemical Formulas and Naming
Molecular Formula: Elements’ Symbols = atoms Subscripts = relative numbers of atoms How are compounds named? CaCl2 CCl4 NaOH (NH4)2CO3 C20H26N2O (Ibogaine)

3 Nomenclature Nomenclature: the naming of compounds
Governed by the IUPAC: International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry International rules are updated periodically General schemes and examples follow:


5 Naming Compounds Binary Ionic Compounds: Name cation first, then anion
For example; CaCl2 Name cation first, then anion Monatomic cation = name of the element Ca2+ = calcium ion Anion = root + -ide Cl = chlorine ide CaCl2 = calcium chloride

6 Common Monatomic Cations and Anions

7 Common Cations and Anions


9 Naming Compounds (continued)
Binary Ionic Compounds (Type II): metal forms more than one cation: Pb2+ or possibly Pb4+ ? Ambiguous? option 1) use Roman numeral in name If Pb2+ is the cation; eg. PbCl2 : PbCl2 = lead (II) chloride or 2) use name (latinized) + suffix: -ous (lower) or -ic (higher) Plumbum Plumbous

10 Common Type II Cations

11 Naming Compounds (continued)
Binary compounds (Type III): Compounds formed between two nonmetals First element in the formula is named first. It is the more electropositive. Second element is named as if it were an anion. Use prefixes to count the # of atoms. Do not normally use mono as a prefix.- P2O5 = diphosphorus pentoxide


13 Prefixes & The Number of Atoms

14 QUESTION Predict the correct name of the compound
represented in the box. A) Nitrogen oxide B) Oxygen nitride C) Dinitrogen monoxide D) Nitrogen dioxide

15 Compounds with more than two different elements
Polyatomic ions: [oxygen as the third atom]

16 QUESTION Which of the following provides the correct name for Ca(H2PO4)2? Calcium dihydrogen phosphate Calcium (II) hydrogen phosphate Calcium di-dihydrogen phosphate Calcium (II) dihydrogen phosphate HMClass Prep: Figures 2.23 and 2.24

17 QUESTION Of the following, which provides the most acceptable name for Fe2(C2O4)3? Iron (II) oxalate Iron (II) oxalate (III) Iron (III) trioxalate Iron (III) oxalate HMClass Prep: Figure 2.23

18 [Compounds with electropositive Hydrogen atom(s)]
Naming Acids [Compounds with electropositive Hydrogen atom(s)]

19 QUESTION Hypochlorous acid is related to the anion found in common household bleach. Which of the following is that common anion? ClO4– ClO3– ClO2– ClO– HMClass Prep: Figure 2.25

20 Names from Formulas Name the following
SO2 CaBr2 Zn(NO3)2 PCl5 ( NH4)2SO4 FeO HI(aq) HBrO NaClO4

21 Names from Formulas Solutions:
Sulfur dioxide Calcium bromide Zinc nitrate Phosphorus pentachloride Ammonium sulfate Iron(II) oxide Hydroiodic acid Hypobromous acid Sodium perchlorate

22 Formulas from Names Provide formulas for the following
Sulfur trioxide Magnesium chloride Lead (IV) sulfate Diphosphorus pentasulfide Ammonium phosphate Iron (III) oxide Hydrobromic acid Chloric acid Sodium chlorite

23 Formulas from Names Solutions: SO3 MgCl2 Pb(SO4 )2
P2S5 ( NH 4 )3PO4 Fe2 O3 HBr HClO3 NaClO2

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