Presentation on theme: "Introduction to German. Countries where German is the dominant language Countries where German has some official status Countries where German is a minority."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction to German
Countries where German is the dominant language Countries where German has some official status Countries where German is a minority or regional language Other countries where German may be heard or understood The German-Speaking World
German is the Dominant Language Germany Austria Switzerland Liechtenstein
German has Official Status Luxembourg Italy (Bolzano/ Südtirol) Belgium The European Union
German is a Regional/Minority Language in Europe Czech Republic Denmark France (Alsace) Hungary Netherlands Poland (Silesia) Russia Spain U.K.
Other Areas German is spoken or understood in many areas of the world where German-speaking immigrants settled: South America Argentina Brazil
Other Areas German is spoken or understood in many areas of the world where German-speaking immigrants settled: Africa Namibia (Formerly German Southwest Africa) South Africa
Other Areas German is spoken or understood in many areas of the world where German-speaking immigrants settled: United States Amish communities, Texas Hill Country, Upper Midwest Over 50 million claim German ancestry – the largest single ethnic group in the U.S. 1.38 million speak German 2 nd most common language in N. and S. Dakota
Native Speakers Total Speakers How many people speak German?
How Many People Speak German? According to SIL Ethnologue*, there are: 84 million Native Speakers of German 112 million Total Speakers of German *SIL Ethnologue is a web-based publication containing statistics for 7,000 world languages. The above data is from the 17 th Edition, 2013.
How is German related to other world languages? Classification of German
Language Families The languages of the world can be divided into Language Families. The languages of a language family share a common ancestor language, so they tend to have similar characteristics. The largest language family is called Indo- European.
Indo-European The Indo-European language family can be divided into different subgroups. Languages within a subgroup have more in common than other Indo-European languages.
Subgroups of Indo-European Indo- European CelticRomance GermanicSlavic Greek Indo- Iranian
Classification of German Indo-European Germanic German
Classification of German Indo-European Germanic English Afrikaans Dutch German Swedish Norwegian Icelandic
1. Name 3 countries where German is the dominant language. 2. To which language family does German belong? A. Indo-European B. Sino-Tibetan C. Afroasiatic 3. Of the following languages, which one is most closely related to German? A. French B. English C. Russian