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WW II U.S. ENTRANCE 1941 –45 PEARL HARBOR TO A BOMB.

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Presentation on theme: "WW II U.S. ENTRANCE 1941 –45 PEARL HARBOR TO A BOMB."— Presentation transcript:

1 WW II U.S. ENTRANCE 1941 –45 PEARL HARBOR TO A BOMB

2 PEARL HARBOR OAHU DEC 7 TH JAPANESE SHIPS INCLUDING 6 AIRCRAFT CARRIERS SAILD 200 MILES UNDETEDTED. 33 JAPANESE SHIPS INCLUDING 6 AIRCRAFT CARRIERS SAILD 200 MILES UNDETEDTED. LAUNCHED 353 AIRCRAFT 6AM – 715AM LAUNCHED 353 AIRCRAFT 6AM – 715AM 8 AM THEY CONVEREGED ON BATLE SHIP ROW AT PEARL HARBOR 8 AM THEY CONVEREGED ON BATLE SHIP ROW AT PEARL HARBOR 1PM ALL BUT 29 RETURNED 1PM ALL BUT 29 RETURNED BY OF THE 33 SHIPS WOULD BE SUNK BY OF THE 33 SHIPS WOULD BE SUNK

3 PEARL HARBOR DEC 7 TH 7AM USS WARD SINKS JAPANESE MINI SUB 7AM USS WARD SINKS JAPANESE MINI SUB 7AM RADAR PICKS UP JAPANESE AIRCRAFT IGNORED 7AM RADAR PICKS UP JAPANESE AIRCRAFT IGNORED 7:55 AIR RAID PEARL HARBOR 7:55 AIR RAID PEARL HARBOR 12 B-17’S ATTEMPT TO LAND 12 B-17’S ATTEMPT TO LAND 8: AMERICANS KILLED ON BATTLESHIP ROW 8: AMERICANS KILLED ON BATTLESHIP ROW ARIZONA SUNK IN 9 MINUTES 1100 MEN STILL ON BOARD ARIZONA SUNK IN 9 MINUTES 1100 MEN STILL ON BOARD

4 PEARL HARBOR DEC 7TH ATTACK WAS NOT EXPECTED SUNDAY MORNING- ALL SHIPS LINED UP TIED TO TENDERS ATTACK WAS NOT EXPECTED SUNDAY MORNING- ALL SHIPS LINED UP TIED TO TENDERS ALL AIRCRAFT LINED UP ON RUNWAYS ALL AIRCRAFT LINED UP ON RUNWAYS USS NEVADA ONLY SHIP TO GET UNDERWAY USS NEVADA ONLY SHIP TO GET UNDERWAY DELIBERATLY GROUNDED SO AS NOT TO BLOCK ENTRANCE TO HARBOR DELIBERATLY GROUNDED SO AS NOT TO BLOCK ENTRANCE TO HARBOR

5 TACTICAL VICTORY STRATEGIC DEFEAT JAPANESE GAINED TOTAL AND COMPLETE SURPRISE JAPANESE GAINED TOTAL AND COMPLETE SURPRISE LOST ALL SUBS AND ONLY 29 PLANES LOST ALL SUBS AND ONLY 29 PLANES DESTROYED PACIFIC FLEET DESTROYED PACIFIC FLEET JAPANESE MISSED JAPANESE MISSED OIL FIELDS OIL FIELDS DRY DOCKS DRY DOCKS AND THE 3 AIRCRAFT CARRIERS LEXINGTON – YORKTOWN- SARATOGA AND THE 3 AIRCRAFT CARRIERS LEXINGTON – YORKTOWN- SARATOGA

6 DESTROYER USS WARD DD139

7 MIDGET Japanese Sub bellows point

8 JAPANESE AIRCRAFT CARRIER PRIOR TO ATTACK

9 DECK OF SHOKAKU DEC

10 VAL BOMBERS PREPARE TO ATTACK PEARL

11 “ZERO” LEAVING AKAGI FOR PEARL

12 KATE TORPEDO BOMBER LEAVING SHOKAKU

13 Ford Island – Oahu HI

14 BATTLESHIP ROW JAPANESE VIEW

15 BATTLESHIP ROW AFTER BB39 EXPLODES

16 BATTLESHIP ROW DURING ATTACK – JAPANESE PHOTO

17 BB 39 USS ARIZONA

18 BB 39 – OVER HALF OF THE DAYS CASUALTIES

19 BB 39 AFIRE AND SINKING

20 BB 39 DEC

21 BB 39 PORT BOW LOOKING AFT

22 FOREMAST-CONNING- TURRET #2

23 FEB 1942 TURRET #3 #4 SALVAGE LAND USE

24 MARCH 1943 SALVAGE

25 USS VIRGINIA USS TENNESSEE

26

27 USS CALIFORNIA

28

29 KEEL USS OKLAHOMA

30 STERN SUNKEN USS OKLAHOMA

31 USS NEVADA AT HOSPITAL POINT

32 USS NEVADA

33 BATTLESHIP ROW AFTER THE ATACK

34 DESTROYER USS SHAW

35 USS CASSIN – DOWNES- PENNSYLVANIA

36 DAMAGED AIRCRAFT

37 B-17C HICKAM FIELD

38 HANGAR AND AIRCRAFT HICKAM FIELD

39 PLANES AND HANGARS AT WHEELER FIELD

40 VIEW FROM THE HILLS NORTH OF PEARL

41 USS ARIZONA BB 39 TODAY

42 Fall of the Phillipines DEC 1941-MAY 1942 DEC 1941-MAY 1942 OUTGUNNED OUTNUMBERED NO WAY TO REINFORCE – PACIFIC FLEET WAS DESTROYED ON DEC 7TH OUTGUNNED OUTNUMBERED NO WAY TO REINFORCE – PACIFIC FLEET WAS DESTROYED ON DEC 7TH

43 Battan Death March AMERICAN AND PHILLIPINOS SURRENDERED AMERICAN AND PHILLIPINOS SURRENDERED 6 DAY 60 MILE FORCED POW MARCH – RESULTED IN 5000 MURDERS 6 DAY 60 MILE FORCED POW MARCH – RESULTED IN 5000 MURDERS

44 CORREGIDOR FALLS LAST BASTION TO SURRENDER ISLAND GUARDING ENTRANCE TO MANILA BAY LAST BASTION TO SURRENDER ISLAND GUARDING ENTRANCE TO MANILA BAY CALLED THE ROCK CALLED THE ROCK MAC ARTHUR’S LAST STRONHOLD MAC ARTHUR’S LAST STRONHOLD

45 Doolittle Raid APRIL 18 TH 1942 APRIL 18 TH B25 BOMBERS LEFT USS HORNET TO BOMB TOKYO 16 B25 BOMBERS LEFT USS HORNET TO BOMB TOKYO MORAL BOOST MORAL BOOST ONE WAY MISSION 71 OF THE 80 MEN SURVIVED ONE WAY MISSION 71 OF THE 80 MEN SURVIVED

46 JAPANESE EMPIRE AT IT’S HEIGHT 1942

47 Battles for the Pacific

48 ISLAND HOPPING 1942 United States begins to take back Pacific 1942 United States begins to take back Pacific Islands used as airfields and supply stations Islands used as airfields and supply stations Japanese would fight to the death on them Japanese would fight to the death on them Rabaul Rabaul Last Japanese to surrender would be in the 1960’s Last Japanese to surrender would be in the 1960’s

49 CORAL SEA – USS LEXINGTON MAY MAY FIRST NAVAL BATTLE WHERE SHIPS NEVER SAW EACH OTHER FIRST NAVAL BATTLE WHERE SHIPS NEVER SAW EACH OTHER TURNING POINT TURNING POINT JAPANESE ADVANCE IS STOPPED JAPANESE ADVANCE IS STOPPED

50 USS LEXINGTON ON FIRE CORAL SEA

51 SHOKAKU ATTACKED CORAL SEA

52 MIDWAY B-17 STRIKE ON HIRYU JUNE JUNE SECOND NAVAL BATTLE WHERE SHIPS DID NOT SEE EACH OTHER SECOND NAVAL BATTLE WHERE SHIPS DID NOT SEE EACH OTHER DEVESTATING TO JAPANESE CARRIERS DEVESTATING TO JAPANESE CARRIERS

53 USS YORKTOWN MIDWAY

54 HIRYU ON FIRE DAY AFTER MIDWAY

55 Battle of Solomon’s AUGUST 1942 AUGUST 1942 PART OF THE ISLAND HOPING CAMPAGIAN TO CAPTURE AIRFIELDS AND PROTECT SUPPLY ROUTES TO GUADACANAL PART OF THE ISLAND HOPING CAMPAGIAN TO CAPTURE AIRFIELDS AND PROTECT SUPPLY ROUTES TO GUADACANAL

56 Battle for Guadacanal AUGUST FEBRUARY 1943 AUGUST FEBRUARY MILES LONG 25 MILES WIDE 90 MILES LONG 25 MILES WIDE HALTS JAPANESE ADVANCE IN PACIFIC HALTS JAPANESE ADVANCE IN PACIFIC

57 TARAWA NOVEMBER 1943 NOVEMBER ST AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT TO HAVE RESISTANCE 1 ST AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT TO HAVE RESISTANCE 3 DAY BATTLE FOR AIRFIELD 3301 US CASUALITIES 4836 JAPANESE KILED ALL BUT DAY BATTLE FOR AIRFIELD 3301 US CASUALITIES 4836 JAPANESE KILED ALL BUT 146

58 Battle for Leyte Gulf OCTOBER OCTOBER MACARTHURS RETURN TO THE PHILLIPINES MACARTHURS RETURN TO THE PHILLIPINES

59 PACIFIC ISLAND LANDINGS

60

61 FAILED ATTEMPT

62

63 IWO JIMA February –March 1945 February –March 1945 Important island for B-29’s Important island for B-29’s Japanese fought to the death entire force killed Japanese fought to the death entire force killed 6821 Americans lost 6821 Americans lost Proved mainland invasion costly Proved mainland invasion costly

64 MOUNT SURRIBACHI IWO JIMA

65 OKINAWA April-June 1945 April-June 1945 Last step to mainland Japan – needed as B-29 base – more would die on this island than both of the A- Bombs victims Last step to mainland Japan – needed as B-29 base – more would die on this island than both of the A- Bombs victims 12,281Americans 12,281Americans 110,000 Japanese 110,000 Japanese

66 ENOLA GAY Col. Tibbits Aug Col. Tibbits Aug pound Little Boy dropped 8:15 am from 31,000 feet 9000 pound Little Boy dropped 8:15 am from 31,000 feet 72,000 killed 72,000 killed 70,000 of 76,000 buildings destroyed 70,000 of 76,000 buildings destroyed

67 The Bombs Hiroshima = Little Boy and B-29 Enola Gay Hiroshima = Little Boy and B-29 Enola Gay Aug Aug Uranium Uranium 20,000 tons of TNT 20,000 tons of TNT Instantly killed 70,000 Instantly killed 70,000 Nagasaki = Fat Man and B-29 Bock’s Car Nagasaki = Fat Man and B-29 Bock’s Car Aug Aug Plutonium Plutonium 21,000 tons TNT 21,000 tons TNT Instantly killed 40,000 Instantly killed 40,000

68 The bombings caused a fraction of the casualties of WW II Fire raids on Tokyo in 1945 killed over 100,000 and wounded over a million – in all WW II had 55 million casualties Fire raids on Tokyo in 1945 killed over 100,000 and wounded over a million – in all WW II had 55 million casualties Hiroshima chosen as the only city not to have American POWs – military communication center population 300,000 Hiroshima chosen as the only city not to have American POWs – military communication center population 300,000 Nagasaki secondary target Steel and Arms plant owned by Mitsubshi Nagasaki secondary target Steel and Arms plant owned by Mitsubshi

69 Why the Bomb Manhattan Project Manhattan Project As the U.S forces approached Japan – the United States realized the Japanese people would fight to the death if an invasion occurred – measured in the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa As the U.S forces approached Japan – the United States realized the Japanese people would fight to the death if an invasion occurred – measured in the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa Cost 1 million American lives – after first bomb Japan refused to surrender – Cost 1 million American lives – after first bomb Japan refused to surrender –

70 HIROSHIMA GROUND ZERO

71 HIROSHIMA FLATTENED

72 LIMITS OF DESTRUCTION HIROSHIMA

73 NAGASAKI DAMAGE

74 NAGASAKI

75 LITTLE BOY AND THE FAT MAN

76 SURRENDER September aboard USS Missouri September aboard USS Missouri After 2 A-Bombs After 2 A-Bombs Fighting from Fighting from Declaration of war by Soviet Union on Japan Declaration of war by Soviet Union on Japan

77 JAPANESE DELEGATION SEPT USS MISSOURI

78 ALLIED OFFICERS USS MISSOURI

79 JAPAN SIGNS THE SURRENDER

80 U.S. END OF WW II America left the war stronger than when they entered America left the war stronger than when they entered Cost 405,000 deaths Cost 405,000 deaths Controlled 50%of the worlds wealth Controlled 50%of the worlds wealth Pride in the defense of freedom and democracy Pride in the defense of freedom and democracy

81 U.S.S.R. END WW II Western Soviet Union destroyed by 1945 Western Soviet Union destroyed by million Soviets died in the war 20 million Soviets died in the war Left 25 million homeless Left 25 million homeless Developed buffer states – in eastern Europe Developed buffer states – in eastern Europe


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