2Second leading cause of weather-related deaths in the US Lightning FactsSecond leading cause of weather-related deaths in the USKills more people than hurricanes and tornadoes combinedKills ~ 100 / yearKills ~ 10% of those struck
3Courtesy of National Lightning Safety Institute Lightning FactsSurvivors are an even greater tragedy!Injures ~750 / year~ 70% long-term medical problems~ 30% suffer debilitating problemsElusive Data% unreportedCourtesy of National Lightning Safety Institute
4Lightning Casualties In U.S. (1959-2001) Lightning FactsWhen thunderstorms are nearby, avoid these activities like your life depends on it -- It does!Radio and Radio Equipment (1.2%)Farm and Heavy Equipment (5.0%)Telephone (4.0%)Golf (6.5%)Lightning Casualties In U.S. ( )Open Fields (45.0%)Under Trees (23.0%)Water (13.6%)Golf and Trees (1.7%)These are the activities that have the most lightning casualties associated with them in the U.S. Casualties means both deaths and injuries combined.We’re going to go through these one by one to show that some school activities can put students at high risk.
5Lightning Safety When Outdoors If you can see lightning or hear thunder, activate your safety plan. Resume activities only when lightning and thunder have not been observed for 30 minutes.If you can see it (lightning), flee it;if you can hear it (thunder), clear it.
6Lightning Safety 5 seconds = 1 mile “30 / 30 Rule” If 30 secs or less “Flash To Bang”- seek shelterCOMMON MISCONCEPTION1 second = 1 mileACTUALLY5 seconds = 1 mileWait 30 min after last lightning before leaving shelterMay seem too conservative--It’s NOT!
7Lightning Safety Important Components Of A Dispersal / Safety Plan Designated individual responsible to monitor the weather and initiate the necessary precautions when appropriate.Procedure identified to notify all personnel of the appropriate actions when there is a threat or risk of lightning.Safe locations must be pre-identified along with a means to route personnel to those locations.Establishment of an “All Clear” signal which is differentiated from the warning signal.Periodically Review / Train / Drill Dispersal Plan
8Associated HazardsContrary to common belief, most lightning accidents do not come from direct lightning strikes. There are several ways lightning can cause injury.
9Lightning Step Voltage 200,000 VoltsStep VoltageCurrent flowthru earthgeneratesvoltage8,000 voltsacross feet(Typical)0 Volts far awayKMS: 5/98
12Safe Locations #1No place is absolutely safe from lightning. Ideally, evacuation to a lightning-certified or lightning-protected building is best, when available; however, these will not always be available.THENLarge enclosed structures (substantially constructed buildings).
13Indoor Lightning Safety Avoid using telephone (remember the wires)Avoid using water – sink, tub, etc. (plumbing)Unplug appliances (remember the wires)Inner rooms are best
14Safe Locations #2 Fully enclosed metal vehicles – car, bus, etc. Close windowsKeep hands on lapIt’s not the rubber tires that make a vehicle safe – it’s the metal enclosure.
15Safe Locations #3 Remaining Outdoors Stay away from rivers, lakes, or other bodies of water. Be aware of the potential for flooding in low-lying areas.Stay away from natural lightning rods / tall structures such as towers, tall trees, telephone poles / lines, tents with metal supports, etc.Take shelter under a small tree among several large ones, if possible. Stay at least 6 feet away from the tree trunk to minimize a side strike and step voltage. NEVER stand under an isolated tree.Stay low (crouch) in a ditch or depression. Other options include a low area, ravine, or foot of a hill. DO NOT lie flat on ground.
16Lightning Safety Position (LSP) Assume LSP.Crouch with feet as close together as possible. Have heels touch.Place hands over ears.-REMEMBER DO NOT LIE FLAT ON THE GROUND
17Lightning Safe Locations 10987654321Relative Lightning ProtectionLightning Certified FacilityOutdoorsLightning Protected BuildingSeek Proper ShelterBuildings much better than vehiclesLarge, fully enclosed, substantially builtVehicles offer some safetyNo place outside is safe near a thunderstormNear = 6 MilesWe talked about going to proper lightning shelters, but what constitutes a proper lightning shelter? Of the resources most commonly available, a large fully enclosed substantially constructed building is your best bet, such as your typical house or school. By substantially constructed, we mean it needs a lot of wiring and plumbing in the walls.If a building isn’t available,a vehicle with a metal roof and metal sides is a reasonable second choice. Notice how I emphasize it’s the metal shell that protects you, not the rubber tires insulating you from the ground -- that’s a myth that just won’t die!