Presentation on theme: "Communication Prior to the Printing Press Michael Jackson."— Presentation transcript:
Communication Prior to the Printing Press Michael Jackson
35,000 BCE Musical instruments emerged. The bone flute was created for enjoyment; however, I believe it could have also been used as a sort of alarm or alert system.
10,000 BCE Notches in bones found in the Near East believed to be a lunar calendar. The meaning of the marks are largely unknown; however, it is evident that they served a purpose at some point.
8,000 BCE Clay tokens appear in Sumer which may symbolize goods like sheep jars of oil. It’s a precursor to writing. These tokens were an entirely new medium for conveying information. Each token shape: cone, sphere, disk, etc., had a different meaning. The token system was the first code and the earliest system of signs used for transmitting information.
3500 BCE Pictographic writing starts in Sumer and Elam. It’s the earliest stage of inscriptions. Tokens representing goods are placed in clay ball envelopes. In order to show what was inside the envelopes, they press the tokens into the clay in the outside.
3372 BCE This is the start of the Mayan calendar.
3100 BCE Sumerians cuneiform numerals separate from symbols of goods. Sharp sticks were pressed into wet clay so that information could be sent elsewhere (using tablets). There were approximately 600 signs.
3000 BCE Egyptians developed hieroglyphics. They were used for records and literature.
3000 BCE In the Mediterranean or Near East, the abacus is derived from counting boards. Mathematics emerges.
2700 BCE Chinese ink is made from a mixture of soot, pine smoke, lamp oil, musk, and gelatin from donkey skin.
2640 BCE China produces silk which is used as a writing surface before paper.
2600 BCE Scribes in Egypt employ hieratic writing, a condensed, cursive hieroglyphic. It is called “Cursive Script.”
2500 BCE Oral language could now be recorded by written language. It could now be read aloud and more records were likely kept because of this.
2200 BCE Oldest existing document written on papyrus.
2060 BCE The king of Ur in Sumeria, Ur-Nammu, creates the first known code of law.