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LOGO Environmental Planning & Assessment Centre, Yonsei University Prof. Mu Choon Lee Teaching Environment Assessment in Korean Universities: The Case.

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Presentation on theme: "LOGO Environmental Planning & Assessment Centre, Yonsei University Prof. Mu Choon Lee Teaching Environment Assessment in Korean Universities: The Case."— Presentation transcript:

1 LOGO Environmental Planning & Assessment Centre, Yonsei University Prof. Mu Choon Lee Teaching Environment Assessment in Korean Universities: The Case of Yonsei University -Experiences and Challenges- 1 Dec. 2009

2 Outline Introduction 1 Changes in regulations related to Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) 2 EIA course in Yonsei University 4 Challenges and Future Direction Status of Undergraduate and Graduate Programs 3

3 1. Introduction  Occurrences of environmental problems from 1970s as a result of the national development project (The first environmental accident in Korea which became a social issue was the onset of Onsan Disease in 1983)  Need for strategies to deal with environmental issues  EIA system introduced in environmental conservation law in 1977  Increase of demand on professional human resources  EA education in Universities  Purpose of the presentation: To analyze current EA education system in Korea and provide implications for future directions in EA education

4 2. Changes of regulations related to Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental conservation law (1977) Regulation on preparing environmental impact assessment reports (1981) Guideline of designation and management of acting agents of EIA(1997) Review handbook of EIA reports(1997) Standard of calculation of preparation cost of EIA reports (1994) Prior Environmental Review System(1993) Health Impact Assessment (2010) Negotiation system of natural landscape (2006) Enactment of guideline for deciding scope of items of EIA(2004) Process regulation of SEA(2004) Guideline of rules of EIA(2001) Comprehensive EIA law (1999) EIA law (1993) Basic law of environ- mental policy (1990) Laws on EIA and etc. (2009) EIA law (2008)

5 EIA SEA EMS EP Changes of regulations related to Environmental Impact Assessment

6  Environmental impact assessment laws & regulations become more refined, and projects associated with environmental impact assessment increased  Legislation and regulations provided means for controlling imprudent developments  In Europe, EIA is part of the field of geography or environmental planning; however in Korea, it is closer to the field of environmental technology. (Development of preparation technique of environmental impact assessment per project, 1989)  The environmental plan or environmental management system is not well established in Korean legislation, and its power is very low Changes of regulations related to Environmental Impact Assessment

7  Perceived social value of the EIA system has been increased.  Solution of environmental problems generated during development is seen to be possible through EIA system.  However, on the other hand, there is disappointment as EIA system is used toward developer’s advantage.  It is very important to establish objectivity of assessments results under current system.  Importance of university education for EA has been increased in order to solve these problems and to assure the positive function of EIA Changes of regulations related to Environmental Impact Assessment

8 3. Status of Undergraduate and Graduate Schools  Undergraduate programs 1) 4 year Universities with EIA courses - 4 year Universities with EIA classes comprise 48 out of 161, which is 30%

9  Undergraduate programs (Environmental Engineering) 2) Students taking EIA classes Majority of students taking EIA classes are seniors. 3. Status of Undergraduate and Graduate Schools

10  Undergraduate programs (Environmental Engineering) 3) Characteristic of the course - The course was mainly offered as an elective 2009,12, Status of Undergraduate and Graduate Schools

11  Undergraduate program (Environmental Engineering) 4) Professors in charge: full-time vs part-time instructors - 60% of the EIA lectures are done by full-time professors Status of Undergraduate and Graduate Schools

12  Graduate Programs 1) General Graduate School  Yonsei University - Year of establishment In March 1991: Master course of department of environmental science at General Graduate School In March 1994: Ph.D course of the department of environmental science at General Graduate School - Major field: Environmental engineering - Courses offered: High Water Purification Processing, Biological Water Processing, Water Quality Contamination (Membrane separation), Radiation Environment, Atmosphere Pollution, Soil and Underground Water Contamination, Analysis Chemistry. Noise and Vibration, Industrial Safety and Sanitation, Environment Planning and Policy, Wastes and Incineration, Environmental Impact Assessment 2009,12, Status of Undergraduate and Graduate Schools

13  Graduate Programs  KyeMyung University - Year of establishment: In October 1995: Master course of the department of en vironmental science at General Graduate School In October 1997: Ph. D course of the department of envir onmental science at General Graduate School - Major fields: Environmental science, environment planning, energy environment science - EIA opening: Special discussion of environmental impact assessment (A common course) 2009,12, Status of Undergraduate and Graduate Schools

14  Graduate Programs 1) Special Graduate School  Kwangwoon University - Environment Graduate School, established in Fields of major: Environmental engineering Environment management major (In 2003) Environmental impact assessment major (In September 2006) Status of Undergraduate and Graduate Schools

15  48 universities out of 161 (30%) have EIA courses as part of their program universities  Majority of students taking EIA classes are seniors  Only 2% were offered as a major requirement  EIA classes are mostly taught by full-time professors Summary 3. Status of Undergraduate and Graduate Schools

16 Summary (cont’d)  Majority (80%) of the environmental impact assessment courses are part of the dept of envir onmental engineering.  Some environmental impact assessment courses are provided as part of the department of landsca pe and urban planning  Most of the courses used an environmental engineering approach Status of Undergraduate and Graduate Schools

17 4. EIA course in Yonsei University 1)Course offered in Dept of Environmental Engineering 2)EIA courses comprise 6% of total graduation credits 3)Main contents of the course - EIA system - Role of EIA in sustainable development - EIA process - Limitation of EIA - Role as a coordinator - Broad overview than in-depth information

18 EIA course in Yonsei University WeeksContents 1 week Sustainable Development and EIA 2 week Strategic Environmental Assessment(SEA) SEA of Other countries Case study 3 week Prior Environmental Review System Case Study 4 week Environmental Impact Assessment System Development of Environmental Impact Assessment 5 week Similar system of EIA Case Study 6 week Social Impact Assessment(SIA) Health Impact Assessment(HIA) 7 week Principles of EIA 8 week Midterm Exam 3) Curriculum of the EIA course

19 4. EIA course in Yonsei University 19 WeeksContents 9 Week 3D of EIA - Organizational aspect - Procedural aspect - Aspect of contents 10 Week Environment information data (GIS, environmental map and etc) - screening - scoping - PEIA : Post Enviromental Impact Assessment) 11 WeekField Trip 12 WeekEnvironment information data (GIS, environmental map and etc) 13 WeekEnvironment information data (GIS, environmental map and etc) 14 WeekComprehensive assessment technique 15 WeekCast Study of EIA 16 Week Final Exam ※ Main textbook and reference literatures: - Self-developed class materials and other text books

20 5. Challenges and Future Direction  Need for professional education that highlights the role as a coordinator to organize and integrate environmental areas (less focus on environmental technology)  Need for education on strategic environmental assessment which is critical to adjust social conflicts  Need for including fieldwork hours in the curriculum  Increased international collaboration and interaction to improve the quality of university education on EIA  Collaboration among EIA universities in Korea  Establishment of a standard to assure the quality of EIA courses

21 References - Im-Soon Kim, Won-Wuk Choi, Sang-Uk Han, 2005, A study on building competence and plans to introduce professional qualification system for efficient implementation of EIA - Jong-Sung Park, August 2009, A study on developing classes of qualification of environmental impact assessors 』 Korean Educational Development Institute - Mu-Choon Lee, 2000, A study on development courses and improvement plans of environment impact assessment system of Korea. - Mu-Choon Lee, 2003, Grand discussion conference on plans to cultivate and to create demand for environmental technical manpower, April 21, 2003, Korea environment technicians association - Sang-Wook Han, 1998, Looking forward to internal substantiation of EIA, No. 1 Vol. 7 EIA - Sang-Wook Han, November 16, 2007, Accomplishments of EIAsystem for 30 years, Fall academic conference in the 30 th commemoration of environmental impact assessment, and Joint civilian and the government assessment forum

22 LOGO Environmental Planning & Assessment Centre Yonsei University Prof. Mu Choon Lee


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