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TOK Guest Speaker: Mr. Cokerdem (Mr. C.).  1) Gain a deeper understanding of emotion  2) Explore how emotion and rationality interact  3) Consider.

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Presentation on theme: "TOK Guest Speaker: Mr. Cokerdem (Mr. C.).  1) Gain a deeper understanding of emotion  2) Explore how emotion and rationality interact  3) Consider."— Presentation transcript:

1 TOK Guest Speaker: Mr. Cokerdem (Mr. C.)

2

3  1) Gain a deeper understanding of emotion  2) Explore how emotion and rationality interact  3) Consider ways we can enhance our lives and daily experiences based on research and reflection

4  Psychological Definition - a complex state of feeling that results in physical and psychological changes that influence thought and behavior.  Key words: feelings, changes, influence thought and behavior

5 So, how many emotions are there? Many…. Yet, there are about 6 that seem to exist across cultures: anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise. (Paul Ekman, anthropologist)

6 Can you spot them? Anger? Disgust? Fear? Happiness? Sadness? Surprise?

7 Questions:  1) How does emotion relate to knowledge?  2) Are there ways you think emotion enhances knowledge? If so, how?  3) Are there ways you think emotion hinders accurate knowledge? If so, how?  (Note: hinder = to detract from, take away from or make something more difficult to achieve) Instructions:  First, reflect as individuals for 3-5 minutes.  Then, share/discuss in groups, 5-7 minutes.  Finally, we’ll de-brief as a class. Emotion: a complex state of feeling that results in physical and psychological changes that influence thought and behavior.

8  What did you discuss?  Key insights?  Key questions? Just curious:  Did anyone discuss the degree of emotions? In other words, their intensity?  Did anyone discuss scenarios where a person feels none of the 6 main emotions at any one time?  What do we think about that?

9  “Significant emotion (passion) and rational thinking tend to be mutually exclusive.”  Can we accept that statement?  If so, let’s explore that a bit, shall we?  Do I sound like Mr. Cannon yet? Lord help me if I start sounding like Mr. Byck….

10 As passionate emotion increases, our ability to make decisions that we will look back on and agree are good decisions has a strong tendency to fail.  Consider the things we say:  A “hot-headed” person is rather emotional and likely to make rash decisions.  A person with a “cool-head” makes thoughtful, considered decisions. Emotion is a chemical state in our brains that we experience as basic 'feelings'.  Those same chemicals inhibit our higher cognitive capabilities and limit what we call rational thought.

11  Two young lovers in the “heat of the moment”  Fight or flight response: A) “Crime of passion” ▪ homicides due to extreme anger or jealousy; ▪ “temporary” insanity B) Running from the police when they have a gun and say “freeze!” C) Hit and run driver  Can you think of decisions that are affected as emotional response increases? (Think and talk amongst yourselves.)  Also, would you tend to think these decisions are less “rational?”

12 How do you help someone in an emotional state make a rational decision?  Help them calm down  BUT, do not just say 'calm down‘ since that is a rational appeal.  Instead, speak to the emotions with emotional words. Then slowly become less emotional.  If you have time, the simplest approach is just to wait. ▪ Extreme emotions often do not last and the person will eventually cool down.  Any actors in the room? Care for a simulation?

13  How do you get someone to become less likely to make a rational decision? Now, we’re talking!!!  Drum roll please….  Answer: get them into an emotional state!  Enter the salesperson:  A sales person will get their customers: ▪ Excited, Hopeful, Lustful  We can’t forget the politicians:  They routinely invoke: ▪ Fear, nationalism, and the desire to help their fellow humans – sometimes all in one speech! ▪ Of course, Venezuelan politics is all about rationality. No emotion here….  And, of course, Las Vegas – and any casino:  Name of the game – get the customers drunk so they’ll spend more money! ▪ Alcohol is free, especially once you start winning money ▪ Also, if you win big, you get free rooms and meals. ▪ Why? So you’ll stay and lose the money the next day.

14  Paul Ekman (the guy behind the faces)  “The inescapability of emotional response” – we are wired to respond emotionally

15  Appraisal – recognize the situations that are apt to create an emotional response or at least recognize the emotion when it happens  Impulse – feel the impulse of that emotion and what is propelling you to do (what action to take)  Increase the gap - before you act, work on increasing the time so that you can deliberately choose how to best respond Let’s take a look!

16  response_news#.UZavN7Ovhow response_news#.UZavN7Ovhow

17  Emotion affects decision-making  Even when we know what causes our mood, we still are affected by the mood and it influences our decision-making  Just type in: “scientists explore effects of emotion” – you’ll see the link:

18  "While anxiety triggers a preference for options that are safer and provide a sense of control, sadness triggers a preference for options that are more rewarding and comforting.”

19  Let’s read this article together  To get it quickly, google “how are happiness and learning connected”  It’s the first article under “edutopia”  learning-connection-rebecca-alber learning-connection-rebecca-alber  Reactions?

20  Take some time to cement today’s lesson.  In no particular order or format, record in writing some “ah-ha” moments or anything you felt about today’s lesson that triggered interesting, different, or potentially valuable thoughts.  Rank your top 3 or 4.  Then, let’s do a quick class “share out.” That means you get to pick any one item you shared. Identifying 3 or 4 ahead of time will help us avoid duplicates.

21  An interesting theory on depression:  Perhaps, it is an evolutionary response that initially developed because in some cases, it can encourage one to ponder and analyze complex issues.  Google “depression evolutionary roots”  pressions-evolutionary pressions-evolutionary

22  Thanks Everyone!!!  And, remember →


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