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Building Healthy Places with Economic Development and Redevelopment Robert S. Ogilvie PhD Building Healthy Places with Economic Development & Redevelopment.

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Presentation on theme: "Building Healthy Places with Economic Development and Redevelopment Robert S. Ogilvie PhD Building Healthy Places with Economic Development & Redevelopment."— Presentation transcript:

1 Building Healthy Places with Economic Development and Redevelopment Robert S. Ogilvie PhD Building Healthy Places with Economic Development & Redevelopment

2 Public Health Law & Policy We are a nonprofit corporation that improves community health outcomes by building the capacity of public health leaders to use sophisticated legal and policy tools in their everyday practice. We are a multi-disciplinary team of lawyers, urban planners, policy analysts – many also with advanced training in public health; all committed to working with public health agencies and their community-based partners.

3 For more information, visit our website at: Our Approach

4 Topics We Work On

5 The "built environment” The man made surroundings that are the setting for human activity. This includes transportation infrastructure, schools, parks, housing, etc.

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11 DECISIONS CONSEQUENCES lead to

12 Tools we can use to build a healthy community

13 Economic Development: The institutional changes made to promote economic betterment. The social/organizational changes made to promote economic growth.

14 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTIONS Local Government Economic Development Agencies Small Business Assistance Agencies Economic Development Corporations Community Development Corporations Job Training and Placement Agencies Business Organizations

15 Local Government State Government Federal Government Community Development Financial Institutions Private Foundations Private Banks FINANCING SOURCES

16 Redevelopment (California) Urban Renewal (Colorado, Texas) Community Renewal (Oregon) Slum Clearance (Arizona)

17 Powers of the Redevelopment Agency Tax increment financing Improving blighted conditions Master planning authority Mobilizing other public funds Eminent domain

18 A public process that aims to improve the economic and physical condition of a designated (blighted) area The budget of the Redevelopment Agency is separate from the city/county budget

19 Potential Health Benefits Rebuilding Places Attracting & retaining healthy food retail

20 1990s: Supermarket consolidation

21 There are fewer stores…

22 Grocery stores are much larger

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24 SUPERMARKET DEVELOPMENT Build a new full service supermarket

25 SMALL STORE DEVELOPMENT Build new produce markets or small format groceries

26 CORNER STORE IMPROVEMENT Assist willing corner store operators in upgrading their offerings to include fresh food for sale in existing stores

27 MOBILE MARKETS Organize the sale of fresh produce from trucks with a weekly schedule

28 FARMERS’ MARKETS Organize and incentivize regularly scheduled markets

29 An area that in its present condition and use… impairs or arrests the sound growth of the municipality, retards the provision of housing accommodations.. and is a menace to the public health, safety, morals or welfare… (Colorado) Blighted Area

30 Justus Hayes / Shoes on Wires / shoesonwires.com Blighted area…an area…that, because of deteriorating buildings, structures…; defective or inadequate streets, street layout, or accessibility; unsanitary conditions; adversely affects the public health, safety, morals, or welfare of the municipality and its residents. (Texas)

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32 CONTROVERSIAL HISTORY “Urban Renewal” “Slum clearance” “Negro Removal”

33 Eminent Domain …the inherent power of the state to seize a citizen's private property for a public use. When property is “taken”, just compensation must be paid.

34 Property is turned over to private developers

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37 Mixed Use/Smart Growth

38 Improve pedestrian environments

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40 Creating attractive contiguous pedestrian environments

41 Protect Road

42 Protect Place

43 Photo simulation by Steve Price, Urban Advantage (www.urban-advantage.com) Community

44 Building a new transportation infrastructure

45 Almost 1/3 of Americans who commute to work via public transit meet their daily requirements for physical activity by walking as part of their daily life Image Source:

46 Creating mixed use neighborhoods that are more economically vital and resilient

47 Collecting more tax revenue per acre

48 How can you influence ? redevelopment

49 State law requires public participation in the planning and approval of redevelopment plans Public Process

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51 Mobilize & share data

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