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Volume By Slicing AP Calculus

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Volume Volume = the sum of the quantities in each layer

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x x x x y x-axis

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**Volume by Cross Sections**

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BE7250 Axial (cross sectional) magnetic resonance image of a brain with a large region of acute infarction, formation of dying or dead tissue, with bleeding. This infarct involves the middle and posterior cerebral artery territories. Credit: Neil Borden / Photo Researchers, Inc.

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Volume by Slicing (Finding the volume of a solid built on the base in the x – y plane) METHOD: 1.) Graph the “BASE” 2.) Sketch the line segment across the base. That is the representative slice “n” Use “n” to find: a.) x or y (Perpendicular to axis) b.) the length of “n” 3.) Sketch the “Cross Sectional Region” - the shape of the slice (in 3-D ) from Geometry V = B*h h = or is the thickness of the slice B = the Area of the cross section 4.) Find the area of the region 5) Write a Riemann’s Sum for the total Volume of all the Regions

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**Example 1: Base Cross -Section**

The base of a solid is the region in the x-y plane bounded by the graph and the y – axis. Find the volume of the solid if every cross section by a plane perpendicular to the x-axis is a square. Example 1: Base Cross -Section

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**The base of a solid is the region in the x-y plane bounded by the graph**

and the y – axis. Find the volume of the solid if every cross section by a plane perpendicular to the x-axis is an Isosceles Rt. Triangle (leg on the base). Example 2:

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**Some Important Area Formulas**

Square- side on base Square- diagonal on base Equilateral Δ Isosceles rt Δ leg on base Isosceles rt Δ hypotenuse on base

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EXAMPLE #4/406 The solid lies between planes perpendicular to the x - axis at x = -1 and x = 1 . The cross sections perpendicular to the x – axis are circular disks whose diameters run from the parabola y = x2 to the parabola y = 2 – x2.

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**Volumes of Revolution: Disk and Washer Method**

AP Calculus

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**Volume of Revolution: Method**

Lengths of Segments: In revolving solids about a line, the lengths of several segments are needed for the radii of disks, washers, and for the heights of cylinders. A). DISKS AND WASHERS 1) Shade the region in the first quadrant (to be rotated) 2) Indicate the line the region is to be revolved about. 3) Sketch the solid when the region is rotated about the indicated line. 4) Draw the representative radii, its disk or washer and give their lengths. <<REM: Length must be positive! Top – Bottom or Right – Left >> Ro = outer radius ri = inner radius

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**Disk Method The Formula: The formula is based on the**

Rotate the region bounded by f(x) = 4 – x2 in the first quadrant about the y - axis The region is _______________ _______ the axis of rotation. The Formula: The formula is based on the _____________________________________________

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**Washer Method The Formula: The formula is based on**

Rotate the region bounded by f(x) = x2, x = 2 , and y = 0 about the y - axis The region is _______________ __________ the axis of rotation. The Formula: The formula is based on _____________________________________________

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Disk Method Rotate the region bounded by f(x) = 2x – 2 , x = 4 , and y = 0 about the line x = 4 The region is _______________ _______ the axis of rotation.

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Washer Method Rotate the region bounded by f(x) = -2x , x = 2 , and y = 0 about the y - axis The region is _______________ __________ the axis of rotation.

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**Example 1: The region is bounded by Rotated about:**

the x-axis, and the y-axis a) The x-axis b) The y-axis c) x = 3 d) y = 4

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**Example 2: The region is bounded by: Rotated about:**

f(x) = x and g(x) = x2 a) the x-axis in the first quadrant b) the y-axis c) x = 2 d) y = 2

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**The base of a solid is the region in the x-y plane bounded by the graph**

and the x – axis. Find the volume of the solid if every cross section by a plane perpendicular to the x-axis is an Isosceles Rt. Triangle (leg on the base). Example 2:

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6.3 Volumes by Cylindrical Shells. Find the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded,, and about the y -axis. We can use the washer.

6.3 Volumes by Cylindrical Shells. Find the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded,, and about the y -axis. We can use the washer.

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