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Literacy Changes Lives Julia Taylor. Definition “ literacy is the "ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using.

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Presentation on theme: "Literacy Changes Lives Julia Taylor. Definition “ literacy is the "ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using."— Presentation transcript:

1 Literacy Changes Lives Julia Taylor

2 Definition “ literacy is the "ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written materials associated with varying contexts. Literacy involves a continuum of learning in enabling individuals to achieve their goals, to develop their knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in their community and wider society” The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)UNESCO

3 Literacy levels are usually, but not always, related to levels of education and are important predictors of employment, active participation in the community and health status. They are also important predictors of the success of a nation (Health Canada 1999) The impact of literacy

4 Cognitive Development

5 Brain development The raw material of the brain is the nerve cell called the neuron. The process of fetal brain development is influenced by both genetics and the environment Nature v Nurture

6 The impact of neglect

7 The CT scan shows an image from a healthy 3- year-old with an average head size compared to the image from a 3-year-old suffering from severe sensory-deprivation neglect. This child’s brain is significantly smaller than average and has abnormal development of cortex. These images are from studies conducted by a team of researchers from the Child Trauma Academy (www.ChildTrauma.org) led by Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D. The impact of neglect

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9 Implications for policy and practice Key life stage interventions Education at school –sex education, parent craft and life skills Pre and post natal education and support Family first approach to formal education Adult literacy and community initiatives

10 Literacy and Inequalities The 3 divides O Education O Digital O Health

11 Digital - 88% of all internet users live in industrialized countries i.e. 15% of the world’s population (UNDP, 1999) 4 out of 5 websites are in English –only 1 in 10 people on the planet speak English. This divide is similar to the global health divide where 90% of global resources go to health in developed countries (WHO 1998) The education divide is as daunting as those regarding the digital divide, and perhaps more so. There are an estimated 876 million illiterate adults in the world (~25% of the world's adult population), and the majority of them are women and girls. The Digital, Health & Education Divide

12 Education Divide Government policy and fashionable teaching methods have resulted in unacceptable levels of functional literacy in the UK “So Why Can’t They Read” study commissioned by Boris Johnson Current government policy has placed more emphasis on teaching and learning – schools rebelling against Standard Assessment Tests (SATs) The development of self esteem is key to successful learning and personal, social and health skills are vital to the development of functional literacy SEAL – Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning

13 1 in 4 adults have never used the internet 1/3 rd of households don’t have access to the internet 49% without access in the lowest socio-economic groups 39% of people without access are over 65 70% of people who live in social housing aren’t on line Source: Martha Lane Fox (Digital Inclusion Champion ) UK Digital Statistics

14 Mobile Phone Use 75,750,000 mobile phones in the UK 61,612,300 Population in the UK 45% of internet users use a mobile phone Source: The World Factbook Opportunities for literacy development through intergenerational activities with children teaching mobile phone use whilst for example working on a local history or cultural project

15 Literacy challenges Literacy Trust Research Mobile text messaging making children more impulsive Children failing to read books Children as young as 7 are more likely to own a mobile phone than a book Letter writing ‘dying out’ among children Books in the home ‘boost children’s education’

16 Implications for practice Successful interventions ‘start where people are at’ are set where people live their everyday lives acknowledge a wide variety of learning styles and use multiple approaches


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