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Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services Introduction to Law Evolution of Laws.

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Presentation on theme: "Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services Introduction to Law Evolution of Laws."— Presentation transcript:

1 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services Introduction to Law Evolution of Laws

2 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services Objectives History of the American Legal SystemHistory of the American Legal System Types of law in AmericaTypes of law in America –Constitutional Law –Statutory Law –Ordinance –Criminal Law –Case Law –Civil Law

3 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services American Legal System Law:Law: –A form of social control –Method of encouraging behaviors Other forms of controlOther forms of control –Morality –Religion Religious concepts have led to laws

4 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services American Legal System Simple societySimple society –Written laws not necessary –Peer pressure is high –Hierarchy determines acceptable behaviors –Those violating law are punished collectively

5 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services American Legal System Complex societyComplex society –Written laws necessary Rules of the society codified and distributed –Sometimes referred to as “common law” American legal system is based on English common law –Law maintains property ownership, regulation of business, raising revenue for government operations

6 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services Types of Laws Constitutional LawConstitutional Law Statutory LawStatutory Law OrdinancesOrdinances Criminal LawCriminal Law Case LawCase Law Civil LawCivil Law

7 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services Constitutional Law Defines the form of governmentDefines the form of government –Representative form with three branches Executive Legislative Judicial –Identify the powers and limitations on each branch Sets standards for government and its people, interpreted by the Supreme CourtSets standards for government and its people, interpreted by the Supreme Court

8 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services Constitutional Law Florida ConstitutionFlorida Constitution –Modeled after the U.S. Constitution in 1845 –Makes interpretation of U.S. Constitutional decisions easier –Provides the same level of rights as the U.S. Constitution

9 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services Statutory Law Laws passed by Congress, state legislatures or local authoritiesLaws passed by Congress, state legislatures or local authorities Includes:Includes: –Regulation –Civil law –Criminal law –Administrative law

10 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services Local Ordinances Local government lawsLocal government laws –Address local issues –All misdemeanors or civil wrongs –Apply only within the jurisdiction –Cannot conflict with state or federal law Examples:Examples: –Parking laws, sign ordinances, open container laws

11 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services Criminal Law A subset of statutory lawA subset of statutory law –Defines unacceptable behaviors and government prosecution of those who commit them –Must clearly define the unacceptable behaviors –Must set punishment for violation Examples:Examples: –Robbery, kidnapping, murder, theft, trespassing, burglary, sexual battery

12 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services Case Law Decisions of the court system set precedenceDecisions of the court system set precedence –Lower courts take notice of higher court rulings –Lower courts must abide by upper court rulings –Lower courts get guidance from upper court rulings –Supreme Court interprets the standards of the Constitution against today’s events

13 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services Civil Law Legal action to resolve a private disputeLegal action to resolve a private dispute –No crime involved, but one claims that another is responsible for some damage or injury –Court is called to help resolve the situation –Court hears both sides, determines responsibility –Harmed person/company (plaintiff) files a lawsuit against the person allegedly causing the harm (defendant), asking the court to decide responsibility

14 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services Law and the Police Police enforce criminal lawPolice enforce criminal law Police must abide by case law, stay informedPolice must abide by case law, stay informed Police enforce ordinancesPolice enforce ordinances Police respond to civil cases, helping to resolve situations without violencePolice respond to civil cases, helping to resolve situations without violence Police note statutory/ regulatory issues and report themPolice note statutory/ regulatory issues and report them

15 Legal Introduction to Law Daytona State College School of Emergency Services Questions?


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