Presentation on theme: "Warmup About the Delhi Sultanate: Who started it?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Warmup About the Delhi Sultanate: Who started it? What religion were they?How did that religion affect India?What did they succeed in doing?
2 The rest of the six weeks: THIS WEEK Today Africa Tuesday Mongols Wednesday Mongols Thursday Trade Friday TradeNEXT WEEK Monday Review Due Tuesday Test Wednesday Go over Test Thursday Comparative Essay Friday Essay review END OF 2nd SIX WEEKS Purple = test grade
3 Test grade: next Thursday Compare and contrast the political and economic effects of Mongol rule on TWO of the following regions: China Middle East Russia You may bring as many handwritten notes as you would like (as long as you wrote them)
4 For Tuesday P. 326-333 2 pages of notes OR Significance of terms: NomadismSteppesIronBubonic plagueGenghis KhancavalryOPEN NOTES QUIZZESARE HAPPENING
5 For Wednesday P. 333-338 2 pages of notes OR Significance of terms: Golden HordeTax farmingIl-Khan EmpireAstronomy and mathematicsTimurRashid al-DinOPEN NOTES QUIZZESARE HAPPENING
6 For Thursday P. 348-354 2 pages of notes OR Significance of terms: Yuan EmpireKhubilai KhanBeijingMandarinCottage industriesMathematicsOPEN NOTES QUIZZESARE HAPPENING
8 EuropeNorth AfricaSahara DesertMiddle EastSub-Saharan Africa
9 Questions to answer How did Islam spread to western Africa? What did the Mali trade with Europe?Why was it ^ in such high demand?How did Islam influence western African culture?Who was Mansa Musa?
10 EARLY MOVEMENT IN AFRICA Early Africa = MovementMovement and migration in Africa are constant themesand explanations for change and innovation.Pastoralism is movement, migration of humans is movement and so is trade.Movement is also a major explanations for the widespread diversity of languages and cultures as well as tribes.
11 EARLY CHRISTIANITY IN AFRICA Early Christianity in North AfricaChristianity reached Africa during 1st century C.E.St. Mark converted Egypt, spread up NileRomans introduced faith to North AfricaEthiopia was, and remained, largely ChristianChristianity had no influence on sub-Saharan African
12 GHANA: 1ST SUB-SAHARAN CIVILIZATION CamelsCamels came to Egypt from Arabia, 7th century B.C.E.Romans introduced them to North Africa, patrolled desertAfter 500 C.E. camels replaced horses, donkeys as transport animalsCamels' arrival quickened pace of communication across the SaharaThe kingdom of GhanaBecame the most important commercial site in west AfricaControlled gold minesExchanged gold with nomads for saltProvided gold, ivory, and slavesKoumbi-SalehCapital cityThriving commercial center
13 ARRIVAL OF ISLAM IN AFRICA Early African religion was mainly animistIslam in AfricaNorth AfricaArab armies conquered region by early 8th Century; pushed up NileMass conversions of local inhabitants due to tax incentivesWest AfricaIntroduced by Trans-Saharan Trade routeMerchants were greatest contact with IslamElite religion vs. common practicesMost people remained polytheists especially outside of cities, townsProduced syncretic blend such as accommodation of African gender normsAfter conversion by elites, old beliefs remained; part of inherited traditionsReligion introduced writing, literary traditions
15 KINGDOM OF MALI Rise of the Kingdom The Mali empire and trade Ghana dissolved but its peoples remainedRuling elites, families converted to Islam after his deathThe Mali empire and tradeMost people were animistsMerchants and ruling elites became MuslimsControlled gold, salt;Taxed almost all trade passing through west AfricaEnormous caravans linked Mali to north AfricaBesides Niani, many prosperous cities on caravan routesThe decline of MaliFactions crippled the central governmentRise of province of Gao as rival to MaliMilitary pressures from neighboring kingdoms, desert nomads
17 SUNDIATA AND MANSA MUSA The original lion kingReigned and built the Mali empireMansa MusaSundiata's grand nephew, reigned from 1312 to 1337Made his pilgrimage to Mecca inGargantuan caravan of thousand soldiers and attendantsGold devalued 25% in Cairo during his visitMansa Musa and IslamUpon return to Mali, built mosquesSent students to study with Islamic scholars in North AfricaEstablished Islamic schools in MaliEstablished University at Timbuktu
18 THE CONTINUING BANTU MIGRATION The Bantu MigrationBegun during Classical PeriodLanguages differentiated into 500 distinct but related tonguesOccupied most of sub-Saharan Africa by 1000 C.E.Bantu spread iron, herding technologies as they movedBananasBetween 300/500 C.E., Malay seafarers reached AfricaSettled in Madagascar, visited East African coastBrought with them pigs, taro, and banana cultivationBananas became well-established in Africa by 500 C.E.Bananas caused population spurt, migration surge
20 SLAVERY Slavery in Africa Slave trading Most slaves were captives of war, debtors, criminalsKept for local use or sold in slave marketsOften used as domestic laborers especially agricultural workersGenerally not a social stigma attachedSlaves could receive freedom, become part of family, tribeChildren born to slaves were not slavesSlave tradingSlave trade increased after the 11th century CESlave raids against smaller states, stateless societiesMuslims could not be used as slaves (Quran) yet often ignored