Presentation on theme: "Friday, March 4 QW #6 – social class Canterbury Tales Notes."— Presentation transcript:
1 Friday, March 4QW #6 – social classCanterbury Tales Notes
2 Today’s Goals Discuss characterization/social class Learn helpful historical background information for The Canterbury TalesReview the literary devices Chaucer uses (satire, frame story)
3 QW #6– Social ClassHow is RHS divided into social groups? How can you tell who is in which groups? Do people pick their groups or are they assigned in some way? Can you move from one group to another with ease or is it difficult? How do the members of each group relate to members of other groups?
4 Introduction to The Canterbury Tales CharacterizationClassicismMedieval social structureChanging timesSocial satire
5 CharacterizationThe process by which a writer reveals the personality of a characterCan be direct or indirectNarrator can tell usDescribe how looks/dressesCharacter’s words/actionsReveal character’s thoughts/feelingsShowing how others respond to, think about, or speak about the character
6 Classicism Clergy Nobility Peasants Women (sorry, ladies) Ruling class AristocracyFighting classPeasantsMiddle class (not recognized)Trade class (not recognized)Peasantry classWomen (sorry, ladies)
7 Rigid structureAttempts to move from one group to another was considered against the laws of nature and of God.
8 The Three Estates Men were classed according to what they did Those who prayThose who fightThose who work
9 Men and WomenWomen were classed according to their relationship to menVirginWifeWidow
10 Changing Times Renaissance approaching Science progressing Greek literature rediscoveredDemocracyCapitalism encouraged social changeChaucer wrote “Tales” as satire
11 The Canterbury Tales Written as “estates satire” Shows each of the three estates and portrays the ideal members of each, as well as the problems with the social structurePublicly exposed corruptionWritten in Middle English
12 Geoffrey Chaucer Father of English poetry Before Chaucer, serious poets would not write in English – felt that English could not convey the nuances & complexities of serious literatureWell-known gov’t official under Edward III, Richard II, Henry IV
13 Why else is Chaucer important? CT, similar to Italy’s Decameron, uses a frame deviceStrength of spirit & personality – “In a dark, troubled age, he was a comfortable optimist, serene, full of faith.” (John Gardner)
14 As we read…Keep in mind that it has been said that Chaucer defends one true virtue…charity – the good man’s willingness to give the benefit of the doubt, to find some nobility in even the most wretched & deplorable of people . Do you believe this is true?
15 Pilgrimage Religious journey made to a shrine or a holy place Pilgrims = many stations & many stages in lifeCT begins pilgrimage in spring = why symbolic?
16 Murder of Beckett Friend of King Henry Named Archbishop as means to control the ChurchMurdered by King’s men when he defied King’s authority
17 Pilgrimage to Canterbury Beckett was very popularQuickly made a saintHomage at his tomb
18 “Frame” Tale Over twenty characters traveling together to Canterbury Inn’s Host challenges them to each tell a story on the way to CanterburyThe best story wins a free dinnerPremise provides a “frame” within which to hear the stories.
19 “Frame” Story Includes # of different narratives Outer story (pilgrimage) unites traveler’s individual tales (inner stories)Tales themselves have thematic unity