Presentation on theme: "CE-Notes 3-4. Week 2: DO NOW TUESDAY 1.What type of government do we have in America? 2.Who do you think was the worst leader in history? 3.Do you think."— Presentation transcript:
Week 2: DO NOW TUESDAY 1.What type of government do we have in America? 2.Who do you think was the worst leader in history? 3.Do you think the people should have a say in government? WEDNESDAY 1.In which type of economic system can private individuals own property? 2.Which type of government has a king or a queen with all the power? 3.Which type of democracy do we have in America? THURSDAY 1.What are the names of the THREE regions of the colonies? 2.Illustrate and label the triangular trade.
Objectives SWBAT describe the founding of the New England, Middle and Southern Colonies. SWBAT analyze the impact of geography on each region. Today’s Questions: 1.Who founded the American Colonies? 2.Why were the colonies formed?
RAP CEnotes 3 1.What do you need for farming? 2.What do you think the stars on this flag represent?
The 13 Colonies and their flag New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia
Notes page 3 Background Info: –England is a “superpower” with the strongest Navy and control of all ocean trade, –Mercantilism: A system where the mother country (England) establishes colonies (13 colonies) to use as a trading partner. This way the mother country can increase wealth by having a favorable balance of trade (Exports>Imports) Example: England establishes a colonies in the America so it can have plenty of cotton to make textiles with in its factories. This way it doesn’t have to import the cotton from another country. Saves $$
Notes 4 Background Why did people come to the colonies? –Economic opportunity: the chance to make money, esp. in the South in agriculture. Primogeniture: a law in England which only allowed 1 st born sons to inherit land. –Religious Freedom: Puritans and pilgrims were escaping the Church of England. They came to New England to reform their church.
Who came and why: –1620: Pilgrims come over on the Mayflower to found their new church and practice religion freely –1630: Puritans take over pilgrims. Both groups wanted to escape the Church of England. –Puritans are so strict they establish a theocracy in Massachusetts, forcing other colonists to leave also in search of religious freedom and tolerance. Climate/Geography: –N.E. is cold and the soil is bad for farming. –Small pieces of land given to single families Economy: –Indentured servants are brought over to work. –Manufacturing and trading centers (wealthy and busy harbors like Boston) –Shipbuilding Notes page 4 New England Colonies
Plymouth Plantation (Massachusetts Bay Colony)
Boston Harbor: then & now
Notes page 4 Middle Colonies Who came and why: –1650: Catholics settle in Maryland to practice religion freely—they weren’t allowed in MA. –1682: Quakers come to Pennsylvania for religious tolerance. Climate/Geography: –Soil good for farming wheat, barley & rye Economy: –Cottage industries: weaving, shoemaking furniture –“Bread basket colonies”
Cottage industry in the middle colonies
Notes pg. 4 Southern Colonies Who came and why: –1607 Jamestown, Virginia. Founded by British men hoping to gain land and make $$. –Southern colonies were founded by men looking to increase their wealth through agriculture they are called “Proprietors” Climate/Geography: –Fertile Soil, great for Cash Crops (cotton & tobacco) Economy: –Plantation System (wealthy families who owned huge pieces of land and slaves) –Depended on Slaves to work the plantation –Produced the crops/raw materials for the Triangular Trade.
PIT 2 Complete the Chart using your notes New England Colonies: MA, NH, RI, CT Middle Colonies: NY, NJ, PA, MD, DE Southern Colonies: NC, VA, GA, SC Climate/ geography --bad soil -Cold -Lived close together -good soil-fertile soil -Good temps -Long growing season Economy -Shipbuilding -Use indentured servants -Manufacturing -Trade -Cottage industries -Bread basket -plantation system Cash crops Slave labor Why colonies started Religious Freedom -religious freedom - farming Came to make $ through agriculture
What did the Middle and Southern colonies have in common? cash crops ethnic diversity political structure religious diversity