Presentation on theme: "His real name: Samuel Langhorne Clemens"— Presentation transcript:
1His real name: Samuel Langhorne Clemens A world famous short story writer.His real name: Samuel Langhorne ClemensMark Twain ( )
2Mark Twain was bornin Florida and he wasnot a healthy baby. Infact, he was notexpected to livethrough the first winter.But with his mother'stender care, he managed to survive. As a boy, he caused much trouble for his parents. He used to play jokes on all of his friends and neighbors. He didn't like to go to school, and he constantly ran away from home.
3He always went in thedirection of the nearbyMississippi (密西西比河)as he loved the great riverso much. His father diedwhen he was 12. MarkTwain left school and began to work for a printer (印刷商), who only provided him with food and clothing. Then, he worked as a printer, a riverboat pilot (领航员) and later joined the army. But shortly after that he became a miner (矿工).
4The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn During this period, he started to write short stories. Afterwards he became a full--time writer.masterpiecesThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn<<哈克贝里费恩历险记>>
8More about Mark TwainHow do you know that he loved Mississippi River very much ?Three of his most famous books describe people on this great river. They are________________________________________________________________________________________________and his penname is about the river.The Adventures of Tom Sawyer,The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and Life on the Mississippitwo“ Twain “ is an old word for _____.so “mark twain” is to say that____________________it is two fathoms deep.( 1 fathom == 6 feet / meters )
9What did he do after he left school ? What was he famous for ?How was his last years of life ?He was a printer, a riverboat pilot, a soldier, a gold miner, a businessman and a newspaper reporter.He was famous for its description of common people and the way they talked, but especially for his humor.It was filled with sad events, loneliness and the loss of much money.
11Features of the play:1.This is a two-act play, meaning that the events of the drama are divided into two main parts.Sometimes the second act of a play changes the setting (i.e. time and place) but more often there is some change in the thoughts and actions of the main characters.Each act is made up of various scenes.
122. Another basic feature in the structure of plays is the stage direction. The word or words, which appear in italics, provide the director and actors with guidance about how words should be said (i.e. tone of voice) or what action actors should take as they say the words (i.e. behavior).
133. A third important feature of plays can be found in the use of the dash (----). In dramatic dialogue, the dash lets the reader know that the character who is speaking has either been interrupted by another character or, for some as yet unknown reason, has decided not to finish what he or she intended to say.
14The Million Pound Bank-Note Let’s enjoy the film!The Million Pound Bank-Note
151.A large amount of polluted water is flowing into the sea. 2.Large amounts of money were spent on thebridge.表示“许多，若干”的短语a large/great/good number ofa great/good many 复数名词a good few/ quite a few
16A large amount of + 不可数名词 +单数动词 Note:large amounts of +不可数名词 +复数动词is a large amount ofThere coal to be sent there.are large amounts ofThe amount of + 不可数名词 “……的量”The number of……的数目Numbers of 跟复数名词A number of大量的
17many a +单数名词（谓语用单数）a great/good deal ofa great/large amount of 不可数名词quite a littlea lot of /lots ofa great /large quantity oflarge quantities of 可数名词/plenty of 不可数名词
181._____ students went to see Mr.Wang during B the time he was ill.A. The number of B. A number ofC.The large number of D. A large number2. The number of mistakes______ by him _____surprising.A. to make;are B. making; isC.made; is D. to be made; are3.The number of people invited _____ 50,but a number of them _____ absentfor different reasons.A. were;was B. was; wasC. was; were D. were; wereBCC
19B D A D 4. A great ____ of foreign guests come to our school for a visit every year.A. Deal B.number C. plenty D. lot5.The wounded soldier lost _____ blood.A.a great many B.a great number ofC.a great amount D.a great deal of6.Many a ____ _____ not able to work themath problem out.A.student;was B.students;wereC.student;were D.students;was7.There has been ____ rainfall in this areathis year.A.a great many B. a plenty ofC.quite a lot D.enoughBDAD
20make a bet 打赌 e.g. He made a bet with me on whether the famous actress would come.win a bet 打赌而赢lose a bet 打赌而输put / place a bet on a horse 在一匹马上赌注have a bet on sth 赌博e.g. People in Hong Kong like having a bet on horse.How did you feel about the bet if you lose it ?
21Permit1).permit…to doWill you permit us to use this room for a meeting ?2)permit+ n./ pron.We must never permit anything of the sort.3)permit + n./ pron. +adv./adv. phraseI don’t permit cats in my kitchen.4)permit vi.容许:Weather permitting (= If weather permits ) , we’ll go camping.
222.Smoking is not __________ in the lecture hall . permit / allow1.He was _________ to talk to the prisoner.2.Smoking is not __________ in the lecture hall .3. He _________me a discount of five percent.4. The manager _________ the dog to go into thestore though the store rules didn’t ________ it.permittedallowedallowsallowedpermitPermit含有积极的正面意义，用于正式的场合。Allow含有“听任，不加阻止，不按常规行事。
23allow,permit,admit, let permits 1.If time _______ , I’ll tell you another story.2.I ________________ her into my library.3.Smoking is not _________ here.4._______ me to introduce to you my friend Mr.Smith.5._____ me introduce myself.admitted/allowedpermitted/allowedAllowadmit to/ into 许进入admit=hold 容纳admit doing sth 承认admit to doing sth 承认Let
246.The nurse ______ the visitors to remain allow,permit,admit, letallowed6.The nurse ______ the visitors to remainbeyond the hospital visiting hours,though , it was not _________.7. A stroke of luck _____ us win the game.8._______ him do what he pleases.9.These tickets will _____ us to the movie.10.The law ______ all citizen above acertain age to vote in elections.permittedletLetadmitpermits
25wonder Eg.1.I wonder if you can lend me your bike. wonder if / whetherwonder at sthwonder who/ where/ when/ howNo wonder that-Eg.1.I wonder if you can lend me your bike.2. I wonder who he is.3. I wonder where they come from.4. We wonder at his learning.
26I met her quite by chance. by accident / by (any) chancee.g. Would you by any chance have change for $5I met her quite by chance.stare sb. into sth / stare ate.g I stared her into silence.It’s rude to stare at strangers.No one likes being stared at.
27give oneself up to sb / give sb. up for lost e.g. 1. After a week on the run he gave himself up to the police.2. The air crash happened on the sea and government gave the people on board up for lost.
28…when I was spotted by a ship. Spot :v. recognize / finde.g. He is very tall and can be easily spotted in the crowd.I earned my passage by working as an unpaid hand, which accounts for my appearance.earn one’s passage: get some fare 挣得路费unpaid hand : to work without payingaccount for : give reason to
291.A period of ten years. D________ 2. an organization, or a fund established to help the needy. C________3. Having a false or misleading appearance f__________4. Something produced, published, or offered I__________5. A unit of length equal to 6 feet (1.83 meters) f___________6. One who writes plays; a dramatist. P____________ecadeharityakessueathomlaywright
307. The coming of darkness; dusk. N_________ 8. The right to travel as a passenger, especially on a ship p___________9. The text of a play, broadcast, or movie. S____________10. A usually sweet course or dish, served at the end of a meal. D__________11. Not to be believed I__________ u__________12. One whose business is to cut hair and to shave or trim beards. bightfallassagecriptessertncrediblenbelievablearber
32宾语从句 在另一个句子中做宾语的句子叫宾语从句。 I don’t know whether/if he can pass the exam. The brothers won’t say why they decided to make the bet.
33宾语从句 Now I want to know what I can do. John said that he was leaving for London on Wednesday.
34表语从句 That is why we have given you the letter. 在另外一个句子中作表语的句子叫表语从句That is why we have given you the letter.The question is whether he’ll come.My anger is because you haven’t written to me for a long time.
351. 引导表语从句 The question is whether he’ll come. whether与if均为“是否”但下列情况下只用whether ：1. 引导表语从句 The question is whether he’ll come.I asked him whether/ if he would come.
362. whether从句作介词宾语I’m not sure about whether we’ll win.3. 从句后有"or not" Whether you like it or not, you’ll have to do it.4. whether引导主语从句并在句首 Whether he will come is not clear.
37Ex.3 P20silly, patience, Stare, permit, go aheadI found the afternoon’s entertainment rather ______ and would have preferred to do something more interesting.2. I can’t _________ this party to __________if you refuse to apologize.3. Don’t ______ so hard at the man over there or he might lose his _________and come over to ask you why.sillypermitgo aheadstarepatience
38passage, account,make a bet made a bet4. I _____________that I could do fifty jumpswithout stopping.But I lose his ________and come over to ask you why.5. Is your __________to your hometown paidfor or will they send you an __________foryou to pay later ?passagepassageaccount
39account for, willingness, To be honest, jealous, probably,6. How could you ______________ your behavioron that night ?7. _______________ I don’t like him very muchbecause he is always ___________of the others:success.8. Both of them showed a __________ tofinish the fighting, so the problems will_________ be solved.account forTo be honestjealouswillingnessprobably
40EX. 3 on page 57As a matter or fact, he was spotted by accident when he got into the office.To be honest, the gentleman was in rags in order to pretend that he was poor.He worked as an unpaid director in the company. But when the owner of the company shouted at him in a rude manner again and again, he began to lose his patience.
41She screamed as if she had seen a snake. Even if your company is large, it can still get into trouble by growing too quickly.The reasons he gave to account for his silly actions were indeed unbelievable.
42clever foolish glad jealous Comprehension: find and adjective in the list to complete each sentence. Each word is used only once.Both brothers probably felt that Henry was a ______ young man.Henry was not _________ about what would happen to him when he left the brothers.Henry must have felt _______ when he saw how far he had traveled out to sea.Henry was not _______ to accept money from the brothers.Henry felt _______ when he saw the food on the brothers’ table.cleverconfidentfoolishgladjealous
43Ex. P.19Foolish /jealous /clever /glad /confidentBoth brothers probably felt that Henry was a_____ young man.2. Henry was not _________ about what wouldhappen to him when he felt the brother.3. Henry must have felt ______ when he saw howfar he had traveled out to sea.4. Henry was not _____ to accept money from thebrother.5. Henry felt _______ when he saw the food on the brothers’ tablecleverconfidentfoolishgladjealous
44Comprehension: For each statement, write “F” if it is a fact Comprehension: For each statement, write “F” if it is a fact. Write “O”if it is an opinion._____ Henry wants to find a job in London._____ Henry is given an envelope by the two brothers._____ Henry is an unlucky young man._____ Henry is not a proud man._____ Henry is foolish to go and meet the two brothers.ffooo
48The Million Pound Bank-note Act OneBrief introduction before the film clip:Two brothers Oliver and Roderick made a bet on what would happen if one had nothing but a bank-note of ￡1,000,000.They chose a poor man Henry, who was lost in London because of a strong wind on the sea. He had no money and didn’t know what he should do. At that time he was walking down the street, hearing someone calling him…
49Watch the film clip and answer the questions: Where does Henry come from? Does he know much about London?2. How about his appearance and why ?3. What did the brothers ask Henry not to do?San Francisco. No, he doesn’t know London at all.He was in rags. He earned his passage by working as an unpaid hand on the ship, which accounts for his appearance.They asked Henry not to open the letter until two o’clock.
50Roderick _____ him and asked him to _____ _____ sailing out of the bay About a month agoTowards nightfallThe next morningLastlyNowJust at that timeRoderick _____ him and asked him to _____ _____To Henry’s surpriseRoderick gave him___________________ _____________________sailing out of the baywas carried out to sea by a strong windwas spotted by a shipearned his passage by working as an unpaid handwas lost in London and wandering in the streetcalledstep insidea letter with money
51To deal with details as a help of acting While Henry told the reason he came to London, why did his eyes stare at what was left of the brothers’ dinner on the table?This is because Henry felt very hungry without eating anything for over twenty four hours.
52What was the brothers’ attitude towards Henry, polite or impolite What was the brothers’ attitude towards Henry, polite or impolite? How do you know?They were polite to Henry. They asked Henry to come in through the front door, which is for the guests, not for the servants. They used very polite expressions such as “Would you please…?”The servant said to him, “Permit me to lead the way, sir.” This also showed their good manners.
53When the two brothers wanted to know something about Henry, they used a polite way to say, “I wonder if you’d mind us asking…”When they wanted to know whether Henry had money or not, they asked politely about such kind of sensitive questions, using a polite way, “If you don’t mind, may I ask you how much money you have?”When Henry stood up to leave, they said, “Please don’t go.”
55DiscussionWhy did the waiter go to the restaurant owner when Henry ordered the same food for the second time ?Why did Henry keep looking at the clock ?Why did Mr. Clemens think the bank-note couldn’t be fake?How did the owner’s attitude change at last?