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Mark Twain (1835-1910) His real name: Samuel Langhorne Clemens A world famous short story writer.

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Presentation on theme: "Mark Twain (1835-1910) His real name: Samuel Langhorne Clemens A world famous short story writer."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Mark Twain (1835-1910) His real name: Samuel Langhorne Clemens A world famous short story writer.

3 Mark Twain was born in Florida and he was not a healthy baby. In fact, he was not expected to live through the first winter. But with his mother's tender care, he managed to survive. As a boy, he caused much trouble for his parents. He used to play jokes on all of his friends and neighbors. He didn't like to go to school, and he constantly ran away from home.

4 He always went in the direction of the nearby Mississippi ( 密西西比河 ) as he loved the great river so much. His father died when he was 12. Mark Twain left school and began to work for a printer ( 印 刷商 ), who only provided him with food and clothing. Then, he worked as a printer, a riverboat pilot ( 领航员 ) and later joined the army. But shortly after that he became a miner ( 矿工 ).

5 During this period, he started to write short stories. Afterwards he became a full--time writer. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn > > masterpieces

6 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer > >

7 The Prince and the Pauper

8 Running for governor 《竞选州长》

9 More about Mark Twain How do you know that he loved Mississippi River very much ? Three of his most famous books describe people on this great river. They are___________________________________ ______________________________________ _______________________and his penname is about the river. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and Life on the Mississippi “ Twain “ is an old word for _____.so “mark twain” is to say that____________________ two it is two fathoms deep. ( 1 fathom == 6 feet / 1.83 meters )

10 What did he do after he left school ? What was he famous for ? How was his last years of life ? He was a printer, a riverboat pilot, a soldier, a gold miner, a businessman and a newspaper reporter. He was famous for its description of common people and the way they talked, but especially for his humor. It was filled with sad events, loneliness and the loss of much money.

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12 Features of the play: 1.This is a two-act play, meaning that the events of the drama are divided into two main parts. Sometimes the second act of a play changes the setting (i.e. time and place) but more often there is some change in the thoughts and actions of the main characters.Each act is made up of various scenes.

13 2. Another basic feature in the structure of plays is the stage direction. The word or words, which appear in italics, provide the director and actors with guidance about how words should be said (i.e. tone of voice) or what action actors should take as they say the words (i.e. behavior).

14 3. A third important feature of plays can be found in the use of the dash (----). In dramatic dialogue, the dash lets the reader know that the character who is speaking has either been interrupted by another character or, for some as yet unknown reason, has decided not to finish what he or she intended to say.

15 Let’s enjoy the film! The Million Pound Bank-Note

16 a large amount of a large/great/good number of a great/good many + 复数名词 a good few/ quite a few 1.A large amount of polluted water is flowing into the sea. 2.Large amounts of money were spent on the bridge. 表示 “ 许多,若干 ” 的短语

17 There coal to be sent there. is a large amount of are large amounts of Note: A large amount of + 不可数名词 + 单数动词 large amounts of + 不可数名词 + 复数动词 The amount of + 不可数名词 “…… 的量 ” The number of…… 的数目 Numbers of + 跟复数名词 A number of 大量的

18 a great/good deal of a great/large amount of + 不可数名词 quite a little a lot of /lots of a great /large quantity of large quantities of + 可数名词 / plenty of 不可数名词 many a + 单数名词(谓语用单数)

19 1._____ students went to see Mr.Wang during the time he was ill. A. The number of B. A number of C.The large number of D. A large number 2. The number of mistakes______ by him _____surprising. A. to make;are B. making; is C.made; is D. to be made; are 3.The number of people invited _____ 50,but a number of them _____ absent for different reasons. A. were;was B. was; was C. was; were D. were; were B C C

20 4. A great ____ of foreign guests come to our school for a visit every year. A. Deal B.number C. plenty D. lot 5.The wounded soldier lost _____ blood. A.a great many B.a great number of C.a great amount D.a great deal of 6.Many a ____ _____ not able to work the math problem out. A.student;was B.students;were C.student;were D.students;was 7.There has been ____ rainfall in this area this year. A.a great many B. a plenty of C.quite a lot D.enough B D A D

21 make a bet 打赌 e.g. He made a bet with me on whether the famous actress would come. win a bet 打赌而赢 lose a bet 打赌而输 put / place a bet on a horse 在一匹马上赌注 have a bet on sth 赌博 e.g. People in Hong Kong like having a bet on horse. How did you feel about the bet if you lose it ?

22 1).permit…to do Will you permit us to use this room for a meeting ? 2)permit+ n./ pron. We must never permit anything of the sort. 3)permit + n./ pron. +adv./adv. phrase I don’t permit cats in my kitchen. 4)permit vi. 容许 : Weather permitting (= If weather permits ), we’ll go camping. Permit

23 permit / allow 1.He was _________ to talk to the prisoner. 2.Smoking is not __________ in the lecture hall. 3. He _________me a discount of five percent. 4. The manager _________ the dog to go into the store though the store rules didn’t ________ it. permitted allowed allows allowed permit Permit 含有积极的正面意义,用于正式的场合。 Allow 含有 “ 听任,不加阻止,不按常规行事。

24 1.If time _______, I’ll tell you another story. 2.I ________________ her into my library. 3.Smoking is not _________ here. 4._______ me to introduce to you my friend Mr.Smith. 5._____ me introduce myself. allow,permit,admit, let permits admitted/allowed permitted/ allowed Allow Let admit to/ into 许进入 admit=hold 容纳 admit doing sth 承认 admit to doing sth 承 认

25 6.The nurse ______ the visitors to remain beyond the hospital visiting hours,though, it was not _________. 7. A stroke of luck _____ us win the game. 8._______ him do what he pleases. 9.These tickets will _____ us to the movie. 10.The law ______ all citizen above a certain age to vote in elections. allowed permitted let Let admit permits allow,permit,admit, let

26 wonder wonder if / whether wonder at sth wonder who/ where/ when/ how No wonder that- Eg.1.I wonder if you can lend me your bike. 2. I wonder who he is. 3. I wonder where they come from. 4. We wonder at his learning.

27 by accident / by (any) chance e.g. Would you by any chance have change for $5 I met her quite by chance. stare sb. into sth / stare at e.g I stared her into silence. It’s rude to stare at strangers. No one likes being stared at.

28 give oneself up to sb / give sb. up for lost e.g. 1. After a week on the run he gave himself up to the police. 2. The air crash happened on the sea and government gave the people on board up for lost.

29 …when I was spotted by a ship. Spot :v. recognize / find e.g. He is very tall and can be easily spotted in the crowd. I earned my passage by working as an unpaid hand, which accounts for my appearance. earn one’s passage: get some fare 挣得路费 unpaid hand : to work without paying account for : give reason to

30 1.A period of ten years. D________ 2. an organization, or a fund established to help the needy. C________ 3. Having a false or misleading appearance f__________ 4. Something produced, published, or offered I__________ 5. A unit of length equal to 6 feet (1.83 meters) f___________ 6. One who writes plays; a dramatist. P____________ ecade harity ake ssue athom laywright

31 7. The coming of darkness; dusk. N_________ 8. The right to travel as a passenger, especially on a ship p___________ 9. The text of a play, broadcast, or movie. S____________ 10. A usually sweet course or dish, served at the end of a meal. D__________ 11. Not to be believed I__________ u__________ 12. One whose business is to cut hair and to shave or trim beards. b ightfall assage cript essert ncredible nbelievable arber

32 主语从句 同位语从句 宾语从句 表语从句 EX. 2 on page 20

33 宾语从句 在另一个句子中做宾语的句子叫宾 语从句。 I don ’ t know whether/if he can pass the exam. The brothers won’t say why they decided to make the bet.

34 宾语从句 Now I want to know what I can do. John said that he was leaving for London on Wednesday.

35 表语从句 在另外一个句子中作表语的句子叫表语从句 That is why we have given you the letter. The question is whether he ’ ll come. My anger is because you haven’t written to me for a long time.

36 whether 与 if 均为 “ 是否 ” 但下列情况下只用 whether : 1. 引导表语从句 The question is whether he ’ ll come.表语从句 I asked him whether/ if he would come.

37 2. whether 从句作介词宾语 I’m not sure about whether we’ll win. 3. 从句后有 "or not" Whether you like it or not, you’ll have to do it. 4. whether 引导主语从句并在句 首 Whether he will come is not clear.

38 1.I found the afternoon’s entertainment rather ______ and would have preferred to do something more interesting. 2. I can’t _________ this party to __________if you refuse to apologize. 3. Don’t ______ so hard at the man over there or he might lose his _________and come over to ask you why. silly permitgo ahead stare patience silly, patience, Stare, permit, go ahead Ex.3 P20

39 4. I _____________that I could do fifty jumps without stopping.But I lose his ________ and come over to ask you why. 5. Is your __________to your hometown paid for or will they send you an __________for you to pay later ? made a bet passage account passage, account,make a bet

40 6. How could you ______________ your behavior on that night ? 7. _______________ I don’t like him very much because he is always ___________of the others: success. 8. Both of them showed a __________ to finish the fighting, so the problems will _________ be solved. account for To be honest jealous willingness probably account for, willingness, To be honest, jealous, probably,

41 EX. 3 on page 57 As a matter or fact, he was spotted by accident when he got into the office. To be honest, the gentleman was in rags in order to pretend that he was poor. He worked as an unpaid director in the company. But when the owner of the company shouted at him in a rude manner again and again, he began to lose his patience.

42 She screamed as if she had seen a snake. Even if your company is large, it can still get into trouble by growing too quickly. The reasons he gave to account for his silly actions were indeed unbelievable.

43 Comprehension: find and adjective in the list to complete each sentence. Each word is used only once. 1.Both brothers probably felt that Henry was a ______ young man. 2.Henry was not _________ about what would happen to him when he left the brothers. 3.Henry must have felt _______ when he saw how far he had traveled out to sea. 4.Henry was not _______ to accept money from the brothers. 5.Henry felt _______ when he saw the food on the brothers’ table. clever confident glad foolish jealous

44 Foolish /jealous /clever /glad /confident 1.Both brothers probably felt that Henry was a _____ young man. 2. Henry was not _________ about what would happen to him when he felt the brother. 3. Henry must have felt ______ when he saw how far he had traveled out to sea. 4. Henry was not _____ to accept money from the brother. 5. Henry felt _______ when he saw the food on the brothers’ table clever confident foolish jealous glad Ex. P.19

45 Comprehension: For each statement, write “F” if it is a fact. Write “O”if it is an opinion. 1._____ Henry wants to find a job in London. 2._____ Henry is given an envelope by the two brothers. 3._____ Henry is an unlucky young man. 4._____ Henry is not a proud man. 5._____ Henry is foolish to go and meet the two brothers. f f o o o

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47 If you had a large amount of money…

48 £ One Million Pound Note

49 The Million Pound Bank-note Act One Brief introduction before the film clip: Two brothers Oliver and Roderick made a bet on what would happen if one had nothing but a bank- note of £ 1,000,000.They chose a poor man Henry, who was lost in London because of a strong wind on the sea. He had no money and didn’t know what he should do. At that time he was walking down the street, hearing someone calling him…

50 Watch the film clip and answer the questions: 1.Where does Henry come from? Does he know much about London? 2. How about his appearance and why ? 3. What did the brothers ask Henry not to do? San Francisco. No, he doesn’t know London at all. He was in rags. He earned his passage by working as an unpaid hand on the ship, which accounts for his appearance. They asked Henry not to open the letter until two o’clock.

51 About a month ago Towards nightfall The next morning Lastly Now Just at that time Roderick _____ him and asked him to _____ _____ To Henry’s surprise Roderick gave him___________________ _____________________ sailing out of the bay was carried out to sea by a strong wind was spotted by a ship earned his passage by working as an unpaid hand was lost in London and wandering in the street called step inside a letter with money

52 While Henry told the reason he came to London, why did his eyes stare at what was left of the brothers’ dinner on the table? This is because Henry felt very hungry without eating anything for over twenty four hours. This is because Henry felt very hungry without eating anything for over twenty four hours. To deal with details as a help of acting

53 They were polite to Henry. They asked Henry to come in through the front door, which is for the guests, not for the servants. They used very polite expressions such as “Would you please…?” The servant said to him, “Permit me to lead the way, sir.” This also showed their good manners. What was the brothers’ attitude towards Henry, polite or impolite? How do you know?

54 When the two brothers wanted to know something about Henry, they used a polite way to say, “I wonder if you’d mind us asking…” When Henry stood up to leave, they said, “Please don’t go.” When they wanted to know whether Henry had money or not, they asked politely about such kind of sensitive questions, using a polite way, “If you don’t mind, may I ask you how much money you have?”

55 Act One Scene 4

56 Discussion 1.Why did the waiter go to the restaurant owner when Henry ordered the same food for the second time ? 2.Why did Henry keep looking at the clock ? 3.Why did Mr. Clemens think the bank- note couldn’t be fake? 4.How did the owner’s attitude change at last?

57 silly proud lucky honest rude patient cruel clever humorous

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59 Act Two


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