Presentation on theme: "Causes and Effects of World War I. Causes of World War ICauses of World War I - MANIAMANIA ilitarism ilitarism – policy of building up strong military."— Presentation transcript:
Causes and Effects of World War I
Causes of World War ICauses of World War I - MANIAMANIA ilitarism ilitarism – policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for war llianceslliances - agreements between nations to aid and protect one another ationalismationalism – pride in or devotion to ones country mperialism mperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politically ssassinationssassination – murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand MANIA
Causes of World War I Balkan Powder Keg Caution Explosive A lliance System I mperialism N ationalism Blank Check Given to Austria by Germany Immediate Cause The Assassination At Sarajevo Set off the Powder Keg and Started WWI M ilitarism Arms race Assassination
Causes of WWI - N ationalism
Militarism Survival of the Fittest Militarists painted war in romantic colors Rotation in Service Building up of military: Protection of overseas colonies nationalism Britain 2 power standard
Increase in Defense Expenditures France10% Britain13% Russia39% Germany73% Causes of WWI - M ilitarism Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s (British pounds).
Triple Entente: Triple Alliance: Causes of WWI - A lliances Germany Austria-Hungary Italy Great Britain France Russia
Causes of World War I: Nationalism Aggressive Nationalism France and Germany proud of military and Industrial strength. French loss in Franco Prussia War/revenge Recovery of lost provinces Alsace and Lorraine
Balkans 1914 Southeastern Europe East of Italy Dominated by the Austrian Hungarian Empire Slavic Nations Russia felt the need to protect the other Slavic nations because of its size. Pan-Slavism - movement to unify all of the Slavic people. Trouble in Serbia with Austrian Hungarian Empire.
Imperialism 1905 and 1911 Moroccan Crisis France and Germany almost to the brink of war Morocco: France vs. Germany Britain sides with France/resents Germany industrial strength. Britain and France develop closer ties. European nations taking over parts of the Ottoman Empire.
Causes of WWI - A ssassination Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie at Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28 th, 1914.
The Legacy of War 8.5 Million Killed 21 million wounded War Costs 338 billion, destroys towns, and land in Europe and Russia Disillusionment: Lost Generation: generation of young adults are killed and they are disillusioned with capitalism and democracy.
Collapse of the Empires Breakup of Austrian Hungarian Empire –Austria and Hungary become independent nations –Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia were formed –Italy and Romania gained land
Ottoman Empire Dissolved Turkey becomes independent Most of the Arab nations were put under the control of Britain and France Mandates Russian and German Losses Other nations Formed: Poland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
The Treaty of Versailles: Major Provisions League of Nations Territorial Losses/Germany returns Alsace Lorraine; French Border extended to the Rhine; Germany surrenders all of its overseas colonies in Africa and the Pacific Military restrictions/limits size of German Army; cannot build or import weapons, submarines, airplanes
The Treaty of Versailles: War Guilt Sole responsibility for the war placed on Germanys shoulders Germany forced to pay the Allies 33 Billion in reparations over 30 years. Laid the ground work for WWII.