2M A N I Causes of World War I - MANIA ilitarism – policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for warlliances - agreements between nations to aid and protect one anotherationalism – pride in or devotion to one’s countrymperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politicallyssassination – murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand
3Militarism Alliance Nationalism Imperialism Causes of World War I Balkan Powder KegCaution ExplosiveMilitarismArms raceBlank Check Givento Austria byGermanyAllianceSystemNationalismImmediate CauseThe AssassinationAt SarajevoSet off thePowder Keg andStarted WWIImperialism194Assassination
6Militarism Survival of the Fittest Militarists painted war in romantic colorsRotation in ServiceBuilding up of military:Protection of overseas coloniesnationalismBritain 2 power standard
71910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures Causes of WWI - MilitarismTotal Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s (British pounds).18701880189019001910191494130154268289398Increase in Defense ExpendituresFrance10%Britain13%Russia39%Germany73%
8Causes of WWI - Alliances Triple Entente:Triple Alliance:Great BritainGermanyAustria-HungaryFranceRussiaItaly
9Causes of World War I: Nationalism Aggressive NationalismFrance and GermanyGermany proud of military and Industrial strength.French loss in Franco Prussia War/revengeRecovery of lost provinces Alsace and Lorraine
10Balkans 1914Southeastern EuropeEast of ItalyDominated by the Austrian Hungarian EmpireSlavic NationsRussia felt the need to protect the other Slavic nations because of its size.Pan-Slavism - movement to unify all of the Slavic people. Trouble in Serbia with Austrian Hungarian Empire.
12Imperialism 1905 and 1911 Moroccan Crisis France and Germany almost to the brink of warMorocco: France vs. GermanyBritain sides with France/resents Germany industrial strength.Britain and France develop closer ties.European nations taking over parts of the Ottoman Empire.
14Causes of WWI - Assassination Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie at Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28th, 1914.
15The Legacy of War 8.5 Million Killed 21 million wounded War Costs 338 billion, destroys towns, and land in Europe and RussiaDisillusionment: Lost Generation: generation of young adults are killed and they are disillusioned with capitalism and democracy.
16Collapse of the Empires Breakup of Austrian Hungarian EmpireAustria and Hungary become independent nationsCzechoslovakia & Yugoslavia were formedItaly and Romania gained land
17Ottoman Empire Dissolved Turkey becomes independentMost of the Arab nations were put under the control of Britain and FranceMandatesRussian and German LossesOther nations Formed: Poland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
18The Treaty of Versailles: Major Provisions League of NationsTerritorial Losses/Germany returns Alsace Lorraine; French Border extended to the Rhine; Germany surrenders all of its overseas colonies in Africa and the PacificMilitary restrictions/limits size of German Army; cannot build or import weapons, submarines, airplanes
19The Treaty of Versailles: War Guilt Sole responsibility for the war placed on Germany’s shouldersGermany forced to pay the Allies 33 Billion in reparations over 30 years.Laid the ground work for WWII.