Presentation on theme: "The role of RIS3 in Cohesion Policy Brussels, 18 September 2012 Luisa Sanches Policy Analyst – Innovation DG REGIO."— Presentation transcript:
The role of RIS3 in Cohesion Policy Brussels, 18 September 2012 Luisa Sanches Policy Analyst – Innovation DG REGIO
Cohesion Policy paradigm shift towards innovation Cohesion policy contributes to unlock the growth potential of the EU by promoting innovation in all regions. For , 86 billion to innovation, of which 65 billion come from the ERDF. That is 25% of its total budget. For the less developed regions the ERDF is the most important source and enabler to leveraging national and private funds.
Research/Innovation Environment Transport Information society Social infrastructure Energy Tourism Culture Institutional capacity European Regional Development Fund and Cohesion Fund (ERDF) (€ 271 billion) ICT is 4.4 % (€ 15.2 billion) of the total Structural Funds allocation (€ 346 billion) of which Broadband is 0.7 % (€ 2.3 billion) Planned investment
Objectives of cohesion policy Deliver the Europe 2020 strategy objectives of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth Focus on results Maximise the impact of EU funding through concentration Conditionalities (smart specialisation )
Europa 2020 inclus i ve sustainable smart Cohesion Policy Thematic objectives 1.Research and innovation 2.Information and Communication Technologies 3.Competitiveness of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SME) 4.Shift to a low-carbon economy 5.Climate change adaptation and risk management and prevention 6.Environmental protection and resource efficiency 7.Sustainable transport and disposal of congestion on major network infrastructure 8.Employment and support for labour mobility 9.Social inclusion and poverty reduction 10. Education, skills and lifelong learning 11. Increased institutional capacity and effectiveness of public administration
Concentrating resources to maximise impact Less developed regionsMore developed & transition regions Concentration of ERDF investments on: energy efficiency & renewable energy research & innovation competitiveness of SMEs flexibility – different regions have different needs special arrangements for ex-convergence regions 60% 20% 44% 6% Digital Agenda
Monitoring & up-date of RIS3 Cohesion Policy Timing for RIS3 and Operational Programmes Q2-2012Q3-2012Q4-2012Q1-2013Q2-2013Q Q Development of RIS3 by MS and / or regions Discussion of COM position paper CSF & Legal frame adoption COM position papers Country Specific Rec. Negotiations Draft OPs Draft Partnership Agreement Ex-ante cond. Negotiation Mandate
Important novelties for R&I in proposed Regulations (1) SMEs only! Large Firms only in connection with R&TD+i. Art.3 (ERDF Reg.): "The ERDF shall support productive investment, which contributes to creating and safeguarding sustainable jobs, through direct aid to investment in SMEs" No physical infrastructures in rich regions: Art. 3 (ERDF Reg.): "In more developed regions, the ERDF shall not support investments in infrastructure providing basic services to citizens in the areas of environment, transport, and Next Generation Access (NGA)/ICT". Attention: under discussion in Council
Important novelties for R&I in proposed Regulations (2) Promoting internationalisation: Art (b) (CPR Reg.): "The total amount allocated under the programme to operations located outside the programme area does not exceed 10% of the support from the ERDF…" …and interregional collaboration: Art (c) v (CPR Reg.): "An Operational Programme shall set out the contribution to the integrated approach for territorial development set out in the Partnership Contract (Agreement), including the arrangements for interregional and transnational actions with beneficiaries located in at least one other Member State"
Important novelties for R&I in proposed Regulations (3) Innovative actions in the field of sustainable urban development: CPR Art 84(7) "0,2% of the ERDF resources for the Investment for growth and jobs goal shall be allocated to innovative actions at the initiative of the Commission in the area of sustainable urban development" (not under shared management; urban development platform to facilitate networking among cities with IA) Social innovation: ESF Art. 9: all areas falling under the scope of the ESF; Member States shall identify themes for social innovation; Commission shall facilitate capacity building for social innovation + in ERDF investment priority 1(b)
Important novelties for R&I in proposed Regulations (4) Common Strategic Framework: translate the objectives and targets of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth into key actions for the ERDF, the CF, the ESF, the EAFRD and the EMFF which will ensure an integrated use of the CSF Funds to deliver common objectives (CPR Art ) But: not via delegated act, as proposed by COM, but as part of CSF regulations See COM proposals for key actions in SWD(2012) 61 final Open to synergies with Horizon 2020: Art (CPR Reg.): "An operation may receive support from one or more CSF Funds and from other Union instruments, provided that the expenditure item included in a request for payment for reimboursement by one of the CSF Funds does not receive support from another Fund or Union instrument,…"
Connecting Europe Facility: € 50 billion: Synergies Transport – € 31.7 billion Energy – € 9.1 billion Telecommunications – € 9.2 billion Broadband Digital Service Infrastructures Horizontal Priorities Centralised management for grants allocation Competitive calls (or beneficiaries identified in the work programme) ‘Use it or lose it principle’ to ensure effective implementation Economies of scale and synergies between sectors to lower administrative costs Partnership with financial intermediaries (like EIB) for financial instruments (such as loans, guarantees, or project bonds) Implementation of projects (procurement, etc) remains responsibility of beneficiaries and
Connecting Europe Facility Support new business cases through : Loans Guarantees Bonds (project bond pilot) Equity (infrastructure investment funds) Potential beneficiaries Telecoms (incumbent or new entrant) Utility companies Regional bodies, including municipalities New alliances and partnerships (PPPs), including equipment providers ….AND MEMBER STATES !
Thematic ex-ante conditionalities Thematic ex-ante conditionalities … state-of-play regarding RIS3 conditionality… Thematic objectivesEx ante conditionalityCriteria for fulfilment 1. Strengthening research, technological development and innovation (R&D target) (referred to in Article 9(1) ) 1.1. Research and innovation: The existence of a national or regional research and innovation (strategy) (strategic policy framework(s)) for smart specialisation in line with the National Reform Programme, to leverage private research and innovation expenditure, [ which complies with the features of well-performing national or regional research and innovation systems.] For research infrastructures only: 1.2 The existence of a multi-annual plan for budgeting and prioritization of investments. –is based on a SWOT analysis to concentrate resources on a limited set of research and innovation priorities; –outlines measures to stimulate private RTD investment; –contains a monitoring [ and review ] system. A framework outlining available budgetary resources for research and innovation; A [indicative] multi-annual plan for budgeting and prioritization of investments linked to EU priorities [and, where appropriate, the] European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures -ESFRI).
Thematic ex-ante conditionalities Thematic ex-ante conditionalities … to what else does the RIS3 apply? Thematic objectivesEx ante conditionalityCriteria for fulfilment 2. Enhancing access to and use and quality of ICT (Broadband target) (referred to in Article 9(2) ) (R&D target) (referred to in Article 9(1) ) 2.1. Digital growth: [ The existence within the national or regional innovation strategy for smart specialisation of an explicit chapter for ] A strategic policy framework for digital growth to stimulate demand for affordable, good quality and interoperable ICT-enabled private and public services and increase uptake by citizens, including vulnerable groups, businesses and public administrations including cross-border initiatives. [A strategic policy framework for digital growth, for instance, within the national or regional innovation strategic policy framework for smart specialisation is in place that contains]: - budgeting and prioritisation of actions through a SWOT analysis [ carried out in Alignment ] consistent with the Scoreboard of the Digital Agenda for Europe; – an analyses of balancing support for demand and supply of information and communication technologies (ICT) should have been conducted; – indicators to measure progress [measurable targets for outcomes] of interventions in the field of digital literacy, skills, e-inclusion, e-accessibility, and e-health [within the limits of Article 168 TFEU ] which are aligned with existing relevant sectoral national or regional strategies. – assessment of needs to reinforce ICT capacity-building.
What is Smart Specialisation ? ‘Knowledge for Growth’ expert group (DG RTD) launched concept in the framework of ERA; Problem: fragmentation/imitation/duplication of public R&D investments; Stresses role for all regions in the knowledge economy, if they can identify competitive advantages in specific activities with knowledge and productive roots Challenges: Smart specialisation has to embrace the concept of open innovation, not only investment in (basic) research.
= place-based economic transformation agendas 1) Focus policy support and investments on key national/regional priorities, challenges and needs for knowledge-based development (= tough choices) 2) Build on each country's/region’s strengths, competitive advantages and potential for excellence (= critical mass, differentiation) 3) Support all forms of innovation 4) Get stakeholders fully involved and encourage experimentation and private sector investment 5) Evidence-based and include sound monitoring and evaluation systems R&I Strategies for Smart Specialisation (RIS3) Cohesion Policy urces/docgener/informat/2014/smart_ specialisation_en.pdf
Hypothetical Structure of a RIS3 RIS3 Skills & innovation capacities: entrepreneurial, innovation management, creative … KETs for SMEs : Tech.transfer & audits, demonstrators, pilots Forestry Technologies for mountain areas Tourism: innovative health and sport services Bio-Economy: New use of cellulose Renewable energy: bio-mass Fields of "specialisation" … or rather differentiation, diversification, critical mass, future potential … RIS3 ≠ reinventing the wheel! If an innovation strategy or support system exists, build on it! Technical Assistance may be used to develop and monitor the RIS3
RIS 3 : Should be the backbone of the OPs and combine funds from several budgets (national and EU) National funds Regional funds ERDF ESF Other EU Funds, Ex: Horizon 2020 National Competitiveness OPs Regional OPs Synergies Rural Development Fund The financing of the RIS3 is broad Several sources Innovation business market Research Education Aligning several strategies
Partnership agreement Region Region Region Region Region Region National level RIS3 How may RIS3 per country?
21 The platform is run by a steering team gathering representatives of several Commission Services: REGIO, EMPL, RTD, ENTR, EAC, CNECT, SANCO, CLIMA, AGRI and the JRC. The steering group started its activity in January to prepare the list of actions and launching of the Platform and meets regularly every month. A mirror group was set up: for advise and follow-up: High-level experts, representatives of Networks and bodies (e.g. EURADA, ERRIN, UEAPME, EBN, OECD, European Cluster Observatory, European Cluster Alliance, etc.) It gathers every three months.
Commission support for RIS3: S3Platform: peer-reviews analysis & data training communication RIS3 policy events: national trans-national Expert analysis and support national regional thematic process …. Cohesion Policy
Support for RIS3 development Consultants, experts 2012:TEXT:EN:HTML&src=0 European Commission World Bank JASPERS (Technical Assistance facility for the New Member States) OECD.. Cohesion Policy
24 PART I: THE POLICY CONTEXT PART II: THE RATIONALE PART III: RIS3 DESIGN IN A NUTSHELL Annex I – A step-by-step approach to RIS3 design Annex II – Delivery instruments and horizontal approaches Annex III – Guidance for expert assessment Edited by JRC IPTS in association with DG REGIO and with contributions from: D. Foray, P. McCann, J. Goddard, K. Morgan, C. Nauwelaers, R. Ortega, Commission officials from various DGs and S3 Platform team Available on the S3 Platform webpage The RIS3 Guide
25 RIS3 guide - Key steps for developing a RIS3 Step 1 – Analysis of regional context/potential Step 2 – Governance Step 3 – Vision for the future Step 4 – Selection of priorities Step 5 – Policy mix Step 6 – Monitoring and evaluation RIS3 AnalysisProcessVisionPrioritiesPolicy mixMonitoring
Incubators Universities & regional development Broadband Soon available: ► Clusters ► Green growth ► ► Creativity ► Service innovation ► …. Inspiration for innovation support: Oslo Manual (OECD) https://community.oecd.org/community/smartspecialisation https://community.oecd.org/community/smartspecialisation Community framework for State Aid to Research and Innovation Analysis of regional innovation EURADA Directory of "No-Nonsense" Activities to Build S³- minded Regions; All money is not the same Thematic guides 26 Cohesion Policy
Five investment models provide a broad spectrum of funding options 28 5 models Bottom-up Private design build and operate Public outsourcing Joint venture Public design build and operate
Information Proposals for the Structural Funds : RIS3 factsheet: n_en.pdf n_en.pdf S3 Platform: innovation/s3platform.cfm innovation/s3platform.cfm RIS3 guide: Cohesion Policy