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Information Technology: Human Capital Kar Lo Duniya Mutthee Mein By Dr T.H. Chowdary * Director, Center for Telecom Management & Studies * Chairman, Pragna.

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Presentation on theme: "Information Technology: Human Capital Kar Lo Duniya Mutthee Mein By Dr T.H. Chowdary * Director, Center for Telecom Management & Studies * Chairman, Pragna."— Presentation transcript:

1 Information Technology: Human Capital Kar Lo Duniya Mutthee Mein By Dr T.H. Chowdary * Director, Center for Telecom Management & Studies * Chairman, Pragna Bharati (Intellect India), AP * Former Information Technology Adviser, Government of A.P Chairman & Managing Director Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd., Bombay T: +91 (40) 2784-6137/6667-1191(O) F: +91 (40) 2789-6103/6667-1111 (O) thc@satyam.com Talk @ Siddhartha College: Vijayawada: on 12 Sept 2008

2 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'082 Power of Knowledge Knowledge will forever govern ignorance and people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives – James Madison (Inscription at the entrance to the Library of Congress)

3 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'083 Power of Knowledge Na hi gnaanena sadrisam Pavitramiha vidyate -Bhagawat Gita (4-38) There is nothing comparable to Jnaana in sacredness (power)

4 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'084 GALLOPING KNOWLEDGE By the time the child born today graduates from college, the amount of knowledge will be four times as great By the time he is 50, it will be 32 times as great And 97% of everything known in the world will have been learnt since that child was born The memorising of reams of facts will not be necessary; they will be quickly available on computers. But future man will need great wisdom if only to know what is it he wants So: Continuous learning and contemplation

5 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'085 RATE OF GROWTH OF KNOWLEDGE NO. OF SCIENCE JOURNALS SUBSCRIBED BY THE NATIONAL LIBRARY IN THE USA 19651967199019962008 20,00026,00050,00055,00065,000

6 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'086 RATE OF GROWTH OF KNOWLEDGE SCIENTIFIC PAPERS IN EXISTENCE 19701990199620002007 10M30M40M60M120M

7 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'087 RATE OF GROWTH OF KNOWLEDGE NO. OF SCIENTIFIC PAPERS PUBLISHED Country19802000 No. of Paper/ mil. people S.Korea17512,013270 China92422,06119 Brazil2,2159,56570 India4,98312,21712 Israel5,7739,2921,550

8 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'088 RATE OF GROWTH OF KNOWLEDGE CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS ADDED 1997250,000 1970340,000 1980800,000 19951,500,000 20002,000,000

9 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'089 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS (USA) Annual Budget: $ 330 m ( Rs. 1,485 Cr.) up from $ 9 m ( Rs. 5 Cr. In 1950) Contains: 128 million items 849 km of shelves 29 million books and other printed materials. (500 languages) 2.7 million recordings 12 million photographs 4.8 million maps 57 million manuscripts 2.0 m illionvisitors/year 5,000 Staff

10 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0810 National Library: Kolkota (1/2)  Total number of books2,270,954  Number of books in Indian languages 558,516  Number of Maps 86,682  Number of manuscripts 3,227  Number of books received under the D.B. Act 919,724  Number of current periodical titles 17,530  Number of bound periodicals 118,146  Number of Newspapers (titles) 902  Number of bound Newspapers 11,745

11 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0811 National Library: Kolkota (22)  Number of Indian Official Documents 486,102  Number of Microfilms 4,988  Number of Microfiche 95,206  Total capacity of reading rooms accommodation 564  Total self space more than 45 Km.  Total area of Belvedre Campus 30 acres  Total covered area in the Library buildings 245, 696 sq. ft.

12 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0812 India as base of R&D Foreign companies setting up Development centers in India Texas Instruments, Motorola, QUALCOM; HUAEI, ZTE, Microsoft, Alcatel, Siemens, Huawi Pharma companies too

13 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0813 Foreign Companies Engaging Indian intellect GE – Largest R&D center outside USA is in India in Bangalore with 2300 researchers, double that in Shanghai GE put in $ 80 mln in the Bangalore R&D facility GE’s Bangalore R&D field for 260 patents in the USA (37 already approved) Boeing USA is outsourcing Aircraft design to Russia ( $ 120/ Hr) Russians are outsourcing parts of the design to HAL (BG) at $ 30/Hr Gorbachev went to USA to recommend Moscow as Bangalore’s rival! An Indian retained does the work of 2 or 3 Europeans; does not take 6 weeks of holidays & costs one-fourth

14 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0814 Some Foreign Companies’ Employees in India GE Caps GE DevIBMOracleEDSTexas 16,0001,80010,00060003,500900 IntelJP Morgan HUWAISiemensMotorola 1,7001,2001,50020001,500

15 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0815 Scores of Fortune 500 cos. Have their R&D Centers in India Siemens; Motorola; Huawi; Ericsson; CIT-Alcatel; Qualcom; Lucent; IBM; Microsoft; CISCO, Cognizant

16 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0816 Indian Talent Works for Others GE- largest R&D center outside USA in Bangalore 2300 –double that in Shanghai –$ 80 mln Bangalore center –Filed for 260 patents (37 appvd.) Motorola: 1700 employees –40% of software in its mobiles from India –The Internet Browser and multimedia messge system conceived & developed for 3G,GSM, engineered –Global automakers ( 3 to 5)% on R&D India: 150K computer graduates HUWAI & ZTE….

17 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0817 Foreign Companies Engaging Indian intellect Boeing USA is outsourcing Aircraft design to Russia ( $ 120/ Hr) Russians are outsourcing parts of the design to HAL (BG) at $ 30/Hr Gorbachev went to USA to recommend Moscow as Bangalore’s rival! An Indian retained does the work of 2 or 3 Europeans; does not take 6 weeks of holidays & costs one- fourth

18 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0818 Google (1) Founded :1998 Larry Page & Sergey Brin Stanford Graduate Students turned their research project into a Tech-company

19 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0819 Google (2) Search engine: Organise the World’s Information Google: 1 followed by hundred zeros Gives one day week for its employees to spend on experimental projects of their choice Handles 2/3 rds of the world’s searches; 650 mln users Motto: Don’t Be Evil

20 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0820 Google(3) Digital Dynasty gave us: –Google Earth –Google News –Gmail Digitising health records & books, sells business software on the Internet. Extending/ embracing mobile phones Bought on-line video-sharing site You Tube for $ 1.65 bln in Y2006 Focus Internet for the next 10 years.

21 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0821 (Source: Hindu Business Line, Sept 9, 2008)

22 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0822 Share of High Tech Manufacturing Value Added USChinaEUIndia 1985341.53250.12 20053516.06200.43 (Source: Hindu Business Line, Sept 9, 2008)

23 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0823 (Source: Hindu Business Line, Sept 9, 2008)

24 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0824 Share of High Tech Value Added in Manufacturing Value Added 198513.79.668.44.3 200524.214.2629.48.6 (Source: Hindu Business Line, Sept 9, 2008)

25 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0825 (Source: Hindu Business Line, Sept 9, 2008)

26 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0826 Ratio of Export Sales to Revenues USEUChinaIndia 198525 (75% in 1995) 9 20056025 (Source: Hindu Business Line, Sept 9, 2008)

27 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0827 (Source: Hindu Business Line, Sept 9, 2008)

28 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0828 Share of World Exports, Imports and Gross Revenue of Hi-tech Manufacturing Industries USEUChinaIndia 198524192.50.12 20051212.5200.20 (Source: Hindu Business Line, Sept 9, 2008)

29 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0829 Haath Haath mein telephone 3500 mln (3.5 cr) Cell phones in the world China – 600m India – 300m Ratio of Price of an year’s phone service to PCI 1951 1994 2008 2.5 1.00.12

30 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0830 Karlo Dunia Mutthee mein Cell phone weight down from 400gms to 80 gms Battery power up from a few hours upto 2 days Size less than pocket calculator Has: –Digital camera –Internet connectivity –Video telephone –SMS/e-mail –Radio –Video clips –Google-Maps –GPS/GIS Duniya Mutthee Mein

31 THC_CTMSS393_Sept'0831 Dhanyawad: Thank You


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