Ethnologist (ethnic) Culture of different society Cartographer (chart) practice of making maps Bibliophile Lover of books
Philologist study of language in written historical sources Folklorist Legends, beliefs of different cultures Satirist (satisfy) shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, and society itself, into improvement Social criticism: wit as weapon Polemicist (pole) to establish the truth of a specific belief and the falsity of the contrary belief. (argumentation)
He invented a cigarette lighter, which he called sulpakan, and sent it to Blumentritt in 1887 as a gift. The lighter used a compressed air mechanism. While in Dapitan, Rizal also invented a wooden machine for making bricks which turned out about 6,000 bricks daily.
Draco Rizali – a flying dragon Apogania Rizali – a small beetle Rhachophrus Rizali – a rare frog Spatholmes Rizali – Fungus Beetle
Sculpture Triumph of Science and Death Clay Statue of a Wild Pig
Sacred Heart Model Head of a Dapitan Girl
Prometheus BoundJosephine while sleeping
JUNE 19, 1861
Domingo Lameo (MERCADO) Ines de la Rosa Francisco Mercado:Cirila Bernacha Juan MercadoCirila Alejandro Francisco Mercado JOSE Teodora Alonso Realonda JOSE PROTACIO RIZAL MERCADO Y ALONSO REALONDA
RIZALS FAMILY Francisco MercadoTeodora Alonso Realonda SATURNINA: Neneng NARCISA: Sisa PACIANO: Pilosopong Tasyo OLIMPIA: Ypia LUCIA: her husband was denied of Christian burial because of Rizal MARIA: Biang JOSE: Pepe CONCEPCION: Concha/ died of sickness at the age of 3 JOSEFA: Panggoy/ died an old maid TRINIDAD: Trining/ died an old maid SOLEDAD: Choleng
Saturnina ( ), eldest child, wife of Manuel T. Hidalgo Paciano ( ), 2 nd child, and only brother of the hero Narcisa ( ), 3 rd child, wife of Antonio Lopez
Olimpia ( ), 4 th child, wife of Silvestre Ubaldo Lucia ( ), 5 th child, wife of Mariano Herbosa Maria ( ), 6 th child, married to Daniel Faustino
Josefa ( ), 9 th child, member of the Katipunan and died a spinster Trinidad ( ), 10 th child, spinster, only sister of Dr. Rizal who saw the country free and independent Soledad ( ), 11 th child, married to Pantaleon Quinterio
belonged to the principalia aristocracy. farms, which were rented from the Dominicans managed a general good store and operated a small flour- mill and a home-made ham press. owned a carriage, which was a status symbol of the ilustrados learned/ enlightened They also have a private library. sent their children to the Colleges in Manila.
Spare the rod and spoil the child. if you don't punish your children when they do wrong, you'll spoil them. This comes from a Biblical proverb (Prov 13:24): "He who withholds his rod hates his son, but he who loves him disciplines him diligently." Whenever the children, including Jose, got into mischief, they were given a sound spanking.
The real surname of Rizal was Mercado Rizal in Spanish: a field where wheat, cut while still green, sprouts again