3Ethnologist (ethnic) Cartographer (chart) Bibliophile Culture of different societyCartographer (chart)practice of making mapsBibliophileLover of books
4study of language in written historical sources Folklorist Philologiststudy of language in written historical sourcesFolkloristLegends, beliefs of different culturesSatirist (satisfy)shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, and society itself, into improvementSocial criticism: wit as weaponPolemicist (pole)to establish the truth of a specific belief and the falsity of the contrary belief. (argumentation)
5Rizal’s InventionsHe invented a cigarette lighter, which he called sulpakan, and sent it to Blumentritt in 1887 as a gift. The lighter used a compressed air mechanism.While in Dapitan, Rizal also invented a wooden machine for making bricks which turned out about 6,000 bricks daily.
6Specimens Draco Rizali – a flying dragon Apogania Rizali – a small beetleRhachophrus Rizali – a rare frogSpatholmes Rizali – Fungus Beetle
15JOSE PROTACIO RIZAL MERCADO Y ALONSO REALONDA Domingo Lameo (“MERCADO”)Ines de la RosaFrancisco Mercado:Cirila BernachaJuan MercadoCirila AlejandroFrancisco MercadoTeodora Alonso RealondaJOSEJOSE PROTACIO RIZAL MERCADO Y ALONSO REALONDA
16Teodora Alonso Realonda RIZAL’S FAMILYFrancisco MercadoTeodora Alonso RealondaSATURNINA: NenengPACIANO: Pilosopong TasyoNARCISA: SisaOLIMPIA: YpiaLUCIA: her husband was denied of Christian burial because of RizalMARIA: BiangJOSE: PepeCONCEPCION: Concha/ died of sickness at the age of 3JOSEFA: Panggoy/ died an old maidTRINIDAD: Trining/ died an old maidSOLEDAD: Choleng
17The Parents of Dr. Jose Rizal Teodora Alonzo Rizal ( )Francisco Mercado Rizal ( )
18Brother and Sisters of Jose Rizal Saturnina ( ),eldest child, wife ofManuel T. HidalgoPaciano ( ), 2nd child, and only brotherof the heroNarcisa ( ),3rd child, wife of Antonio Lopez
19Sisters of Jose Rizal Olimpia (1855-1887), 4th child, wife of Silvestre UbaldoLucia ( ), 5th child, wife of Mariano HerbosaMaria ( ),6th child, married to Daniel Faustino
2011th child, married to Pantaleon Quinterio Josefa ( ),9th child, member ofthe Katipunan anddied a spinsterTrinidad ( ), 10th child, spinster, only sister of Dr. Rizal who saw the country free and independentSoledad ( ),11th child, married to Pantaleon Quinterio
23belonged to the principalia aristocracy.farms, which were rented from the Dominicansmanaged a general good store and operated a small flour- mill and a home-made ham press.owned a carriage, which was a status symbol of the ilustrados“learned”/ “enlightened”They also have a private library.sent their children to the Colleges in Manila.
24“Spare the rod and spoil the child.” if you don't punish your children when they do wrong, you'll spoil them.This comes from a Biblical proverb (Prov 13:24):"He who withholds his rod hates his son, but he who loves him disciplines him diligently."Whenever the children, including Jose, got into mischief, they were given a sound spanking.
25The real surname of Rizal was Mercado Rizal in Spanish:“a field where wheat, cut while still green, sprouts again”