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Presented by Leigh M. Manasevit, Esq. Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC Fall Forum 2012 Maintenance of Effort, Comparability.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented by Leigh M. Manasevit, Esq. Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC Fall Forum 2012 Maintenance of Effort, Comparability."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented by Leigh M. Manasevit, Esq. Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC Fall Forum 2012 Maintenance of Effort, Comparability and Supplement Not Supplant Under Title I

2 Maintenance of Effort Most Directly Affected by Declining Budgets 2 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

3 MOE The combined fiscal effort per student or the aggregate expenditures of the LEA From state and local funds From preceding year must not be less than 90% of the second preceding year 3 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

4 MOE: Preceding Fiscal Year Need to compare final financial data Compare immediately PFY to second PFY EX: To receive funds available July 2013, compare 2011-12 school year to 2010-11 school year 4 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

5 MOE: Failure under NCLB 5 SEA must reduce amount of allocation in the exact proportion by which LEA fails to maintain effort below 90% Reduce all applicable NCLB programs, not just Title I Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

6 Aggregate expenditures Amount per student SY 10-111,000,0006,100 SY 11-12 must spend 90% 900,0005,490 11-12 Actual amount 850,0005,200 Shortfall-50,000-290 Percent shortfall/ reduction -5.6%-5.3%** 6 Analysis for 13-14 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

7 MOE: Waiver USDE Secretary may waive if: Exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances such as natural disaster OR Precipitous decline in financial resources of the LEA 7 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

8 ED Waivers To State to Grant to LEAs 8 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

9 Comparability How is this calculated and why does it matter? Legal Authority: Title I Statute: §1120A(c) 9 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

10 General Rule- §1120A(c) An LEA may receive Title I Part A funds only if it uses state and local funds to provide services in Title I schools that, taken as a whole, are at least comparable to the services provided in non-Title I schools. If all are Title I schools, all must be substantially comparable. 10 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

11 Timing Issues Guidance: Must be annual determination YET, LEAs must maintain records that are updated at least biennially (1120A(c)(3)(B)) Review for current year and make adjustments for current year 11 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

12 Written Assurances LEA must file with SEA written assurances of policies for equivalence: LEA-wide salary schedule Teachers, administrators, and other staff Curriculum materials and instructional supplies Must keep records to document implemented and equivalence achieved 12 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

13 May also meet through... Student/ instructional staff ratios; Student/ instructional staff salary ratios; Expenditures per pupil; or A resource allocation plan based on student characteristics such as poverty, LEP, disability, etc. (i.e., by formula) 13 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

14 14 Compare: Average of all non-Title I schools to Each Title I school Basis for evaluation: grade-span by grade- span or school by school May divide to large and small schools Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

15 Exclusions: Federal Funds Private Funds LEA may exclude state/local funds expended for: Language instruction for LEP students Excess costs of providing services to students with disabilities Supplemental programs that meet the intent and purposes of Title I Staff salary differentials for years of employment 15 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

16 Supplement Not Supplant Surprisingly Not Greatly Affected by Declining Budgets! 16 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

17 Supplement not Supplant Federal funds must be used to supplement and in no case supplant state and local resources 17 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

18 What would have happened in the absence of the federal funds?? 18 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

19 Auditors Tests for Supplanting OMB Circular A-133 Compliance Supplement Creates 3 rebuttable presumptions 19 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

20 Auditors presume supplanting occurs if federally funded services were.... Provided with non-federal funds in prior year 20 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

21 Presumption Rebutted! 21 If SEA or LEA demonstrates it would not have provided services if the federal funds were not available NO non-federal resources available this year! Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

22 What documentation needed? 22 Fiscal or programmatic documentation to confirm that, in the absence of fed funds, would have eliminated staff or other services in question State or local legislative action Budget histories and information Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

23 Must show: Actual reduction in state or local funds Decision to eliminate service/position was made without regard to availability of federal funds (including reason decision was made) 23 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

24 Rebuttal Example State supports a reading coach program 2009 -2010 State cuts the program from State budget 2010 -2011 LEA wants to support Title I reading coach program 2010 - 2011 24 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

25 Rebuttal Example LEA must document a. State cut the program b. LEA does not have uncommitted funds available in operating budget to pick up c. LEA would cut the program unless federal funds picked it up d. The expense is allowable under Title I 25 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

26 Auditors presume supplanting occurs if federal funds were used to provide services... Required to be made available under other federal, state, or local laws 26 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

27 Can this presumption be rebutted for Title I A? ED: January 2011 response to B&M inquiry Yes but : while… conceivable… …would be extremely difficult… …bar …is very high… Level of documentation is sufficient to rebut prior year presumption insufficient 27 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

28 Supplanting Conundrum Partially Revisited August 3, 2012 FAQ A-18 Where law has passed to implement flexibility waiver No presumption What about other prescriptive fed programs? faqs.doc 28 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

29 What about state laws required by federal programs? NCLB SIG Waiver 29 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

30 Auditors presume supplanting occurs if... Title I funds used to provide service to Title I students, and the same service is provided to non-Title I children using non-Title I funds. 30 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

31 Cannot be rebutted by lack of funds, but… 31 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

32 Flexibility Exception: 1120A(d) Exclusion of Funds: SEA or LEA may exclude supplemental state or local funds used for program that meets intents and purposes of Title I Part A EX: Exclude State Comp Ed funds 32 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

33 33 How does supplanting apply in a schoolwide program? Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

34 Supplement not Supplant Statute 1114(a)(2)(B): Title I must supplement the amount of funds that would, in the absence of Title I, be made available from non-federal sources. E-18 in schoolwide guidance The actual service need not be supplemental. 34 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

35 SNS: Guidance: School must receive all the state and local funds it would otherwise need to operate in the absence of Federal funds Includes routine operating expenses such as building maintenance and repairs, landscaping and custodial services 35 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

36 Questions??? 36 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

37 Disclaimer This presentation is intended solely to provide general information and does not constitute legal advice. Attendance at the presentation or later review of these printed materials does not create an attorney- client relationship with Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC. You should not take any action based upon any information in this presentation without first consulting legal counsel familiar with your particular circumstances. 37 Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC

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