Presentation on theme: "Subpart J - Construction"— Presentation transcript:
1Subpart J - Construction Alaska Provider’s ConferencePublic Law , as AmendedSubpart J - Construction
2Frank Larson Bureau of Indian Affairs Division of Self-Determination Special Projects CoordinatorBureau of Indian AffairsDivision of Self-DeterminationTele: (715)Fax: (715)Cell: (715)
3ACRONYMS GASB-34 GAAP GPRA PART OIG FBI NBC OMB DOI - BIA DHHS - IHS GAO - Comptroller GeneralGASB-34GAAPGPRAPARTOIGFBINBCOMBSection Non Construction ContractSubpart J - Construction Contract
4AUTHORITYWhat is it?Who has it?Where does it come from?
5AuthorizationAppropriation31 USC: Money and Finance
6Cooperative Agreement 31 USC: Money & Finance1301: Purpose Statute"Funds appropriated for a purpose can ONLY be expended for that purpose."6301:ContractGrantCooperative Agreement7501: Single AuditP.LOMB Circular A-133
7What is a CONTRACT?A contract is a legally enforceable agreement, in writing, between two or more persons (individuals, businesses, organizations, or government agencies) to do, or to refrain from doing, a particular thing in exchange for something of value.A written agreement between two or more parties for the doing of something in exchange for something else.
8What is a “Self‑Determination Contract” Pub. Law 93‑638, as Amended, Section 4(j)“Self‑Determination Contract” means a contract (or grant or cooperative agreement utilized under section 9 [450e-l] of this act) entered into under title I of this Act between a tribal organization and the appropriate Secretary for the planning, conduct and administration of programs or services which are otherwise provided to Indian tribes and their members pursuant to Federal law: Provided, That except as provided [in] the last proviso in section 105(a) of this Act, no contract (or grant or cooperative agreement under section 9 [450e-l] of this act) entered into under title I of this Act shall be construed to be a procurement contract.
9Section 900.113 - Definitions Construction Contract A fixed price or cost-reimbursement self-determination contract for a construction project, except that such term does not include any contract:1. That is limited to providing planning services and construction management services (or a combination of such services);2. For the HIP or Road Maintenance Program of the BIA; or3. For Health Facility Maintenance and Improvement Program of the IHS.
10History of P.L1975:No Construction without a waiverNon-construction procurement contract1988:Non-construction, non-procurementConstruction procurement contract, unless waived1994:Construction non-traditional procurement contract1996:Regulations published - 25 CFR Part 900
11Section 900.112 - Phases of Construction PREPLANNINGInitial assessment and determination of project need and preparation of project applicationPLANNINGConducting and preparing detailed needs assessmentConducting pre-design site investigationDevelop budget cost estimatesConduct feasibility studyDevelop Program of Requirements (POR)DESIGNLicensed professionals using POR prepare project plans, specification and other documentsCONSTRUCTIONProject is constructed in accordance with the construction documentsIncludes labor, materials, equipment and services necessary to complete the work
12Section 900.113 - Definitions Construction Programs Programs for: PlanningDesignConstructionRepairImprovementExpansion
13Contractual Agreements Section 108AgreementConstructionSubpart JGrant or Cooperative
14Contractual Agreements Section 108 AgreementPre-planning, planning, and Construction Management ServicesProposal - 25 CFR 900.8Subpart J Construction AgreementAll phases of ConstructionProposal - 25 CFRGrant/Cooperative Agreement(in lieu of a contract)
15Section 900.115 - Construction Contract A Self-Determination Construction Contract:Government-to-Government AgreementTransfers control to the TribeFacilitates effective and meaningful participation by the Tribe in planning, conducting and administering the construction project
16Section 900.115 - Construction Contract A Self-Determination Construction Contract:Is not a traditional procurement contract.Is subject to the provisions and regulations of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act if PL requires it, if the Federal Procurement law or regulation mentions Indians, if they meet the test of three.Is to contain a listing of Federal requirements that meet the test of three.
17Section 900.115 - Construction Contract TEST OF THREE:Use Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act provisions and regulations only when they are:1. Necessary to ensure that the contract may be carried out in a satisfactory manner;2. Directly related to the construction activity; and3. Not inconsistent with the Act.
18Section 900.115 - Construction Contract Shall be LIBERALLY CONSTRUED in favor of the Tribe
19Section DaysDays mean Calendar Days; except where the last day of any time period specified in these regulations falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or a Federal holiday, the period shall carry over to the next business day unless otherwise prohibited by law.
20Section 900.113 - Definitions Program of Requirements (POR): Planning document developed during the planning phase of an individual project. It provides:Background about the projectSite informationProgrammatic needsOther information and design criteria on which to base the construction project documents
21Section 900.117 - Secretary’s response to Program Of Requirements (POR) Any failure of the Secretary to act on a POR within the required time frames will be deemed as a REJECTION OF THE POR.The Tribe can then file an appeal as provided in Section 110 of the Act, or the disputes provisions of the contract.The parties to the contract are encouraged to CONSULT:During the development of the POR;After submission of the POR to the Secretary.
22Section 900.113 - Definitions Construction Management Services: Activities limited to:Administrative support servicesCoordination and Monitoring Oversightof the planning, design and construction process.These activities will be performed by an ITOTO employee or a CMS consultant.
23Section 900.118 - Construction Management Services Section 108 ContractSubpart J - Construction ContractTribal Employee or ConsultantEmployees or Consultant:Assist and advise ITOTONo authority over construction activities
24Section 900.119 – 900.123 Contract Phases for Construction Pre-PlanningPlanningDesignConstructionNOTIFICATIONPRECONTRACT NEGOTIATIONDECLINE/APPROVEAWARDADMINISTRATION
26Section 900.22 - Reasons to Decline a. The services to be rendered will not be satisfactory.b. Adequate protection of trust resources is not assured.c. The proposed project cannot be properly completed or maintained.d. The amount of funds proposed is in excess of the applicable funding level for the contract.e. The activity (or portion thereof) is beyond the scope of activities covered under Section 102(a)(1) of the Act.
27Section 900.123 - Declination Procedures: 1. State any objections to the contract proposal in writing and provide all documents relied on in making the declination decision within 20 days.2. Provide assistance to the ITOTO to overcome stated objections.3. Provide the ITOTO with a hearing on the record with the right to engage in full discovery relevant to any issue raised in the matter.4. The opportunity for an appeal on the objections raised following Subpart L or initiate an action in a Federal District Court and proceed directly under Section 110(a) of the Act.
28Section 900.153 - Actions in Response to Declination 1. Appeal to the Interior Board of Indian Appeals (IBIA).Civilian Board of Contract Appeals (CBCA)Federal Register, Vol. 72, No. 128, July 5, 2007Effective January 6, 2007Sec. 847 of P.LNational Defense Authorization Act for F.Y. 2006
29Section 900.153 - Actions in Response to Declination 2. Request an informal conference.3. Sue in U.S. Federal District Court
31Section 9 of P.LThe provisions of this Act shall not be subject to the requirements of Chapter 63 of Title 31, U.S.C.: Provided that, a grant agreement or a cooperative agreement may be used in lieu of a contract under Section 102 and 103 of this Act, when mutually agreed to by the appropriate Secretary and the tribal government.
32Section 900.124 Contractor will: Use FEDERAL CONSTRUCTION GUIDELINES and MANUALS applicable for the appropriate construction activity.Government SHALL ACCEPT tribal proposals for alternatives which are consistent with or exceed Federal guidelines or manuals.
33Section 900.124 Contractor will: Assume full responsibility and accountability for design and construction performance.Manage and administer the work with minimal involvement by the Government.Have acceptable Management Systems (Finance, Property, and Procurement).
35Section 102(a)(2) Contractor shall include in the proposal: Non-ConstructionStandardsConstructionProvisions regarding use of licensed and qualified architectsApplicable health and safety standardsAdherence to applicable Federal, State, local or tribal building codes and engineering standards.
36Section 102(a)(2) Standards shall ensure: Structural Integrity Accountability of fundsAdequate competition for subcontractingCommencement, performance and contract completionAdherence to project plans and specifications (including Federal construction guidelines and manuals)Proper materials and workmanshipInspection and testingChanges, modifications, stop work, and termination of work.
37Section 900.127 Construction Contract Budget Reasonable Costs:Preparing contract proposal and supporting dataAuditing CostsFixed Price:General AdministrationProfitAdministrative CostsPersonnel - Administrative OversightTravel Costs - Local and RemoteCommunity Meeting - Develop project DocumentsConsultant Fees
38Section 900.127 Construction Contract Budget Reasonable Costs:Fees to Architects and EngineersFees to develop surveysFees to provide part-time or full-time on-site inspectorProject site development costProject construction costCost of securing and installing:Moveable EquipmentTelecommunicationsData processing equipmentSpecial purpose equipmentOther Costs
39Section 900.127 Construction Contract Budget Contingency Funds:Unanticipated conditions of the construction phase of cost- reimbursable contracts.3% of activities being contracted; or50% of available contingency funds, whichever is greater.If contingency funds will cause the project to exceed available project funds, the discrepancy shall be reconciled in accordance with Section (e).Additional contingency funds will be negotiated on an as- needed basis subject to availability of funds and nature, scope, and complexity of the project.
40Section 900.127 Construction Contract Budget Contingency Funds:Contingency funds for other phases will be negotiated on a contract-by-contract basis.Unused contingency funds obligated to the contract and remaining at the end of the contract will be considered savings.
41Section 900.129 - Fair and Reasonable Price Government Cost Estimate Independent EstimateDetail appropriate to nature and phase of work to be performed.Reflect contract type.Reflect contract pricing arrangement.Should not reflect budget amount.Be accurate.
42Section 900.129 - Fair and Reasonable Price Government Cost Estimate Will be basis for negotiation.Provide sufficient detail to allow comparison with the ITOTO estimate.Format coordinated with ITOTO.Include cost elements in Section 105(m)(4).Changes will be made throughout negotiation phase.
43Section 900.129 - Fair and Reasonable Price Government Cost Estimate Prior costs for similar projects adjusted for comparison to the target location.Actual costs previously incurred by ITOTO on similar projects.Published price lists, to include regional adjustment factors, for materials, equipment, and labor.Projections of inflation and cost trends, including projected changes such as labor, materials, and transportation costs.
44Section 900.129 - Fair and Reasonable Price Exceeds Amount Available 1. ITOTO submits FINAL Proposal.(a) Federal Government has 30 Days to act!(b) Decline under Section 105(m)(4)(C)(v); or(c) Contract awarded, dispute matter under Contract Disputes Act; or2. If requested by ITOTO:(a) ITOTO and Secretary may jointly explore methods of expanding the available funds through use of:Contingency FundsAdvance PaymentsRebudgetingSeek additional appropriations(b) ITOTO may propose reduction in project scope.(c) ITOTO and Secretary agree to do project in phases.
46Section 900.131 Secretary Responsibility Construction Management Services:Limited to administrative support services.When contracted alone - under Section 108.Responsible for successful completion of project.Consult with ITOTO on regular basis - information exchange.ITOTO reviews project documents at concept, schematic, design and final construction phases or as negotiated.ITOTO has 21 Days to make comments or objections.Disputes subject to CDA.ITOTO has right to monitor Secretary’s work monthly, critical milestone, or on-site visits, or as negotiated.
47Section 900.131 Secretary Responsibility Design and Construction Contracts:Full tribal participation.Prompt tribal notification of concerns and issues.Environmental Determinations.Review and Approval of Planning Documents.Review and Approval of Designs.
48Section 900.131 Secretary Responsibility Design and Construction Contracts:Right to CopyrightsChanges to the ContractReview of Shop DrawingsMonitoringSuspensionFinal Inspection
49Section 900.131 Secretary Responsibility Suspension of Work:30 Days, unless:ITOTO fails to correct reason for suspension.Cause for suspension cannot be resolved.Reason for Suspension:Differing Site Condition that:Impacts Health safety concernsRequires increase in negotiated budgetDiscovery of materially non-compliant work.Funds rescinded by Congressional action.Other Congressional action that materially affects the subject matter of the contract.
50Section 900.131 Secretary Responsibility Suspension of Work:To suspend the Secretary must:Provide written notice that describes the performance deficiencies or imminent safety, health or environmental issues.Give ITOTO minimum of 5 Days working days advance notice.Give ITOTO an opportunity to correct the problem.Compensate ITOTO for reasonable costs during suspension, if it is determined the suspension occurred through no fault of ITOTO.Disputes subject to CDA.
51Section 900.131 Secretary Responsibility Terminate for Cause or Convenience:Termination for cause:Non-compliant work not corrected during suspension.Termination for Convenience:Requested by ITOTO.Requested by Secretary and ITOTO agrees.Funds are rescinded.Other Congressional action occurs that materially affects contract.ITOTO must be given 21 days advance notice or ITOTO must be compensated for reasonable costs incurred due to termination.
52Section 900.215 -230 Contract Dispute Procedures Civilian Board of Contract AppealsOffice of the Clerk of the Board1800 F Street, NWWashington, DC 20405Telephone: (202)Facsimile: (202)Website:
54Section 105(b) Contract Payment Payments of any grants or under any contracts pursuant to sections 102 and 103 of this Act may be made in advance or by way of reimbursement and in such installments and on such conditions as the appropriate Secretary deems necessary to carry out the purposes of this title.
55Section 105(b) Contract Payment The transfer of funds shall be scheduled consistent with program requirements and applicable Treasury regulations, so as to minimize the time elapsing between the transfer of such funds from the United States Treasury and the disbursement thereof by the tribal organization, whether such disbursement occurs prior to or subsequent to such transfer of funds.
56Section 105(b) Contract Payment Tribal organizations shall not be held accountable for interest earned on such funds, pending their disbursement by such organization.
57PAYMENTS Cost Reimbursement Contracts: Upon presentation of an Invoice the Tribe will be reimbursed for its allowable and allocable direct and indirect costs not to exceed the amount of the contract unless modified.
58PAYMENTS Fixed Price Contracts: Upon presentation of an invoice the Tribe will be paid based on the actual quantities of work completed and accepted or materials furnished in accordance with the contract.The scheduled quantities of work to be done and materials to be furnished may be increased, decreased or deleted as determined necessary through contract modification.
59Section 900.132 Payment Schedule Advance Payment:(a) Part of Contract proposal.(b) Based on need, progress and other applicable law.(c) Based on time or phase of project.(d) Becomes part of the Contract.(e) May be adjusted during the course of the project based on a change in progress or need.
60Section 900.132 Payment Schedule Advance Payment:(f) Payments made per Payment Schedule.(g) Payments made quarterly, if no allocation period specified.(h) First payment can include costs for mobilization and contingency funds.(i) Any payment can include cost for materials to be used during subsequent periods.
61Section 900.132 Payment Schedule Advance Payment:(j) First payment within 21 Days of Contract award.(k) Second payment not later than 7 Days before end of first period.(l) Payment for remaining periods shall be made not later than 7 days before the end of the previous period, unless:(a) Tribe delinquent in progress and financial reports.(b) Contract terminated per sections (b)(12) or (b)(13).
62Section 8 Carryover of Funds Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any funds appropriated pursuant to the Act of November 2, 1921 (42 Stat. 208) [25 U.S.C. § 13], for any fiscal year which are not obligated or expended prior to the beginning of the fiscal year succeeding the fiscal year for which such funds were appropriated shall remain available for obligation or expenditure during such succeeding fiscal year.
63Section 8 Carryover of Funds … In the case of amounts made available to a tribal organization under a self-determination contract, if the funds are to be expended in the succeeding fiscal year for the purpose for which they were originally appropriated, contracted, or granted, or for which they are authorized to be used pursuant to the provisions of section 106(a)(3), no additional justification or documentation of such purposes need be provided by the tribal organization to the Secretary as a condition of receiving and expending such funds.
64Section 106(a)(4) Excess Funds - Savings For each fiscal year during which a self-determination contract is in effect any savings attributable to the operation of a Federal program, function, service, or activity under a self-determination contract by a tribe or tribal organization (including a cost-reimbursement construction contract) shall:(A) Be used to provide additional services or benefits under the contract; or(B) Be expended by the tribe or tribal organization in the succeeding fiscal year, as provided in section 8.
65Public Law 105-277 Div. A, § 101(e), October 21, 1988 [H]ereafter funds made available to tribes and tribal organizations through contracts, compact agreements, or grants, as authorized by the Indian Self-Determination Act of 1975 [Pub. L , Title I, January 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2206; 25 U.S.C.A. § 450f et seq.] or grants authorized by the Indian Education Amendments of 1988 (25 U.S.C and 2008A) shall remain available until expended by the contractor or grantee.NOTE: This language was included at the end of 25 U.S.C.A. 450j (Pub. L , as amended, section 105).
66Use of Funds [25 USC 450e-2]Pub. Law 105‑83, Title III, Sec. 310, Nov. 14, 1997:Beginning in fiscal year 1998 and thereafter, where actual costs of construction projects under self‑determination contracts, compacts, or grants, pursuant to Public Law 93‑638, 103‑413, or 100‑297, are less than the estimated costs thereof, use of the resulting excess funds shall be determined by the appropriate Secretary after consultation with the tribes.NOTE: This section (25 USC 450e-2) was enacted as part of the Department of the Interior and related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998 (Pub. L , Title III, § 310), and not as part of the Indian Self‑Determination and Education Assistance Act (Pub. L , as amended). It provides limitations on the use of excess construction project costs.
67WAGE AND LABOR STANDARDS [25 USC 450e] Sec. 7(a) Similar construction in locality:All laborers and mechanics employed by contractors or subcontractors (excluding tribes and tribal organizations) in the construction, alteration, or repair, including painting or decorating of buildings or other facilities in connection with contracts or grants entered into pursuant to this Act, shall be paid wages at not less than those prevailing on similar construction in the locality, as determined by the Secretary of Labor in accordance with the Davis‑Bacon Act of March 3, 1931 (46 Stat. 1494), as amended [40 U.S.C. §§ 276a et seq.].
68WAGE AND LABOR STANDARDS [25 USC 450e] Section 7(b) Preference requirements for wages and grants: Any contract, subcontract, grant, or subgrant pursuant to this Act, the Act of April 16, 1934 (48 Stat. 596), as amended [25 U.S.C. §§ 452 et seq.], or any other Act authorizing Federal contracts with or grants to Indian organizations or for the benefit of Indians, shall require that to the greatest extent feasible ‑(1) preferences and opportunities for training and employment in connection with the administration of such contracts or grants shall be given to Indians; and(2) preference in the award of subcontracts and subgrants in connection with the administration of such contracts or grants shall be given to Indian organizations and to Indian‑owned economic enterprises as defined in section 3 of the Indian Financing Act of 1974 (88 Stat. 77) [25 U.S.C. § 1452].
69WAGE AND LABOR STANDARDS [25 USC 450e] Section 7(c) Self-Determination contract:Notwithstanding subsections (a) and (b), with respect to any self‑determination contract, or portion of a self‑determination contract, that is intended to benefit one tribe, the tribal employment or contract preference laws adopted by such tribe shall govern with respect to the administration of the contract or portion of the contract.
70Section 900.137 What Subparts Do Not Apply to Subpart J Subpart C - Proposal ContentSubpart D - Contract Review and ApprovalSubpart G - Programmatic Reports and Data RequirementsSubpart P - ReassumptionSection (d) - RedesignSection (e) - Reassume
71Section 900.137 What Subparts Do Not Apply to Subpart J P.L , section 105(m)(1) states:Each construction contract requested, approved, or awarded under this Act shall be subject to:(A) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, the provisions of this Act, other than sections 102(a)(2), 106(l), 108 and 109;
72Contract Administration Contract Performance InitiationContract PerformanceGovernment AcceptanceContract CloseoutPost Construction Activity
73Davis - Bacon Act Coverage: Obligation: Not applicable to Tribe or Tribal Organization as Contractor or Subcontractor.Applicable to all other Subcontractors.Construction exceeding $2,000.00Obligation:Wages are to be paid to laborers and mechanics on construction projects in accordance with wage rates determined by Secretary of Labor.
74Davis - Bacon Act Obligation: Enforcement: Applicable wage rate should be included in the contract.Wages are to be paid weekly.Workers must be given Fringe Benefits.Enforcement:Wage rates to be included as part of Contract.Wage rates to be posted at the work site.Submission of certified payrolls on a weekly basis.
75Davis - Bacon Act Violations: Subject to contract termination and reprocurement costs.Subject to debarment for up to 3 years.Contract payments may be withheld.
76Section 110 CONTRACT DISPUTES AND CLAIMS [25 USC 450m-1] (a) Civil actions; concurrent jurisdiction; relief:The United States district courts shall have original jurisdiction over any civil action or claim against the appropriate Secretary arising under this Act and, subject to the provisions of subsection (d) of this section and concurrent with the United States Court of Claims, over any civil action or claim against the Secretary for money damages arising under contracts authorized by this Act. In an action brought under this paragraph, the district courts may order appropriate relief including money damages, injunctive relief against any action by an officer of the United States or any agency thereof contrary to this Act or regulations promulgated thereunder, or mandamus to compel an officer or employee of the United States, or any agency thereof, to perform a duty provided under this Act or regulations promulgated hereunder (including immediate injunctive relief to reverse a declination finding under section 102(a)(2) [25 U.S.C.A. 450f(a)(2)] or to compel the Secretary to award and fund an approved self‑determination contract).
77Section 110 CONTRACT DISPUTES AND CLAIMS [25 USC 450m-1] (b) Revision of contracts:The Secretary shall not revise or amend a self‑determination contract with a tribal organization without the tribal organization's consent.
78Section 110 CONTRACT DISPUTES AND CLAIMS [25 USC 450m-1] (c) Application of laws to administrative appeals:The Equal Access to Justice Act (Pub. Law 96‑481, Act of October 1, 1980; 92 Stat. 2325, as amended), section 504 of title 5, United States Code, and section 2412 of title 28, United States Code shall apply to administrative appeals pending on or filed after the date of enactment of the Indian Self‑Determination and Education Assistance Act Amendments of 1988 by tribal organizations regarding self‑determination contracts.
79Section 110 CONTRACT DISPUTES AND CLAIMS [25 USC 450m-1] (d) Application of Contract Disputes Act:The Contract Disputes Act (Pub. Law 95‑563, Act of November 1, 1978; 92 Stat. 2383, as amended) shall apply to self‑determination contracts, except that all administrative appeals relating to such contracts shall be heard by the Interior Board of Contract Appeals established pursuant to section 8 of such Act (41 U.S.C. 607).