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Rebirth of classical knowledge Begins in Italian city-states Spreads to Northern Europe Humanism – focus on human values and accomplishments, learning.

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Presentation on theme: "Rebirth of classical knowledge Begins in Italian city-states Spreads to Northern Europe Humanism – focus on human values and accomplishments, learning."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rebirth of classical knowledge Begins in Italian city-states Spreads to Northern Europe Humanism – focus on human values and accomplishments, learning Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci Renaissance man Sistine Chapel By Michelangelo – realist painter & sculptor Shakespeare English playwright, poet of Northern Renaissance Machiavelli – The Prince

2 Italians dominate Corruption and sale of indulgences Huge wealth & influence of merchants Martin Luther Salvation by faith alone All humans equal before God Posts 95 Theses (problems) on church door Begins Protestant movement

3 Henry VIII of England – Pope in Rome English church property as his Elizabeth I Anglican Church Dissenters Spanish Armada Colonies John Calvin Predestination What will happen to you Protestant movement

4 Princes remains Catholic 30 Years War Edict of Nantes Calvinists in France Makes 30 Years War political John Wycliffe Jan Huss Council of Trent Society of Jesus (Jesuits) Inquisition individualism secularism Religious toleration Printing press Higher literacy, spreads new ideas

5 Vasco da Gama Portugal Sails around Africa to create trade route to India ColumbusSpain Reaches the New World, decimates indigenous Americans MagellanSpain His crew 1 st to sail around the world, he dies in Philippines Hernan CortesSpain Conquistador, conquered the Aztecs in Central Mexico Francisco PizarroSpain Conquistador, conquered the Inca in Peru Francis DrakeEngland Privateer, sailed around the world, defeated Spanish Armada Jacques CartierFrance Reached Canada and claimed it for France

6 Western Hemisphere – Native Americans Corn, potatoes, tobacco Europeans Horses, cattle, diseases that kill many Indians lifestyles completely leads to slavery Plantation economy and environment Europe Prince Henry of Portugal pioneers exploration Demand for gold Competition for colonies Africa European trading ports Slaves & gold exported Christianity spreads America Rigid class system Colonies imitate mother country Christianity Sugar & rum Manufactured goods Slaves Economic practice, colonies benefit mother country banking system & money for markets

7 Centralize Power – take all of it for themselves Rule by Divine Right – God’s will Louis XIV France Builds palace of Versailles Spends to expand royal power Peter the Great Russia Westernizes Russia Builds St. Petersburg Takes nobles power Ignores Parliament, raises taxes Puritan military leader

8 Ignores Parliament, raises taxes Puritan military leader Cromwell dies and Charles II restores the monarchy to England Fights with Parliament Factions modern political parties Peaceful, bloodless revolution William Mary share power equally with Parliament Grants rights and freedoms to Englishmen Royal power Eventual democracy & America’s gov

9 Applies reason to human & natural world, stimulates religious tolerance and new government Leviathan Humans exist in nature Government protects us John Locke Government must protect our life, liberty, & property Montesquieu Social Contract The Spirit of Laws Government is a contract between people and ruler

10 Voltaire Miguel Cervantes Thomas Jefferson Eugene Delacroix Mozart Religious toleration, separation of church & state Declaration of Independence Baroque composer Concertos, fugues Symphonies, operas Romantic painter Don Quixote

11 Isaac Newton Discovered laws of gravity Copernicus – developed heliocentric theory Kepler – Discovered planetary motion Galileo Used telescope to support heliocentric theory William Harvey Discovered blood circulation Reason and observation lead to scientific method



14 Directly ruled by foreign power (America – 13 colonies) Country protected by another 1 (Hawaii) Region where 1 country gets trading rights (China) Nationalism – competition for power & wealth Industrial Revolution – demand for natural resources and markets European conflicts brought to colonies Dutch & British set up trading ports in India Christian missionaries convert natives to Christianity Built in Egypt to cut travel time to India, England controls it Held in 1884, European Powers divide up Africa for themselves Matthew Perry 1854 America East India Company

15 1930s-1940s Jews, non- Aryans, disabled Adolf Hitler’s Final Solution

16 1.High Literacy rate 2.Low fertility rate (babies per mother) 3.Slow or no population growth 4.Freemarket economies 5.Large middle class 6.Political freedom 1.High Birth rates = rapid growth 2.Low literacy rates 3.Little access to health care 4.Poverty 5.Poor health Ethnic & religious conflict Climate change illiteracy Pollution rapid growth Terrorism

17 Refugees countries Guest workerstemporary Global peace keeping organization lends money to developing nations at a cost free trade agreement between US, Canada, & Mexico Global organization promoting free trade - common currency and easier borders in Europe Munich Olympics 9/11 attacks Car bombings Suicide bombers Airline hijackers Surveillance Review of privacy rights Security at ports and airports Identification badges and photos

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