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Freedom Is Rooted in Biblical Theism. Part 2 The War in the West – Culture Wars Session 2.9 The Fight for the Soul of the West Session 2.10 Freedom Is.

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Presentation on theme: "Freedom Is Rooted in Biblical Theism. Part 2 The War in the West – Culture Wars Session 2.9 The Fight for the Soul of the West Session 2.10 Freedom Is."— Presentation transcript:

1 Freedom Is Rooted in Biblical Theism

2 Part 2 The War in the West – Culture Wars Session 2.9 The Fight for the Soul of the West Session 2.10 Freedom Is Rooted in Biblical Theism Session 2:11 Militant Atheism Session 2:12 The Consequences of Atheism Session 2:13 “The Days Have Come Down in the West!”

3 Outline Introduction Pluralism vs. Freedom Freedom: Human Rights It Took “Religion” Testimonies Not Any Religion Will Do! Atheism Is an Insufficient Foundation for Freedom

4 Introduction

5 What Framework Founded America? Judeo-Christian Theism Carried the Bible Established by Biblical Principles God is Sovereign Reason and Revelation Atheism Rooted in the Enlightenment- Voltaire, Rousseau, Hume, Descartes Man is Sovereign Reason

6 Question Which countries have more freedom, those with Atheistic or Judeo-Christian foundations?

7 Figure 1.1: Religious Freedom by Area Religious Freedom Rating North Africa and West AsiaWestern Europe and North Atlantic 1 Ireland, United States 2 Austria, Canada, Denmark, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden 3 IsraelBelgium, France, Germany, Greece 4 Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman 5 Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen 6 Afghanistan, Bahrain, Egypt, Pakistan, Palestinian Areas 7 Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia Center for Religious Freedom - Survey Files (2007) The Range of Religious Freedom by Paul Marshall

8 Most Free – Least Free Countries LEAST FREE – ATHEISTIC Freedom from Religion China Vietnam North Korea Belarus Russia Serbia Uzbekistan MOST FREE – 36 of 41 traditionally “Christian” Freedom of Religion USA Estonia Hungry Ireland Austria Canada

9 Pluralism vs. Freedom

10 Pluralism Definition: “The condition of being multiple or plural” Distinction –Ideological Pluralism – “The belief that no single explanatory system or view of reality can account for all the phenomena of life” –Political/Social Pluralism – “A condition in which numerous distinct ethnic, religious, or cultural groups are present and tolerated within a society”

11 The Declaration of Independence

12 Judeo-Christian Theism Moral and Metaphysical Truth (Absolutes) are self-evident vs. Relativism “All men are created equal” vs. Survival of the fittest That they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights vs. revocable rights granted by the state

13 Judeo-Christian Theism That among these are (there are more unalienable rights than these three) Life – Sacredness of life vs. Quality of life Liberty vs. License Pursuit of Happiness vs. Personal peace and affluence

14 Logic of Ideas Ideological Pluralism (Moral Relativism) Only virtue – tolerance Only vice - moral absolutes TYRANNY Judeo-Christian Theism (Moral Absolutes) All Men Created Equal Endowed by God w/ Unalienable Rights FREEDOM

15 Tolerance Moral people must be intolerant of lies, evil, injustice, and hideousness Moral relativists tolerate lies, evil, injustice, and hideousness

16 For Freedom to Prevail The founders of the USA understood that one belief system created the conditions for FREEDOM Public policy based on Judeo-Christian Theism led to freedom of religion for all people and to civil rights – moral freedom Public policy based on Atheistic belief system leads to freedom from religion – TYRANNY – immoral imperialism

17 What Kind of Nation One nation under God God referenced as source of our liberty Legal code based on Ten Commandments Prayer in public life Judeo-Christian Nation One nation under man Enlightenment is source of freedom Legal code based on tyranny of the courts Prayer and Ten Commandments removed from public life Secular Nation

18 Freedom: Human Rights

19 Key Elements of the Framework The rights are inalienable – established by the Creator The sanctity of each and all human life The dignity of women The sinfulness of humankind – thus limited government Human freedom and responsibility The universe is moral and thus the need for justice

20 Basic Civil Liberties Freedom of religion – or conscience (the foundational liberty) Right to life Freedom of speech (and the press) Freedom of association (and assembly) Equal protection of the law (and due process)

21 It Took “Religion”

22 Testimonies Historic

23 President John Adams “We have no government armed with power capable of contending with human passions unbridled by morality and religion. Avarice, ambition, revenge, or gallantry, would break the strongest cords of our Constitution as a whale goes through a net. Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate to the government of any other” [emphasis mine]. Oct.11, 1798 Address to the military

24 Thomas Jefferson "God who gave us life gave us liberty. And can the liberties of a nation be thought secure if we have removed their only firm basis; a conviction in the minds of men that these liberties are the gift of God? That they are not to be violated but with His wrath? Indeed, I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just; that His justice cannot sleep forever."

25 Noah Webster “The Christian religion ought to be received, and maintained with firm and cordial support. It is the real source of all genuine republican principles. It teaches the equality of men as to rights and duties; and while it forbids all oppression, it commands due subordination to law and rulers… The religion of Christ and his apostles, in its primitive simplicity and purity, unencumbered with the trappings of power and the pomp of ceremonies, is the surest basis of a republican government.” History of the United States 1832

26 Testimonies Present

27 “For centuries [the Bible] has exerted an unrivaled influence on American culture, politics, and social life. Now historians are discovering that the Bible, perhaps even more than the Constitution, is our founding document: the source of the powerful myth of the United States as a special, sacred nation, a people called by God to establish a model society, a beacon to the world” [emphasis mine]. Woodward and Gates How the Bible Made America

28 “Ours is a country deliberately founded on a good idea. That good idea combines a commitment to man’s inalienable rights with the Calvinist belief in an ultimate moral right and sinful man’s obligation to do good. These articles of faith, embodied in the Declaration of Independence and in the Constitution, literally govern our lives today.” Looking to Its Roots

29 Religion in American Public Life “The single most influential cultural force at work in the new nation was the combination of religious beliefs and social attitudes known as Puritanism. At the time of the Revolution, at least 75 percent of American citizens had grown up in families espousing some form of Puritanism. Among the remainder, more than half had roots in related traditions of European Calvinism…” James Reichley The Brookings Institute

30 International Testimonies

31 Alexis de Tocqueville 1805-1859 French statesman, historian and social philosopher Toured America in 1831 Published Democracy In America in 1835, 1840

32 Jürgen Habermas Christianity, and nothing else, is the ultimate foundation of liberty, conscience, human rights, and democracy, the benchmarks of Western civilization. To this day, we have no other options [than Christianity]. We continue to nourish ourselves from this source. Everything else is postmodern chatter” [emphasis mine]. German Social Philosopher A Time of Transition, 2004

33 Chinese Scholars “One of the things we [Chinese scholars] were asked to look into was what accounted for the success, in fact the pre-eminence of the West [America] over the world. We studied everything we could from the historical, political, economic, and cultural perspective.” Dr. Wu Chinese Academy of Social Science

34 Not Any Religion Will Do!

35 Only Christianity “The modern world arose only in Christian societies. Not in Islam. Not in Asia. Not in a ‘secular’ society – there have been none.” Rodney Stark Professor Sociology of Religion Baylor University

36 Atheism Is an Insufficient Foundation for Freedom Atheistic Freedom Is an Oxymoron

37 Atheism Values: Survival of the Fittest! Herbert Spencer English Philosopher “Only the fittest organisms will prevail!" Social Darwinism

38 Atheism’s Value = Power “… I think 'nature red in tooth and claw' sums up our modern understanding of natural selection admirably.” Richard Dawkins The Selfish Gene

39 Reflection What have you learned about what brings about the health of a nation? How will you realign your life and priorities to begin to be a nation builder?

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