Presentation on theme: "Jane C. Schaffer or The High School Writing Process"— Presentation transcript:
1 Jane C. Schaffer or The High School Writing Process
2 Mission StatementThe mission of this lesson is to provide students with a writing tool. This is a technical writing tool. Its purpose is to develop a strong foundation for research driven writing.
3 Terminology Thesis: a sentence with a subject and an opinion. Pre-writing: getting your ideas and concrete details down on paper before you put your essay together in paragraph form. Graphic organizers are used at this stage.Concrete Detail: specific details or facts. In a literary analysis quotes may be used.Commentary: your opinion about something. Depending on what you are writing it could also be more detail to the fact.
4 More TerminologyConcluding Sentence: the last sentence in your body paragraphsShaping the essay: writing the following before you write your first draft: thesis; topic sentence for each body paragraph.Conclusion:the last paragraph in your essay that is all commentary, does not repeat key words, and gives a finished feeling to the whole essayPeer Response: written responses and reactions to a partner’s paper
5 One More Page of Terminology Ratio: one part concrete detail (CD) to 2+ parts commentary (CM)Word Counts: the minimum length per paragraph to earn a “C.”
6 In your essay keep in mind you are continually going from general to specific. thesisTSCDCM
7 Thesis StatementsA thesis is a general sentence with a subject and an opinion.Example:Australia is the best country of all for a vacation.In this sentence Australia is the subject and is the best country of all for a vacation is the opinion.
8 More Thesis Statements Tibbetts Middle School is a wonderful place to go to school.Getting braces was one of the best things that could have happened to me.
9 Practice Thesis Statements Write the following sentences and underline the subject once and the opinion twice:Fishing is fun to do when I’m with my dad.English is my favorite class.It’s exciting to go to a new school.Tacos are my favorite food.I like radio station Star the most.
10 Put your thesis in the middle bubble Once you develop a thesis statement it is time to use a graphic organizer to expand your thoughtsPut your thesis in the middle bubbleBranch three other bubbles off of the center bubble. It should look like this:Thesis
11 Topic sentences must relate to your thesis Topic sentences are what that whole paragraph is going to be aboutBranch three other bubbles off from the each topic sentence bubble.Topic SentenceTopic SentenceThesisTopic sentence
12 Concrete details must relate to the topic sentence Concrete details are very specificThey can be a quote if you are writing a literary analysis, or factual information if you are writing a book reportConcrete DetailConcrete DetailConcrete DetailConcrete DetailTopic SentenceTopic SentenceThesisConcrete DetailConcrete DetailTopic sentenceConcrete DetailConcrete DetailConcrete Detail
13 Once your bubble cluster is complete you can start creating body paragraphs Each grouping of one TS and three CDs is a body paragraphConcrete DetailConcrete DetailTopic SentenceConcrete DetailThe next step is to add two commentaries to each concrete detail - NOT IN THE BUBBLE CLUSTER
14 Commentary is opinion relating to the concrete detail or fact Here is the pattern for a body paragraph:TS - topic sentenceCD - concrete detailCM - commentaryCM -commentaryCS - concluding sentenceConcrete DetailConcrete DetailTopic SentenceConcrete DetailThe last item added to the pattern is the concluding sentence, which can lead the reader to the next paragraph
15 Once your body paragraphs are complete it is time to create an introductory paragraph An introductory paragraph is used to catch the reader’s attentionYour thesis should be the last sentence in your introductory paragraphThere are 4 types of introductory paragraphs :Anecdote ( a little story)Dialogue (open conversation)Startling information (sometimes statistics are used)Commentary (open with an opinion)
16 There are other graphic organizers besides the bubble cluster Spider diagram (like a bubble cluster except you use lines instead of bubbles)Random outline (you just start brainstorming ideas and organize them later)Columns outline (great for comparing two things)
17 Technical Writing list Literary AnalysisPersuasive EssayBiographiesScience Fair PapersResearch PapersComparison Contrast EssayAny type of paper in which factual information will be used
18 Writing Tips Be careful with the topic you choose Think about why you chose that topicIf it is too narrow you will get frustrated finding information to write aboutIf it is too broad your piece will sound scatteredFind information that will interest your reader