ANTI-IMMIGRATION POLITICS 1840s - IRISH FAMINE FAILED REVOLUTIONS NATIVISM ANTI-CATHOLIC RIOTS (Philedephia) 1850s- NATIVIST RIOTS IN MIDWEST KNOW NOTHINGISM NATIVE AMERICAN ASSOC NATIVE AMERICAN PARTY AMERICAN PARTY
RECONSTRUCTION PRESIDENTIAL RECONSTRUCTION 1865: ARTICLE XIII - CONGRESSIONAL RECONSTRUCTION 1868: ARTICLE XIV : ARTICLE XV 1871: KLU KLX KLAN ACT END OF RECONSTRUCTION COMPROMISE OF POSSE COMITATUS ACT 1896 – Plessy v Ferguson
The Ku Klux Klan Founded in the town of Pulaski, Tennessee A former Confederate General named Nathan Forest became the Grand Wizard, commander in chief of the KKK The Birth of a Nation 1925 – March on Washington – 40,000 (Over 1 million members) Lynching : 4,743 persons died of lynching, 3,446 of them black men and women to 1901: 100 per year average.
RACE RIOTS Memphis, TN (46 Killed) New Orleans (34 Killed) Wilmington, N. C. (30 Killed) Atlanta, Ga. (12 Killed) Springfield, Ill. (6 Killed) East St. Louis, Ill. ( ) Killed) Chicago, Ill Chicago, Ill. (38 Killed) “The Red Summer” 26 race riots (over 100 killed) in such cities as: Chicago, Illinois; Washington, D.C.; Elaine, Arkansas; Charleston, South Carolina; Knoxville and Nashville, Tennessee; and Longview, Texas; Tulsa, Okla. ( ) Killed) Rosewood, Florida (8 Killed) Detroit, Mich. (28 killed)
ACTIVE U.S. HATE GROUPS IN 2001
GEMEINSCHAFT IN SAN DIEGO COUNTY San Diego Hammerskin Nation World Church of the Creator Aryan Nations Fallbrook Tom Metzger / Founder- White Aryan Resistance Lemon Grove Alex Curtis / SDSU History Student Oceanside Attack on Migrants