1Beyond Marvel & Superdome: HP’s Next-Generation Server HP World 2004Presented by Terry C. Shannon toHP Marketing & BeLux User GroupPublisher, Shannon Knows HPC
2The Fine Print The following text reflects legal requirements HP World 2004The Fine PrintThe following text reflects legal requirementsI am not nor ever have been an HP or Intel EmployeeI am not being compensated to deliver a marketing pitchThis presentation reflects my opinion, not HP’s opinionNo NDA material is contained in this presentationI strive for accuracy, but offer no guaranteesTrust but verify: always get a second opinionMake no purchasing decisions based on this sessionAlways check with HP before planning your purchasesAbove all, enjoy the presentationPlease excuse my “American English”Comments?
3Session Agenda And some thoughts on what to do with all that power! HP World 2004Session AgendaWhere HP is todayCurrent Superdome, PA-RISC and IPF TechnologyAnticipated Improvements in the next several yearsWhat HP must do to remain competitive in ~2008Gotchas…HP can’t reinvent the wheelCritical technology rules of thumbDesign criteriaGetting from 2004 to 2008SKHPC’s speculation about the HP server of 2008And some thoughts on what to do with all that power!
4Future Server, Current Progeny HP World 2004Future Server, Current ProgenyToday’s BCS enterprise systems portend the futureAlphaSuperdomeIntegritySuperdome in more detailSuperdome in the next three yearsSuperdome’s role in the future serverAnd some things you can do with all that performance!
5HP Superdome Family… Today 64-way with Expanded I/O8 to 64 CPUs64 to 512 DIMM slots48 to 192 PCI slots1 to 16 nPartitions16-way2 to 16 CPUs32 to 128 DIMM slots24 to 48 PCI slots1 to 4 nPartitions32-way4 to 32 CPUs32 to 256 DIMM slots24 to 48 PCI slots1 to 4 nPartitions64-way8 to 64 CPUs64 to 512 DIMM slots48 to 96 PCI slots1 to 8 nPartitions
6HP Superdome: Built for the Long Haul HP World 2004HP Superdome: Built for the Long HaulItanium128 CPUs1 TB RAMHP-UX. Windows, Linux, VMS in the futurePA-8800128 CPUs1 TB RAMhp-uxonline replacement and deletion of cell boardsItanium®*64 CPUs512 GB RAMhp-ux, Windows, LinuxPCI-xonline addition of cell boardscell local memoryPA-8700+875 MHz64 CPUs256GB RAMnew I/O cardsPA-870098 percent performance increase to389k TPC-CGiven our combined strengths in the UNIX market, you will be able to take advantage of leadership functionality and performance as well as support by a very large base of market-leading ISVs and applications. We plan to continue to offer the best UNIX in the industry as we integrate leading features of Tru46 UNIX into HP-UX.2H 2001Mid- 2002Today1H 2004Soon*based on the Itanium processor available at that point in time
7Superdome system view Blowers Blowers Backplane Power Cell Board HP World 2004Superdome system viewBlowersBackplane PowerBoardCablesUtilitiesI/O Chassis (2/4)PDCACable GroomerBlowersCellBackplaneI/O FansI/O ChassisPower SuppliesLeveling feet
8An Inside Look at Superdome PA-RISC CELL BOARDIPF CELL BOARD
9SD Interconnect Fabric: Crossbar Mesh HP World 2004SD Interconnect Fabric: Crossbar MeshFully-connected crossbar meshfour crossbarsfour cells per crossbarAll links have equal bandwidth and latencyminimizes latencymaximizes usable bandwidthImplements point-to-point packet filtering and routing networkallows hardware isolation of all faultsinterconnect 16 cells with 3 latency domainscell local ~200nscrossbar local ~300nsremote crossbar ~350nsSuperdome CabinetSuperdome CabinetI/OI/OBackplaneBackplaneCellCellCrossbarCrossbarCrossbarCrossbarPage 9
11Inside Superdome: New sx1000 chipset Supports PA 8800, 8900, and all Itanium CPUsCell controller, cell board, and CPUs change (orange)Memory DIMMS, I/O connection, and crossbar connection remain the sameAll other system infrastructure (frame, backplane, I/O chassis, etc.) is preservedOptional PCI-X I/O slots can also be usedSix SlotsCellMEMORYProcessorBoardDependentPCIPCIHardwareIPFE….....EIPFCellControllerV2IPFI/OControllerIPFE….....EPCIPCICrossbarSix SlotsCross BarI/OBackplane
12The role of the sx1000 in Superdome HP World 2004The role of the sx1000 in SuperdomeThe heart of all HP cellular systems, linkingCPUsMemoryI/OCrossbar interconnect to other cell boardsOne chipset per cell board4 CPUs per cell boardSx1000 supports 8 CPUs per cell boardEnables 128-way Superdome systems
13HP Delivers Dual-Core Before Intel HP World 2004HP Delivers Dual-Core Before IntelPA-RISC PA-88002 cores, one chipEach core has own L1 cache32M shared L2 cacheUses high-bandwidth Itanium system busUses same socket and HP chipsets as Itanium 2Itanium – HP invents a double-density MadisonHondo project – now known as mx2Two Madison CPUs and HP technologyResults – 2 Itanium processors in a single socketCount sockets, not CPUs
14How Did HP Upstage Intel? HP World 2004How Did HP Upstage Intel?Itanium is a joint venture between Intel and HPHP co-owns certain Itanium intellectual propertyHP’s High Performance Systems Lab is truly brilliantRichardson, TX: If it’s been invented, then make it betterInvestigate, innovate, and improve to achieve leadershipHow HP’s 3-I approach rendered “Hondo” the mx2Itanium cartridge packaging was not at maximum densityCPU packaged on a carrier board, power at one endThe Intel CPU and package could occupy less spaceHP designed a cache, controller and carrier boardHP placed the power supply atop the module and…
15Field-stripping an mx2 module Mixing is allowed between Madison, HP mx2 module, Madison9MIntel CPU “carrier” boardIndustry-standard Itanium2 power pod (DC to DC power conversion)Intel CPU chip inside packageHP CPU “carrier” boardHP external cache andcontroller chipHP power solution(goes on top rather thanon the end)
16HP Integrity Cellular System Progress 64-waySuperdome128-wayscalable (cell-based) servers16-wayrx862032-way8-way16-wayrx7620Focus is on Cellular Systems, CPU Count Reflects mx2 CPU4-wayMontecitoDual CoreLate 2005200220032004Itanium 2McKinley1 GHzMadison1.5 GHzMadison 9M1.6 GHz
17Superdome Performance Projections Integrity Enhancements:CPUs follow Intel roadmapsDual CPU motherboard doubles IPF count in ‘04Mixed Madison CPUs supportedIn-cab interconnect upgrades to sustain scalabilityIn-cab upgrades from PA-RISCEstimated System OLTP performance2003200420052006Estimated Relative PerfSuperdome performance modeled in example.
18How Superdome will maintain its leadership in the next 3-4 years HP World 2004Double overall system performanceIncrease system availabilityEliminate single points of failureIncrease reliabilityAdd resiliency featuresEnhance system scalabilityMore memoryImproved performance scalingImprove system manageabilityWhat kind of attributes will allow Superdome to maintain its leadership position in the marketplace ?First, the system performance will need to double, at minimum, to maintain our competitive advantageSecond, Increasing system availability by eliminating single points of failure, increasing the reliability of system components, and by adding new resiliency features.Third, enhancing scalability by increasing the memory depth, and by improving performance scaling through reduced access latency, improved interconnect bandwidth, and by taking advantage of new processor featuresLastly, it becomes vitally important to improve upon the existing platform management infrastructure to continue to make a complex machine like HP’s Superdome easy to administrate, configure, and maintain.
19IPF and PA-RISC processor roadmap HP World 2004IPF and PA-RISC processor roadmapMontvaleDual CoreItanium Family (HP Exclusive)MontecitoDual CoreItanium FamilyPA-RISC FamilyHP mx2Dual CPUPA-8900Dual CoreMadison“9M”Madison1.5 GHzPA-8800Dual CoreItanium 21.0 GHzDoubling system performance represents a substantial hurdle. First, HP must start with a powerful processor. Shown here is the evolutionary path of the Itanium Processor Family along with HP’s PA-RISC processor roadmap. With the sx1000-based Integrity Superdome offering Madison, the mx2 dual CPU module, and Madison 9M in it’s lifetime, and the sx1000-based HP9000 Superdome offering the powerful dual-core PA-8800 processor, the next generation platform needs to aim higher on both IPF and PA-RISC processor fronts to meet our customer’s needs.<click> The newer processor technology available from Intel’s Itanium Processor Family will be a dual-core IPF CPU code-named Montecito featuring a 50% higher core frequency and hyper-threading, and the final member of the venerable PA-RISC processor family, the dual-core PA-8900, will be available for our next generation design. Even beyond Montecito lies yet another IPF product, code-named Montvale which will continue to provide leadership CPU performance well beyond 2006.Itanium800 MHzPA-8700+875 MHzThis roadmap is subject to change without notice.Dual Core means two CPU cores per silicon chip.Dual CPU means two packaged CPUs per processor module.PA-8700750 MHz200120022003200420052006
20Future “Arches” chipset vs existing sx1000 HP World 2004sx1000 chipset“Arches” chipsetCell BoardCell BoardMEMORYMEMORYAfter picking our target processors, HP also needs to design a chipset that can deliver the reduced latency and increased bandwidth necessary to unleash system performance.<click> Increase the CPU bus interface frequency from 400 MT/s to 533 MT/s to improve the CPU bandwidth and reduce access latency.<click> Change memory technology to DDR-II SDRAM. This doubles the memory bandwidth and reduces memory access latency thereby reducing CPU idle time. The newer technology also allows HP to quadruple the system’s memory capacity which will minimize I/O thrashing.<click> The I/O system, too, must be improved to maintain system balance. The aggregate I/O bandwidth is more than tripled by utilizing emerging high-speed serial link technology to connect the Cell to the I/O system. Individual card slot bandwidth is doubled by designing a PCI-X MHz local bus adapter chip to support 10 Gb Ethernet cards, multi-port 4 Gb Fibre-channel cards, or potentially others. The Arches chipset even provides direct hardware support for IPF Write Coalescing instructions to reduce the I/O bus overhead penalties of small data transfers and ensure higher I/O bus utilization.<click> To make the system chipset complete, HP will use the same high-speed serial link technology employed in the I/O link to quadruple the system crossbar interconnect bandwidth and further reduce crossbar latency. The crossbar provides the fabric through which the Cells are interconnected to each other, and the greatly increased bandwidth particularly benefits large partitions.memorybandwidth increasePA-8800 orItanium® 2PA-8900 orItanium® 2CPU busbandwidth increasePA-8800 orItanium® 2PA-8900 orItanium® 2CellControllerCellControllerPA-8800 orItanium® 2PA-8900 orItanium® 2PA-8800 orItanium® 2PA-8900 orItanium® 2I/Obandwidth increasecrossbarbandwidth increasePCI-X SystemBus AdapterPCI-X SystemBus AdapterCrossbarCrossbarBX…BX = PCI-XhostbridgeBXBX2…BX2BX2 = PCI-X 2.0host bridgeCrossbar SwitchConnectionsCrossbar SwitchConnectionsPCI-XorPCIPCI-XorPCI2x slotbandwidthPCI-X2.0PCI-X2.0
21“Arches” system summary HP World 2004“Arches” system summaryIncreased Single System HADouble DRAM sparing (tolerate failure of 2 DRAMs on a DIMM)Multi-path crossbar topologyLink level retry with ‘self-healing’ on crossbar and I/O linksGreater fault protection within the CPU (cache repair-on-the-fly)Redundant DC/DC converters and system clocksLess than 15 minute removal and replacement of a FRU for one person after failed FRU is identified and before boot sequence beginsPerformance & ScalabilityMore powerful processorsBandwidth increase in:CPU BusMemoryI/OI/O slotCrossbarMemory capacity increaseLatency reductionsSo, I’ll perform a quick summary of all the changes we’re making for the “Arches” generation of Superdome:Better performance and scalability is assured by the use of even more powerful processors, huge increases in bandwidth alongside with substantial reductions in latency all across the entire system design.System resiliency and reliability will be improved because we’ve not only learned from our past, but have aggressively adopted new technologies that allow us to further enhance our system’s design.In the end, I’m really showing you how HP has made a serious effort to protect your valuable IT investments. Our strategy for offering “in-box” upgrades, as opposed to the “fork-lift” variety favored by our competitors, offers our customers truly affordable information technology. Not only are the upgrades less expensive than new system designs, fitting our new designs into the available power and thermal windows of the chassis gives assurance to Superdome customers that they can build their data centers’ power and cooling infrastructures, and expect them to last.Investment ProtectionField upgradeable into existing customer systems, no chassis swapFits within the available power / thermal windows of existing Superdome systems
22Three generations of Superdome… HP World 2004Three generations of Superdome…sameframesameframeThe first generation of Superdome, released in late 2000, was a 64-way capable HP-UX only machine that supported up to 256 GB of memory, 64-bit 66 MHz PCI slots, and introduced the concept of true hard partitions to the marketplace. The chipset for this generation, code named Yosemite, supported three consecutive PA-RISC microprocessors, the PA-8600 at 552 MHz, the PA-8700 at 750 MHz, and the PA at 875 MHz.<click> In late 2003, the sx1000 chipset brought IPF processor compatibility to Superdome, and the ability to support multiple Operating Systems (HP-UX is now joined by 64-bit Windows, Linux, and OpenVMS). Two denser DIMM sizes has brought the maximum main memory size up to 1 TB, and a new set of I/O bus adapter chips provides compatibility with PCI-X and a doubling of the peak per slot bandwidth to 1 GB/sec. The Itanium Processor Family members supported by the sx1000 include the 1.5 GHz, 6 MB Madison, the 1.7 GHz, 9 GB Mad 9M, and HP’s exclusive IPF processor offering – the mx2 dual Madison module. The PA-RISC processors supported by the sx1000 are the PA-8800, and the future PA-8900, both dual-core offerings which, like the mx2, allow the system processor count to reach 128.<click> Targeted for late 2005, the third generation chipset for Superdome will be made available. Like its predecessor, the “Arches” chipset will support up to 128 PA-RISC or IPF processors, with the same four Operating Systems, along with support for DDR-II memory for a maximum system capacity of 4 TB (limited only by memory device availability). PCI-X MHz slots will enable the system to take advantage of 10 Gb Ethernet and multi-port 4 Gb Fibre-channel cards, and high-speed serial link technology provides the framework for large increases in aggregate I/O and crossbar bandwidth. New features will improve the reliability and resiliency of the platform over Superdome’s already high standard of Single-System High-Availability.IPF and PA-RISC128 CPU, 4 TB MemoryDDR-II Memory, PCI-X (266)Increased BW for Mem, IO, XbarEnhanced Resiliency, SSHAHP-UX, Windows, Linux and OpenVMSPA-RISC Only64 CPU, 256GB MemorynParsPCI OL*HP-UX OnlyIPF and PA-RISC128 CPU, 1TB MemoryPCI-X (133)HP-UX, Windows, Linuxand OpenVMSYosemite4Q 2000sx10004Q 2003Arches4Q 2005
23Performance boosts with in-box upgrades HP World 2004Performance boosts with in-box upgradesOver 2MThe first generation Superdome chipset, Yosemite, allowed three PA-RISC processors to deliver TPC-C benchmarks first at 197,024 tpmC with the 552 MHz PA-8600, then at 389,434 tpmC result using the 750 MHz PA-8700, then an impressive 541,674 tpmC result using the 875 MHz PAThe sx1000-based Superdome populated with “Madison” Itanium2 processors running at 1.5 GHz and possessing a 6 MB third level cache has already demonstrated leadership results on both Windows/Sequel and HP-UX/Oracle. With sx1000 system performance disclosures for the 1.7 GHz, 9 MB version of Madison, the mx2 dual processor module, and even the dual-core PA-8800 still pending, several more opportunities for HP to further distance itself from the competition still remain, especially when the Operating Systems catch up with the hardware capability supporting 128-processor configurations.A preliminary estimate of the “Arches” based system’s 64-way performance comes in at approximately 2.2 million tpmC populated with Montecito processors, and given that the system is capable of running coherently with a single 128-way image, a tpmC result in excess of 3.5 million should be achievable.The real hidden beauty about this increase in performance is that this will all have been achieved through “in-box” upgrades. The infrastructure released with Superdome in 2000 will continue to support a machine with greater than 20 times more total OLTP processing power in 2006.EstimateHP-UXWin
24Increase single system high-availability HP World 2004Increase single system high-availabilityKeep it runningFix it fastN+1 features (hot swappable)1. Cabinet blowers, I/O fans2. Bulk dc power supplies3. All cell, backplane, I/Opower converters4. Redundant ac input power (optional)5. Multiple xbar switch fabrics6. Redundant global clock sourceDiagnostic features:1. Test station- asic level scan tools- remotely accessible via lan2. Enhanced predictive support3. High availability observatory4. Ems monitoring system5. Dynamic processor resilience (DPR)6. Dynamic memory resilience (DMR)7.Hot-swap service processorIncreasing Superdome’s availability required that we not only take advantage of every possible opportunity available through changes in technology, it also demanded that we look back, retrospectively, to examine our own field replacement data.One item, DC-DC voltage converters, has been a cause for service calls, and this actually reveals an industry-wide challenge. While DC-DC converters evolve to provide more capacity and greater efficiency in smaller packages, their inherent reliability has not improved at the same rate. By designing in N+1 DC-DC converter redundancy on all the voltage levels required in our system, we manage to effectively provide a solution for keeping the hardware running even in the event of a brick failure.The multi-path design of our new system crossbar fabric allowed us to provide the capability to route traffic around failed crossbar ASICs.We designed the global clock source not only to be fully redundant, but hot-swappable as well.Our processors will provide the capabilities to perform internal cache repairs without required reboots.Our I/O sub-system becomes more resilient by enabling ECC protection on the PCI-X 2.0 mode 2 slotsThe high-speed serial link technology we employ for the I/O and crossbar routing allows us to build-in redundant channels, and provides for automatic failed packed transfer retries. This gives out links the ability to “heal” themselves when detecting persistent errors.The sheer number of DIMMs, 512 in a maximum configuration, makes DIMMs a common service point. Superdome already delivered DRAM chip-sparing which allowed the failure of an entire DRAM device per DIMM. HP Labs has produced new ways to enhance our ECC encoding so that we can now lose two DRAMs per DIMM and still correct the resulting data errors. We’ve called this feature “double chip-sparing”, and it actually works like memory RAID at the DRAM level - only it doesn’t require the customer to buy 25% additional memory capacity just to enable. In addition, where Superdome’s DIMM design provided address and control signal parity checking, the new system has also provided redundant signal contacts to further enhance memory resiliency.Error correction1. Ecc on CPU cache & FSB. Cache repair on the fly2. Ecc protected PCI-X 2.03. Link level retry with “self-healing” xbar & i/o pathways4. Ecc on all fabric and memory paths5. Double chip-spare memoryFault isolation technologiesOnline addition, replacement:1. cell assemblies*2. PCI i/o cards* note: os version dependent
25Enhance system scalability HP World 2004Enhance system scalabilityDual-core processors double CPU count per “socket”Hondo today. Montecito end of 2005Hyper-threading may allow more scheduling options4x increase in memory capacityAcross-the-board latency improvements reduce and “flatten” access time profile for large partitionsOS and application improvements inevitableEnhancing the scalability of our system is primarily a function of the performance features I’ve already mentioned. The dual-core nature of our target processors doubles the CPU count on a per-socket basis. With Montecito, the capability to execute on dual threads, or hyper-threading, is introduced. The CPU execution pipeline can operate on an additional instruction thread while it waits for cache requests to be serviced from another, rather than sitting idle. While we can’t accurately predict what effect this capability will have on our systems, it may indeed give us the opportunity to schedule processes more efficiently.The quadrupling of memory capacity will obvious reduce I/O thrashing, andthe focus of improving latency reveals its real benefits by reducing and “flattening” the access time profile across the entire system.Hardware folks, like me, continue to underestimate our OS and application partners’ ability to extract performance out of our system designs, but such improvements in machine utilization are inevitable.
26Improve system manageability HP World 2004Improve system manageabilityIntegrate existing rich feature set into Web-based server management framework (Insight Manager)Add capability to update firmware without shutting down the OS (new firmware activated on next boot)Add I/O card slot doorbells and slot power latchesEnhance Security featuresSecure Shell (SSH) management consoleAuthenticated firmware updateTrusted Platform Monitor (TPM) device to store encryption keysThree of our core values for maintaining Superdome’s leadership position in the marketplace, doubling performance, increasing availability, and enhancing scalability, have been addressed. The fourth ensures that we can deliver a system of this complexity, and yet still provide a suite of platform management tools that allow our customers to effectively manage, configure, and maintain their systems.We are integrating our platform management software into the web-based Insight Manager framework, allowing Superdome to be managed and monitored by the same tools available for our Proliant servers.We’ll add the capability to update system firmware while the box is still up and running, and then allow for rebooting at a later, more convenient opportunity to have the new firmware take effectWe’ll add I/O card slot doorbells and power latches to make the look and feel of Superdome consistent with low-end and mid-range product offerings. These capabilities were available previously at the management console only.We even plan on enhancing the security features embedded into the system itself: a Secure Shell (SSH) management console, firmware updates that require full authentication, and even a TPM encryption key device to enable future secure features
27Superdome: built for the future, investment protection today HP World 2004Superdome: built for the future, investment protection todayNext Generation High-End SystemIPF only (no PA)Leadership PerformanceLeadership HALeadership PartitioningUpgrade to Montvale (performance boost)Up to 4 TB memoryPCI ExpressHP-UX, Windows, Linux, OpenVMSArches chip set with higher bandwidths and lower latencies128 CPUsMontecito and PA-8900Up to 2 TB memoryHP-UX, Windows, Linux, OpenVMSSuperdome customers really do enjoy the best of both worlds: Record-breaking performance, unprecedented high-end server resiliency and reliability, and multi-OS flexibility all come with true affordability and IT investment protection because the machine was designed with the capacity to grow. Superdome’s modular design from the very beginning has allowed HP to offer it’s customers a machine that is truly intended to evolve right along with their ever-changing business needs. As can be seen here, Superdome’s future is very bright indeed – so feel free to go ahead and buy as many as you like – we’ll make more.128-way scalability with PA-8800 and mx2 CPUsMadison 9MHP-UX, Windows, Linux, OpenVMS128 CPUs (2 64-CPU partitions)PA-8800 CPUMx2 CPU1 TB RAMHP-UXPCI-X1H 20042H 20042H 20052H 20062H 2007calendar year
28And Now It’s Time for Something New… Alpha, PA-RISC, and MIPS will run out of gas in the timeframe and become obsolescent also-rans.The NED already has plans for a future system in 2005HP’s High Performance Group must follow suitThe Alpha Abdication killed Compaq’s next-generation “Avalanche” and “Snowball” high performance efforts.So the ball is in HP’s court now…Reliance on Itanium technology takes processor performance out of the picture.Hence, HP will differentiate above the CPU level…
29Itanium, Integrity, and the Future HP World 2004Itanium, Integrity, and the Future64-bit computing imposes new demandsPerformanceMemoryScalabilityReliabilityHP Integrity systems meet these demandsTodayAnd even more so in 2008
30Integrity Matters… Omit Nothing, Improve Everything! Keep the system running 24 x 7Redundancy, N+x componentsHot-swappable fans, blowers,Power supplies, backplanes, etc.Emphasize error correctionCPU cache, chipkillParity protection for CPUs and I/OECC for all fabric and I/O pathsRedundant memory and A/C powerIf it breaks, fix it fastDiagnosticsFault Isolation
31Focusing Innovation Beyond the CPU HP World 2004Focusing Innovation Beyond the CPUbeyond-the-box R&D investmentR&D InvestmentTimelinePA-RISCAlphaMIPSItaniumIA 32
32Future Design Considerations Standardize on ItaniumUtilize standard fabrics and interconnectsLeverage component scalability to yield truly balanced systemsIncorporate latest standard technologies to cut costsEnsure Customer investment protectionDeliver value added differentiatiationI/OChassisHostI/O ControllerMem ControllerSystem InterconnectCPU….
33Gating Factors in Future System Design HP World 2004Gating Factors in Future System DesignKey customer concernsEconomicsPrice and price/performanceLow TCOInvestment protectionInteroperabilityReliabilityScalability to handle any workloadManifestation of AE strategyGrid and AE enabledScale out vs scale up issues
34Gating factors in future server design HP World 2004Gating factors in future server designManagement issuesHP must provide an attractive alternative to competitive management products and plansIBM’s Eliza and e-Services offeringsSun’s nascent N1 strategyHP’s alternatives includeOpenView and SIMVirtualization technologyAE and UDC management toolsAnd more to come, from HP Labs and acquisitions
35Gating factors in future server design HP World 2004Gating factors in future server designRely on standards and existing parts where possibleHeterogeneous OS is critical to server consolidationEssential to AE plansMost customers run multiple OSes and platformsHP must accommodateUNIXLinuxOpenVMSNSKWindows
36HP’s future server game plan HP World 2004HP’s future server game planNote: the following information is based on SKHPC’s analysis of current products, announced roadmaps, and public data. As such, this material is conjectural. For now…HP’s Goal: Design and Develop The Mother of all Enterprise ServersSKHPC assessment of product development and attributesProduced by ~50-person IPF development section as part of the High Performance Systems Lab (HPSL) in Hardware Systems Technology Division (HSTD). Distributed in SHR, MRO, Colorado, RichardsonTwo teams are addressing specific issues
37HP’s future server game plan, ctd.. HP World 2004HP’s future server game plan, ctd..The two teamsAdvanced development team focused on roadmap linkage, definition, architecture, topology, performance work, as well as base technology assessment and proofs of conceptAn implementation team to deliver an SPU (system processing unit) consistent with current HSTD development practices including boards, signal integrity, mechanical, power, thermal, utilities, etc. The team will leverage existing HP ASICs, CPUs, diagnostics, I/O options, designs and components wherever possible.
38HP Superdome successor, 2007-2008 HP World 2004HP Superdome successor,SKHPC’s visionCPU counts to >128 processors which allows HP to deliver SC-like systems in a box partitioned all the way down to individual processes using the continuum of partitioning technologiesAn order of magnitude improvement in availability with proactive diagnosis tools that anticipate possible failures and automatically correct through re-configuration or early replacement of failing componentsIncredibly large cache and memory sizes allow you to run almost any app in memory at the fastest possible speedEasily clustered, interoperable, and a key HP AE component (Built on inexpensive industry standard components and able to run all HP OSes and the full set of industry applications)
39Aims and goals of “Son of Superdome” Strategy: innovate and expand existing technologyResults: A next-generation system whose design and appearance is Superdome-centric with Alpha attributesLikely physical characteristics:Appearance: Superdome-like but much largerDesign: Superdome-centric with Alpha attributesResults and Goals:Superdome successor with substantially higher performance and scalability than the incumbentDeliver the first, true, open-systems alternative to proprietary mainframe and parallel cluster technology. And, a new ability to open a large can of industry-standard whoop-ass on IBM.
40More aims and goals.. Power and fault-resilience and more Power up once, no reboot, non-NUMA architecturePassive backplane, no performance compromiseOnline memory, CPU, I/O, CPU, fabric replacementFault-tolerant fabric, smaller cell boardsNo multipartition single point of failureLow latency, multi-OS supportDynamic workload balancingChange hard partitions on the flyGrow/shrink, add/delete partitions, firewall securityReconfigure only by trusted firmwareNo denial of service attacks… and more
41Managing the server of the future How do you manage what does not yet exist?Most of the tools and building blocks already existHP can run a UDC todayThe Adaptive Enterprise suite is being fleshed outOpenView is being extendedHP’s partition magicians have a big bag of tricks todayProbable management environmentTake the OpenView foundation available nowAdd partitioning, COD, and AE tools available inThe results: the next-generation system “control panel”Thanks, and have fun visualizing the future!
42The magic that makes it happen Virtualization… the enabler for AE and UDCHP Virtualization continuumAEUDC… now downsized for BladeServers
43A Few Words About AE and UDC HP World 2004A Few Words About AE and UDCHP’s Adaptive Enterprise is a Key DifferentiatorAE is an adaptable standards-based IT framework that lets users automatically and dynamically allocate and reallocate their IT infrastructures in response to changing patterns of utilization and changing business, while eliminating the need to “overprovision” via buying standby equipment for “spikes”. It’s a work in progress.HP’s Utility Data Center went beyond AE, and was to delivers IT resources on demand.HP’s UDC is reality at HP today (3 locations), and is far more comprehensive than rival “IT as a Utility” efforts from Sun (N1) and IBM’s e-Services offerings. It’s also far too complex.HP has downsized UDC to BladeServers to meet user needsAll offerings rely on virtualization and advanced mgmt tools.Last week: Virtualization agreement with VERITAS
44A Quick Look at Virtualization HP World 2004A Quick Look at VirtualizationAn approach to IT that pools and shares resources so utilization is optimized and supply automatically meets demandStrategic importanceBusiness valueVirtualization Innovation Today and TomorrowComplete IT Utility(Utility Data Center)Integrated virtualization(Adaptive Enterprise)Element virtualizationServersStorageNetworkSoftware
45HP Virtualization Solutions HP World 2004HP Virtualization SolutionsElement VirtualizationNew: Pay-per-use (PPU) now available for imaging and printing and HP Integrity SuperdomeNew: The family of HP Serviceguard high-availability clustering software adds several new offeringsEnhanced: HP-UX Workload Manager (WLM), the intelligent policy engine for Virtual Server EnvironmentIntegrated VirtualizationNew: Blade PC powers the HP Consolidated Client InfrastructureEnhanced: BEA and Oracle integrated with HP Virtual Server EnvironmentNew: ServiceGuard extension virtualizes resources across data centers up to 100kms apart with a single Oracle RAC databaseNew: iCOD for Blades activate servers as needed by customerComplete IT Utility (Now Blade-Based)New: Tiered Messaging on Demand, part of the HP On Demand Solutions portfolioNew: Automated Service Usage, part of HP IntegratedService ManagementServersStorageNetworkSoftware
46What WAS HP’s UDC? Too Complex! HP World 2004What WAS HP’s UDC? Too Complex!storage virtualizationnetwork virtualizationinternetserver poolstorage poolNAS poolload balancer poolfirewall poolswitching poolutility controllerserver virtualizationHP UTILITY DATA CENTER - virtualized pools of resource for instant ignition - failover protection and data replication to protect servers, storage and network - wire-once fabric - utility controller software for service definition and creationHP’s Utility Data Center offers a set of highly-available, virtualized resources which enables:Speedy definition, configuration and implementation of IT servicesBetter utilization of servers, storage and networking elements because resources are shared more effectively across multiple applications – with less need of unused capacityResources will self-optimize to meet the demands of dynamic workloadsMost operations can be automated to reduce error and improve the efficiency of your IT administratorsNew applications and systems can be ignited within minutesServer, storage and network utilization approaches 100%Resources are ‘virtualized’ and optimize themselves to meet your service level objectivesAdministrative and operational overhead is minimized
47Original HP UDC Components HP World 2004Original HP UDC ComponentsHP consulting and integration servicesVirtual Server PoolsHeterogeneous server environmentsHP servers optimized for UDCProtect your current investmentsVirtual Network PoolsStandards-based VLANsFlexible and robust network infrastructureVirtual Storage PoolsHP XP and EVA storage offer flexible ‘network-based’ virtualizationIntegration with OpenView for storage managementEMC SymmetrixUtility Controller SoftwareManages service templatesIntegrates with HP software: resource, workload and failure mgt.hp utility data centerhp utility controller softwareprocessing elementsstorage elementsnetworking elementshp-xphp-uxMore detailed architectural view of the UDCNote the heterogeneous nature of the solution:UDC can support HP-UX, Solaris, Windows and Linux servers – even AIX with customization and scriptingCisco Catalyst and ProCurve switches – as well as Linux and Windows-based firewalls, cache, proxy, SSL, load-balancers etc.SAN-based storage from HP and EMC is supported today, and NAS solutions in the future.The UDC is a ‘wire-once’ solution and supports both fiber and copper-based data center wiringUtility Controller and Rack – comprises controller hardware and software – we’ll look at the controller software in more detail shortlyUDC integrates most effectively into an OpenView management environmentThe key to a successful UDC implementation is a focus on data center processes and skills training, as well as technology. HP offers a variety of data center services offerings – Business Value Analysis, service level management, capacity management and cost management services to ensure that the UDC is implemented in the most cost-effective fashion – and delivers on the promised benefits.OpenVMSProcurveevawindowsCiscoemclinuxutility fabricOpenView
48UDC Plan: Improve Asset Utilization HP World 2004UDC Plan: Improve Asset UtilizationAdaptive management enabling virtual provisioning of app environments to optimize assetsinternetinternetnetwork virtualizationswitching poolWire it up just onceAll network, storage, and server components were to be wired onceVirtualize asset poolAll components could be allocated and reallocated on the flyEasy to reconfiguresimple user interface allowed admins to architect and activate new systems using available resourcesLooked good on PPT Slides, but little customer buy-inload balancer poolfirewall poolserver virtualizationutility controllerserver poolNAS poolstorage virtualizationswitching poolstorage pool
49Thank you very much for your time and attention! Many of the topics I have mentioned briefly have been covered in detail by HP in recent announcements.If you have specific questions, I can be reached by at