Uptake [number of units providing services] Trialled Technology Low High Time Today 20 years ago Successful Technology Rope Pump in Africa Rope Pump in Nicaragua Promising Technology July 2013
What is the TAF Rationale for the TAF Concept of the TAF Methodology to apply the TAF Rationale for the GTIP Concept of the GTIP Outlook July 2013
The TAF is a decision support tool for assessing and monitoring applicability and scalability of a specific WASH technology for provision of sustainable services in a specific context Target users of the TAF include government (national, local), private sector, NGO, academia, development partners The TAF is based on a stepwise and transparent process that provides concrete information to design mitigation measures for improving performance of the technology used and of the introduction process It is an participatory, facilitating and easy to use tool that triggers sharing of lessons learned between all actors including local and national level July 2013
Usage Context -Need -Market -Policies -Capacities -Economy… Usage Context -Need -Market -Policies -Capacities -Economy… Context factors on Supply side WASH Technology - Functions - Features - Requirements Context factors on Supply side WASH Technology - Functions - Features - Requirements Sustainable WASH Services Physical Context - Conditions - Applicability Physical Context - Conditions - Applicability Context factors on Demand side Introduction process -Implementation -Supply Chain -Operation & Maintenance -Life Cycle Costs -Capacities -Follow up…… Introduction process -Implementation -Supply Chain -Operation & Maintenance -Life Cycle Costs -Capacities -Follow up…… Monitoring July 2013
Requirements for the tool “TAF”: Easy to use for all target users of TAF, applicable in different contexts, supporting inclusiveness, fostering accountability by involving all relevant actors during interpretation of results, linking to concrete actions July 2013 Technology Introduction Process Sustainable WASH Services Governance and accountability User needs, efficiency and user friendliness Innovation in WASH Sector
Context Technology SCREENING Need and Applicability Technical Function Characteristics Performance ASSESSMENT of technology applicability using 18 indicators Perspective of key actors User-Buyer Other Institutions Dimensions Soc Econ Env Inst Know Tech TAF Technology Applicability Framework Producer-Provider Cost model Dimensions: Soc= Social Econ = Economical and Financial Env= Environmental Inst= Institutional, legal, organisational Know= Knowhow and skills Tech= Technological July 2013
Technology Introduction Process defines tasks for actors involved in each phase of introduction process TIP -Generic concept -For water, sanitation and hygiene technologies -Applicable for different cost models, e.g. market-based approach Technology Introduction Process (TIP): the concept (TIP): the concept July 2013 Low
TAF uses multiple entry points to address critical factors concerning applicability and scalability of the technology and of sustainability of services provided by a specific WASH technology July 2013 Sustainability Dimensions - Social - Economic - Environmental - Organisational, legal, institutional - Skills and Knowhow - Technological User, Buyer Producer, Provider Regulator, Investor, Facilitator Perspectives of Key Actors in Introduction Process = 18 TAF Indicators
TAF follows stepwise procedure in 4 steps TAF process is based on desk work, field visits & workshops All actors are involved in field visits, workshops and interpretation! TAF process supports sharing of experiences, accountability and governance. Structured TAF process is easy to use, involvement of all actors fosters transparency and inclusiveness. July 2013
Interpretation per dimension per particular perspective As entire profile Sustainability Dimensions Technology Skills & Know-how Institutional & Legal Environ- mental Economic Social (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (1) (2) (3) ?? ? ? User/ Buyer Producers/ Providers Regulators/ Investors/ Facilitators Key perspectives July 2013 ? or for specific topics such as O&M
-Assessing applicability and scalability of a specific WASH technology in a specific context -monitoring and evaluate of the performance of an existing WASH technology and of the introduction process -to define concrete mitigation measures to increase technology performance but also of the introduction process -Building up basis for comparison of different WASH technologies for a specific need and region July 2013
Technology introduction processes are very complex in terms of roles of actors, timing of activities, mobilisation of funding. In many countries there are procedures, but mostly are informal and often not well documented. Understanding on process and on requirements concerning successful technology introduction in the sector needs to be strengthened. There is clear need for a guidance on technology introduction to support actors in WASH sector.
Guidance for Technology Introduction Process: GTIP should be a guidance document, providing generic information that can be adapted by countries according to their needs, however it is is not like a rule to be strictly followed. The GTIP should improve understanding of complex interactions between actors in various phases of technology introduction. GTIP provides a systematic description of key elements, tasks, interlinkages between actors and steps for technology introduction. The GTIP can be used as a tool to adapt or further develop country specific guideline for technology introduction or for analysis and planning of a specific Technology Introduction Process for a specific technology. GTIP is based on good practice, however there is no silver bullet solution for technology introduction!
Improved understanding in sector on technology introduction In case here are already some procedures in place: Improved general procedures Support in an introduction process for a specific technology In case there are no procedures in place: 1 st draft procedures for technology introduction Defined roles and requirements and procedures as basis for sector including private sector to engage more in WASH technology introduction
TIP process is described in 3 key phases: Invention (as there is something new in the context) Tipping Point (in terms of scaling up much is on steep uptake) Uptake and Use (here focus is more on experiences on O&M) The invention is crucial for the uptake process. To capture important aspects such as feasibility, the invention phase is subdivided into two sup-stages: Testing (of a totally new technology, or rather adaptation of a known technology to the context; here it is about piloting, feasibility assessment) Launch (preparation of the launch, including production, supply chain, promotion, quality control, after sales services)
Impact on poverty alleviation Sales curve Supply chain Profits and losses Invention TestingLaunch Tipping Point Uptake & Use Impact on market and services -sales -profits -supply chain -sustainable services -poverty alleviation «Valley of death» + - Time, progress of process Investments Key phases of technology introduction Weeks to monthsMonths to yearsSeveral years Different time span for 3 phases «Valley of death» due to gap between expenditure for introduction and lack of revenues
The GTIP provides a break down of tasks per phase and actors in a generic way to answer the core question: Who does what in each phase to support successful technology introduction?
Who does what in this phase? Invention - Testing & Launch Tipping Point Uptake & Use Who does what in this phase? Defined tasks per actor
Level Phase Phase 1A: Initial Steps and Testing Phase 1B: Preparing Launch Phase 2: Tipping Point Phase 3: Uptake & Use Level A: Strategic Focus “Why this technology?”, What is the need?”, “Which is the market?” Tasks.. Tasks -xyz …. Tasks.. Level B: Supply Chain “How and where will this technology be delivered to the clients?” Tasks.. Level C: Technology Development “How does the technology look like exactly?”, “What are the product and services to be provided?” Tasks.. Level D: Innovation in the sector “How will the sector support uptake of this technology?” Tasks.. Level E: Introduction Process “ Who takes the lead in this introduction process?” Tasks.. Selected Phase Selected level An Example: What kind of tasks are needed e.g in the phase 2 on e.g. the strategic level? In this field the tasks are listed for phase 2 and for that level
As for the TAF, also the GTIP needs a host that leads and follows up the application of the GTIP. For the development of procedures or technology specific applications of the procedures a team (core group) should be established; Depending on type of technology the composition of the core team to follow up introduction might change (e.g. water supply, sanitation, health, agriculture); membership should including representatives from national Bureau of Standards Application of GTIP should follow a stepwise approach using workshops GTIP should be embedded in existing institutional and organisational structures
The TAF should be applied as an initial step of the TIP if there are no information on applicability of the technology in a context – or later for monitoring purposes. In the Generic TIP Matrix there are clear links on how to included the results of the TAF in the design and follow up of the introduction process (bold figures in generic matrix in Annex 2 of Manual).
TAF was tested in Burkina Faso, Ghana and Uganda on 13 different WASH technologies In all three countries government institutions were appointed as hosts for the TAF TAF is now used to monitor emerging technologies TAF and TIP will be used to develop/adapt guidelines for validation and introduction in all three countries TAF and TIP: available as open source by end 2013 End of 2013: web-based Resource Base available, that allows accessing all relevant documents on TAF&TIP, exchanging and some Q/A – for free! July 2013
Do you really appreciate the relevance of the TAF and GTIP in the Ghanaian WASH sector? How do the TAF and the GTIP fit your context. Will they in any way help improve WASH delivery in the region? What role do you see yourself playing in the application of the TAF and GTIP? How do you propose we fund the application of the GTIP.
For Information on WASHTech, washtechafrica.wordpress.com or to: For details on TAF&TIP in Ghana: c/o TREND July 2013