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Dr Monidipa Banerjee Dr Papiya Khawas

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Presentation on theme: "Dr Monidipa Banerjee Dr Papiya Khawas"— Presentation transcript:

1 Dr Monidipa Banerjee Dr Papiya Khawas
Parenteral Nutrition Dr Monidipa Banerjee Dr Papiya Khawas

2 Parenteral Vs Enteral Total vs Partial

3 Whom to give? Can not feed - gut anomalies, GI surgery, NEC
Can not feed enough –Prematurity, renal disease, cardiac disease, growth failure of chronic disease Should not feed – intestinal obstruction Inability to tolerate minimum 60 kcal/kg/d by enteral route

4 Whom not to give? Metabolic acidosis
Acute renal failure – oliguria, ↑urea, ↑creat Cholestatic jaundice

5 How to wean? Oral feed to start as soon as baby is ready
Go up on oral feeds as tolerated Keep total daily volume constant (TPN+ oral)

6 Infusion Routes Umbilical vein- upto D7
Long line – placed percutaneously - expensive Broviac – placed surgically - expensive Confirm proper line placement by x-ray Peripheral vein can’t give higher conc.of dextrose,max12.5% problem with asepsis in prolonged TPN Ca, amino acid damages veins Used 80% of the time in our unit

7 Infrastructure Place : OT, NICU, lamellar flow ( ideal )
Prepared by: Doctor, trained nurse Asepsis: person preparing should be fully scrubbed, using all new disposables every day Delivery: syringe pump, infusion pump, High pressure infusion lines, chamber drip set,3 way connector/ BD connector Monitoring: Trained nurse to monitor lines and baby

8 Composition - 1 Protein: as crystalline amino acids
Available: 6%&10% Aminoven, Primene. Each 100 ml of 10% Aminoven contains 10g of a.acid.(1ml contains 0.1g of a.acid) Calorie: 1g Protein = 4 kcal (prot:non-prot=1:6) Start: Can be started on Day 1 Dose: Starting with g/kg/d, increment of g/kg/d, upto g/kg/d. 1.5-2g/kg/d avoids catabolism Infusion: continuous over 24 hrs, mixed with dextrose

9 Composition - 2 Lipid: emulsions with soybean oil preferred
Available: 10%&20% Intralipid, Clipped. Each 100 ml contains 10g or 20g of lipid. (1ml contains 0.1g or .2g of lipid) Calorie: 1g Lipid = 9 kcal, 30%-40% of total calories Start: Usually started on Day 3 of TPN Dose: Starting with g/kg/d, increment of g/kg/d, upto 3 g/kg/d. 0.5-1g/kg/d provides essential F.acids Infusion: continuous over hrs, given separately

10 Composition - 3 Carbohydrate: As dextrose, forms main substrate
(% tailored acc. to req. by combining 50% D & 5%D). Available: 5% Dext/IsoP g/100ml = 50mg/ml 10% Dext g/100ml =100mg/ml 50% Dext g/100ml = 500mg/ml Calorie: 1g Carbohydrate= 4 kcal Dose: Starting 6mg/kg/min,↑10-12mg/kg/min Monitor: keep CBG mg/dl

11 Composition - 4 Multivitamins
Trace elements - usually added after 2 weeks of TPN Heparin: if indicated ( e.g. UVC, central lines) unit heparin/ml of TPN

12 Electrolytes Normal daily requirement Na+ 2-4 mmol/kg/d add >48 hrs
K mmol/kg/d add >48 hrs & normal urinary flow Ca mmol/kg/d or add Day 1 2 mEq/kg/d or 75mg/kg/d Mg mEq/kg/d (0.25 ml/kg/d of 50% MgSO4 –maintenance dose) PO4 isolated P preparation not available

13 Dextrose g/100ml Na+ mmol/lit K+ Ca++ mmol Mg++ 5% D 50 (50mg per ml) - 50%D 500(500 mg/ml) IsoP 5% 26 19 3 mEq/l ½ DNS 77 NS 150 3%Nacl 0.5per ml KCI 2 per ml 7.5% NaHCO3 1 per ml 10% Ca gluconate 2.2/10ml 0r 9.2mg elemental Ca / ml

14 How much? Total fluid req. >day 5 = 150-180ml/kg/d
Volume for TPN= total fluid – other infusions Volume for TPN = Lipid + AA + Dext Electrolytes + MVI Total calorie req. = ~ 100 kcal/kg/d Calories from Non-protein:Protein source maintained at a ratio above 6:1 to prevent catabolism.

15 Parenteral nutrition Intralipid Aminoven + (separately by
syringe pump via a 3-way connector) Aminoven + Isolyte-P/ 5% Dextrose 50% Dextrose + MVI + Heparin ( unit/ml) + Add. electrolytes, as reqd.

16 Remember!!! Strict asepsis 24-hr TPN prepared at a time
Changing infusion sets daily (ideal) New amino acid, lipid bottles daily (ideal) Separate IV access for other drugs Serum Na, K on alt. days; urea, creatinie,Ca biweekly; P, Mg, LFT, triglycerides weekly (ideal)

17 Complications Mechanical: thrombosis, embolism, skin slough
Infectious: particularly staph epidermidis, candida Metabolic: hypoglycaemia, hyperglycaemia, cholestasis

18 Thank you

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