Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Parenteral Nutrition Dr Monidipa Banerjee Dr Papiya Khawas.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Parenteral Nutrition Dr Monidipa Banerjee Dr Papiya Khawas."— Presentation transcript:

1 Parenteral Nutrition Dr Monidipa Banerjee Dr Papiya Khawas

2 Parenteral Vs Enteral Total vs Partial

3 Whom to give? Can not feed - gut anomalies, GI surgery, NEC Can not feed enough –Prematurity, renal disease, cardiac disease, growth failure of chronic disease Should not feed – intestinal obstruction Inability to tolerate minimum 60 kcal/kg/d by enteral route

4 Whom not to give? Metabolic acidosis Acute renal failure – oliguria, ↑urea, ↑creat Cholestatic jaundice

5 How to wean? Oral feed to start as soon as baby is ready Go up on oral feeds as tolerated Keep total daily volume constant (TPN+ oral)

6 Infusion Routes Umbilical vein- upto D 7 Long line – placed percutaneously - expensive Broviac – placed surgically - expensive Confirm proper line placement by x-ray Peripheral vein can’t give higher conc.of dextrose,max12.5% problem with asepsis in prolonged TPN Ca, amino acid damages veins Used 80% of the time in our unit

7 Infrastructure Place : OT, NICU, lamellar flow ( ideal ) Prepared by: Doctor, trained nurse Asepsis: person preparing should be fully scrubbed, using all new disposables every day Delivery: syringe pump, infusion pump, High pressure infusion lines, chamber drip set,3 way connector/ BD connector Monitoring: Trained nurse to monitor lines and baby

8 Composition - 1 Protein: as crystalline amino acids Available: 6%&10% Aminoven, Primene. Each 100 ml of 10% Aminoven contains 10g of a.acid.(1ml contains 0.1g of a.acid) Calorie: 1g Protein = 4 kcal (prot:non-prot=1:6) Start: Can be started on Day 1 Dose: Starting with g/kg/d, increment of 0.5g/kg/d, upto g/kg/d g/kg/d avoids catabolism Infusion: continuous over 24 hrs, mixed with dextrose

9 Composition - 2 Lipid: emulsions with soybean oil preferred Available: 10%&20% Intralipid, Clipped. Each 100 ml contains 10g or 20g of lipid. (1ml contains 0.1g or.2g of lipid) Calorie: 1g Lipid = 9 kcal, 30%-40% of total calories Start: Usually started on Day 3 of TPN Dose: Starting with g/kg/d, increment of 0.5g/kg/d, upto 3 g/kg/d g/kg/d provides essential F.acids Infusion: continuous over hrs, given separately

10 Composition - 3 Carbohydrate: As dextrose, forms main substrate (% tailored acc. to req. by combining 50% D & 5%D). Available: 5% Dext/IsoP - 5g/100ml = 50mg/ml 10% Dext -10g/100ml =100mg/ml 50% Dext -50g/100ml = 500mg/ml Calorie: 1g Carbohydrate= 4 kcal Dose: Starting 6mg/kg/min,↑10-12mg/kg/min Monitor: keep CBG mg/dl

11 Composition - 4 Multivitamins Trace elements - usually added after 2 weeks of TPN Heparin: if indicated ( e.g. UVC, central lines) unit heparin/ml of TPN

12 Electrolytes Normal daily requirement Na mmol/kg/d add >48 hrs K + 2 mmol/kg/dadd >48 hrs & normal urinary flow Ca++ 1 mmol/kg/d or add Day 1 2 mEq/kg/d or 75mg/kg/d Mg mEq/kg/d ( 0.25 ml/kg/d of 50% MgSO4 –maintenance dose ) PO4isolated P preparation not available

13 Dextrose g/100ml Na+ mmol/lit K+ mmol/lit Ca++ mmol Mg++ mmol 5% D50 (50mg per ml) %D500(500 mg/ml) IsoP5% mEq/l ½ DNS 5% NS %Nacl -0.5per ml KCI - -2 per ml % NaHCO3 1 per ml 10% Ca gluconate /10ml 0r 9.2mg elemental Ca / ml

14 How much? Total fluid req. >day 5 = ml/kg/d Volume for TPN= total fluid – other infusions Volume for TPN = Lipid + AA + Dext + Electrolytes + MVI Total calorie req. = ~ 100 kcal/kg/d Calories from Non-protein:Protein source maintained at a ratio above 6:1 to prevent catabolism.

15 Parenteral nutrition Intralipid (separately by syringe pump via a 3-way connector) Aminoven + Isolyte-P/ 5% Dextrose 50% Dextrose + MVI + Heparin ( unit/ml) + Add. electrolytes, as reqd.

16 Remember!!! Strict asepsis 24-hr TPN prepared at a time Changing infusion sets daily (ideal) New amino acid, lipid bottles daily (ideal) Separate IV access for other drugs Serum Na, K on alt. days; urea, creatinie,Ca biweekly; P, Mg, LFT, triglycerides weekly (ideal)

17 Complications Mechanical: thrombosis, embolism, skin slough Infectious: particularly staph epidermidis, candida Metabolic: hypoglycaemia, hyperglycaemia, cholestasis

18 Thank you


Download ppt "Parenteral Nutrition Dr Monidipa Banerjee Dr Papiya Khawas."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google