Presentation on theme: "Specialization and Division of Labor"— Presentation transcript:
1 Specialization and Division of Labor Divide and ConquerSpecialization and Division of LaborEconomicsLAP 7
2 Objectives Explain types of specialization. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of specialization and division of labor.
3 Explain types of specialization. ObjectiveExplain types of specialization.
4 The varsity basketball team has won 20 games in a row. How?Each player specializes in what he does best.
5 Specialization Make the best use of our resources Focus on the production of certain productsTrade or exchange them for other things we need
6 Specialized Resources Human resourcesNatural resourcesCapital goods
7 Forms of Human-Resource Specialization Specialization by trade or professionType of work that you perform to earn a livingMost common type of human-resource specialization
8 Forms of Human-Resource Specialization Specialization by stage of productionOccurs when more than one stage is needed to change a raw material into a finished product
9 Forms of Human-Resource Specialization Specialization by taskUsed when jobs are so specialized that a worker does one small part of the total jobAlso known as division of labor
10 They’re Toadally awesome! Scope and SpecializationScope:The number of different operations in a job and the frequency with which they are doneLow level task = low job scopeFree Toy inside!A tasty, nutritious, breakfast treat!They’re Toadally awesome!Adding toys to cereal boxes is low in scope, but developing the promotional campaign is a high scope job.
11 Depth and Specialization The amount of control an employee has over the task that is to be doneLow depth = low decision-making powerHigh depth = much decision- making power and ability to set own pace
12 ObjectiveCompare the advantages and disadvantages of specialization and division of labor.
13 Advantages of Specialization Simplified worker trainingSimplifying a job task makes it easier to teach and learn.
14 Advantages of Specialization Increased employee interest and satisfactionEmployees become proud of their part in the process.
15 Advantages of Specialization Increased production ratesAs employees become familiar with their jobs, they can increase company output.
16 Advantages of Specialization Increased level of skillSkill level increases as employees practice their job tasks.
17 Advantages of Specialization Increased quality of workAs skill increases, the quality of work increases.
18 Advantages of Specialization Ease of transferring to a similar jobBecause of their knowledge and skill, employees find it easier to transfer to similar jobs.
19 Advantages of Specialization Higher employee incomeAs employees become more productive, they become more valuable.Employers may give employees a pay raise as a reward for outstanding performance.
20 Disadvantages of Specialization Increased interdependencyResults when each employee does just one part of a total job
21 Disadvantages of Specialization Increased boredom on the jobCaused by continually doing the same task
22 Disadvantages of Specialization Decreased pride in workCaused by repetition or not seeing the final outcome of work
23 Disadvantages of Specialization Decreased morale and enthusiasm for the jobResults from decreased pride in workWorkers can exhibit a “Who cares?” attitude.
24 Disadvantages of Specialization Increased chance of worker obsolescence because of technological advancesCaused by continuous changes in technology
25 Disadvantages of Specialization High degree of specialization may cause difficulty in transferring or obtaining another job.Results from high salary expectations
26 Combating the Disadvantages of Specialization Job enlargementJob rotationJob enrichmentJob satisfaction
27 How is your work divided up? Advantages?Disadvantages?Ways to overcome disadvantages?
28 According to his union contract, Elijah must use forklift to move everything. He’s not allowed to clean up the box that fell on the floor.Is this a case of specialization that’s gone too far?Is it a logical, efficient way to divide the labor based on know-how?What do you think?
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