Presentation on theme: "Specialization and Division of Labor"— Presentation transcript:
1Specialization and Division of Labor Divide and ConquerSpecialization and Division of LaborEconomicsLAP 7
2Objectives Explain types of specialization. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of specialization and division of labor.
3Explain types of specialization. ObjectiveExplain types of specialization.
4The varsity basketball team has won 20 games in a row. How?Each player specializes in what he does best.
5Specialization Make the best use of our resources Focus on the production of certain productsTrade or exchange them for other things we need
6Specialized Resources Human resourcesNatural resourcesCapital goods
7Forms of Human-Resource Specialization Specialization by trade or professionType of work that you perform to earn a livingMost common type of human-resource specialization
8Forms of Human-Resource Specialization Specialization by stage of productionOccurs when more than one stage is needed to change a raw material into a finished product
9Forms of Human-Resource Specialization Specialization by taskUsed when jobs are so specialized that a worker does one small part of the total jobAlso known as division of labor
10They’re Toadally awesome! Scope and SpecializationScope:The number of different operations in a job and the frequency with which they are doneLow level task = low job scopeFree Toy inside!A tasty, nutritious, breakfast treat!They’re Toadally awesome!Adding toys to cereal boxes is low in scope, but developing the promotional campaign is a high scope job.
11Depth and Specialization The amount of control an employee has over the task that is to be doneLow depth = low decision-making powerHigh depth = much decision- making power and ability to set own pace
12ObjectiveCompare the advantages and disadvantages of specialization and division of labor.
13Advantages of Specialization Simplified worker trainingSimplifying a job task makes it easier to teach and learn.
14Advantages of Specialization Increased employee interest and satisfactionEmployees become proud of their part in the process.
15Advantages of Specialization Increased production ratesAs employees become familiar with their jobs, they can increase company output.
16Advantages of Specialization Increased level of skillSkill level increases as employees practice their job tasks.
17Advantages of Specialization Increased quality of workAs skill increases, the quality of work increases.
18Advantages of Specialization Ease of transferring to a similar jobBecause of their knowledge and skill, employees find it easier to transfer to similar jobs.
19Advantages of Specialization Higher employee incomeAs employees become more productive, they become more valuable.Employers may give employees a pay raise as a reward for outstanding performance.
20Disadvantages of Specialization Increased interdependencyResults when each employee does just one part of a total job
21Disadvantages of Specialization Increased boredom on the jobCaused by continually doing the same task
22Disadvantages of Specialization Decreased pride in workCaused by repetition or not seeing the final outcome of work
23Disadvantages of Specialization Decreased morale and enthusiasm for the jobResults from decreased pride in workWorkers can exhibit a “Who cares?” attitude.
24Disadvantages of Specialization Increased chance of worker obsolescence because of technological advancesCaused by continuous changes in technology
25Disadvantages of Specialization High degree of specialization may cause difficulty in transferring or obtaining another job.Results from high salary expectations
26Combating the Disadvantages of Specialization Job enlargementJob rotationJob enrichmentJob satisfaction
27How is your work divided up? Advantages?Disadvantages?Ways to overcome disadvantages?
28According to his union contract, Elijah must use forklift to move everything. He’s not allowed to clean up the box that fell on the floor.Is this a case of specialization that’s gone too far?Is it a logical, efficient way to divide the labor based on know-how?What do you think?
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