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Building up Prosperous, Powerful, Intellectual and Ethical India with a Moral Message to the World By Dr T.H. CHOWDARY Director: Center for Telecom Management.

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Presentation on theme: "Building up Prosperous, Powerful, Intellectual and Ethical India with a Moral Message to the World By Dr T.H. CHOWDARY Director: Center for Telecom Management."— Presentation transcript:

1 Building up Prosperous, Powerful, Intellectual and Ethical India with a Moral Message to the World By Dr T.H. CHOWDARY Director: Center for Telecom Management and Studies Chairman: Pragna Bharati (intellect India ) Former: Chairman & Managing Director Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited & Information Technology Advisor, Government of Andhra Pradesh T: +91(40) / (O) ® F: +91 (40) , Osmania University, HYD, 27 th September, 2008

2 THC_CTMSS369_Jan20082 India was not poor “India is becoming the sink of the World’s gold” - Pliny, Roman Historians An Ocean named after – not England, France, Portugal, Netherlands, America, Spain, Russia, China…..but India India’s share of –World Trade –Wealth –Industrial Production was the highest/ 2 nd highest

3 THC_CTMSS369_Jan20083 YearWealthTrade %25% 1947N A2.4% 1990N A0.4% %1.8% India was not poor! (1) India’s Share in World Trade

4 THC_CTMSS369_Jan20084 INDIABRITAIN India was not poor! (2) Share of World’s Industrial Production

5 THC_CTMSS369_Jan20085 Why did we become poor The Islamic Invasions, Loot (Md Ghazni, Ghori, Nadir Shah, Ahmed Shah Abdali) The British Colonial Exploitation and India Company & British (Read: Dadabhai Naoroji’s Poverty and UnBritish Rule in India) The post-independent Nehruvian “Socialism” emphasis on distribution of wealth before creation.

6 THC_CTMSS369_Jan20086 Macaulay in British Parliament " I have traveled across the length and breadth of India and I have not seen one person who is a beggar, who is a thief. Such wealth I have seen in this country, such high moral values, people of such caliber, that I do not think we would ever conquer this country, unless we break the very backbone of this nation, which is her spiritual and cultural heritage, and, therefore, I propose that we replace her old and ancient education system, her culture, for if the Indians think that all that is foreign and English is good and greater than their own, they will lose their self-esteem, their native self-culture and they will become what we want them, a truly dominated nation.” How the colonial rogues wrought the ruin:

7 THC_CTMSS369_Jan20087 Macaulay's famous Minute of 1835 "We must at present do our best to form a class of persons, Indians in blood and colour, but English in taste in opinions, in morals and intellect” How the colonial rogues wrought the ruin:

8 THC_CTMSS369_Jan20088 Macaulay de-Indianises education Macaulay’s (in) famous note in1838 to discard the Indian system of education and introduce the British system to produce “a class of people, Indian only in colour and blood but British in tastes, values, views and thoughts…” Pt.Nehru proudly told John Kenneth Galbraith that he is the last Englishman to rule India. How the colonial rogues wrought the ruin:

9 THC_CTMSS369_Jan20089 World Population and the Poor YearPopulation% of the Poor billion85% billion30% billion20% bln18%

10 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Source: Angus Maddison; J.P.Morgan World GDP per Person, 1000=100 S & T for Wealth Creation

11 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Poverty came down Country Indonesia Malaysia Thailand S/pore India From % (1972) (1973) (1962) (1972) (1951) To % (1982) (1987) (1986) (1982) (2002) Life expectancy up from 56 to 71 during this period Science & Technology and Organization (Governments, Corporations, use S&T)

12 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Indian poverty scenario based on daily income (1) Year $1/Day $1.25/Day $2.0/Day $2.5/Day

13 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Indian poverty scenario based on daily income (2) Year * $1/Day ** $1.25/Day $2.0/Day $2.5/Day Note:* India’s population was 1080 mln in ** All fig are population in millions. 1 Dollar is roughly equivalent to about Rs.40 (now about Rs.45 plus) Source: Indian Express 22/9/08)

14 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Content of GDP (Figs. in %)

15 THC_CTMSS369_Jan What makes a Great Nation Low poverty/ High GDP/Capita Military power & willingness capability to deploy anywhere Knowledge production – R&D; Nobel Laureate class; S&T people& spend & world class research papers Moral, ethical, cultural values, philosophy; spirituality, literature

16 THC_CTMSS369_Jan How Equipped is India for Higher Education *Suggest: Begin having a University for each District * Every Private Engineering College should be required to grow into a University within 8 years of wind up. Corporates to ‘Varsities’. In India we have 8.8 mln. or 5% of the young in the age group 18 to 23 yrs. in Universities

17 THC_CTMSS369_Jan S &T Personnel (per 10,000 persons)

18 THC_CTMSS369_Jan No. of Scientific Papers Published Country No. of papers/mil. people Y2000 India4,983 12, China , S.Korea , Brazil 2,215 9, Israel 5,773 9,292 1,550 Source: Science Citation Index. Inst. For Scientific Information Philadelphia ( E.T )

19 THC_CTMSS369_Jan India Produces GraduatesEngineersMCAsMBAs 4.0 mln450,00080,000

20 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Intellectual Property Creation We may attain prosperity (as we are gaining since the mid-nineties) Some military power both by more of borrowed Technology than indigenously created S & T. But, we with always lag behind, can’t draw abreast, not to talk of the most advanced. (Contd).

21 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Intellectual Property Creation We are underinvesting in R & D We are buying telecom technology from China (ZTE, HUAWI;) Finland (Nokia), Korea, (Samsung, LG), USA, France… Japan, Taiwan, Korea, China – “learnt” & “acquired” technological capability by borrowing, building upon it & then beating the suppliers

22 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Intellectual Property Creation India is creating I.P for over 300 foreign companies; we create, but ownership is foreign [Motorola, QUALCOM; Dupont, Huawi, Nokia, Ericsson….] State must invest in R & D; may contract it out [USA, UK, Japan, Israel,….] Defence R & D and Enterprises We killed telecom R & D unlike Korea and China

23 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Military Power Japan & Germany are the 2 nd and 3 rd largest economies in the world; have 30 and 25 times India’s PCI – Who cares/fears? USA, Russia and China have awesome military power - The first two can project their power globally; China is rapidly attaining that power (Gwadar and Rangoon naval bases) Iran dominates West Asia. Whom does India dominate? Maldives, Bhutan..?

24 THC_CTMSS369_Jan200824

25 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Ten-Year Trend in Engineering and Technology PhD Degrees in the United States, China and India Source: The India Economy Review, 30 Sept 2007, Vol.4;

26 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Ten-Year Trend in Engineering and Technology Master’s Degrees in the United States, China and India (Actual and Estimated Data) Source: The India Economy Review, 30 Sept 2007, Vol.4;

27 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Significant Facts About R&D in India (1)  Scientific Research Department & Agencies of the Government of India = 15  Labs of the Indian Council of Medical Research = 27  Labs of the Indian Council of Agri Research = 64  Labs of the CSIR = 41  Instns. Of the Def.Rsch& Dev.Org (DRDO) = 51  Instns. Of the Dept of S&T =12  In-house R&D units in Pvt. Sector (Recd. By GOI) as on Nov 1999 =1, = 1,500

28 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Power of Knowledge Knowledge will forever govern ignorance and people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge given. -James Madison (Inscription at the entrance to the Library of Congress) The empires of the mind are the empires of the future. - Winston Churchill

29 THC_CTMSS369_Jan The Wealthiest and Valuable Who are India’s richest? In what businesses? Which businesses have the highest market capitalisation? –ICTs [S/W; BPO; KPO] –Pharmaceutical –Construction & Real Estate (eg.DLF)

30 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Essentials for Prosperity (1) “It is glorious to be rich”. “It does not matter whether the cat is white or black as long as it catches rats” -Deng Tsiao Ping Human Resource Entrepreneurship, not entitlement Duties,not rights ( Every right is in a duty fulfilled) Saving to form capital Proper use of resources to generate surpluses/profit Work Ethic First; Welfare must be related to work “He who does not work, neither shall he eat…” - V I Lenin

31 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Essentials for Prosperity (2) Respect for & glorifying the wealth creators- Businessmen, Industrialists Ambanis, Ramalinga Raju, Anji Reddi,Narayana Murthy, Tatas, Azim Premji, Sunil Mittal Bharti Least (essential) government & taxation. “You give me the tax and keep the income” Environment that encourages investment ( eg: Ind.States competing to give concessions) Educated, healthy, inspired citizenry

32 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Essentials for Prosperity (3) Sustainable population “Our right to breed Your duty to feed” ! Mantra: one, two,three No labour-lordism nor exploitation Leadership with VISION ( kanakapu------) Least corruption; no crony- capitalism “Where government is in business people there will be poor” -Tiruvalluvar

33 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Essential Infrastructure Highways Telecoms Power (National Grid) Irrigation Schools ( Py&Sy) Health care (PHSs)

34 THC_CTMSS369_Jan What Liberalization Did eg. Telecoms

35 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Growth of Phones in India Source : DOT Annual Report 2003 Total 330 mln

36 THC_CTMSS369_Jan PCI A X TSP Time (a) Affordability A PCI/ Tele-Service Price - PCI: Per Capita Income - TSP: Telephone Service Price - A: Affordability Bring down price to increase affordability

37 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Affordability of Telephone Revenue/Line * at current exchange parity $ 125$250$125 Rev. as% of PCI Affordability PCI Tel. Svce.Price

38 THC_CTMSS369_Jan What India Needs to do Contain population ( with draw welfare, promotion and vote) Withdraw subsidies, limit to families with 2 children Learn & Earn Education to create ability and morality and wisdom Health Insurance Old Age Homes Education ( SETs, private colleges, varsities) Massive Road construction; afforestation; centaur- bunding; water-bodies; work only if people move to where they are wanted Private sector in Education with uncorrupt Statutory Regulation

39 THC_CTMSS369_Jan What India Needs to do (2) Massive housing construction; re-skill farm labour as masons, carpenters, plumbers, electricians Political Party Regulator of India (insist to spell out what resources; what taxes on whom for every promise given), prosecute fraudster parties. Government as regulator; not doer, disinvest and retire debt- Rs. 125,000 cr as Interest payment Legislation to put ceiling on –(a) government servant expense –(b) tax as % of GSP/GDP –(c) debt as % of GDP

40 THC_CTMSS369_Jan What India Needs to do (3) Massive Defence R&D : contract out If” reserved” items can be removed from SSI; End Fraud of minority colleges

41 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Bharat Mahan Intellectual & spiritual ( Dharma) Economic (Artha) Power Prosperity for all (Kama) Military Power Willingness to play global role

42 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Global View of Bharat Vasudhaiva kutumbakam Aa noh bhadraah ritavo yaantu viswatah Lokaah samasta sukhinoh bhavantu Isaa vaasyamidam jagat, Tyaktena bhujithaa Maa gridhah.. Sahanaavavatu, Sahanau bhunaktu Sahaveeryam karavaavahaih Maa vidvishaavahaiah Tejaswinaavadheetamastu Om Santih, Santih, Santih

43 THC_CTMSS369_Jan Dhanyawad: Thank You

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