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Building up Prosperous, Powerful, Intellectual and Ethical India with a Moral Message to the World By Dr T.H. CHOWDARY Director: Center for Telecom Management.

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Presentation on theme: "Building up Prosperous, Powerful, Intellectual and Ethical India with a Moral Message to the World By Dr T.H. CHOWDARY Director: Center for Telecom Management."— Presentation transcript:

1 Building up Prosperous, Powerful, Intellectual and Ethical India with a Moral Message to the World
By Dr T.H. CHOWDARY Director: Center for Telecom Management and Studies Chairman: Pragna Bharati (intellect India ) Former: Chairman & Managing Director Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited & Information Technology Advisor, Government of Andhra Pradesh T: +91(40) / (O) ® F: +91 (40) , Osmania University, HYD, 27th September, 2008

2 India was not poor “India is becoming the sink of the World’s gold”
- Pliny, Roman Historians An Ocean named after – not England, France, Portugal, Netherlands, America, Spain, Russia, China…..but India India’s share of World Trade Wealth Industrial Production was the highest/ 2nd highest THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

3 India’s Share in World Trade
India was not poor! (1) India’s Share in World Trade Year Wealth Trade 1701 22.6% 25% 1947 N A 2.4% 1990 0.4% 2006 1.5% 1.8% THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

4 Share of World’s Industrial Production
India was not poor! (2) Share of World’s Industrial Production INDIA BRITAIN 1830 17.5 9.6 1900 1.7 18.6 THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

5 Why did we become poor The Islamic Invasions, Loot (Md Ghazni, Ghori, Nadir Shah, Ahmed Shah Abdali) The British Colonial Exploitation and India Company & British (Read: Dadabhai Naoroji’s Poverty and UnBritish Rule in India) The post-independent Nehruvian “Socialism” emphasis on distribution of wealth before creation. THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

6 Macaulay in British Parliament
How the colonial rogues wrought the ruin: Macaulay in British Parliament " I have traveled across the length and breadth of India and I have not seen one person who is a beggar, who is a thief. Such wealth I have seen in this country, such high moral values, people of such caliber, that I do not think we would ever conquer this country, unless we break the very backbone of this nation, which is her spiritual and cultural heritage, and, therefore, I propose that we replace her old and ancient education system, her culture, for if the Indians think that all that is foreign and English is good and greater than their own, they will lose their self-esteem, their native self-culture and they will become what we want them, a truly dominated nation.” THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

7 Macaulay's famous Minute of 1835
How the colonial rogues wrought the ruin: Macaulay's famous Minute of 1835 "We must at present do our best to form a class of persons, Indians in blood and colour, but English in taste in opinions, in morals and intellect” THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

8 Macaulay de-Indianises education
How the colonial rogues wrought the ruin: Macaulay de-Indianises education Macaulay’s (in) famous note in1838 to discard the Indian system of education and introduce the British system to produce “a class of people, Indian only in colour and blood but British in tastes, values, views and thoughts…” Pt.Nehru proudly told John Kenneth Galbraith that he is the last Englishman to rule India. THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

9 World Population and the Poor
Year Population % of the Poor billion 85% billion 30% billion 20% bln 18% THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

10 S & T for Wealth Creation
World GDP per Person, 1000=100 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 Source: Angus Maddison; J.P.Morgan THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

11 Poverty came down From % 58 37 49 24 75
Science & Technology and Organization (Governments, Corporations, use S&T) Poverty came down Country Indonesia Malaysia Thailand S/pore India From % (1972) (1973) (1962) (1972) (1951) To % (1982) (1987) (1986) (1982) (2002) Life expectancy up from 56 to 71 during this period THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

12 Indian poverty scenario based on daily income (1)
Year 1981 1984 1987 1990 $1/Day 296.1 282.2 285.3 282.5 $1.25/Day 420.5 416.0 428.0 435.5 $2.0/Day 608.9 635.6 669.0 701.6 $2.5/Day 650.3 686.1 725.0 766.5 THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

13 Indian poverty scenario based on daily income (2)
Year 1993 1996 1999 2002 2005* $1/Day 280.1 271.3 270.1 276.1 266.5** $1.25/Day 444.3 441.8 447.2 460.5 455.8 $2.0/Day 735.0 75.71 782.8 813.1 827.7 $2.5/Day 808.8 841.1 875.2 914.4 938.0 Note:* India’s population was 1080 mln in 2005. ** All fig are population in millions. 1 Dollar is roughly equivalent to about Rs.40 (now about Rs.45 plus) Source: Indian Express 22/9/08) THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

14 Content of GDP (Figs. in %)
THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

15 What makes a Great Nation
Low poverty/ High GDP/Capita Military power & willingness capability to deploy anywhere Knowledge production – R&D; Nobel Laureate class; S&T people& spend & world class research papers Moral, ethical, cultural values, philosophy; spirituality, literature THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

16 How Equipped is India for Higher Education
*Suggest: Begin having a University for each District * Every Private Engineering College should be required to grow into a University within 8 years of wind up. Corporates to ‘Varsities’. In India we have 8.8 mln. or 5% of the young in the age group 18 to 23 yrs. in Universities THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

17 S &T Personnel (per 10,000 persons)
THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

18 No. of Scientific Papers Published
Country No. of papers/mil. people Y2000 India 4, , China , S.Korea , Brazil 2, , Israel , , ,550 Source: Science Citation Index. Inst. For Scientific Information Philadelphia ( E.T ) THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

19 India Produces Graduates Engineers MCAs MBAs 4.0 mln 450,000 80,000
THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

20 Intellectual Property Creation
We may attain prosperity (as we are gaining since the mid-nineties) Some military power both by more of borrowed Technology than indigenously created S & T. But, we with always lag behind, can’t draw abreast, not to talk of the most advanced. (Contd). THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

21 Intellectual Property Creation
We are underinvesting in R & D We are buying telecom technology from China (ZTE, HUAWI;) Finland (Nokia), Korea, (Samsung, LG), USA, France… Japan, Taiwan, Korea, China – “learnt” & “acquired” technological capability by borrowing, building upon it & then beating the suppliers THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

22 Intellectual Property Creation
India is creating I.P for over 300 foreign companies; we create, but ownership is foreign [Motorola, QUALCOM; Dupont, Huawi, Nokia, Ericsson….] State must invest in R & D; may contract it out [USA, UK, Japan, Israel,….] Defence R & D and Enterprises We killed telecom R & D unlike Korea and China THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

23 Military Power Japan & Germany are the 2nd and 3rd largest economies in the world; have 30 and 25 times India’s PCI – Who cares/fears? USA, Russia and China have awesome military power - The first two can project their power globally; China is rapidly attaining that power (Gwadar and Rangoon naval bases) Iran dominates West Asia. Whom does India dominate? Maldives, Bhutan..? THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

24 THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

25 Ten-Year Trend in Engineering and Technology PhD Degrees in the United States, China and India
Source: The India Economy Review, 30 Sept 2007, Vol.4; THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

26 Ten-Year Trend in Engineering and Technology Master’s Degrees in the United States, China and India (Actual and Estimated Data) Source: The India Economy Review, 30 Sept 2007, Vol.4; THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

27 Significant Facts About R&D in India (1)
Scientific Research Department & Agencies of the Government of India = 15 Labs of the Indian Council of Medical Research = 27 Labs of the Indian Council of Agri Research = 64 Labs of the CSIR = 41 Instns. Of the Def.Rsch& Dev.Org (DRDO) = 51 Instns. Of the Dept of S&T =12 In-house R&D units in Pvt. Sector (Recd. By GOI) as on Nov =1,198 = 1,500 THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

28 Power of Knowledge Knowledge will forever govern ignorance and people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge given. -James Madison (Inscription at the entrance to the Library of Congress) The empires of the mind are the empires of the future. - Winston Churchill THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

29 The Wealthiest and Valuable
Who are India’s richest? In what businesses? Which businesses have the highest market capitalisation? ICTs [S/W; BPO; KPO] Pharmaceutical Construction & Real Estate (eg.DLF) THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

30 Essentials for Prosperity (1)
“It is glorious to be rich”. “It does not matter whether the cat is white or black as long as it catches rats” -Deng Tsiao Ping Human Resource Entrepreneurship, not entitlement Duties,not rights ( Every right is in a duty fulfilled) Saving to form capital Proper use of resources to generate surpluses/profit Work Ethic First; Welfare must be related to work “He who does not work, neither shall he eat…” - V I Lenin THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

31 Essentials for Prosperity (2)
Respect for & glorifying the wealth creators- Businessmen, Industrialists Ambanis, Ramalinga Raju, Anji Reddi,Narayana Murthy, Tatas, Azim Premji, Sunil Mittal Bharti Least (essential) government & taxation. “You give me the tax and keep the income” Environment that encourages investment ( eg: Ind.States competing to give concessions) Educated, healthy, inspired citizenry THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

32 Essentials for Prosperity (3)
Sustainable population “Our right to breed Your duty to feed” ! Mantra: one, two,three No labour-lordism nor exploitation Leadership with VISION ( kanakapu------) Least corruption; no crony- capitalism “Where government is in business people there will be poor” -Tiruvalluvar THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

33 Essential Infrastructure
Highways Telecoms Power (National Grid) Irrigation Schools ( Py&Sy) Health care (PHSs) THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

34 What Liberalization Did eg. Telecoms
THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

35 Growth of Phones in India
Total 330 mln With the liberalisation and entry of new operators, telecom subscriber growth in India has taken to a fast lane. While the fixed line subscriber growth has been faster than earlier, the growth of cellular growth has been sprinting. The above chart includes the WLL(M) subscriber no of more than 4 million included in the Fixed lines no. As of Aug ’03, the WLL(M) was part of the Basic Service Operator licence and offered limited mobility within the SDCA. Since Dec’03, WLL(M) service has been converted to full mobility with roaming facility under the Unified Access Service licence. Consequently, the CDMA networks under the erstwhile WLL(M) service are in direct competition with GSM networks under the erstwhile Mobile services licence. THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008 Source : DOT Annual Report 2003

36 (a) Affordability Bring down price to increase affordability A X TSP
PCI Time A PCI/ Tele-Service Price PCI: Per Capita Income TSP: Telephone Service Price A: Affordability THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

37 Affordability of Telephone
1951 1994 2007 Revenue/Line *at current exchange parity $ 125 $250 $125 Rev. as% of PCI 2.5 1.0 0.12 Affordability PCI Tel. Svce.Price THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

38 What India Needs to do Contain population ( with draw welfare, promotion and vote) Withdraw subsidies, limit to families with 2 children Learn & Earn Education to create ability and morality and wisdom Health Insurance Old Age Homes Education ( SETs, private colleges, varsities) Massive Road construction; afforestation; centaur-bunding; water-bodies; work only if people move to where they are wanted Private sector in Education with uncorrupt Statutory Regulation THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

39 What India Needs to do (2)
Massive housing construction; re-skill farm labour as masons, carpenters, plumbers, electricians Political Party Regulator of India (insist to spell out what resources; what taxes on whom for every promise given), prosecute fraudster parties. Government as regulator; not doer, disinvest and retire debt- Rs. 125,000 cr as Interest payment Legislation to put ceiling on (a) government servant expense (b) tax as % of GSP/GDP (c) debt as % of GDP THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

40 What India Needs to do (3)
Massive Defence R&D : contract out If” reserved” items can be removed from SSI; End Fraud of minority colleges THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

41 Bharat Mahan Intellectual & spiritual ( Dharma) Economic (Artha) Power
Prosperity for all (Kama) Military Power Willingness to play global role THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

42 Global View of Bharat Vasudhaiva kutumbakam
Aa noh bhadraah ritavo yaantu viswatah Lokaah samasta sukhinoh bhavantu Isaa vaasyamidam jagat, Tyaktena bhujithaa Maa gridhah.. Sahanaavavatu, Sahanau bhunaktu Sahaveeryam karavaavahaih Maa vidvishaavahaiah Tejaswinaavadheetamastu Om Santih, Santih, Santih THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

43 Dhanyawad: Thank You THC_CTMS S369_Jan2008

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