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Teachers as Gurus to Build a Prosperous, Powerful, Intellectual & Ethical India By Dr T.H. CHOWDARY Director: Center for Telecom Management and Studies.

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Presentation on theme: "Teachers as Gurus to Build a Prosperous, Powerful, Intellectual & Ethical India By Dr T.H. CHOWDARY Director: Center for Telecom Management and Studies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Teachers as Gurus to Build a Prosperous, Powerful, Intellectual & Ethical India By Dr T.H. CHOWDARY Director: Center for Telecom Management and Studies Chairman: Pragna Bharati (intellect India ) Former: Chairman & Managing Director Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited & Information Technology Advisor, Government of Andhra Pradesh T: +91(40) 5567-1191/ 2784-6137(O) 2784-3121® F: +91 (40) 5567-1111, 2789-6103 hanuman.chowdary@tcs.com thc@satyam.com Talk @ Osmania University, Hyderabad : 22 nd October 2008

2 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 082 Dr T.H.Chowdary At present: Director : Center for Telecom Management & Studies Chairman : Pragna Bharati, Andhra Pradesh Fellow: Tata Consultancy Services & Satyam Computer Services Formerly: Information Technology Advisor: Government of Andhra Pradesh Founder Chairman & Managing Director, Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd Dy.Director General: Department of Telecoms, Government of India Presidnet: Institution of Electronics and Telecom Engineers, India Chiarman: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Hyderabad Kendra Governor : INTELSAT, Washington Executive Director : INMARSAT – London Chief Technical Adviser : UNDP in Guyana and Yemen UNDP/ ITU Expert : South Africa and Nepal Address: Plot No. 8, P&T Colony, Karkhana (Secunderabad), Hyderabad - 500 009. Phone : +91 (40) 2784-6137, 6667-1191 (Off) & 2784-3121 (Res) Fax : +91 (40) 6667-1111, 2789-6104 (Off) E-Mail: hanuman.chowdary@tcs.com & thc@satyam.com

3 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 083 Prosperous, Powerful & Intellectual Prosperous: Sareeramaadyam Khalu dharma Saadhanam None respects a poor person/country India in 1962 Powerful: Japan, Germany are very prosperous; no influence anywhere. Intellectual: Prosperity & power cannot be sustained w/o creating intellectual prosperity; R & D; How Japan, Korea and now China graduate to become intellectual powers.

4 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 084 Engineering & Business Professionals / year Engineers*MBAsMCAs 450,00080,00060,000 About 100,000 are ICT-related We produce 3.75 mln grads/year Young 17 Y/22 Y to are in Varsities: Asian AV 15%; world AV: 30%

5 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 085 How Equipped is India for Higher Education *Suggest: Begin having a University for each District * Every Private Engineering College should be required to grow into a University within 8 years of wind up. Corporates to found.fund ‘Varsities’. In India we have 8.8 mln. or 5% of the young in the age group 18 to 23 yrs. in Universities

6 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 086 S &T Personnel (per 1000 persons)

7 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 087 Ten-Year Trend in Engineering and Technology PhD Degrees in the United States, China and India Source: The India Economy Review, 30 Sept 2007, Vol.4; www.iipm.thiktank.com

8 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 088 Ten-Year Trend in Engineering and Technology Master’s Degrees in the United States, China and India (Actual and Estimated Data) Source: The India Economy Review, 30 Sept 2007, Vol.4; www.iipm.thiktank.com

9 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 089 ETHICS !! Ethical: Ravan was P, P&I but unethical, ignoble America has P, P & I but, Vietnam, Iraq? USSR: Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Afghanistan-

10 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0810 Education Vidya: Vid to know Discovering the divine potential Learning and excellence Guru as Guide, Father, friend and lover Continuous learning Vidyarthi  Student

11 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0811 Guru’s ‘form’/Create Great People Sandipani – Krishna Drona - Kuru Pandavas Aristotle - Alexander The job of the master is not merely to bequeath a store of knowledge to his pupils but to instill in them a thirst for truth and inspiration and drill them in proper methods of research. 70% of living Nobel Laureates are teaching in US Universities

12 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0812 Gururdevo Maheswarah:! WHY Agnana timirandhasya gnananjana salaakayaa Chakshurun meelitam yena … Piteva Putrasya, Sakheva Sakhyuh Priyah Priyaah Vidyarthi & Student Taittiriya Upanishad – Knowable Kathopanishad – Nachiketa & Yama Aham Brahmaasmi Luceat Lux Vestra Vishnu Sarma: Greatest Teacher Pedagogue

13 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0813 What is Education (1) Education is a liberating force, enables the individual to rise form mere materiality to superior planes of intellectual and spiritual consciousness. Education gives us accumulated lessons of heritage to carry it forward to posterity. The past is our foundation, the present our material, the future our aim and summit. Each must have its due and natural place in a national system of education. – Sri Aurobindo

14 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0814 We want that education by which character is formed, strength of mind is increased, the intellect is expanded and by which one can stand on one’s own feet. Education is the manifestation of the perfection already in man - Swami Vivekananda What is Education (2)

15 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0815 I firmly believe the efficacy of the education as a panacea for our social evils - Dr.B.R. Ambedkar Education is the process of individual mind getting its full possible development…. It is a long school which losts a life time -Dr Zakir Hussain Vidyayaa Vindate Amritam Aatmanaa Vindate Veeryam -Deathlessness is attained by knowledge Valour is attained by self (discipline) What is Education (3)

16 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0816 What is Education (4) –Education should address the problems of national development, particularly issues concerning self- reliance, economic growth, employment and social and national integration. –Education is visualised as an evolutionary force so that each individual is enabled to evolve from purely material consciousness towards superior planes of intellectual and spiritual consciousness -The Education Commission (1966)

17 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0817 What is Education (5) –Education aims at liberation - liberation from bondage and ignorance, backwardness and gravitational pulls of the lower human nature. Education should be so designed as to become a powerful carrier of the best of the heritage and it should, therefore, aim at transmitting to the new generations the lessons of the accumulated experiences of the past for further progress in the present and the future. Source: “Higher Education in India – Vision and Action” GOI’s paper for UNESCO Oct. 1998)

18 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0818 Training X Education Animals can be trained (as in Circus); only humans can be educated. Preparation for examination by tutors, coaches, guides and teachers is not education; great performance like 98% marks in examinations is not education. Education has the following attributes in the inimitable words of great savants

19 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0819 All men are created equal. But their growth and accomplishments and status in life are mostly unequal. Some are even more equal than others in the ideals states that some political systems claimed to have established. (They have since vanished). Created equal: Grow unequal

20 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0820 Inequality: Consequences of Difference in Education Inequality in life arises due to the difference in education that is imparted in/acquired by children in the home, school, and the place of worship, (in Telugu ‘odi, badi, gudi’).

21 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0821 Instill Culture in Students Obedience to unenforceable laws Adding to the sum total of happiness Memorising Satakas (Sumathi & Vemana) & Subhashitas (Bhartrihari) Lincoln’s Letter to the Teacher of his son

22 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0822 Values in Bharatiya Vidya Man cannot live by bread alone. - Bible Na vittena Tarpaneeyo manushyah Atmana vindate Veeryam -Katha Vidyaya vindate Amritam Isa vasyamidam Jagat -Isha Parasparam Bhavayansah -Gita Sreyo Paramavaapsyatha

23 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0823 What Values (1) Aatmaupanyena sarvatra samam pasyati Itite gnaanamaakhyaatam....... Guhyaat guhyataram mayaa Etadaseshena vimrasya yathechasi, tathaa kuru - Bh.Gita 18:62 No dogma freedom to think and act

24 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0824 What Values (2) Respect for elders & others –Matru devo bhava…….Sravan Kumar……. Lokasangraha Patriotism (& nationalism) – Jananee Janma Bhoomischa Swargaadapi Gariyasi...... –Kacha’s example

25 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0825 What Values (3) “To develop fully your own character, you must know your country’s character. A plant partakes of the character of the soil in which it grows. You are a plant that is conscious, that thinks. You must study your soil – which is your country --- in order that you may be able to draw its strength up into your own strength”. –Dwight D.Eisenhover

26 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0826 What Values (4) Therefore, teachers who are makers of men and visionaries for a country and nation, must give an inspiring account of the history of their country, their heritage, culture and heroes of the country to students, so that in addition to attaining excellence in whatever branch of study and knowledge they specialize, they also become architects and builders of a great nation. India had been one as scholarly sketched by the great historian, A L Basham in his book, “The Wonder That Was India”

27 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0827 Values: Entitlement, Employment & Entrepreneurship You cannot bring about prosperity by discouraging thrift. You cannot strengthen the weak by weakening the strong. You cannot help the poor by destroying the rich. You cannot establish sound security on borrowed money. You cannot keep out trouble by spending more than you earn. You cannot build character and courage by taking away man’s initiative and independence. You cannot help men permanently by doing for them What they could do for themselves.” - Abraham Lincoln (Source: Freedom First, May 1989)

28 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0828 Lincoln’s Letter to the Teacher of his son (1)  Respected Teacher! My son will have to learn, I know That all men are not just, all men are not true, but teach him also That for every scoundrel, there is a Hero That for every selfish politician, there is a dedicated leader Teach him that for every enemy, there is a friend It will take time, I know; but teach him if you can That a dollar earned is of far more value than five found Teach him to learn to lose and also enjoy winning Steer him away from envy, if you can Teach him the secret of quiet laughter Let him learn early that the Bullies are easiest to Lick Teach him if you can, the wonder of books… But also give him Quiet time to ponder over the eternal mystery of birds in the sky, bees in the sun and flowers on a green hills – side

29 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0829 Lincoln’s Letter to the Teacher of his son (2) In school teach him it is far more honourable to fail than to cheat Teach him to have faith in his own ideas even if everyone tells him they are wrong Teach him to be gentle with gentle people and tough with the tough Try to give my son the strength not to follow the crowd when everyone is getting on the Bandwagon Teach him to listen to all men but teach him also to filter all he hears on a screen of truth and take only the good that comes through Teach him, if you can, how to laugh when he is sad Teach him there is no shame in tears Teach him to scoff at cynics and to beware of too much sweetness Teach him to sell his Brawn and Brain to the highest bidders, but never to put a price tag on his heart and soul Teach him to close his Ears to a Howling Mob…. And to stand and Fight If he thinks he is right Treat him gently; but do not cuddle him because only the test of Fire Makes Fine Steel Let him have the courage to be important Let him have the patience to brave Teach him always to have sublime faith in himself because then he will always have sublime faith in mankind This is a bid order; but see what you can do He is such a fine little fellow, my son.

30 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0830 Our own sages have exhorted students thus: Om Sahanaavavatu, sahanu bhunaktu Sahaveeryam Karavaavahaih Tejasvinaavadheetamastu Maa Vidvishaavahaih, Om! Shantih, shantih, shantih!

31 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0831 How do we learn? Paadam gurubhyah Paadam brahmachaaribhyah Paadam swamedhayaa Paadam kaalakramenacha Life-long learning for Life-long employability

32 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0832 The Oath Guru Administers  I exhort you as follows: Speak the truth. Walk in the way of the duty Neglect not the study of higher knowledge Treat they teacher with respect and gratitude. And fail not in taking upon thyself the burden of life

33 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0833 Happiness: (1) The man that hath no music in himself Nor is not moved with concord of sweet sounds Is fit for treasons, stratagems and spoils The motious of his spirit are dull as night, And his affections dark as E rebus Let no such man be trusted - Shakespeare in Merchant of Venice

34 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0834 Happiness (2)  Character of a Happy Life How happy is he born and taught That serveth not another’s will; Whose armour is his honest thought, And simple truth his utmost skill; Whose passions not his masters are; Whose soul is still prepared for death, Untied unto the world by care Of public fame or private breath; Who envies none that chance doth raise Nor vice; who never understood How deepest wounds are given by praise; Nor rules of state, but rules of good; Who hath his life from rumours freed;

35 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0835 Happiness (3)  Whose conscience is his strong retreat; Whose state can neither flatterers feed, Nor ruin make oppressors great; Who God doth late and early pray\More of his grace than gifts to lend And entertains the harmless day With a religious book or friend This man is freed from servile bands Of hope to rise or fear to fall; Lord of himself, though not of lands, And having nothing, yet hath all. -Sir Henry Wotton

36 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0836 DOGMA OR FREE THINKING Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high; Where knowledge is free; Where the world has not been broken Up into fragments by narrow domestic walls; Where words come out from the depth of truth; Where tireless starving stretches its arms towards perfection; Where the clear street of reason has not lost its way into the dreary desert sand of dead habit; Where the mind is led forward by Thee into ever-widening thought and action Into that heaven of freedom, my father, let my country awake. -Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore

37 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0837 Success and Risk Don’t keep forever on the public road, going only where other have gone. Leave the beaten path occasionally and dive into the woods. You will be certain to find something you have never seen before. It will be a little thing but do not ignore it. Follow it up; explore around it, one discovery will lead to another and before you know it, you will have something really worth thinking about Alexander Graham Bell

38 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0838 Success Sow a thought and reap an act Sow an act, reap a habit Sow a habit, reap a character Sow a character, reap a destiny

39 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0839 Risk and Reward I shall be telling with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence Two roads diverged in the woods and I I took the one less travelled by And that has made all the difference - Robert Frost

40 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0840 Lives of Great Men Lives of great men all remind us We can make our lives sublime And, departing, leave behind us Foot prints on the sands of time – Long fellow

41 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0841 Auto-biographies/ Life story of great men Lives of great men all remind us we may make our lives sublime and departing leave behind us foot prints on the sands of time. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Lee Kuan Yew Henry Ford Jamshedji Tata, Dhirubhai Ambani, G D Birla Khrushchev, Gorbachev Ben Gurion, Golda Meir Balagangadhar Tilak – Gita Rahasya Margaret Thatcher Irvine Shroedinger Andy Grove Einstein Oppenhammer Betrand Russel K M Munshi Rajaji M C Chagla

42 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0842 Dhanyawad: Thank You

43 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0843 BHARAT MAHAN! (Intellectuals estimate of India) India is the only country which never invaded any foreign country “India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without even having to send a single soldier across her border”. - HU SHIH, Former Ambassador of China to USA

44 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0844 Bhaskaracharya (5th century AD) calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds ofyears before the astromer Smart. Time taken by earth to orbit the sun: 365.258756484 days. The art of Navigation was born in the river Sindh 6000 years ago. The very word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit words NAV Gatih. The word navy is also derived from Sanskrit ‘Nou’ BHARAT MAHAN! : Science & Technology

45 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0845 Budhayana first calculated the value of pi, and he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century long before the European mathematicians. Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India. Sridharacharya propounded quadratic equations in the 11th century. BHARAT MAHAN! : Science & Technology

46 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0846 The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 10 6 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10 53 with specific names as early as 5000 BCE during the Vedic period. Even today, the largest used number is Peta: 10 15. The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India in 100 BC. India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta. BHARAT MAHAN! : Science & Technology

47 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0847 Sushruta is the father of surgery, 2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries like cesareans, cataracts, artificial legs, fractures, urinary stones and even plastic surgery and brain surgery. Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India. Over 125 surgical equipment was used. Deep knowledge of anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity is also found in many texts. BHARAT MAHAN! : Science & Technology

48 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0848 Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans. Charaka, the father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. Today Yoga and Ayurveda are fast regaining its rightful place in our civilization. The earliest reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in Saurashtra. According to Saka King Rudradaman I of 150 CE a beautiful lake aptly called ‘Sudarshana’ was constructed on the hills of Raivataka during Chandragupta Maurya’s time. BHARAT MAHAN! : Science & Technology

49 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0849 “If I were to look over the whole world to find out the country most richly endowed with all the wealth, power and beauty that nature can bestow-in some parts a very paradise on earth - I should point to India. If I were to asked under what sky the human mind has most fully developed the choicest gifts, has most deeply pondered on the greatest problems of life, and has found solution of some of them which well deserve the attention even of those who have studied Plato and Kant - I should point to India. And if I were to ask myself from what literature we here in Europe, we who have been nurtured almost exclusively on the thought of Greeks and Romans, and of one Semitic race, the Jewish, may draw that corrective which is most wanted in order to make our inner life more truly human, a life not for this life only, but a transfigured and eternal life -- again I should point to India”. -MAX MULLER BHARAT MAHAN!

50 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0850 “India was the motherland of our race, and Sanskrit the mother of Europe’s languages; she was the mother of our philosophy; mother, through the Arabs, of much of our mathematics; mother, through the Buddha, of ideals embodied in Christianity; mother, through the village community, of self- government and democracy. Mother India is in many ways the mother of us all”. -WILL DURANT BHARAT MAHAN!

51 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0851 “Whenever I have read any part of the Vedas, I have felt that some unearthly and unknown light illuminated me. In the great teaching of the Vedas, there is no touch of the sectarianism. It is of ages, climes, and nationalities and is the royal road for the attainment of the Great Knowledge. When I am at it, I feel that I am under the spangled heavens of a summer night”. -HENRY DAVID THOREAU BHARAT MAHAN!

52 THC_CTMSS397_OCT 0852 Dhanyawad: Thank You


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