Presentation on theme: "Aircraft Types Commercial and Military Dr. Osama Al-Habahbeh."— Presentation transcript:
Aircraft Types Commercial and Military Dr. Osama Al-Habahbeh
Types of Aircraft Aircraft are categorized according to their intended purpose. There are three common categories, they are: General Aviation Commercial Aviation Military Aviation
General Aviation General aviation includes those used for training, business and agricultural. Aircraft in this category generally hold less than 12 passengers.
General Aviation Learjet Business A/C
Commercial Aviation This category includes commuter, cargo, and Firefighting aircraft. Usually hold in excess of 20 passengers.
Commercial Aviation 737 Commercial A/C
Commercial Aviation 757 Commercial A/C
Military Aircraft Military aircraft include Cargo, Fighter, Bomber, trainer, and special mission. A-attack B-Bomber C-Cargo F-Fighter H-Helicopter K-Refueling Tanker O-Observation S-Surveillance T-Trainer U-Utility V-Vertical Take-off X-Experimental
Military Aircraft AV-8B Harrier Attack A/C
Military Aircraft A-6 and F-14 Fighter and refueling A/C
Military Aircraft A-10 Warthog
Bombers B-52 BUF
Military Aircraft MH-60 Blackhawk Helicopter
Military Aircraft F-14 Tomcat Fighter A/C
Military Aircraft F-18 Superhornet
Military Aircraft Fighter F-4 Phantom
Military Aircraft OV-1 Observation A/C
Military Aircraft SR-71 Surveillance A/C
Military Aircraft Experimental X-29 Experimental A/C
Military Aircraft Experimental Aroura
Military Aircraft 747 Shuttle Carrier Special Mission A/C
Military Aircraft Special/Transport C-9 Nightingale Special Mission A/C
Military Aircraft Cargo/Transport C-130 Cargo A/C
Military Aircraft Transport V-22 Osprey (Used for special forces)
Military Aircraft F-18 Fighter A/C
Military Aircraft EA-6B Surveillance/Attack A/C
Military Aviation Helicopters Helicopters are rotary wing A/C ranging in size from single seat to 50 passenger. Some carry loads in excess of 10 tons. Fuel capacities range from gal. Internal fuel tanks are usually located under the cabin floor. Auxiliary fuel tanks are located in the aft section or attached to the outside of the cabin
Helicopters are constructed mainly of Aluminum, Magnesium, Titanium, and composites. Hazards included: –Rotor blades which can dip to 4’ of the ground –The tail rotor which can be nearly invisible when spinning. –Approaching from uphill or carrying objects above the waist. Military Aviation Helicopters
Safety around Helicopters: –Always approach in sight of the pilot –Approach when pilot gives signal –Approach from downhill if possible. –Carry objects horizontally below waist – Maintain sufficient clearance for the main rotor and tail rotor, Clear the ground around the A/C for at least 50’ from the helipad.
إيرباص 320A طائرة تجارية للمسافات القصيرة والمتوسطة من إنتاج شركة إيرباص. وهي الطائرة الوحيدة ذات الجسم الضيق في خطوط إنتاج ايرباص تضم عائلة A320 عدة طرازات وهي A319، A318 وA321 بالإضافة إلي طائرات ACJ المخصصة لرجال الأعمال. MTOW 75,500 KG
بوينغ 777 وتلقب أيضاً تربل سڤن هي طائرة ركاب نفاثة ذات بدن عريض من إنتاج بوينغ كومرشيل أيربلينز. الـ777 هي أكبر طائرة ثنائية المحرك، تستطيع حمل ما بين 283 إلى 368 راكب في ثلاث درجات تجارية، ويصل مدها إلى ما بين 5،235 و9،380 ميل بحري. تاريخ الطرحتاريخ الطرح: ٧ يونيو، ١٩٩٥ 247,000 KG MTOW
إيرباص A380 هي أكبر طائرة ركاب في العالم، وهي طائرة ذات طابقين وتعمل على أربع محركات نفاثة من نوع ترينت 900 من صنع رولس رويس رحلة الطيران الأولى: ٢٧ أبريل، ٢٠٠٥النطاق: ١٥٬٧٠٠ كم رحلة الطيران الأولىالنطاق السرعة القصوى السرعة القصوى: ١٬٠٢٠ كم/س باع الجناح: ٨٠ مباع الجناح MTOW – 540,000 kg
The Boeing 737 is a short- to medium-range twin-engine narrow-body jet airliner. Originally developed as a shorter, lower-cost twin-engine airliner derived from Boeing's 707 and 727 twin-enginenarrow-bodyjet airliner ,000 kg MTOW
Ultralight aviation (called microlight aviation in some countries) It is the flying of lightweight, 1 or 2 seat fixed-wing aircraft
Glider is a heavier- than-air aircraft that is supported in flight by the dynamic reaction of the air against its lifting surfaces, and whose free flight does not depend on an engine
Four turboprop engine tilting wing aircraft A Tiltrotor generates lift and propulsion by way of one or more powered rotors (sometimes called proprotors) mounted on rotating engine pods or nacelles usually at the ends of a fixed wing. It combines the vertical lift capability of a helicopter with the speed and range of a conventional fixed-wing aircraft
The Eurocopter X3, or popularly known as the X-cube, is a compound helicopter under experimental development by Eurocopter. Being the leader in the military and civil helicopter manufacturing, Eurocopter aims at a high aircraft performance for all utilities, and masters the innovation efficiently. The Eurocopter X3 is a milestone in the helicopter industry and is based on the concept of innovative rotary-wing aircraft. While still under development and flight testing procedure, the Eurocopter X3 is believed to reach the peak performance and efficiency in no time.
An amphibious aircraft or amphibian is an aircraft that can take off and land on both land and water. Fixed-wing amphibious aircraft are seaplanes (flying boats and floatplanes) that are equipped with retractable wheels, at the expense of extra weight and complexity, plus diminished range and fuel economy compared to planes designed for land or water only. Some amphibians are fitted with reinforced keels which act as skiis, allowing them to land on snow or ice with their wheels up and are dubbed tri-phibians
An amphibious helicopter can rest and take off from either land or water.
Single engine rear pushing single prop gyro-craft Unpowered rotor develops lift. Engine-powered propeller provides thrust. The rotor must have air flowing it to generate rotation
Powered hang glider Rear push prop powered parachute
A Ground Effect Vehicle attains level flight close to the surface of the Earth, made possible by a cushion of high-pressure air created by the aerodynamic interaction between the wings and the surface. The 'flying' altitude is limited to one half of its wingspan (i.e., it is easier to fly closer to earth surface!)
The basic principle of a hovercraft; Air is directed underneath the craft by a blower, and the air that escapes out of the flexible skirt creates a near frictionless environment which enables the craft to hover. The craft can move forward and turn by using propellers to propel the craft.