Presentation on theme: "Sorting out Syria STEP 1 Find out about Syria by asking great questions STEP 3 Make a difference by persuading our Government to listen to us. STEP 2 Work."— Presentation transcript:
Sorting out Syria STEP 1 Find out about Syria by asking great questions STEP 3 Make a difference by persuading our Government to listen to us. STEP 2 Work out a solution to the problem by having a BIG debate
What is the job of a football referee?
The United Nations Aims What is it? History of… UN Charter
What is it? The United Nations (UN) is an international organisation made up of nearly every country in the world.
Leaders from all the countries get together and have big meetings at their headquarters in New York, USA 5 They vote on massive decisions which affect the whole world!
History of the United Nations The UN was formed in 1945. What major world conflict ended in 1945? Why would this event make people around the world think that human rights needed to be protected?
The UN's aims... 1) To stop conflict and war 2) To protect human rights 3) To make sure countries obey international laws
The U.N. Charter... The U.N Charter is like the referee's rule book which acts as a international law. All countries have to sign to say they will follow the rules.
When a country breaks the rules and goes against the U.N. Charter, the U.N. is supposed to punish this country. They could do this by… 1) Not allowing that country to do any business with any other country. 2) Using the military to force countries to obey the law.
5 permanent members - US, Russia, UK, China, France 10 non-permanent members, for two years. Currently - Azernaijan, India, South Africa, Columbia, Morocco, Togo, Germany, Pakistan, Guatemala & Portugal Need 9 votes (out of 15) to get a resolution passed - BUT must have all the votes of the big 5. In other words the 5 permanent member have the power to VETO (block) any resolution. Since 1984, China has vetoed 3 resolutions; France 3; Russia/USSR 4; UK 10 and the US 43