Presentation on theme: "Suspension Mechanisms"— Presentation transcript:
1 Suspension Mechanisms Group BTedros GhebretnsaeXinyan LiZhen Yu TangAnkit Panwar
2 Basic Concept of Suspension Provide independent shock absorption to individual wheels.Deal with humps in road surface, enhancing ride comfort.Most suspensions are either fourbar linkages or slider cranks.
3 Camber Angle Two types of camber Positive Camber Negative Camber Camber angle is the angle made by the wheel of an automobile; specifically, it is the angle between the vertical axis of the wheel and the vertical axis of the vehicle when viewed from the front or rear. It is used in the design of steering and suspension. If the top of the wheel is further out than the bottom (that is, away from the axle), it is called positive camber; if the bottom of the wheel is further out than the top, it is called negative camber.
4 Double Wishbone Suspension Parallelogram systemThe wheel spindles are supported by an upper and lower 'A' shaped armEqual & unequal length
6 Types of motion of the wheel Spindles to travel vertically up and down during bump and rebound.Side-to-side motion caused due to the geometry of the wishbones known as scrubToe angle (steer angle).The camber angle, or lean angle.
7 Motion of Body Roll Animation of the suspension during the body roll Unequal length double wishbone type.
8 Vertical Displacement Animation showing the up and down movement of the wheel.
9 Importance of Negative Camber Gain Upper control arm is shorter than the lower oneAs the wheel travels up it tips in, gaining negative camberAllows the tire to generate the maximum possible cornering forceThe length of the arms and the angles can be adjusted that means that they are not fixedBy using an upper control arm that is shorter than the lower one, as the wheel travels up it tips in, gaining negative camber. This is because the upper arm swings through a shorter arc than the lower and pulls in the top of the tire as the wheel travels upwards. The advantage in this negative camber gain is that as the chassis rolls against the wheels, the increasing negative camber on the outside wheel helps keep the wheel upright against the road surface and allows the tire to generate the maximum possible cornering force. By adjusting the length of the arms and their respective angles to the ground, there are infinite possibilities in the design of a vehicles roll center height and swing arm length.
10 MacPherson Strut Suspension The strut directly connects the steering knuckle to the chassis and acts as a link in the suspensionThe steering link physically twists the strut and shock absorber and turns the wheel.
12 Trailing-arm suspension Pairs of these become twin-trailing-arm allow the rear to swing up and down.The two links are pivoted to the frame.Link1 is the groundLink3 is attached to the wheel assembly.