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Structure Fires: II Module 8 Arkansas Fire Academy 16 Hours.

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Presentation on theme: "Structure Fires: II Module 8 Arkansas Fire Academy 16 Hours."— Presentation transcript:

1 Structure Fires: II Module 8 Arkansas Fire Academy 16 Hours

2 Instructor Introduction

3 AFA3 Instructor affiliation Years of experience

4 AFA4 Registration 1 form per department Write legibly The name on the form will be what is on your certificate Complete form to include Fire department FD address FDID # Student information

5 AFA5 Course Criteria 16 hour class Student must attend all sessions unless excused by instructor Class hours Lunch hours

6 AFA6 Course Goal To Aid The Firefighter In Gaining The Knowledge To Operate As A Firefighting Team Member On Large Scale Fires Involving Multi-Engine Company Operations Under Adverse Conditions

7 AFA7 Course Overview Deaths and Injuries Incident Command System Size Up Preplanning Attack Considerations Rescue Practical Exercises

8 AFA8 Where Deaths Occur Residential32% Wildland21% Storage16% Mercantile16% Other15%

9 AFA9 Most Frequent Types Of Injuries Contact/Exposure29.2% Strain/Overexertion18.2% Fell/Slipped17.8% Struck By Object13.8% Caught/Trapped3.6% Other Causes2.6% Jumped0.8% Apparatus Incident0.5% Assaulted0.25%

10 AFA10 Incident Command System Command Procedures Responsibilities Of Command Functions Of Command Establishing Command Command Options Passing Command

11 AFA11 Command Responsibility Includes Understanding Accountability For Success Or Failure Must Implement The Command Sequence

12 AFA12 Command Authority Power Over Decision Making Must Be Delegated By Department Includes All Necessary Resources

13 AFA13

14 AFA14 Command Post Location Selection Criteria

15 AFA15 Command Post Needs To Be: Safe Avoid Fire, Smoke & Fumes Stay On Flank Of Fire Stay On Windward Side Secure Sheltered From Elements Available For The Duration

16 AFA16 Command Post Needs To Have: Good Communications Distance From: Distance From Staging Area Logistics Section Traffic Evolutions P.I.O.

17 AFA17 Command Post Needs Proximity To: Plans Section Support Agencies Visibility By Communications Vehicle

18 AFA18 Combat vs.. Command

19 AFA19 Combat Mode: Critical Life Hazard Immediate Exposure Hazard Long Response Time High Probability Of Success Immediate Environmental Hazard

20 AFA20 Command Mode: Many Unknown Factors Help Near By Resources Inadequate At That Time

21 AFA21

22 AFA22 Command Structure Divisions Sectors Groups Everyone Must Operate With The Same Terminology

23 AFA23 Division/Sector Designation A B C D Interior A B C D Exterior

24 AFA24 Expansion Of ICS Branches – Two Or More Agencies: - Fire - Police - EMS Multi-Jurisdictional Incidents Are Best Managed Under The Controlling Agency

25 AFA25 Command Structure Command Safety Information Liaison Officer Operations Planning Logistics Finance

26 AFA26 ICS

27 AFA27 ICS Structure

28 AFA28 STRATEGY - The Planning And Methods Used To Accomplish A Task TACTICS - - The Resources Needed To Accomplish A Task

29 AFA29 Size - Up Priorities Life Incident Stabilization Property Conservation Safety; On-going

30 AFA30

31 AFA31 Size-Up Begins With Pre- Planning Requires: Familiarity With Building Knowledge of Area Tactical Consideration

32 AFA32

33 AFA33 Pre-Planning Building Survey Occupancy Number Of Floors Square Footage Water Supply Location Of Utilities Fire Load

34 AFA34 Fire Flow Formula L x W 3 Multiply this amount times number of stories Example: 30 x 40 =1200 divided by 3 = 400 gpm 400gpm x 2 (stories) = 800 gpm

35 AFA35 Building Construction Fire – Resistive Non – Combustible Heavy – Timber Ordinary Wood - Frame

36 AFA36 Warehouse Fires Large Open Areas Large Fire Loads Construction Material Water Supply Built-in Fire Protection

37 AFA37 High Rise Fires Any Fire That Requires Fire Fighting Methods Other Than Ground Based Operations

38 AFA38 High Rise Problems Height Reach Of Equipment Interior Attack Is Essential Stack Effect Evacuation

39 AFA39 Pre-Planning High Rise Responses Access To Building Location & Size Of Driveways Parking Staging Areas Emergency Access

40 AFA40 High Rise Construction Number Of Floors HVAC Equipment Access To Each Floor Layout Of Each Floor Interior Finish

41 AFA41 High Rise Construction Fire Loading Vertical Openings Occupancy Factor Firefighter Health & Safety

42 AFA42 Special Problems Crew Separations Sectoring Needs Manpower Staging

43 AFA43 Sub-Level (Below Grade) Fires Points of Entry Rising Heat Escape Routes Toxic Gases Explosion Hazards Cellar Nozzles Built-in Fire Protection

44 AFA44 Ventilation Techniques Nature Horizontal Vertical Mechanical Negative Pressure Positive Pressure

45 AFA45 Fire Attack Direct Interior From the unburned side Compressed Air Foam Indirect Exterior Hazard for interior occupants

46 AFA46 Safety Accountability Safety Officer duties Outside of structure Inside of structure Stairways Keep low

47 AFA47 Practical Exercises Single Floor Structure Fire Primary and Secondary Fire  Night Burn Single Engine Response With Mutual Aid or Second Alarm  Sublevel Fire Clean Up

48 AFA48 Testing Firefighter I and Firefighter II testing is required for IFSAC certification Written test of 100 questions for Firefighter 1 Written test of 100 questions for Firefighter 2 Donning personal Protective Turnouts with in 1 minute Donning S.C.B.A. with in 1 minute Random skill levels (JPR’s)will be tested, as illustrated in the IFSTA Essentials of Fire Fighting 4 th Edition text book Studying of the text: IFSTA 4 th Edition Essentials of Fire Fighting Will help insure certification.

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