2 Origins of World War II1) The origins of World War II can be traced back to the end of ____________.A = WWI2) What event signaled the beginning of WWII?A = Germany invading Poland (9/1/39)3) What type of attack did Hitler use against Poland?A = Blitzkrieg4) What did the United States do in response to Japan’s aggression in the Pacific?A = Stop exporting oil and steel to Japan5) What event forced the United States to enter the war?A = Japanese bombing Pearl Harbor
3 American Home Front6) How did American industries help in the war effort?A = Begin manufacturing war equipment7) How did the war effort effect unemployment?A = Reduced unemployment8) What was the name given to the character that represented the thousands of women that went to work in the industries during World War II?A = “Rosie the Riveter”9) What items did the United States force American citizens to ration during the war?A = water, meat, steel, gas, sugar, and etc.10) How did Hollywood help in the war effort?A = Made movies, entertained the troops and sold war bonds11) In 1942, President Roosevelt signed a law that would force the removal of Japanese and Japanese Americans from the Pacific coast to ____________________.A = Internment Camps
4 Major Battles of World War II Battle of the BulgeA = December 16, 1944 – January 16, 1945United States & GermanyThe last major German offensiveMidwayA = June 4, 1942 – June 7, 1942United States & JapanJapanese would use this Midway to attack the West Coast of America.GuadalcanalA = August 1942 – January 1943US set up a Marine base on this island.
5 Major Battles of World War II Normandy / D – DayA = June 6, 1944Allies & GermanyThe turning point of World War IIIwo JimaA = February 19, 1945 – March 27, 1945The United States & JapanIwo Jima would be used by the Americans to fly missions to mainland Japan.Battle of the AtlanticA = 1939 – 1945Great Britain, United States & GermanyU-boats were used to attack American and British ships.
6 Major Battles of World War II Pearl HarborA = December 7, 1941United States & JapanThis attack brought the US into the warBattle of BritainA = August 13, 1940 – September 17, 1940Great Britain & GermanyGerman Luftaffe’s Blitzkrieg assault of England.OkinawaA = April 1, 1945 – June 2, 1945The closest fighting to Japanese MainlandStalingradA = September 12, 1942 – January 31, 1943Germany & Soviet UnionThe harsh winter prevented Germany from defeating the Russian troops.
7 At War’s End12) What was Hitler’s “Final Solution” to the Jewish problem?A = Exterminate all Jews13) What was the most common way that Jews were killed?A = Gas Chambers14) Name other ethnic groups, other than Jewish, that Hitler killed in the Death Camps.A = Slavs, Gypsies, Handicapped, Russian, Catholics, etc…15) Name three Nazi Concentration Camps.A = Dachau, Sobibor, Auschwitz, etc…
8 At War’s End16) What was the name of the project to develop the nuclear bomb?A = Manhattan Project17) When was the first nuclear bomb test (Trinity) detonated?A = July 16, 194518) Which President ordered the dropping of the Atomic Bombs on Japan?A = Harry S. Truman19) What two cities were the targets chosen for the Atomic Bombs?A = Hiroshima and Nagasaki20) Name the two bombs that were dropped on Japan.A = Little Boy (Hiroshima) / Fat Man (Nagasaki)
9 At War’s End21) What was the name of the B-29 plane that carried the bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima?A = Enola Gay22) What happened to Germany following World War II?A = Split into East and West Germany23) What were the Nuremburg Trials?A = Former Nazi Officers on trial for War Crimes24) On May 8th, 1945, Germany surrenders to the Allies. This day is known as _______________.A = V – E Day
10 At War’s End25) On August 15, 1945, Japan surrenders to the Allies. This day is known as _______________.A = V – J Day26) On what battleship did Japan surrender to the United States?A = USS Missouri27) What was the Marshall Plan?A = Plan to rebuild Europe28) Who were the four countries that signed the Declaration of the United Nations?A = United States, Great Britain, Soviet Union and China
11 World War II Leaders_____ He was commander-in-chief of the German Luftwaffe or Air Force.A = Hermann Goering
12 World War II Leaders_____ He was a Japanese Naval Officer who planned the attack on Pearl Harbor.A = Yamamoto
13 World War II Leaders_____ Known as the “Desert Fox”, he was commander of the German Afrika Corps and in charge of defending the Atlantic Wall.A = Erwin Rommel
14 World War II Leaders_____ He was the Japanese Army Minister who led Japan in battles in the Pacific.A = Hideki Tojo
15 World War II Leaders_____ He was emperor of Japan during World War II.A = Hirihito
16 World War II Leaders_____ Nicknamed “Old Blood and Guts”, he was the commander of the 3rd Army Division during WWII.A = General George Patton
17 World War II Leaders_____ He led the US forces in the Pacific. Following the early defeat at the Philippines, he made the statement, “I’ll shall return”.A = General Douglas MacArthur
18 World War II Leaders_____ He was commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II and the architect of D-Day.A = General Dwight D. Eisnhower
19 World War II Leaders_____ He was Prime Minister of Great Britain during World War II.A = Winston Churchill
20 World War II Leaders_____ He was head of the Nationalist Government of China during World War II where he led troops against the Japanese.Chiang Kai Shek